Cranberry is a tasty and healthy berry, it has many beneficial and healing properties. How to use and store cranberries will help you with our tips.
Cranberries are usually harvested in the last months of autumn. It grows in swampy wet areas and it is often simply impossible to collect it until it freezes. Even in ancient times, people realized that cranberry has many useful properties. In addition, it is completely unpretentious berry and it can be grown without difficulty in the marshland. Since the nineteenth century, large cranberry plantations have appeared in the countries of Scandinavia, Poland, Canada, Belarus.
Useful properties of cranberries
Among the beneficial properties of cranberries, scientists note the high content of vitamin C in the plant, there are vitamins of group B, K, PP, essential oil, carotene and many useful minerals: iron, copper, manganese, silver, iodine, boron, magnesium, zinc, potassium. It also has many organic acids, betaine and pectin, high levels of thiamine, niacin and pyridoxine.
Such a balanced complex of essential human substances in one berry of cranberries and made it a valuable medicinal and food product. It is this correct ratio of natural trace elements that allows the human body to absorb them without loss.
Medicinal properties of cranberries
According to the content of biologically active substances, not a single berry can compare with cranberries, only black currants can be. It normalizes the metabolism and strengthens the body's resistance to various diseases.
In the people, cranberries are considered a natural antibiotic that allows the body to fight respiratory diseases. Cranberry juice from ancient times was considered mandatory in the treatment of fever. It was used as an antipyretic, diaphoretic and diuretic. Published research data confirming that the berry can enhance the effect of antibiotics several times. This is especially important in our time, when bacteria resistant to traditional medical treatment appeared.
Cranberry juice helps to detoxify the body. Eating cranberries and a berry drink cures gum inflammation and other oral diseases. It is also noted that the use of cranberries improves the work of the kidneys and biliary system. In the cranberries there are substances that help prevent urinary infections.
Scientific studies have shown that fresh cranberries and cranberry juice, normalize cholesterol metabolism, and also prevent blood clots from forming in blood vessels. With regular use of cranberries increases the elasticity and strength of blood vessels.
Cranberries are usually included in a person’s daily diet at the end of autumn, the beginning of winter. It can be stored for a long time and this valuable berry is capable of enriching the body with essential minerals and vitamins during the coldest time of the year. Cranberries are very useful for children. It enhances immunity, improves appetite, and it is very useful for weakened children and convalescent patients. The use of cranberry juice gives a person vigor, reduces fatigue, while increasing activity and performance.
Recommend cranberry juice for tuberculosis, gynecological diseases. In treating anemia, cranberry juice is as useful as pomegranate. With diabetes, it is also advised to use it, it stimulates the function of the pancreas. It is also known therapeutic effect of cranberries in diseases of the joints. Drinking juice and decoction of berries inside reduces pain, relieves swelling of tissues and contributes to the speedy recovery.
Regular use of cranberries strengthens the nail plate, protects hair from falling out. Cranberry berries are useful to add when creating homemade cosmetic masks and lotions for the treatment of facial skin. It is an excellent natural remedy for acne and acne. Cranberries are rich in antioxidants, so in ancient times it was called the berry of youth.
Also known contraindications to the use of cranberriesContraindications to their use still exist. With increased acidity of gastric juice, gastritis and gastric ulcer, with inflammation in the intestine to eat berries is not worth it.
Recommendation for use
Cranberry juice - an indispensable tool in the treatment of colds. Fruit drink is very quick and easy. To do this, you need to crush the berries in a small container, add sugar there and pour all this with boiled water. Then you need to strain the entire solution through a strainer.
Hot Cranberry Drink. When starting a cold, as a warming vitamin drink, you need to crush and pour the berries with hot water and add a couple of tablespoons of honey. To insist on such a drink is enough for a few minutes, then drink and warm up well under a blanket.
From cough. To cure bronchitis and get rid of cough, you need to mix honey and juice and use this mixture 3 times a day before meals in a tablespoon.
External use. Juice can rub acne, allergic rashes after insect bites and acne. At the same time, irritation and inflammation are effectively removed. If you are concerned about problems with your teeth and gums, you need to crush the berries with your fingers and massage the gums with a mixture.
How to store cranberries
Due to the high content of benzoic acid, cranberry is not only stored for a long time, but is also actively used as a natural preservative. Cranberry is the only berry that can be kept fresh until the next harvest. In ancient times, after picking a berry, it was placed in wooden barrels, poured with water and tightly closed. Thus, cranberries could retain all their beneficial properties throughout the year.
In modern conditions, any berry can just freeze in the refrigerator. When fast freezing cranberries perfectly retains all its beneficial properties.
Both fresh and frozen cranberries can be used to make salads. Chicken salad with grapefruit or vitamin salad with cranberries are not only useful, they can be a table decoration.
Interesting features and origin of the name
Cranberries are a shrub of the cowberry family, creeping along the ground. A shrub not very demanding on the nutrient composition of the soil is light-requiring enough, but the main requirement of this plant is moisture.
Marshes, lakes, wet lowlands are the main places where cranberries grow.
During flowering bushes covered with flowers of the original form, similar to the head of a crane.
It is for the similarity of the flower with a crane that this shrub has a popular name zhuravina.
An evergreen plant during the ripening of the berries covers the soil not with a green, but with a red carpet, since up to 100 berries ripen in one bush.
Berries ripen quite late, and this makes them a delicacy not only of people, they eat bird berries, which contribute to the resettlement of cranberries over ever greater distances.
Do not disdain it and the owner of the forest - a bear. Noticing such a love for this berry, the inhabitants of New England called the cranberry "bear berry."
Another property inherent only in this berry: the ability to retain its qualities fresh until the next harvest. Residents of the northern regions, for which it is not only a delicacy, but also a source of vitamin C, keep cranberry reserves in containers with water.
The chemical composition of berry culture
100 g of cranberries contain about 25 calories. The berry contains a small amount of proteins, carbohydrates and lipids, but the concentration of biologically active substances is very high. What vitamins in cranberries provide its therapeutic efficacy:
- nicotinic and ascorbic acids,
- thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, cyanocobalamin,
- vitamin K.
This combination of beneficial substances allows the use of any medicinal form of cranberries to increase the body's resistance to infectious and allergic agents. In addition to vitamins, the berry is valued for the high content of micro and macro elements necessary for the functioning of all systems of human activity. Regular consumption of cranberries replenishes the reserves in the tissues of the following mineral compounds:
Potassium and magnesium are necessary for proper functioning of the brain, heart, and blood vessels. And silver has antiseptic and disinfectant effects that prevent the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, microbes and viruses.
In the treatment of numerous diseases, other useful substances from the composition of the acidic curative berries are also of no small importance. The therapeutic properties of cranberries determine organic compounds exhibiting antioxidant activity - vitamins, trace elements, phytoncides, organic acids. They destroy free radicals that cause premature aging of cells and tissues.
Polysaccharides, like a small panicle, scrub their digestive tract accumulated toxins and toxins. This useful property is especially important in the treatment of poisoning by poisons of plant and animal origin, spoiled food, household chemicals.
Vegetable polyphenols clean large and small blood vessels from cholesterol blocks, help to improve the permeability of the walls of veins and capillaries. Normalization of blood flow contributes to the delivery of molecular oxygen, nutrients and biologically active substances to cells. And this, in turn, accelerates the regeneration of damaged tissues.
There are a lot of such useful compounds in the berry, which determines the beneficial properties of cranberries for people with cardiovascular pathologies and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. The high concentration of oxalic, chinna, benzoic, succinic, ursolic acids allows the use of juices, teas and fruit drinks to eliminate metabolic disorders.
The benefits of fresh and dry berries for children and adults
The chemical composition of a useful berry determines its diverse effects on the body of an adult and a child:
During clinical trials, the ability of cranberries to prevent the formation of malignant and benign tumors was confirmed. Berry compotes and fruit drinks help a person to quickly recover from chemotherapy and surgical interventions as a result of accelerated elimination of toxic compounds from tissues. What is useful cranberry for the human body:
- eliminates dyspeptic disorders - nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flatulence,
- helps to normalize the intestinal microflora,
- dilutes and removes the phlegm of their respiratory tract,
- increases the functional activity of liver cells - hepatocytes,
- improves blood formation.
On the question of whether cranberry is a diuretic berry or not, the answer is unequivocal - fresh juice shows pronounced diuretic activity. In combination with an antimicrobial effect, this property is widely used to treat chronic cystitis, glomerulonephritis, and pyelonephritis.
Recommendation: Cranberry is used as an adjunct in the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Biologically active compounds of the berry increase the production of beta cells by the pancreas, which are responsible for producing own insulin.
The benefits of cranberry for women's health are based on silicon, iron, nicotinic acid, phytoestrogens that are part of the berry. Trace elements improve the condition of blood vessels, increase their elasticity. Women who regularly use cranberries do not practically suffer from venous insufficiency, the main symptoms of which are ugly “nets” and “stars” on their legs. Nicotinic acid has a positive effect on the work of the endocrine glands, normalizes the production of sex hormones:
Gynecologists recommend that women drink fresh cranberry juice during menopause and during menstruation. It quickly restores optimal hormonal levels, eliminates the negative symptoms of menopause:
- emotional instability
- headaches and dizziness.
Useful berry reduces the severity of clinical manifestations of PMS. The menstrual cycle is normalized, the woman does not suffer from aching nagging pains in the lower abdomen. And traditional healers recommend future parents to drink cranberry juice for a successful conception.
For men, it is important to have a fat-soluble vitamin K in the berry. With poor sperm results, doctors advise you to enrich your diet with cranberry juice. Biologically active substances from its composition, especially vitamin K, increase sperm motility. Traditional healers include berries in their recipes for the treatment of male infertility.
The beneficial properties of cranberries for men and provides a high concentration of zinc. This trace element affects the production of testosterone by the glands. The more male sex hormone found in the body, the more active the sex life of the stronger sex:
- libido increases,
- prolonged the duration of sexual intercourse,
- the potency improves.
Cranberry juice should be drunk for men who are prone to frequent use of alcohol and (or) smoking. A healthy drink will remove acetaldehyde, toxic gums and other toxic compounds from the body. Cranberries for prostate are used to normalize urination. The more often a man empties the bladder, the faster the pathogenic bacteria are removed from it - staphylococci, streptococci, E. coli.
The beneficial properties of cranberries for children are based on the high content of vitamins in the berries, especially ascorbic acid. Pediatricians advise moms and dads to water babies with berry juice or fruit drink during off-season periods when the likelihood of contracting a viral or bacterial infection increases:
Cranberries are used not only for prophylaxis, but also for the treatment of respiratory pathologies. It helps to eliminate infectious pathogens and their metabolic products from inflammatory foci. And the acceleration of metabolic processes helps the rapid regeneration of the mucous membranes of the upper and lower respiratory tract.
Tip: Sour berry is useful for hyperactive babies due to the presence of magnesium in the chemical composition. This trace element restores the functional activity of the central and autonomic nervous systems. Even the use of dried cranberries in sugar makes the child more calm. Memorization of the read material increases, falling asleep is normalized.
Like all berries with a high concentration of biologically active substances, cranberry is not suitable for the treatment of people with individual sensitivity to it. Negative symptoms of a sensitization reaction develop with the consumption of fresh and dry berries, jams, fruit drinks and compotes. Allergy to cranberries is manifested in redness and swelling of the skin, and in some cases anaphylactic shock and angioedema may occur. Also, the following pathological conditions are considered to be contraindications to berry crop therapy:
- thinned or destroyed tooth enamel, caries,
- ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract,
- third trimester of pregnancy.
Cranberries in gastritis with high acidity of any form and etiology is not used, as there is a risk of relapse.When treating diabetes mellitus with juice or morse, their taste should be improved only with artificial sweeteners - xylitol, fructose, sorbitol. And in the treatment of pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, it is necessary to take breaks, since the cranberry, with frequent use, removes from the body not only harmful, but also useful compounds.
Indications for use
The unique vitamin composition of the berry allows it to be used in the treatment of diseases accompanied by a strong inflammatory process. Infectious foci are formed in the human body with the activation of herpes viruses, with the penetration of pathogenic bacteria into the gastrointestinal tract or respiratory tract. It is impossible to list all the pathologies, which helps cranberry with its regular use. Here are just some of them:
- hepatitis, fatty liver, cirrhosis,
- depression, neurosis,
- intestinal dysbiosis,
- disruption of the thyroid gland.
Cranberry is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia, including in pregnant women. Regular use of cranberry juice has a positive effect on the appearance of the person - the nail plates stop to stratify and hair fall out, the skin condition improves.
Cranberries are a diuretic, so fresh juice is used in the treatment of gout. This disease is characterized by the accumulation of harmful mineral compounds in the joints. Frequent urination contributes to the leaching of salts and the relief of the inflammatory process. Due to the presence of the trace element boron berry cranberry for gout is used as a means of strengthening bone tissue. For the treatment of this pathology, it is necessary 3-4 times a day to drink 3 tablespoons of juice after a meal.
Warning: Fresh cranberry juice does not combine well with pharmacological preparations of sulfanilamide series. While using Dermazin or Silvederm, this drink should not be consumed due to a decrease in the therapeutic activity of antimicrobial agents.
The inflammatory process in the pancreas causes digestive disorders and peristalsis. Cranberries with pancreatitis exhibit multiple therapeutic activities. Even a single use of cranberry juice stimulates the production of enzymes, reduces the severity of inflammation. Cranberry juice has a similar effect, which can be prepared according to the following recipe:
- A glass of fresh berries mixed with 0.5 cups of sugar and leave for an hour.
- Add a liter of water and bring to a boil.
- Boil for 5-7 minutes and cool.
For the treatment of pancreatitis should be taken a glass of tasty fruit drink 2-3 times a day after meals.
This is interesting: Cranberries contain a lot of benzoic acid, which has preservative properties. Adding berries provides a long shelf life of compotes, jams, fruit drinks, jams, pastes.
Lingonberry has similar medicinal properties to cranberries. Often you can find recipes of traditional healers, which include both berries. It’s easy to answer the question of what is more useful lingonberry or cranberry. Berry cultures have a similar composition and are used in the treatment of the same diseases. But there are differences. In lingonberries more iron, poem, it is advisable to use the berry to improve blood formation. A high concentration of ascorbic acid in cranberries strengthens the immune system in adults and children.
Features of cultivation on an industrial scale
Such large countries as the USA and Canada are cultivated on an industrial scale of large-fruited berries, Poland and Byelorussia have cranberry plantations, and Scandinavian countries are also engaged in cultivation.
To mechanize the cultivation and harvesting gives the opportunity, a feature of the very berries. Cranberries have airbags - a berry that does not sink in water.
Plantations are placed on the principle of rice checks: during the ripening of the berries, the checks are filled with water, a special technique beats up the water, at which time the berries come off the bush and float. It remains to collect from the water surface clean berries.
Useful properties of cranberries
The fruits of this evergreen plant have long been famous for their vitamin C content. Organic acids and pectins are also quite significant.
In its composition such substances as:
A rather large percentage:
The main place in the group of sugars belongs to glucose and fructose, a smaller amount in this series belongs to sucrose.
In addition to vitamin C, B1, B2, B5, B6, PP, K1 are also present.
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Cranberry - Health Berry
The useful properties of cranberries have been known in Russia for many centuries, traditional healers have used juice to treat scurvy and fever, and have treated weeping wounds with juice.
Since ancient times, cranberries have been used as an anti-scant remedy by the peoples of the north.
From this low-calorie berry, in 100g of which is only 18 kcal, fruit drinks, juices, jelly are prepared.
And as a tea brew sheet. But not only by the fact that it fills the body with vitamins, this winter berry is famous, its calming effect and lowering cholesterol have a beneficial effect on heart health.
One of the most effective means in the treatment of kidney infections is cranberry, which is a natural antibiotic. The diuretic effect, which has a berry, does not lead to the loss of potassium by the body, as when taking medicines.
Berry of youth
Those who wish not to grow old as long as possible or rejuvenate the body can be advised to regularly use this berry as one of the most effective means.
Polyphenol is found in large quantities in cranberries and is an antioxidant.
Cosmeticians, who develop skin care products, inject cranberry extract into creams.
A glass of polyphenol cranberry juice contains about 570 mg, about 0.50 mg in the same glass of apple juice.
In the fight against cancer
Cranberry juice, which includes proanthocyanides, is recommended by oncologists for its ability to inhibit the growth of breast, prostate and intestinal cancer cells.
Probably everyone knows the remarkable property of Morse to reduce fever and fever. Cough relief comes from drinking cranberry juice with honey. Berry has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, preventing the formation of blood clots.
Strengthening capillaries, reducing inflammation of the gums, preventing caries, reducing the risk of glaucoma formation - all this is also included in the list of beneficial effects of a small red berry.
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Who is contraindicated cranberries?
For all its positive qualities, this winter berry has contraindications.
Doctors categorically advise not to use cranberries in any form to people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Especially dangerous is the use of berries during exacerbations of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. Natural acids, which are so rich in berries, can cause exacerbation of diseases and severe pain.
It is not recommended to feast on this berry (even in the form of sweets with sugar) for those who suffer from gout and urolithiasis.
Teeth and Allergies
Dentists advise lovers of cranberry juice after each use to rinse your mouth with clean water.
Such measures will not allow the acid to destroy the enamel covering the teeth.
It is also noticed that excessive passion for this berry can lead to an allergic reaction in the form of irritation and skin rash.
Physicians categorically object to the use of cranberries by children under three years of age and by mothers during breastfeeding of children. To avoid possible trouble, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- do not eat cranberries on an empty stomach
- use berries as a dessert
- Do not eat cranberries while on a diet.
Most people, fortunately, this berry gives pleasure as a delicacy and a refreshing drink, and benefit as a medicine for some diseases.
If in the diet there is no place for this berry, all the useful substances can be obtained by purchasing cranberry extract at a pharmacy. It is released in the form of capsules, the intake of such an extract will replenish the body with vitamins, amino acids and microelements.