In recent years, zamiokulkas is considered one of the most popular among flower growers. In the people he got the name "dollar tree". According to the practice of feng shui, zamiokulkas has a powerful energy and helps to attract wealth and well-being to the house. That is why it is often given for birthdays and housewarming. You will learn how to care for this exotic plant and how to reproduce zamiokulkas at home.
Features of the plant
Zamioculkas is a member of the Aroid family. His homeland is East Africa. The peculiarity of the flower is that it does not have stems. From a powerful tuber hidden under the ground, fleshy, thickened at the bottom, petioles, on which spectacular glossy and fleshy leaves of a dark green color are located, depart.
Zamioculcas is a succulent. Leaves, stalks and tubers accumulate moisture, so that the plant can survive a long period of drought. The flower grows very slowly. For the year there are only a few new leaves. Plant height with proper care reaches 1 meter.
Zamiokulkas blooms (home care, photos, plant reproduction described below) are extremely rare, since this requires ideal conditions. The type of flower is rather inconspicuous.
The life expectancy of a succulent is from 5 to 10 years.
The plant is quite unpretentious in the care. It is not afraid of drafts and change of residence. However, in order to grow and preserve a beautiful zamiokulkas, home care, including reproduction, must be carried out in accordance with certain rules.
The plant can be placed both on the south and on the north side. However, in order for the flower to grow more intensely and its leaves were saturated green, it is better to choose a window with sufficient lighting. The lack of sunlight slows the growth of the zamiokulkas, new leaves grow weaker in this case, and besides, they grow solitary.
Zamioculcas is able to withstand a wide range of temperatures, but best of all it will feel in a warm room. In the cold season, a dollar tree is recommended to be kept at a lower temperature, at which it can accumulate strength for intensive growth in the summer. The ideal temperature for winter maintenance is 16–18 ° C. In the summer, the temperature in the room where the zamiokulkas is located should be +25 ° C.
Humidity and watering
Dollar tree normally carries dry air. However, occasional sprinkling and washing of the leaves have a positive effect on the plant.
Equally important in the care of the flower is watering. Do not forget that Zamiokulkas is a succulent. Accordingly, it better tolerates moisture deficiency than its surplus. Excessive soil moisture can destroy the plant. At the same time, a prolonged drought causes the zamiokulkas to expend internal reserves, as a result of which the leaves at the top of the petiole may begin to turn yellow and fall off.
Optimal irrigation for zamiokulkasa - rare, but abundant. In summer, the flower is watered after the soil is completely dry. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum.
Fertilizers for succulents or cacti are well suited as a top dressing, you can also use a universal flower top dressing, consuming half the dosage. Zamiokulkas are fed from the spring to the middle of autumn, that is, during the period of active growth of the plant.
The frequency of fertilization - 1 time in 2-4 weeks. In winter, feeding is excluded.
Zamioculcas are transplanted as the rhizome grows. If it has completely filled the pot, this means that the plant has become cramped and it is time to transplant to a more spacious pot. When choosing a new pot, it is advisable to give preference to clay products, since plastic containers may crack under the pressure of a powerful zamiokulkas root system.
How to multiply
The reproduction of zamiokulkas at home can be done in 3 ways:
How else can a plant grow? Zamiokulkas reproduction at home (photo below) can be done using tubers. For this method is suitable adult plant, which has large tubers. The tuber is divided into parts so that each piece has at least one growth point. Before planting, the tubers are dried for several hours, and the slices are covered with charcoal. Planting is carried out in the prepared substrate, while the tuber itself should not be very deep in the ground. It is worth noting that the growth of a new plant with this method of reproduction occurs rather slowly.
Reproduction zamiokulkasa sheet
At home, many growers propagate succulent leaves. It is possible to grow a new plant instance in such a way much faster than from tubers. For reproduction, it is better to take large leaves that grow in the lower part of the flower. They can be rooted in the water, and can be immediately planted in the ground. For better root formation, it is recommended to process sections with rooting stimulants - Heteroauxin, Kornevin or Zircon.
The soil must be sterile and consist of either sand or a mixture of peat and sand. To create greenhouse conditions, the planted leaves are covered with polyethylene or plastic or glass containers on top.
Root formation is a long process and lasts from 1 to several months. Periodically open the greenhouse for ventilation and, if necessary, moisten the soil.
Propagation of zamiokulkas at home is suitable if the flower is already old enough. The stalk is cut from the bare branch with a bud formed on it. Next, cut the stalk with a sharp knife and shorten it. As a result, we have a small stalk with a bud and a leaf. The slices are covered with charcoal, left to dry for several hours, and then planted in the substrate. The roots, as a rule, appear in 3-4 weeks. During the rooting period, it is necessary to ensure that the earth is constantly moist.
Soil for zamiokulkasa
Zamioculcas is not very picky about the ground. Ready-made soil mixtures for cacti and succulents are perfect for plants. Also, many growers prepare the soil themselves. To do this in equal parts mixed turf, leaf soil, peat, sand. In order to prevent root rot, charcoal is added. The main requirement for the soil for zamiokulkas - looseness, air and water permeability.
The popularity of Zamiokulkas is growing day by day. And for this there is every reason. The huge demand for the plant is due to its decorative qualities, simplicity and unpretentious care. Succulent feels good both in bright rooms and in places devoid of bright sunlight. Having knowledge of how to properly reproduce zamiokulkas at home, you can significantly save on the purchase of a new plant and decorate your home with several copies of this exotic flower.
Home care for myceliolcis includes reproduction when periodically transplanted into a new container. In this case, the process of dividing the tubers is gentle. They need to be carefully planted in prepared bowls with a good drainage layer and covered from above, before the formation of new leaves.
All parts of the plant are poisonous. When working, use gloves and ensure that animals or children do not eat the pieces of the plant.
Other ways of obtaining new plants will be rooting cuttings, leaflets or cut tubers. It is necessary to take into account that any breeding method is long-lasting. Therefore, if the germination goes in the water, then it should not turn sour. The germination substrate does not contain humus, sterile, steamed.
In the process of rooting a nodule is formed due to the nutrients of the leaf or cutting. Therefore, by the time the first young leaf appears, the old part turns yellow and frowns. This is normal.
Rooting takes place in warmth and in the light. So that the ground part does not evaporate moisture, a cap is created above the plant, sometimes it is ventilated to the plant. It is watered very moderately, so that water only moistened the ground at the walls of the cup.
How to plant zamiokulkas at home
If the flower has outgrown its dishes and florist do not need new copies, then the roots do not bother. The pot is either cut or broken, the plant is removed and planted in a new dish, a little more than before.
How to multiply zamiokulkas at home when planting an adult plant? Each tuber to plant in a separate bowl. The soil is taken light and fertile. Humus and expanded clay add to the composition of equal parts:
It is necessary to plant a plant only in the spring in shallow pots, a quarter of the height of which is occupied by the drainage layer.
For transplantation, you can split the bushes, carefully dismantling the intertwined roots, and you can cut the tuber. If there is more tuber on the tuber than one sleeping kidney, it is divided in half. Sections are dried, powdered with coal dust, planted in a small pot. The first time you can water the land in 3 days, a little.
Any transplant and reloading for a flower is stressful, and it takes time for him to get a healthy look again. Therefore, the flower grows until it deforms the pot. If you plant zamiokulkas in a large bowl, until it is filled, the growth of the branches will not be.
Reproduction Zamiokulkas cuttings and sheets
It is easier to multiply a zamiokulkas with a leaf or cutting. You do not need to injure the plant transplant. With a sharp knife you can separate one pinnately-dissected stem. If it is cut into segments in which there are growth buds, then these are cuttings. The upper stem can contain many leafy plates. And the higher the stalk, the more successful rooting.
At home, zamiokulkas breeds both in water and in a special substrate. It is important that the tip of the stem does not rot. To do this, add activated carbon or a fungicide to the water to suppress the process of decay. A month or more passes before the roots appear. Rooting can also be carried out in clean wet sand or sphagnum moss.
Leaf plates for reproduction are cut off with a sterile instrument with a piece of stem. They can be rooted in water or immediately in a sterilized substrate. This rooting will last 2-6 months, you need to be patient until the nodules grow at the base of the leaf.
If you plant the upper part of the sheet with a few leaf plates, the development will be faster. But then each sheet should be planted in a separate glass and provide a backup. In the bowl should be a drainage layer, a hole for draining water. The stalk is placed in a sealed bag or under a can. Occasionally the plant is ventilated and watered sparsely along the walls of the vessel. And only with the appearance of the first leaf cover is removed.
Zamioculcas: description of the plant
This is a tall - up to 1 m tall, bushy spreading plant with glossy large relief vertical dark green leaves. The leaves are complex - on the rachis (stem) of one leaf up to 20 small leaves. The root is a tuber. Zamiokulkas blooms even in nature rarely, at home - even less often. But its beauty is in excellent lush foliage and excellent decorative qualities. At the same time the plant is unpretentious - it grows well and develops. Since zamiokulkas reproduces well at home, one can try different ways of breeding it.
Ways to breed zamiokulkas
Regarding how a dollar tree breeds - quickly or not so much, we can say that it depends on the mode of reproduction. But on average, the complete rooting of a zamiokulkas can take up to 3 months, and the first grown leaves can appear only after six months. Growing a dollar tree, you need to know that its reproduction can be carried out by cutting, dividing the bush, growing from a leaf.
How to propagate zamiokulkas cuttings
Zamiokulkas are only isolated over the age of 2 years, that is, an adult grown plant. If propagation is applied by cuttings, the tip of the zamiokulkas is cut off. It is cut to a length of 18-20 cm and remove all the lower leaves, leaving the top 5-6. The section is treated with any phytomedication of growth (“Heteroauxin”, “Zircon”, “Kornevin”) or charcoal, or pharmacy activated carbon (crushed), kept for some time in the open air for drying, then planted in the soil mixture. Water the seedling for the first 10-12 days plentifully - until the roots appear, then - as needed.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
Zamiokulkas division is the longest breeding method and is used infrequently, also because of the low survival rate. But you can still try how to plant zamiokulkas at home with it. It is necessary to examine the nodule root and find growth points on it - buds, if there are two or more, then the nodules with buds are carefully separated and planted in different pots. Before planting the separated tubers, they also need to be treated with preparations or with coal and hold them for 2-3 hours without land - only after that they should be planted.
How to grow zamiokulkas from a leaf
Often, when growing zamiokulkas, leaf multiplication is applied. For example, when it is not possible to graft the plants or, on the contrary, extra leaflets are formed. There are two ways how to grow a zamiokulkas from a leaf — directly in the soil or in water.
In the ground
A very simple way how to grow a flower from a leaf in the ground. It is as unpretentious as it is to propagate a zamiokulkas cutting, only instead of a stem with several leaves, they take individual leaves. Reproduction zamiokulkasa sheet is suitable if you grafted the plant and cut the bottom leaves of the rachis. In order not to throw them away, they can be rooted. Cut the leaf sprinkled with coal or dipped in growth solution and after some time planted in a small pot with the ground. Well watered the first 1.5-2 weeks, then - as needed. In water
The method of how to root a zamiokulkas in water is even easier. To do this, cut the sheet placed in a small container of water (try to keep it not tilted, and located vertically) and wait for the roots. Then planted in the ground.
Features of reproduction and cultivation of zamiokulkas
Whatever mode of cultivation you choose, primer is needed for special zamiokulkas - for succulents, primer is also suitable, for example, for violets or palm trees. Zamiokulkas will grow well in universal light soil. Periodically you need to "bathe" the plant, rubbing the foliage with a soft, damp cloth or spraying it. If you spray, then be sure to cover the ground in a pot with polyethylene, oilcloth, avoiding excess moisture in the soil.
Once a year, an older tree needs to be transplanted into larger pot.Do it carefully, not breaking off the nodules and transferring the whole basal earthen lump, while the plant in a new place does not water for about 3-4 days.
Here are the basic rules for how to dissolve and care for Zamiokulkas. Special difficulties when breeding a flower should not arise. The main thing is the right actions and patience, but then a living “money talisman” will delight you with its pomp. And, quite possibly, a dollar tree will fully justify its name!
Basic breeding methods
To date, there are several methods of reproduction of zymokulkas. These include:
Reproduction zimokulkasa at home does not require much effort. The plant in its composition, has the presence of toxic compounds that are able to deliver serious problems with human health. The whole process should take place in protective gloves and an apron. The fact is that the juice released from the plant during the preparation of the propagation material of the flower zimiculcas is able to persist on the skin and clothing for up to 5 hours.
In case of contact with the skin, it is possible that an allergic reaction occurs. During contact with the surface of the mucous membranes, a person has a strong burning sensation and itching. To avoid such problems, it is not recommended to touch the flower with unprotected hands.
Reproduction using tubers, occurs by dividing the circular formations of the root system. Adult branches of a plant with a root, are separated with a sharp knife. All actions must be carried out with extreme caution.
In case of damage to the shell of the root of the tuber, it is recommended to dry it a little on the air. After that, the cut is treated with charcoal or a light solution of manganese. As a result of this method, each new plant has a certain number of tubers, which are quickly restored after a short period of time. It is recommended to water new plants in 2 days from the moment of landing.
Reproduction using leaves
Zimioculcas leaf multiplication is a painstaking process. It is also recommended to follow the rules of safe handling of the plant. For the preparation of planting material, take an adult branch of the plant, after which the necessary amount of leaves is cut from it. The finished material is slightly dried. When the secretion of juice is completely stopped, the slice is sprinkled with growth factors of the root system or activated carbon.
After that, the finished sheet plate is placed in a flower pot with the presence of a special soil. In this case, the soil mixture should be intended for succulents. By following all the recommendations, you can get the desired result. The main advantage of this technique is minimal injury to the main plant.
To grow a zimiculcas from a leaf, it is possible after 3 months from the moment of planting in the ground. At the end of the sheet bed, new root tubers are gradually formed, which gradually increase in size. As they grow rapidly, new branches of the plant begin to appear. Water the flower, it is recommended once a week. Excessive moisture can trigger tuber rot.
Reproduction using cuttings
Zimiokulkas reproduction by cuttings is carried out during the vegetative growth of the plant - this is spring time. For the preparation of planting material, use a healthy stalk. Acquired plant in a flower shop is not suitable for this type of reproduction. The main reason is the presence of a large number of chemical components that stimulate active flower growth at any time of the year.
This exotic plant species grows in several stages. Initially, the flower develops quite quickly. After this comes a period of rest. Preparation of planting material is carried out at this time. A healthy branch of the plant is divided into several parts, and then placed in a container with clean water. For the prevention of infection using one tablet of activated carbon. It acts as a filter, preventing the reproduction of various kinds of bacteria.
Reproduction zimokulkas branch, helps to get the finished plant within two weeks from the time of planting.
During this period there is a rapid formation of tubers and root system. The use of complex fertilizer can enhance the active growth of new branches. Vegetative reproduction of the flower, allows you to get a new plant with minimal damage. In the early stages of growth, one can observe the emergence of new branches. They are presented in the form of a thickened stem with unopened leaves. After one week, they begin to gradually unfold.
The young leaf of the flower is small in size within 5 cm. As its growth grows, its volume gradually increases.
Video reproduction zamiokulkasa handle
Zimiokulkas reproduction in water, allows you to grow the finished plant in one month from the date of planting. To do this, use the leaves of an adult plant. Preparation of planting material, should be carried out in sterile conditions. As a tool using a knife that is pre-treated with antiseptic solutions.
To accelerate the formation of the root system, the cut leaf plate must be placed in a container with growth activators, such as: “Kornevin”, “Zircon”, “Heterauxin”. After the appearance of the first root formations, it is planted in the soil mixture. The composition of such a substrate should consist of sand, soil mixture and drainage material.
Care for a dollar tree
The presence of drainage at the bottom of the pot zimokulkas, allows you to get rid of the presence of excess moisture. A large amount of fluid can ruin the whole rooting process. The fact is that the young roots of the plant are not able to resist pathogenic bacteria that cause the process of cell rotting. Experienced experts recommend watering a flower propagated in water once every 1.5 weeks.
After landing, he needs additional lighting. To do this, use additional light sources.
In the daytime, the flower should receive the maximum amount of sunlight. Thanks to good lighting, the processes of plant cell division are greatly enhanced. A large number of young shoots, says that the flower has a full development. Care after breeding, is the minimum effort that helps maintain the normal state of the flower.
Tips for growing young plants
In order to speed up the growth of young plants, experienced experts recommend following a few tips that will greatly facilitate your work:
- to grow a healthy and beautiful plant, it is recommended to carefully select the soil mixture. For this species of flower, there is a mixture designed for succulent plant species. It consists of special additives and minerals that nourish young roots well,
- It is worth noting that an excessive amount of moisture is able to kill the zymoculcas. To avoid this kind of trouble, experienced growers are advised to make a good drainage system. As the main material, expanded clay crumb or large pebbles are used,
- during transplantation, do not worry much adult plant. It is carefully transferred to the largest pot. The main thing is minimal damage to the root system. Watering the flower is carried out after 3 days from the moment of transplantation,
- As already noted, this kind of indoor plant negatively relates to the high soil moisture. That is why, experts advise to water it as rarely as possible,
- decorative appearance directly depends on its lighting. To the plant did not cease to please their owners, it is necessary to provide him with maximum sunlight. The location of the flower in a shaded room, can cause the formation of yellow spots on the surface of the leaves,
- soil fertilizer requires special attention. The introduction of nutrients should be carried out once a month. The composition of the complex mixture includes active - active substances that help increase growth and maintain the condition of the leaves,
- the presence of a glossy surface is another decorative element. Maintain a beautiful view of leaf plates, water procedures will help. The water temperature should be about 40 degrees. Soil before starting the process, it is necessary to close the plastic wrap.
As you can see, breeding zamiokulkas at home does not require special experience.
Reproduction zamiokulkasa handle, leaf, tuber
Zimioculcas is a type of houseplant that has dense, leathery leaves with a wax surface. This flower is originally from East Africa and the island of Madagascar.
Due to its simplicity flower won universal popularity among many consumers. The people called him "dollar tree". According to legend, this flower is able to enrich its owners.
Translated from the African language - zimokulkas (flower of celibacy). Zamiokulkas reproduction - cutting, leaf, tuber.
Appearance of a plant, is presented in the form of long branches on which sheet plates are located.
Their unusual location and ideal form allow using it in any stylistic direction of the design. The decorative look of a dollar tree will not leave anyone indifferent.
A beautifully selected pot for the plant zimoculcas, able to become a peculiar highlight in the interior space.
Caring for this type of plant does not require much effort. The flower feels good in places with insufficient lighting. Reproduction zimokulkas, can be carried out independently at home. Here, the main thing is to follow all the sequence of actions that guarantee a successful result.
Zamiokulkas reproduction at home: leaf, branch in water, cuttings
This plant is unusual, very beautiful, has dark green leaves.
In our country, it began to grow not so long ago, but this flower has already gained great popularity due to the fact that it is unpretentious and undemanding to care, feels good in a dimly lit room.
Zamiokulkas was fallen in love with both professional designers and many flower growers. Since the flower is beautiful and not capricious, many people ask: how to propagate zamiokulkas at home? You can do this in different ways, in this article we will discuss the main ones.
Reproduction division of rhizome
Zamiokulkas flower can be easily and quickly propagated by tubers.
How does zamiokulkas reproduce at home with tubers? The rhizome must be very carefully divided into 2-3 parts, it is possible and more, the main condition - that each part had its own point of growth.
The damaged place needs to be dried a little, for this it is enough to put the tuber in a shaded place in the air, you can sprinkle it with charcoal, and only after a couple of hours you need to plant the tubers in different containers.
Important! In no case can one cut a tuber with a knife into several parts, since the zamiokulkas will die in this case.
Reproduction Zamiokulkasa tubers - This is not the best way to breed this flower, because you need to wait a long time for the bush to grow.
Reproduction zamiokulkasa sheet
Reproduction of zamiokulkas at home with leaflets is a fairly simple and easy process. Sheets from a plant for breeding must be cut with a disinfected, sharp instrument. It is advisable to cut the leaves with the stem.
How to grow zamiokulkas from a leaf? Some growers first place the leaves in water, and some immediately plant them in sterilized soil. Most often, reproduction with a leaf takes about 2 to 6 months, you need to wait for a small tuber to appear on the base of the leaf.
After cutting, the leaves should be left to dry for a couple of hours in the air, then the place to be cut should be sprinkled with a special preparation that will stimulate root growth, Zircon or Kornevin is perfect for this, and some growers use regular activated carbon.
After planting the sheets, the container should be covered with either glass or cellophane film to create the greenhouse effect. Once or twice a day, the film must be removed to air the sheets. It is desirable to take as a planting material large leaves that take root much faster than young leaves.
Zamiokulkas take root much more quickly with a branch or stem with leaves. Propagation by a leaf with a stem is a fairly quick way to get an adult plant. With this method of reproduction, the flower must be watered periodically, however, it is desirable to do this not with a watering can, but with the help of a spray bottle.
Sprayer need and soil, and leaves, such a method of watering will not allow the plant to fill so that it does not die.
How to plant a zamiokulkas when it is grown from leaves? It is necessary to take small containers, on the bottom of which it is necessary to lay a layer of drainage, suitable for this granule foam or expanded clay. A nutrient layer of the substrate is poured on top of it, which must first be moistened, and the leaves with the stem should be planted in this soil.
The best conditions for rooting
To Zamiokulkas rooted as quickly as possible when growing from leaves, tubers, stems or cuttings, it must be planted in a special soil. Suitable substrate can be purchased at a flower shop, a good option would be a primer for cacti or violets.
Some growers mix the purchased substrate with river sand in equal quantities, and you can seat young Zamiokulkas in clean sand. River sand is good because it is perfectly breathable and moisture. In order for cuttings, stems, or leaflets to take root faster, they need to be processed by a root-stimulator, for example, by Kornevin.
It is very convenient to arrange cuttings or sheets into ordinary disposable cups, which for quick reproduction should be placed in a warm room, where the air temperature is about 22 degrees. In order for rooting to succeed, diffused light must fall on the zamiokulkas; direct rays of the sun must not be allowed to enter.
Disposable cups are good because they show the appearance of roots. When the first roots are visible, the moistening of the soil must be increased.
Since the young zamiokulkas develop long enough, the method of breeding with a tuber can be called the most effective. It is suitable only for adults, fully formed specimens with several points of growth, clearly visible on the soil surface.
For, to successfully split the plant into two or three parts, it is necessary:
- Carefully release zamiokulkas roots from the tank, where he grew up earlier.
- To shake from the roots of the soil, carefully examine them.
- Determine which parts of the plant are ready for separation, that is, they have their own tuber, part of the roots and a rosette with one or more leaves.
- Separate parts of the root system with a knife or scalpel, trying to do as little damage as possible.
- Treat the sections with activated carbon and leave to dry in the open air for 2 - 3 hours.
- Plant the separated parts of the flower in new containers with soil prepared according to all the rules and water moderately.
Care for a young plant
In order for a small zamiokulkas to grow well at home, he needs to provide favorable conditions. Until the root system develops, the beautiful leaves of the flower will not appear. Therefore, caring for an adult plant is different from caring for a sapling.
While the zamiokulkas root system is actively developing, the parent lamina or cutting gradually turns yellow and fades. This is because all the nutrients from them are used to develop a new sprout.
By the time the first green leaves appear, the old parts of the plant are completely dead. The stages of this process can be seen in the photo.
If the air in the room is too dry, it is recommended to cover the plants with a glass bell jar or glass to maintain the necessary humidity. It is necessary to regularly open sprouts for airing. and check their status.
When the plant draws a rosette of 2-3 first leaves, it is necessary to transplant a medium-sized pot, which will allow the root system to grow, which will allow for the development of a full-fledged green mass.
From this point on, the flower is considered an adult.
Terms of its content:
- light nutrient substrate; a special soil mixture for cacti is ideal,
- The recommended soil composition is a mixture of sod, leaf soil and sand in equal parts,
- moderate watering, which in winter should be reduced to a minimum,
- good drainage, which should take up to ¼ of the pot volume,
- air temperature 18 - 26 ° C, humidity 30 - 60%,
- in winter, the temperature can be lowered to 17 - 18 ° C, but not lower than 15 ° C,
- average illumination, lack of drafts,
- transplanting 1 time in 2 - 3 years in a larger pot.
Zamioculcas was cultivated as a home plant only at the end of the twentieth century. Such advantages as ease of maintenance, unpretentiousness and spectacular appearance, have already brought him deserved popularity among gardeners.
Having studied the materials on how to propagate Zamiokulkas, visitors to our resource will be able to it is easy to grow an exotic dollar tree at home.
And the tips on the video below will help you with this:
Ideal conditions for breeding Zamiokulkas
The “dollar tree” is growing slowly. An adult plant is transplanted into a large container once every 5 years; this is an ideal moment for the reproduction of zamiokulkas by dividing the tubers in a gentle way. Root formations should be planted in prepared pots with soil mixture with a good drainage layer. Moreover, it is not necessary to deepen the tubers in the substrate, let the tops look out of the ground slightly.
It is recommended to cover the top to create a greenhouse effect before the formation of landing leaves. For rooting, pots of tubers are placed in a bright warm place. Moderate watering is necessary, excessive soil moisture should not be allowed. While pouring exclusively on the walls of the tank. Periodically air the novosadku, briefly removing the transparent cap.
Other options for obtaining new plants are rooting cut tubers, cuttings and leaflets. Perhaps the most difficult of them is growing a flower from cut root formations. But with the observance of agrotechnical culture, excellent results are possible here.
Attention! Any way of breeding zamiokulkas long. It is necessary to be patient, since the process of rooting and the appearance of leaves can last up to six months or more.
Practical tips on care and breeding
In order for zamiokulkas to grow quickly and be healthy, you need to follow these recommendations:
- it is better to use the substrate for a flower bought in a store, either a universal primer is suitable, or a soil for succulents with perlite and vermiculite, these components loosen the soil and serve as a good source of nutrition,
- without a drainage layer, the root system may rot, causing young plants to die,
- young bushes should preferably be transplanted once a year, without disturbing the root system, transplantation should be carried out by transferring the bush with a clod of earth into a large pot; after transplantation, watering is done only after 3 days,
- Both young and adult bushes do not like excessive watering, it is better to moisten the soil less than excessively so that the tubers do not rot. Watering is necessary only when the top layer of the substrate dries,
- the zamiokulkas do not tolerate the direct rays of the sun, as well as the dark room, when the sun comes into contact with the leaves burns, and in the dark room the plant loses its decorative properties,
- you need to feed the flower with fertilizers twice a month, you can also spray leaves with fertilizer, so that they will acquire an intense green color,
- The plant sometimes needs to arrange a shower with warm water, while the ground must be covered with a film, thanks to the water procedures, the leaves will be attractive and smooth.
How to plant a plant at home
It is necessary to prepare in advance pots of a small format if the reproduction of a flower is planned when sowing. In case the zamiokulkas outgrew its pot, and the root system became cramped in the tank, but there is no need for reproduction, an individual is planted in a new dish a little larger than the old one. It does not disturb the roots of the plant, remove the tropical beauty by transshipment method or gently break the pot. Root clod carefully placed in a new container on top of the drainage layer, add a little substrate. Watered 3-4 days after transplantation.