A huge variety of indoor plants allow you to choose exactly what will be more like and please the eye.
Experts say that today the most popular are orchids. The variety of species is simply amazing, but it is preferable to choose a sort of slipper.
Such a plant impresses with its color features and shape, which is associated with the female shoe in all.
This plant has many varieties. Below will be described the external features, as well as a photo and a brief description of each type of Venus Bashmachka.
The orchid slipper is one of the most beautiful varieties of flowers, with an incredible shape resembling a small slipper. This plant has a huge number of simple names. In common, orchids are called the boots of the Virgin Mary, shoes of the Virgin Mary.
There are Orchids Shoe on the islands of the Pacific Ocean, as well as in Asia and Europe. The incredible beauty of such flowers causes the disappearance. People are ready to do anything just to get a slipper, because as they dig a flower, I don’t think about the consequences.
Almost complete eradication has already occurred, because collectors dig up a slipper to replenish their flower exhibitions. Among other things, forests are destroyed, so the flowers themselves are under threat.
Specialists managed to bring several hybrid varieties of orchids, who were able to return shoe to the usual amount. Such hybrids differ only in the size of flowers, which are much larger and more expressively convey the appearance of the plant. These flowers do not require special attention, because they can be easily grown in the garden.
Reaches such a miracle in height of about 60 centimeters. The entire stem is covered with glandular fibers. Each stalk produces two to three leaflets twenty centimeters long. The flowers of this plant are very spectacular, so they can be seen from a great distance. Petals are collected in the bag, reminiscent of a shoe. Orchid seeds are very small, so they can spread with air.
The entire peduncle is covered with dark or purple hairs, ovary of the plant, as well as the lower part of the roots. Petals of a plant densely become covered by dark cilia. These plants bloom from early March to May.
This type is very compact and easy to grow. The leaves have undulating edges, so you can recognize it among the rest. The petals are wave-shaped, but in color they are green with a violet tinge, the vein has the same color. Flowering occurs in winter.
The leaves of such plants in their form resemble sharp ellipses. Petals of the flower are light green with small marble patterns. On the edge of such petals are long cilia.
The plant is small, but it is elongated along the entire vertical. Petals are yellow, covered with purple stripes and edged along the edge.
The leaves of this type, painted in green, the pattern has a mesh pattern. Petals are brown, red with black veins, and below - yellow veins.
The reproduction of orchids will be impossible in the case when the roots are damaged. To increase or correct them, dolomite flour should be added to the soil. In this case, the alkaline environment is increased and the plant begins to release additional roots. You should monitor the level of moisture in the soil, because if there is a lot of it, the plant will die. Top dressing will be able to fix such a problem, but this should be done very carefully.
In order for reproduction to pass by all the rules, you should adhere to such recommendations for the care of Orchid Slipper:
- water for irrigation must be clean, because the plant does not tolerate impurities,
- the place where the flower will stand should be lit, but without direct sunlight.
The process of breeding orchids must be monitored to prevent errors or damage to the plant. After the right actions you can get an amazing miracle with lush color.
Before you buy such plants, you should do everything possible to learn about the features of the care and maintenance of the flower. If a person is self-confident, then you can begin to introduce a new member of the flower collection.
- The soil. Such plants love only the soil of clay, sand and small stones. The most favorable conditions can be obtained only if the acid environment is introduced into the soil. For better and rapid cultivation in free ground, leaf soil, peat, sand, and dolomite chips are often used. Excellent as a drainage to the bottom of expanded clay, pumice stone and bark of coniferous wood.
If you grow a plant in a container, you should use a mixture of sand, earth and peat, as well as coal. It is better to choose such containers in large sizes so that the root system has room to grow. The soil should be loosened as often as possible so that the moisture does not stagnate.
Data plants are susceptible to pests and various diseases but It is worth noting that they are affected much less frequently than other representatives. Shoe-resistant orchids are disease-resistant, but if they do occur, they will infect the plant with particular pressure. Save the flower will be hard, but it is doable. You should use special medicines that are sprayed with a flower.
Several times a month you need to check the plant for the presence of pests. If they are there, they will definitely show themselves. Of course it is better to prevent the attack in advance of parasites that can harm the plant or to achieve its death.
Mostly slipper attacked by mealy worms, stem tissue and spider mites are absorbed. They are able to absorb a lot of juice from the flower and leave traces on the leaves. All this is detrimental to the development of orchids. It is necessary to monitor the development of the plant constantly, so that it does not die, but continues to bloom and delight others.
Lady's Slipper: photos and description
The flower, beloved by many for its unassuming beauty and lovely charm, has become a permanent resident of front gardens and flower beds throughout Russia. The lady's slipper, the photo and description of which will be presented in this article, is the perfect solution for decorating garden plots. Sweet and tender, pleasing to the eye with grace, this flower is loved by many gardeners.
Small orchid in the middle lane and in the north of Russia
There is a legend that when Venus descended to the ground in order to take a walk with Adonis through the summer forest, they were caught by a strong thunderstorm.
They hid under the canopy of trees, escaping from the rain, and Venus threw off her wet shoes. At this time, a traveler passed by and noticed a golden slipper.
He naturally wanted to pick up this miracle, but as soon as the hand touched the shoe, it turned into a delicate elegant flower.
The legend is much more beautiful and poetic than the encyclopedic name of this plant, which is even difficult to pronounce - cypripedium. Therefore, all lovers of flowers call it simply and poetically - the orchid is a lady's slipper.
The flower really belongs to the Orchid class, but it feels quite well in our harsh climate.The people of the flower has many names "cuckoo boots" and "Marusin slipper", in some regions it is called the boots of the Virgin or simply cockerels.
Lady's Slipper is the perfect solution for decorating garden plots
This plant is widely distributed throughout the globe and has more than 50 species, each of them is loved and revered in a particular area.
In Russia, the most famous slipper is real, as well as spotty and large-flowered. The plant is planted in flower beds and grown in room conditions.
The most beloved and common plant species
The most beautiful and vibrant flowers are grown with pleasure in flower beds and greenhouses. We present the most popular types of shoes:
- Stemless - a plant with purple-coated leaves and large fragrant inflorescence of delicate pastel shades. Especially prized light pink color with a white corolla.
- Flower Venerin's shoe baranogolovyy- exotic tiger color and the unusual shape of the apical flower allow you to create original spring compositions.
- Californian - petals in the shape of a bowl, also resembling a flower, and a delicate creamy-white brush on a long pedicle amazes with the refinement of form and tender lines.
- Snow-white - not at all coloring does not match the name, it is rather a spectacular prince on a thin high stem with a dark burgundy crown.
- Bundled - tall plant with straight inflorescences of soft, soft pastel color with delicate brownish veins.
- This - the shape of dragonfly spreading its wings and rich purple color with beautiful little maroon leaves will become a real decoration of any flower garden.
The most beautiful and vibrant flowers are grown with pleasure in flower beds and greenhouses.
Partly due to its exquisite beauty, and partly due to unfavorable ecology, this plant has become rare in the wild. Therefore, the lady's slipper of the red book of Russia took under state care and protection.
But gardeners gladly transferred it to flower beds and greenhouses. Breeding of this type of orchids in our country is widespread.
Lady's Slipper Wikipedia, a brief description
It grows on wet, but not swampy soils, on forest edges and field lowlands. The flower is whimsical to lighting, does not tolerate direct sunlight. Since the plant belongs to the Orchid family, it prefers to hide in the shade of trees or hide in tall meadow grass.
At the stage of symbiosis and underground growth, the plant is three years. That is why the lady's shoe red book took under her guard. The reproduction of these plants is extremely slow and long. So that certain species are not irretrievably lost, you can not dig up or root a flower, as the next one may simply not appear.
This unique orchid begins to bloom only eight or even seventeen years after the first sprout appeared. The flower lives only two weeks, and after pollination it fades, so you can admire its beauty for a very short time, especially if you compare the period of its maturation to the adult flower.
The lady's slipper red book photo and description is not only in Russia, but also throughout Europe, as the plant is subject to mass destruction because of its unusual exotic beauty.
What loves and what does not tolerate a mini-orchid
A lady's slipper, the photo of which is in the picture, is quite possible to grow at home. But you need to know what he loves and what this cute delicate flower does not tolerate. The gardener will have to perform the following daily activities to admire the flowering every spring:
- To ensure a properly prepared substrate of humus from the leaves of forest trees, peat and coal, one should remember to add chalk or, as an alternative, dolomite flour to the substrate. Pieces of bark should also be present, as this orchid belongs to the genus of lichens and is attached to the hard surface of the bark by the roots.
- Lady's slipper, a description of the care and cultivation - be sure to protect the plant from drafts and direct sunlight. The penumbra is ideal for breeding.
- Pests that can harm a plant are aphids and garden snails, monthly prophylaxis is spraying with drugs that disinfect the ground, stem and leaves.
- To ensure that the plant is always provided with the necessary amount of moisture, you can put moss on the surface, it will balance and reduce water evaporation.
- Having the land in a growing pot, from the bottom it is necessary to put a coarser, harder substrate, and above it is loose, well-wicking. Thus, we normalize the distribution of moisture and reduce its evaporation.
- The roots of the venereal slipper grow horizontally, so the capacity should be wide enough so that the roots of the plant are not crowded and they can grow and develop normally.
- The temperature in the room or greenhouse should not fall below sixteen degrees at night, and during the daytime fluctuations may be in the range of twenty to thirty. Temperature range for more resistant to cold varieties may be slightly lower.
- Be sure to follow the light and the frequency of daylight, which should be equal to summer, about twelve to fourteen hours, even in short winter days.
- If the temperature is lower than five degrees, the flower may simply die.
Be sure to protect the plant from drafts and direct sunlight.
The lady's slipper, the photo and description of the varieties of which can be found in the wikikpedia or the red book of many European countries, including Russia, is very picky about daily care. What a grower must do to ensure healthy growth and abundant flowering:
- Ensure that the soil is constantly qualitatively hydrated, but not saturated with moisture. When watering, you must carefully observe that the moisture does not fall on the stem, only moisten the substrate. Water droplets can cause putrefactive processes in contact with the leaves and the stem.
- Once a month, fertilizing with special mineral fertilizers for orchids is necessary. Fertilizer is applied with water or directly into the soil, depending on the type of plant.
- A flower can be planted only by dividing the roots, when it no longer has enough capacity for growth. Then the flower is carefully dug out and the roots are divided into several parts with the stem, planting them in a previously prepared moist soil.
- Since the growth of the root system is slow, the transplantation is carried out no more often than once every three to four years. In industrial breeding, the root system may be divided once a year, but in this case the plant is too weak and requires constant careful care.
Lady's shoe is quite difficult to grow in indoor conditions, however, in the garden or in the front garden, it can grow completely free, without requiring close attention. The main thing is that the soil and light conditions should use it to develop naturally.
Flower can only be planted by dividing the roots
After all, it grows on the lawns of forests and in the field, without requiring close attention from the person. Of course, greenhouses and greenhouses are necessary for the sale and cultivation on an industrial scale, but it is also quite realistic to grow such a pretty flower in a flower bed.
Of course, we must remember that the plant is listed in the Red Book and is protected by the state. Therefore, if you dig it in the woods or in the field, then it is quite possible to get a penalty from the forester, if you are caught on the hot.
But there is nothing wrong with that if summer residents ensure the reproduction and survival of this rare plant in their area. Naturally, you should not tear these flowers and damage the root system, because in order for the flower to please the eye, you need eight whole years. But to help the plant grow and harden quite real in the conditions of the summer cottage.
Greenhouse mini orchids are expensive, depending on the variety and rarity of the species.If there is a desire to grow such a flower on the windowsill, then we must prepare for tedious care and care, which not everyone can do.
The lady's slipper is inscribed in the red book and is protected by the state.
Therefore, let's just admire this exquisite handsome man, having met him in a forest clearing and not to pick a flower he liked. This will enable the plant to form seeds and sow them with a whole glade so that our children can still admire this bright exotic bloom.
Detailed description of venine shoe
Lady's Slipper is the genus name of the orchid family. Due to the unusual shape of a bud, it is recognized as a beautiful flowering wild plant. The flowers are varied in color: from cream and pale yellow to brown and purple. Also varied by shape and size of the bud. In some, it looks like a jug or pot-bellied keg.
Included in the list of protected plants of the Red Book all countries where it grows. The disappearance is due to the fact that because of its unusual beauty, it often became the object of attention of florists who hunted flowers for the purpose of decorating bouquets.
Many flower growers wanted to transfer this unusual flower to their garden. They dug up plants and planted them in their flower bed. But they took root only if they created conditions similar to natural ones when transplanting from the forest.
If one plant picks flowers every year, it will die. This can be explained by the fact that an underground bud, similar to an onion, feeds on leaves. If a flower is picked at the very root, then there is nothing to eat the kidney. The supply of nutrients may not be enough to overwinter and give new shoots.
Biological features of the plant
A lady's shoe is a plant with 1-2 flowers, ellipsoid leaves and a horizontal rhizome. Unusual and original name it owed to bud shape.
One of the petals is a lip, in its form resembles a miniature shoe and is framed by the rest of the perianth petals, as if wrapped in ribbons. But such a flower is needed not only to surprise.
Habitat - marshy shady places where there are not a large number of insect pollinators: bees, butterflies and flower flies.
To pollination happened flowering period lasts a whole month. The bright coloring of the petals, the pleasant delicate fragrance and the shape of the bud are the fixtures necessary to attract insects.
Lady's Slipper Mountain Baranogolovy Bundled
The structure of the flower in its features is a trap. An insect attracted by the scent sits on the smooth edge of the bud and slides inside. It begins to rush in search of a way out and leaves pollen from other flowers on the sticky stigma of the pistil, and also collects pollen from the anthers of stamens on its pile.
After this procedure, the insect still finds an exit to freedom, after which it flies to the next flower for subsequent pollination.
Because of the bright color of the flowers stand out among the other vegetation of the forest. This may attract the attention of herbivores. However, here too nature took care of the conservation of the orchid species. In the leaves bitter poison accumulates that scares hares and elks.
The lady's slipper forms a symbiosis with mushrooms. The seedling does not immediately give an above-ground sprout, but develops underground within 2-3 years. At this time, it feeds on minerals formed during the life of the mycelium.
Lady's slipper is a perennial plant.
In the autumn, the aerial part dies off, and the rhizome is at rest until spring. When the earth warms up, new shoots appear from the ground.
What is lady's slipper
The orchid Venerin slipper is a perennial flower that gives a bud for the 15th year after germination the seed. It reaches 40-50 cm, has large, tight leaves, shaped like lily of the valley leaves. Each plant produces a stalk, where there are from one to twelve flowers.Pollination is made by bees who are attracted to bright flowers with a slight vanilla smell. After pollination the wilting of the flower begins. Botanists secrete 50 species of the plant Cypripedium calceolus (Latin), which are not only monochromatic, but also speckled.
Where grows lady's slipper
The frost-resistant plant lives in forest zones of Europe, Crimea, in the south of Siberia, China, Mongolia, Japan, on Sakhalin. Lady's slipper grows in deciduous forests on the plains, avoids wetlands, prefers alkaline soils with a large layer of humus and high humidity. From China and North America, the classical Orchid Slipper was driven out by Henry Slipper, a Shanxi type, Chiloschista segawae, who has no Russian name.
The plant can be found near dense overgrowth of trees, where there is a lot of moss, there is enough water in the ground, near low bushy thickets, ravines, on the northern slopes of rivers, near limestone deposits. An important factor for flower growth is the presence near the roots of the mycelium, which nourishes the seeds for several years before the rhizome sprouts.
The Legend of Venus Shoe
There are several stories telling about the origin of the poetic name of the flower. One legend about Venus's shoe says that Venus and Adonis hunted, came under a thunderstorm and took refuge in a cave. The goddess left the wet shoes near the dark entrance. A peasant passing by picked up his shoes, which, when touched, turned into beautiful flowers. Realizing that the gods had taken refuge in the cave, the man put a flower on the ground and left. So the shoes of the goddess became flowers that grow in the forests so far.
Lady's slipper real
A well-known representative of the Orchid family is grown not only for decoration at home, but also for use in medicine: it helps against mental illness, epilepsy and headaches. The lady's slipper present has a thick, horizontal root that produces shoots up to 40 cm high. You can distinguish it from others by the color of the flowers: the lower petal (lip) is yellow or yellow-green, and the additional petals are red-brown. The plant is also called "Shoe Flower", "Virgin Boots." Flowering plant occurs from mid-May to August.
Lady's Slipper Flower
This type of plant got its name for a huge lower petal. The lady's sliver of large-flowered looks differently than Cypripedium calceolus: the petals are not elongated, but an oval leaf shape, pointed to the tip. The color spectrum is extensive: purple, pink, with specks and without them, purple and purple. The lip is often covered with spots, dots.
The flower of the species Paphiopedilum bellatulum is the most frost-resistant of all, so it is successfully grown in the northern regions of the country. A distinctive feature of the Venus shoe spotted is its unpretentiousness to the soil. Orchid can grow equally well on poor soils and fertile. Lady's shoe is low - 10-30 cm, the flower is white with purple specks. The bottom petal resembles a high platform shoe. Plants appear from the rhizome each year at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other, which is convenient for transplanting a flower into a flower bed.
Care for Venus shoe at home
Representatives of this species were adapted to cultural cultivation in flowerbeds and in pots. If you follow the basic rules for the care of Venus shoe, at home you can grow a plant that will decorate your window sill and garden. How to grow a flower slipper in the open ground on the garden plot on the north side of the house?
- The choice of location is made on the basis of habitat habitual for the plant - it is a shaded area without sunlight and drafts. It does not require direct sunlight for photosynthesis.
- Soil preparation - preparation of the substrate from moss, charcoal, chalk, crushed tree bark and walnut shells.
- Plant feeding is done twice per season, the substrate is sprinkled once before the start of the season.
- Moderate watering plants need at least twice a week.
- In winter, rhizomes cover polystyrene or fallen leaves.
- Reproduction occurs vegetatively from the roots, which gave shoots.
- It is not necessary to spray from pests, the plant protects itself with poisonous juice, which is safe for people.
Lady's slipper can be grown in pots. The basic principles of caring for a houseplant are the same as for a flower bed, but several more are added to them:
Under natural conditions, Venus's shoe varieties are found in Europe, Asia, North and Latin America, in Russia - in the European part, in the Siberian and Far Eastern regions. Their distribution range extends from the forest-tundra zone to tropical latitudes. Plants have adapted to their habitats and are resistant to low temperatures.
More often the lady's slipper meets in deciduous forests: aspen, beech, birch, oak. Rarely grows in coniferous taiga. Favorable for orchids are alkaline or neutral soils that are well hydrated and rich in humus and calcium.
Populations of the species react sharply to environmental changes. The following factors affect their size:
- climate change,
- moisture change
- fluctuations in light,
- change in the number of insects pollinating plants,
- man-made changes.
A destructive factor for a Venus slipper is deforestation. On treeless plots, they begin to grow shallow and quickly die. They can persist if the undergrowth grows in a short time.
The most beautiful orchids of the genus Venerin slipper belong to three types:
- lady's slipper is real,
- lady's slipper spotted,
- Lady's slipper large-flowered.
Let's see what they look like in the short description.
Agrotechnology orchid care venerin slipper
Paphiopedilum (Barbata section).
The second group consists of zeolithic, usually mountain 1-2-flowered species, which need moderate and cold conditions of maintenance (winter night temperature of 10-14 ° C) and intensive illumination. This includes views from the section Paphiopedilum. The third group includes green leaf shoes with many-flowered peduncles, which need warm content and bright light. These are types of three sections:
Most of the shoes from the subgenus Braehypetalum in the culture stand apart, preferring not just warm content, but differences in day and night temperatures, moderate watering and a calcium-rich substrate. When caring for veneer shoes, the right ground is very important. Land mixtures that include leaf and sod land, peat and river sand are suitable for growing pafiopedilums from the Paphiopedilum section.
Papiopedilum (lady's slipper) Orchid: photo, names and description of plant species
Paphiopedilum appletonianum (Gower) Rolfe - Pafiopedilum Appleton (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata).
A variegated slipper originally from Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, and from Fr. Hainan (China). Occurs in the undergrowth among decayed plant debris as a land plant at an altitude of 600–700 m above sea level. The pubescent greenish tsvetonos 1–2-flowered, up to 50 cm long. The flowers of this Venus slipper look like greenish-purple calyxes. Sepal with green and purple stripes, petals with callused brown spots, staminodes with two distinct notches on the ends. Flowering specimens can be found from February to June, some colors - October - December.
Paphiopedilum argus (Rchb. F.) Stein - Pafiopedilum Argus (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata).
Very rare slipper from Fr. Luzon (Philippines). It grows only on the eastern or western slopes of the mountains, rising to a height of 800-2500 m above sea level.m., as a rule, in a thick layer of moss at the base of tree trunks or in leaf litter and humus among bamboo thickets. As shown in the photo, this orchid papiopedilum leaves are spotty, bluish-green, with purple underside:
Paphiopedilum barbatum (Lindl.) Pfitz. - bearded papiopedilum (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata).
Homeland - Malay Peninsula. Occurs in mountain forests at an altitude of 200-1300 m above sea level. m., litofit. The leaves are variegated, peduncle 1-2-flowered. The flowers are purplish-brownish, 10 cm in diameter. At the edges, the side petals carry numerous dark bristles and dark callused warts. When describing this venine shoe, it is worth highlighting the lip of the flower - it is purple at the front and greenish-brown at the back. In nature, plants bloom twice a year.
Paphiopedilum callosum (Rehb.f.) Stein - Pafiopedilum corpus callosum (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata).
A variegated slipper from the foothills of Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. This type of pafiopedilum grows on low rocks at an altitude of 300–1300 m above sea level. m in substrates of fallen, ripe leaves, sand and mosses, in moderate shade. Pubescent peduncle up to 45 cm long. Spinal sepal with longitudinal stripes, side lobes down, crescent-shaped, bent and slightly deflected backward, with dark warts on the upper edge. Variable view. It blooms in autumn and early spring.
Paphiopedilum concolor (Lindl.) Pfitz. - Pafiopedilum monochrome (Brachypetalum subgenus).
Grows in Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and China (Prov. Yunnan). Litofit or land plant rises to a height of 1000 m above sea level. m. A small orchid with spotted leaves, covered with numerous purple spots on its underside. Peduncle 1-3 floral. The name “monochrome” of this venerian shoe is given for its monochrome color: the flowers of the plant are white or cream, the petals with small chestnut-purple dots are rarely found. The lip is elongated, its outer edge is bent inward. Staminody with a large yellow spot in the middle. It blooms during the year, the main peak of flowering occurs in the summer months - from May to September.
Paphiopedilum delenatii Guill. - Pafiopedilum Delenat (subgenus Brachypetalum, section Parvisepalum).
Homeland - North Vietnam and China (Yunnan). It is found at low altitudes in the valleys or at the foot of the limestone mountains on rocks and rocks. The leaves are variegated, erect peduncle, 1-2-flowered. Petals and sepals pink, velvety. The lip is swollen, with the front edge curved inward, often more brightly colored. Staminody with two bright yellow spots in the center, divided across the red-purple longitudinal stripes. With good care, this orchid veneer slipper blooms in spring or early summer.
Paphiopedilum fairrieanum (Lindl.) Stein - Pafiopedilum Fairy (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum).
Homeland - Sikkim, Bhutan, northeast India (Assam). Occurs in river valleys along the banks and on chalky rocks under ambient light conditions under the canopy of tall grasses and low trees. Rises to a height of 1400-2200 m above sea level. The leaves are pale green, sometimes with purple spots on the underside. Peduncle erect, 1-2-flowered. The flowers are greenish-white with numerous purple-purple stripes. Lip olive with purple streaks. The main flowering period of this orchid is a lady's slipper at home - autumn.
Paphiopedilum glaueophyllum J.J. Smith - Pafiopedilum sizolitny (Paphiopedilum subgenera Cochlopetalum section).
Litofit comes from Sumatra and Java. It grows on volcanic slopes, at low altitudes in areas with abundant regular moisture throughout the year. Peduncles dodging, develop from 10 to 18 months, about 20 flowers alternately reveal on each of them. Spinal sepal glossy, light green. As seen in the photo, this orchid has a slipper side petals cream-white with pinkish tips, covered with purple spots:
Paphiopedilum godefroyae (Godefr. - Leb.) Stein - Madame Godefroy Pafiopedilum (Brachypetalum iodode).
Homeland - Vietnam, Burma, Thailand. Occurs at low altitudes, on steep limestone rocks. A variegated slipper with a short 1-2-flowered erect peduncle. Flowers pubescent, snow-white or yellowish with numerous purple spots. Staminody with a yellow vertical stripe in the center.The plant a lady's slipper of this species blooms in the summer, from May to September.
Paphiopedilum haynaldianum (Rchb.f.) Stein - Hayald Pafiopedilum (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Pardalopetalum).
Motherland - the islands of Luzon and Negros (Philippines). Occurs on stones and trees or in cracks filled with humus at a height of 1,400 meters above sea level. m. A large green leaf plant with lingering pubescent peduncle 50–75 cm long, which develops 4–6 yellowish-green flowers with a diameter of 7.5–16.0 cm. When describing a venerin plant shoe of this species, it is worth noting its long drooping petals, which carry large chestnut stains; a khaki-colored lip has dark green veins. It blooms from February to May, although flowering specimens can be found throughout the year, with the exception of June.
Paphiopedilum helenae Aver. - Elena Pafiopedilum (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum).
Homeland - the north of Vietnam and southern China. Zelenolistny humus epiphyte, found in mountainous areas at a height of not more than 850-900 m above. amidst plant residues in the cracks of stones, on the slopes of river gorges facing north or on vertical stony slopes, sometimes at the base of small tree trunks or shrubs. Dwarf clones with green narrow leaves 4-12 cm long. The only flower with a diameter of 5-7 cm, the general tone of its color is yellow-brown. The lip is smooth, brownish-orange, 2-3 cm long, 1.5-2.0 cm wide. Primary flowering occurs in the autumn months, but some specimens continue to develop flower stalks until mid-winter. Look at the look of Elena's slipper orchid in these photos:
Paphiopedilum hirsutissimum (Lindl. Ex Hook.) Stein - Pafiopedilum is the most persistent (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum).
Epiphytic or litofitny green leafy slipper from India (Assam), Thailand, Laos, Burma, where it rises in the mountains to an altitude of 3000–4000 m above sea level. The peduncle is 1-flowered, upright, up to 25 cm long. An interesting feature of the flower of this venus shoe is the gradual corrugation of the upper edge of the side petals, which immediately after blooming look even, but after a day they become small folding. Flowering occurs in the spring months and lasts from March to May.
Paphiopedilum insigne (Wall, ex Lindl.) Pfitz. - Pafiopedilum is wonderful (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum).
Homeland - tropical Asia. Variable view. Leaves are green, narrow. Peduncle erect, 1-2-flowered, up to 30 cm long. Apple-green or greenish-yellow flowers, with a spotted broad-oval sepal, bearing a wide white border along the upper edge, brownish side lobes and a yellowish-green lip of a brown shade. The blooming of this homemade Venus's shoe begins in September — October and lasts until February of the following year.
Paphiopedilum malipoense Chen & Tsi - Pafiopedilum Malipoenze (subgenus Parvisepalum).
Occurs in the shadow of semi-deciduous mountain forests in the north of Vietnam and in China (Yunnan) at an altitude of 1300-1600 m above sea level. m., where it grows in the shade on the chalk outcrops of rocks. Plants settle in the breaks and cracks of vertical cliffs, preferring the eastern slopes. Leaves are spotty, wide, purple below, slightly wavy. Peduncle erect, 1-2-flowered, 40-60 cm long. Flowers 12 cm in diameter, apple-green. Pay attention to the photo - this orchid has a lady's slipper, the lip is swollen, with the front edge curved inwards:
Paphiopedilum primulinum M. Wood & Taylor - Pafiopedilum pale yellow (subgenus Cochlopetalum).
Litophytic or ground plant from the north of Sumatra, rises to 500 m above sea level. m. The leaves are bright green, without purple dots. Peduncle dodging, many-flowered, 50–70 cm long. The flowers are yellow or greenish in color, compared with the other members of the subgenus Cochlopetalum, smaller. Flowers open alternately, leaving the plant in flowering state for about a year. With good care for the orchid slipper in the home conditions, flower stalks in this species appear in spring and summer.
Paphiopedilum spicerianum (Rehb.f. ex Masters & T. Moore) Pfitz. - Madame Spicer Pafiopedilum (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum).
The green leaf comes from the north-east of India (Assam) and north-west Burma. Butt epiphyte at the base of tree trunks or lithophyte on the vertical walls of the gorges.Occurs at an altitude of 300-1300 m above sea level. m. Peduncle erect, 1-2-flowered, up to 25 cm long. As shown in the photo, this Venus shoe has greenish-white flowers with a funnel-shaped dorsal sepal, short corrugated petals and a brownish lip:
Paphiopedilum suhhakulii Shoser & Senghas - Pafiopedilum Sukhakula (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata).
A variegated sliver originally from Thailand. It grows at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level. m on clay soils, occurs along river banks in moderate light conditions. Peduncle erect, up to 12 cm long, bears a rather large flower with unusual wide green petals, entirely dotted with dark purple spots and dots, with small pointed striped white spinal sepal and medium-sized lip, purple-brown in the upper part and pale green at the bottom. Houseplant venere slipper of this species blooms twice a year - from February to April and from August to December.
Paphiopedilum venustum (Wall. Ex Sims) Pfitz. - Pafiopedilum is adorable (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Barbata)
Homeland - Assam, Bangladesh, V. Himalayas, Myanmar, Nepal and China (Prov. Yunnan) (1000-1500 m above sea level. M.). It grows as a terrestrial plant in the basement of cliffs, in dense undergrowth, bamboo thickets, river canyons. Land plant with spotty purple-green leaves. Inflorescences are erect, 1-2-flowered. A flower with a diameter of 9 cm, with wide greenish-purple netals, dotted with large dark purple spots and a greenish-pink lip, covered with a network of purple veins. It blooms twice a year - from January to April and from June to December.
Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein - Pafiopedilum hairy (subgenus Paphiopedilum, section Paphiopedilum)
Green leaf slipper from Indochina. It grows as an epiphyte, lithophyte, or land plant, rises to an altitude of 1100–2000 m. m. Strongly hairy erect peduncle, 1-2-flowered. The flower is yellow-brown, with extended tips of the side petals directed forward. Staminody yellow with a green dot in the middle. It blooms from autumn to spring. On these photos you can see orchids Venerin slipper, the description of which is given above:
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Lady's Slipper: Russian Species
Slipper real(Cypripedium calceolus). This orchid is found in the middle lane more often than others. The stem (up to 40 cm) bears 1, rarely 2 graceful medium sized flowers with a yellow lip and long, twisted into a spiral dark brown side lobes and a sail. In nature, there are variations of this shoe: as in the color of side lobes and sails (shades of brown), and lips (red-brown specks, eyeliner, strokes). Rare forms with a creamy-white lip or plain.
Extremely rare in culture related to him slipper shansiysky(Cypripedium shanxiense). It is distinguished by its smaller size, reddish-brown color of the flower and 2-3 flowers on the peduncle. Both species are confined to the output of limestone rocks. In places of joint growth, their hybrid is found - slipper(Cypripedium x microsaccos).
Large-flowed slipper(Cypripedium macranthos) - a powerful plant (30–35 cm) with wide leaves and a large single flower with a wide lip and side petals. The color of the flower in the pink-raspberry gamut, often even. There are plants with striped side petals and a sail of a slightly different shade than the lip. Very beautiful, but rare albino forms. Forms large clumps.
Slipper swollen(Cypripedium x ventricosum) - one of the most sustainable in culture, natural hybrid slipper of the present and large-flowered slipper. Medium sized single flower closer to shape Shoe presentbut the side lobes are wider and less twisted. The color of the flower is smooth, from deep crimson to light pink. Occasionally there are specimens with a lip of one color and a sail and side lobes of another and cream-white forms. Extremely rare hybrid large-flowered slipper with shoe shansiyskim – Catherine's slipper(Cypripedium x catherinae).
Slipper spotted(Cypripedium guttatum) - a miniature view (15–25 cm) with slightly pubescent leaves and a small white with a large uneven pink-purple speckled flower. The lip is almost round.The sail can be either spotty or pure white.
Slipper Yatabe(Cypripedium yatabeanum) - Another miniature, but with a narrow lip and short side petals. The color of the flower is greenish-yellow, with a brown large blurred specks. In nature, populations are found with pinkish flowers.
At the intersection of the ranges slipper and Yatabe slipper is found slipper alaskan(Cypripedium x alaskanum) - their natural hybrid, repeating flower shape Slipper Yatabe, and coloring closer to spotted shoe.
Lady's Slipper: Chinese Mountain Species
Slipper Tibetan(Cypripedium tibeticum) - chunky (25–30 cm) orchid with slightly pubescent leaves and a large single flower with a violet-chocolate broad lip and striped perianth petals and a sail.
Slipper yellow(Cypripedium flavum) - high (up to 50 cm) plant with large single flowers and pubescent stems and leaves. The lateral tepals are short and blunt. The color of the flower varies from pale yellow to rich lemon, sometimes with a reddish tinge and / or red-brown specks on the lip.
Henry Slipper(Cypripedium henryi). Inflorescence of two or three greenish-yellow flowers with a yellow lip, below marked with purple veins. Side petals hanging, but not twisted.
Lady's Slipper: North American Look
Queen's Slipper(Cypripedium reginae) - tall (up to 60 cm) view with a strongly steamed stem and leaves and a rather large solitary (rarely 2-3) flower. Sail and side petals are white, lip color varies from white with rare pink and crimson spots to thick pink. One of the most late flowering.
origin of name
Before looking at the photo and reading the description of the venereal slipper, it is worth knowing where the plant has such an unusual name. Its origin was found in ancient Greek mythology.
According to the myth, once in distant times, Venus and Adonis caught rain during a hunt. To wait out the bad weather, they hid in a cave and there they did not lose time. During their love games, a sliver of pure gold fell from the feet of Venus. At this time, an ordinary person passed by and noticed a shoe, he wanted to pick it up. But as soon as he touched him, he turned into a flower, which is very similar to an elegant shoe.
Orchid Venerin slipper (photo) refers to perennial herbaceous plants. It is widespread in Eurasia. The scientific name of this beauty is papiopedilum, in the people it is often called:
- lady's slipper,
- Adam's head
- calcareous slipper,
- cuckoo boots,
- martin shoe,
All this is the same plant that we are considering today.
Note! In natural conditions, the flower of a lady's shoe grows not in marshy, but perfectly moist places. As for home conditions, it needs well-ventilated rooms, without a draft, and a large space for growth.
Previously, all Orchid shoes belonged to the same genus, but now they are divided into:
Since such plants are perfectly crossed within the genus, there are at least 1,000 interspecific hybrids.
At the moment there are very popular several species that are successfully grown at home.
This species has ground stalks and two folded, oblong or wide oval leaves. Their length does not exceed 20 cm, and the width is 8 cm. The flower is located at a height of 35 cm from the ground, it is large and has a pleasant aroma. Differs in its decorative appearance, flowering falls in the spring - early summer.
Stemless Lady's Slipper
This lady's slipper reaches a height of 80 cm. The stalk is strong, it has 3-4 leaves. They are oval, arranged alternately, sharp, their length is about 10 cm. The flower in this species is very beautiful.On one inflorescence from 4 to 12 small flowers, their bracts are round. The diameter of each peduncle is 4 cm, the length of the pedicels is different. The flowering period - the end of spring.
California Lady's White Slipper
Height up to 40 cm, hairy stems, leaves no longer than 10 cm, width 6 cm. Their inflorescence is direct, stable due to its small height. On the inflorescence are placed up to 4 flowers.
The lady's slipper, real (pictured), is a herbaceous plant that belongs to the orchid family. The height of the plant is no more than 50 cm, its rhizome is thick, creeping, consists of internodes, which are formed after each annual growth. The length of adventitious roots can reach 30 cm.
On the stem is a brown calyx, on which there are short glandular hairs. The leaves are ellipsoidal, alternate, slightly pointed, slightly wavy. Their length is up to 18 cm, width is 8 cm.
Bisexual flowers, large bracts. Tepals red-brown, lip swollen, yellowish. The fruit is a box. This type of slipper is also called red.
Lady's slipper real
This herb is tall from 25 to 50 cm, grows in light forests or among bushes, in glades and forest edges. Differs large, up to 10 cm in diameter, flowers with a color from pink to white or dark red.
The aroma of flowers sweetish, like the smell of vanilla. The leaves are large, stalked, elliptical in shape.
1-2 flowers are formed on one plant. It consists of a large, swollen lip that resembles a shoe. The shoe has a narrow opening with curved edges.
Flowering period - from June to mid-July. The lifespan of a single plant can reach 20 years.
Each species is grown in botanical gardens, research and experimental stations and reserves. In protected areas, an important protection measure is a strict ban on the collection of plants by the population.
The name of this unusual plant is associated with the legend. It tells how the goddess Venus had to hide in the woods with swampy swamps from her enemies, where she dropped her shoe. A slipper of golden color with scarlet silk ribbons fell to the ground and became a beautiful flower. Why they decided to call him that way.
Despite the fact that there is poison in the leaves of the plantThe herb is used as a medicine. Infusions and decoctions are used for nervous and mental disorders as a sedative, they remove migraine and fever.
The flower, which is considered to be a miracle of nature, can now be bought at the flower shop as a pot plant. In order for the plant to enjoy its flowering on the windowsill, it is necessary to study the growing conditions of its “wild” brethren.
Careful care, regular watering and optimal microclimate will guarantee regular flowering and a healthy appearance of one of the most beautiful and unusual plants on the planet.
Bright orchid Venerin Slipper (papiopedilum) - photo and description of the variety
The most popular orchid variety in the territory of Eurasia, there is the Venerin Bashmachk (Pafiopedilum), some people call it a shaggy orchid (the most ancient pafiopedilum). What conditions does this plant prefer? In nature, Venerin Slipper loves moisture, but not wetland soil.
Moderate light will also be an advantage. With regards to home conditions, Pafiopedilum is placed in well ventilated placewhere enough light comes in.
Let's take a closer look and find out what the orchid Venerin Slipper (pafiopedilum) looks like - the photo and description of the variety in this article.
Distinctive feature of such orchids are flowerswhich are very similar in shape to women's shoes, so they are sometimes called Orchids Slipper. Attract lovers of orchids and bright colors.
The most common plants are marble white, light yellow and ash-pink flowers.You can see how the Pafiopedilum Orchid looks like in the photo below.
The orchid Venerin's Slipper has unusually bright flowers.
More rarely - brown, green and purple. What attracts more attention is not the color of flowers, but small blotches on each of themwhich can also be of different colors. We must not forget that one outlet forms one peduncle.
Resist such beauty is impossible, it seems that plants from another planet. Previously, all the orchid-shoes belonged to the genus Cypripedium, and then he was divided by 4 more:
- And selenipedum.
However, when translated into Russian, all four varieties mean the same thing - Venus shoes.
With regards to Pafiopedilumov, they perfectly interbreed with each other, within the genus. As a result, we have more than 1000 hybrids. Typically, the height of the flower is not less than 15 and not more than 25 cm, a distinctive feature - creeping rhizome.
Orchid Venerin slipper is considered to be a kind of "outcast". Main habitat:
- Far East,
- Western Siberia
- and the European part of Russia.
The flower avoids direct sunlight, so grows in shady, warm and dry forests, sometimes you can find a flower on the outskirts of the marshes.
IMPORTANT! Some species of Pafiopedilum are able to survive severe cold.
Experienced growers say that in order to determine the right principles of care, you need get information on the original genusfrom which the acquired hybrid originated.
And if with Phalaenopsis hybrids everything is quite simple, caring for them is absolutely the same, then Venerin Slipper requires special treatment.
To determine the 100% origin of the flower is very difficult, but for successful flowering - strictly required. This is the only way to create the most favorable conditions.
The essence of the sympodial form is that when one axis takes the direction of the main, due to the fact that it develops too quickly, the second, in turn, shifts to the side or falls off altogether. Simpoidal form suggests growth in the horizontal direction.
In the next season, they give a new, lateral growth. Pseudobulbs live for about 2–3 years, after which they turn yellow and die. When the pseudobulb reaches its peak of maturity, its upper bud falls off, or becomes inflorescence.
The growth of the false light bulb ends together with the end of the formation of peduncle, at its base a new sprout is formed and its next annual development cycle gets its beginning.
Such a sympodial type of orchids, in which arrow shoots kidneylocated at the base of the shoot, or in the top of the flower. The leaves of such orchids are rather thin and narrow.
It is this type during flowering stimulation needs lower temperatures. Watering is also recommended to reduce, in the next 8 weeks the orchid will feed on moisture, which the pseudobulbs have stored.
In order to pro stimulate flowering of the orchid Venerin slipper, you need to lower the temperature in the room.
You can meet this type of orchid in nature in areas dominated by heavy rainswhich are periodically replaced by dryness. Such climatic conditions are characteristic of the tropics.
Of course, to provide such periods in the home is difficult enough, therefore, through trial and error were quite unpretentious Venerina shoes.
IMPORTANT! Virtually all Pafiopedilums that are sold in flower shops are hybrids that need a moderate temperature and are easily managed without a serious rest period. For their cultivation is enough of the natural temperature drops that occur when the seasons change.
Marina. “For the first time, I bought a lady's slipper, about five years ago. The only problem that had to face - a burn of the leaves.Therefore, I strongly recommend everyone to protect your plant from direct sunlight, they are destructive for this variety of plants.
Pafiopedilums are incredibly beautiful plants that transform any room with their presence and delight guests. Suitable for beginners, as with the features of care is very easy to understand. Recommend!"
Lady's slipper - types of orchids, how the plant looks, growing at home and the choice of soil
This unusual orchid has received its poetic name due to the similarity of the central petal with the female shoe of the drop form.
Lady's shoe is listed in the Red Book, but knowing some of the rules of care, you can successfully grow a plant at home.
This species is distinguished by the fact that its representatives easily take root in flower beds, in city parks, private gardens, on window sills.
When papiopedilum blooms
Pafiopedilum bloom photo
When do the pafiopedilums bloom? The flowering period depends on the variety. For example, in moth-colored pafiopedilums, flowers are kept throughout the summer and autumn, and in their peers with a monotonous tinge - from the end of winter and all spring. In single-flowered inflorescence has 1-2 corolla, in many-flowered - more than three, and in “revolving” a new flower is tied in place of the old one.
Conditions of growing orchids papiopedilum
In order for the orchid to grow normally and delight in flowering, first of all it is necessary to create the correct temperature regime and lighting. In this matter, focus on the type of plant.
For multi-flowered pafiopedilumov, as well as varieties with green leaves, will need a bright diffused lighting. A suitable location would be windows of east or west orientation.
If the leaf plates are “spotty” or 1-2 flowers appear on the peduncle - they will need light shading, you can place them in the north window.
Absolutely for each plant of this kind is detrimental to direct sunlight, they leave burns on the leaves. Also in winter they need a light day lasting 12 hours a day, resort to lighting up the fitolamps.
In terms of temperature, four types can be distinguished:
- Varieties with spotted leaves during the summer season grow comfortably at a temperature of 23 ° C, in winter - 18 ° C,
- If the leaf plates are uniformly green and narrow, provide temperature readings a couple of degrees lower than for the previous plant variety,
- Representatives with wide leaf plates need the lowest temperatures: in winter, 17 ° С and 22 ° С during the summer season,
- For the “revolving” pafiopedilums, in summer time the air temperature will be 22 ° С, in winter - 19 ° С.
Also, the key to flowering is the daily temperature variation of 3 ° C.
Orchid Transplant Papiopedilum
How to split a bush of paphyopedilum photo
Carry out transplanting with a periodicity of 2-4 years, focusing on the size of the bush (if the orchid's shoe has become cramped) and on the state of the substrate (when it has oxidized, it has compressed or has become loose). The procedure is carried out in the spring, when the plant is not yet blooming.
Orchid Transplant Lady's Slipper Photo
For planting, choose plastic or ceramic pots that expand to the top - it is more convenient to remove the orchid when transplanting, to protect the roots from damage.
How to propagate a papiopedilum orchid by dividing a bush photo
The soil requires a neutral or weakly acid reaction. You can prepare a mixture based on conifer bark (5 parts) with the addition of charcoal and peat one by one. Another option: 2 parts of coniferous bark, 1 part of peat and a little dolomite flour.
Bushes orchids venerin slipper after transplanting photo
After the transplant, the orchid can be slightly watered with a weak solution of the fungicide to prevent the development of diseases due to root damage during transplantation.
How to water
During the period of active growth of pafiopedilum, the orchid Venusin slipper needs abundant watering.Watering is reduced with the onset of flowering, and in the rest period, watering is carried out after the substrate has completely dried out. Resume increased watering with the beginning of the growth of new leaves and shoots.
It is impossible to allow neither overmoistening, nor a long drought. The higher the air temperature, the more often watering. If you feel a “mushroom” smell from the substrate, spill the soil with a fungicide, and reduce watering.
For irrigation, use tap water at least for a day, preferably rainwater, for room temperature. When watering, avoid water droplets on the leaf plates, from which brown spots can appear on them. In the period of active growth every two weeks it is recommended to arrange a warm shower, imitating tropical rain showers. Each week, wipe the leaf plates with a soft, damp cloth from dust, which not only serves to maintain the decorativeness, but will allow the leaves to "breathe" and protect against spider mite infestation.
An important point of care is the level of humidity. Adhere to the principle: the hotter, the higher it should be. Under normal conditions, 40-50% is sufficient, and in case of strong heat (the air is also too dry during the operation of the heating systems), an increase to 60-70% is required. You can not spray the plant, so use artificial air humidifiers, you can put an aquarium, an artificial fountain or a regular container with water next to it.
There is a way to create a humidifier on your own: put pebbles on the pallet, expanded clay, put a plant pot there and periodically add some water. Do not forget to wash the pan every month so that the “humidifier” does not become a place for the development of diseases and pests (mushroom mosquitoes, etc.). The moisture level can be adjusted using sphagnum moss, which should be laid around the plant itself, without touching the root neck, periodically spray the moss.
When and how to feed
The plant reacts negatively to an excess of fertilizers, feed only during the period of active growth (during the flowering and dormancy period it is not necessary to feed). At intervals of 2 weeks, apply special fertilizer for orchids; for concentration, be guided by the manufacturer's recommendations.
Why leaves turn yellow
Indicator of the state of the plant are its leaves. If the sheet plates are wrinkled, it makes sense to sound the alarm. When the plant receives less moisture and nutrients, the necessary forces begin to "get" from the leaves, you should immediately check the root system.
Carefully remove the plant from the substrate, normally the roots are light brown or brown in color, they can contain barely noticeable short villi. Slightly pull the belamen (top protective layer), if the roots resemble a wire, the plant dies. Cut dry roots (remove wilted leaves too), treat cut-off areas with fungicide, transplant to a new substrate, ensure regular watering and high levels of humidity. This will allow reanimation of the root system.
Pafiopedilum orchid Venerin slipper can suffer from such pests:
- Spider mite - leaves thin cobwebs on leaf plates, leaves curl and dry,
- Shchitovka - they can be recognized by dense "growths" on the leaves - these are insects,
- Scale bug - leaves and inflorescences are harmful, sticky secretions are left on the plant (whitish plaque), can cause the development of diseases.
If pests are detected, moisten a cotton pad with an alcohol solution and remove them mechanically, then wash the plant with warm water (40 ° C). If the pests remain, treatment with special preparations will be required: use acaricides against the spider mite, insecticides against the rest.
There are many Maudi hybrids, the most popular:
Alba white-green, among them: Femma, Aitch, Charlotte, Clair de lune, Bankhaus, Magnificum, The Queen,
Pafiopedilum Maudi Vinicolor Paphiopedilum Maudiae Vinicolor photo
Vinicolor (inflorescence almost completely has a burgundy hue): Black Jack, Black Cherry, Blood Clot, Red Fusion, Ruby Peacock,
Coloratum (inflorescences combine white-green-burgundy shades), most commonly found in the sale of Los Osos.
Growing a venereal slipper
The flower, like other orchids, is a bit naughty, but it will thank for its care with beautiful flowers and excellent decorative properties. When choosing a place you need to focus on the presence of scattered bright light. It can be obtained on any window. An important criterion is the duration of daylight, it should not be less than 14 hours. In winter, this can be achieved by lighting up the lamp.
The key task for shoes is to grow and maintain roots. This genus differs in that it does not like acidic soil. In order to increase the alkalinity, add lime or dolomite flour to the standard orchid substrate.
It is important to prevent caking and zalosheniya soil. It is also impossible for moisture to stand in the pot. In order to prevent this, there must be drainage at the bottom of the pot. For spraying, you need to adjust the sprayer to the mode of the smallest drop, so that it does not collect on the leaves in drips.
Reproduction of the venereal slipper
Note! Layering will not occur if the flower is fed by the foliar method.
The ideal composition of the substrate:
- Shredded pine bark - 5 pieces.
- Perlite - 0.5 parts.
- Peat - 1 part.
- Charcoal - 1 part.
- Dolomite flour - 0.5 parts.
Drainage for landing a venereal slipper
Variegated like heat, low temperatures for this orchid are destructive. They can be successfully grown in rooms with such temperatures:
As for the broadleaf species, they are considered cold-loving. For them, on the contrary, high temperatures are destructive. Temperature conditions for such are as follows: in winter + 16-20 ⁰С, in summer - + 18-24 ⁰С.
Note! A flower will be grateful for a change in temperature during the night. So, if the difference in performance will be within 5 degrees (at night less by 5 degrees) - this will positively affect flowering and overall development.
Lady Slipper loves water, but only if it is watered correctly. The basic rule should be regular and equal watering throughout the year. Before you moisten the soil, you need to defend the water, pre-filtered. In order not to harm the plant, the water is heated to a temperature of + 30⁰. Do not allow moisture to get on the sheets, otherwise they may rot. If the water is still on the leaves, it should be blotted with a napkin.
A convenient method of moistening the soil is not watering, to which we are accustomed, but immersing a pot with a plant in another container, which is somewhat larger. It should have water of suitable temperature. Depending on the substrate used, the duration of such baths will be:
- When using peat and small wood pieces, 15 minutes is enough.
- If there are rough pieces of bark, then they should be soaked with water for at least 40 minutes.
Note! After watering, you need to check the pan: if it has water, it needs to be drained. The next watering plan only when the soil has dried.
It is very important to water the orchids.
Under natural conditions, lady's slipper lives in a wet environment - about 70%. Of course, at home this humidity is unrealistic. It is rather simple to solve this problem - to put a humidifier with a cold vapor near the venereal slipper. It will be useful not only for the orchid, but also for other green inhabitants of the house.
Tip! A simpler option to create a suitable moisture is to put the plant pot in the pan, in which wet moss and expanded clay are enclosed. This will achieve the required moisture.
The best solution would be to use a special dressing for orchids. Watering the plant prepared according to the instructions need a solution every month. If you use the standard fertilizer for flowering, then you need to dilute it with water in a 1: 1 ratio. Organic fertilizer can also be used, but rarely - it contributes to the decomposition of the substrate.
Orchid trimming scheme
To determine that the lady's slipper wants to move to a new place of residence can be made according to the following criteria:
- The appearance of the flower is depressed.
- The smell of mildew and rot comes from the pot.
- The substrate will be tightly packed.
Important! For the successful cultivation of a venereal sliver, you need to make it a rule to transplant each plant every 2 years.
Optimally transplant when flowering is complete, this period is the best to adapt to new conditions.
It is worth paying attention to the choice of the pot, it should be wide, but not high. At the bottom of the pot should be drainage, it laid out the substrate. Before planting the roots must be well inspected, spoiled to remove. Bad roots are cut, and the cut is treated with activated charcoal, powdered. Watering after transplantation, in accordance with the method proposed above, can be made not earlier than in 3 days.
It is convenient to propagate an orchid by dividing a bush, at least two sprouts must be present on each “delenka”. It will be easier to adapt to such a layer, and it will bloom faster.
Growing in the garden
Strangely enough, but cold-resistant species can be successfully grown in a flower bed, while observing the following rules:
- The first thing you need to pick up quality planting material. It must have clean roots, a healthy and large kidney.
- The site should be slightly shaded, optimally under deciduous trees. Also, the place should be calm and open. The fern is a good reference point: where it grows, the lady's slipper will take root.
- The soil should be light, loose, neutral or slightly acidic. The soil can be additionally loosened by introducing gravel, perlite, brick broken into small pieces.
- Watering. Drying, as well as waterlogging, the plant to anything. Watering should be moderate and regular.
- Landing. Rhizomes in the soil should be laid horizontally, with the roots need to straighten. Bury a kidney by 1-1.5 cm. It is impossible to plant a plant too deeply, it may die. The soil should be well compacted and watered.
Adding an article to a new collection
And in your garden grow Venus shoes? Whatever your answer, note the winter-hardy and unpretentious hybrids of garden orchids of German selection.
Lady's shoe, tsipripedium, cuckoo boots, even Adam's head - all these are the names of the same Orchid plant. Slipper beautiful and shade-tolerant - just what you need for a flower garden. Its only drawback - insufficient frost resistance - frightened flower growers. In the middle lane, a rare lover will want to mess with capricious "sissies."
Lady Slipper Mountain King
Fortunately, progress does not stand still: the German breeder Michael Weinert from the company "Frosch Exclusive Perennials" in 1997 presented a series of unpretentious, winter-hardy hybrids of Cypridium. Why don't you plant such a garden orchid on your plot?
Lady's Slipper Monto
1. winter hardiness
These delightful hybrids of cypripedium are great for growing in regions where summer temperatures usually do not exceed 30 ° C and winter temperatures below 5 ° C. Provided they have sufficient snow cover, they overwinter with frosts down to –30 ° C. This means that Frosch® hybrids are ideal for the middle band.
Lady's Frosch® Slipper
3. Quality seedlings
All seedlings of Cypripedium Frosch® are grown from seeds. These are first generation hybrids obtained from the crossing of species plants.
Lady's Slipper Renate Mix
Proven 4-5 year old plants are on sale.Michael Weinert hybrids grow under natural conditions in the unstable climate of Upper Bavaria without the use of pesticides. After several years of such "hardening", buyers can be sure that saplings are strong, healthy, they will take root well and will not cause any trouble.
Peculiarities of growing hybrids of Cypridium
The shoes are planted on partially shaded areas with well-drained loose soil and moderate moisture.
In clay soil before planting seedlings need to add expanded clay, and in the sandy - perlite. Otherwise, on too heavy soils, tsipripedium can rot, and on too light it will dry out quickly.
The depth of the planting pit is 10 cm. At the same time, the rhizome should be located at a depth of 3 cm, and the roots are distributed horizontally at the bottom of the pit. The pit is filled with soil and, without compacting, is plentifully watered.
Lady's Slipper Victoria
Every spring for good growth and flowering fertilizer veneer shoes are fed with complex mineral fertilizer. It is preferable to use granular complexes of prolonged action.
Despite the fact that a lady's slipper belongs to the Orchid family, fertilizer for orchids is not suitable for this plant, since the concentration of the elements necessary for the flower in them is insufficient. Also does not benefit the shoes compost.
In a healthy cypripedium, the leaves have a rich green color. Yellowing of the leaves may indicate a deficiency of nutrients in the soil or an excess of sunlight.
The main enemies of veneer shoes are slugs and snails. These voracious pests can cause irreparable harm to your flower bed in just one night. Therefore, around the landings it is recommended to build a “fence” of a metal plate several centimeters high. Such a barrier will not allow slugs to land.
Anna - a real find for flower growers who do not have time for painstaking care of a flower bed. This shoe is growing rapidly and does not bring any trouble.
Lady's Slipper Anna
The hybrid boasts a bright color of inflorescences. Plant height - 30-40 cm. Flowering falls on the second half of May.
Lady's Slipper Anna
Winter hardiness of the plant is very high, however, like other hybrids of this selection.
Hybrid Giselaas Anna, good for beginner gardeners who have not had experience growing garden orchids. In a few years, the plant will grow into large clumps 30-40 cm tall.
Lady's Slipper Gisela
This slipper blooms in May. The color of pinkish-purple flowers.
Lady's Slipper Gisela
Lady's Slipper Gisela
Even in winters with little snow, it withstands temperatures down to –30 ° C. In order to transfer such temperatures, a small snow cover is sufficient for a plant.
Lady's Slipper Gisela
Lady's Slipper Gisela
This graceful cypripedium reaches 40-50 cm in height. It strikes a spectacular yellow-burgundy color inflorescences.
Lady Slipper Emil
Externally Emil reminiscent of European and North American species shoes, but much more winter-hardy and unpretentious.
Lady Slipper Emil
The plants of this hybrid bloom in mid-May. Sometimes two inflorescences form on one peduncle at once.
Lady Slipper Emil
Slipper Hank Small
Hank small very much like a hybrid Emil and flower color, and the characteristics of cultivation. The main difference Hank smolla - a little more compact size. This shoe grows to 35-45 cm.
Lady Slipper Hank Small
This orchid blooms in mid-May. She does not need shelter for the winter.
Lady Slipper Hank Small
Lady Slipper Hank Small
What is a lady's slipper. ↑
This is a family of perennial herbaceous plants living in Europe, Asia, South and North America, from forest-tundra to the tropics.
They got their name because of the specific structure of the flower, resembling a shoe.
Other Russian names of this plant: Adam's head, cuckoo boots, Maryin slipper, cockerel.
In general, several genera of orchids have such a flower structure. They are all united in the subfamily Venerin slipper (lat. Cypripedioideae).
I cite their names in order to avoid confusion and to understand exactly which of them belong to the room ones, and which ones belong to the garden ones.
- Phragmipedium (Fragmipedium). Habitat - the territory of Central and South America. In our temperate latitudes can grow only as a room culture.
- Paphiopedilum (Pafiopedilum). Places of life China, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia. In the open field we do not grow. Hybrids of this plant are quite popular in home and greenhouse breeding.
- Mexipedium. This is the smallest genus of the family. Consists of only one species. Habitat mexico. The flower looks not as decorative as other fellows, has low-key inflorescences. Not very popular in room dilution, at least for the current moment.
- Selenipedium. It grows in South America. Vanilla was produced from its seeds. Quite a large plant with small flowers. Now, because of the complexity of the cultivation and low decorativeness is rarely cultivated. Heat-loving, not frost-resistant plant.
- Cypripedium (Tsiprepedium). They inhabit most of the northern hemisphere: Europe, Russia, China, Central Asia, North and Central America. Some species grow in the territory of Alaska and Siberia, some in a hot tropical climate.
Representatives of the genus Cypripedium, often called "tsipra", live in our territories in the wild. And therefore gardeners are of primary interest to us.
Habitat of venereal shoes. ↑
In Russia, the Cypripedium (Tsiprepedium) shoe genus is found almost everywhere: in the European part, Zaparny and Eastern Siberia, and the Far East. Some species are able to withstand quite strong and even extreme cold.
Orchid Tsiprepedium growing on the ground. In contrast, from many species of tropical and equatorial forests, such as, for example, the widely known Phalaenopsis living on trees.
Most often, they settle in deciduous forests - oak, beech, birch and aspen, less pine and spruce. Both among the trees and on the edges, usually in groups, sometimes even very large.
Unfortunately, in the wild, Ciprepediums are on the verge of extinction. Therefore, in almost all countries, a lady's slipper is listed in the Red Book.
Huge damage to orchids is caused by the destruction of forests - their natural habitat. After cutting, the plants living there begin to shrink and their number decreases. If the undergrowth does not grow for several years, the slipper dies.
The second problem: because of the extraordinary beauty of the flowers, they are torn to bouquets, usually with leaves. This stops the growing season and the plant literally dies in a few years.
And yet, the destruction contributes to their digging from the natural habitat in order to sell or transplant to your site. Improper planting of orchids and erroneous care, as a rule, lead to their loss.
Now these plants in the wild can be found infrequently, usually only on the territory of nature reserves, botanical gardens or in remote places where the human consumer’s foot does not go.
Interesting features of ciprepedium. ↑
The structure of the veneer slipper flower is a typical trap flower. An insect, attracted by a strong bright color and aroma, sits on it and slips into the depths of the shoe or lips (as this part of the flower is properly called). He can not get up, the surface is too smooth and slippery.
Ahead, the prisoner sees the light from the imaginary holes at the base of the lip and moves toward them. This is another trick - there is no way out.But there is a stigma on which the insect leaves the pollen brought from another flower.
Only then does it find the right real way out. But in order to use it, the poor fellow will have to touch the anther and again “wallow” in the pollen, which he will carry to the next flower.
Flower lady's slipper large-flowered photo and description Plant care
Flower Venerin slipper - from the kind of orchids. There is a legend that Venus, the goddess of love, wore very peculiar shoes. The beauty put on shoes only from specially grown flowers.
True or not, flowers grow all over the world that resemble the shape of shoes in shape, and the beauty of the feet of a goddess is really beautiful. About these plants, which can be found in the forests of Primorye, will be discussed in this article.
These flowers bloom in May and are really very distinctive and elegant, the family is divided into a separate genus called Lady Slipper.
The family of flowers of the genus Venerin slipper (Cypripedium) has more than 50 species that grow on the continents of America, Europe and Asia, from the expanses of the tundra to the subtropics. The flora of Russia has five species, of which three species grow in Primorye.
All plants are listed in the Red Book of Russia and Primorsky Krai. The seaside "northern orchid", probably, like all beauties, is endowed with an obstinate character, it blooms only in the eighteenth year of life, and has a very caustic scent, unpleasant to smell. In the wild blooms very short time.
True, this is the only protection against those who want to possess it.
In botany, this genus of flowers is recorded as Cypripedium - a word uniting two Greek expressions of Cypris - Cypride (connected by one of the legendary names of the goddess born from sea foam - Aphrodite near Cyprus, hence the name Cypride - “Cyprian” and pedilon - “sandal”) . In Roman mythology, Aphrodite and Venus - this is one legend, hence the general name of the plant - "Lady Slipper".
Lady's Slipper photo and description
Lady's Slipper Photo
"Lady Slipper" large-flowered, habitat and growth. This type of orchid is very rare, but it is found in forests in the east of the European part of Russia, also in the southern part of the forests of Siberia, north-eastern part of Kazakhstan, in the steppes of Mongolia, China and the forests of Japan.
Lady's slipper refers to the perennial. The plant has a creeping rhizome, from which the developed network of long roots diverges, the stem is erect. Flowers are large, reach a diameter of 6 - 8 centimeters, mostly purple color with crimson veins.
There are other colors of the venereal slipper: violet - pink with a white or pinkish lip, pure white with pink veins, yellowish with green veins. In the large flower there are 2 stamens, the third stamen grows, covering the “entrance” to the flower.
In inclement weather, or when it starts to rain, the flower hides under the leaf so that water does not fill the flower bowl.
Still, a few drops of dew, which is mixed with the released juice, is always at the bottom of the flower bowl, which attracts bees and various insect pollinators.
“Catching” the bees
Lady's Slipper Description
It is believed that the closest relative of an orchid is a lily, but the flowers are similar to each other only in that they have the same number of petals - six. But if the lily has symmetrical petals, then the orchid has a completely different structure.
The flower has changed its shape, becoming very attractive to insects and bees, creating ideal conditions for pollination.
One of such changes is a strongly elongated petal, which has become a “landing site” by which it is very difficult for a potential pollinator to fly.
This petal is called lip. For bees and insects, the lip looks like an easily accessible treat "on a plate", besides a depleting pleasant aroma.But hitting it, the insect, in order to get to the pleasant nectar inside the bowl, needs to get inside the flower along a very narrow passage.
After a pleasant meal, to get back, the insect will have to tinker pretty. Getting out of the narrowed part of the flower, the insect begins to unfold in the flower, and it is almost impossible to do this without touching the flower's stigma and leaving the pollen from other flowers on it, and not collecting the pollen from the anther.
The most remarkable thing is that the snout first touches for pollination from another plant, and only then, at the very exit from the flower, does the insect collect pollen onto itself, thus excluding the possibility of self-pollination.
How does pollination occur?
Lady's Slipper in the Red Book
Having such a colorful and smelling nectar device as a “landing” lip on a large flower, a lady's slipper attracts a serious insect pollinator: an interesting natural symbiosis has developed with the bees of the genus Andren (Andrena).
Bees like that there is a lot of nectar in the flower, and the flower has adapted to the fact that the hairy insect tolerates its pollen better than anyone.
After landing on the lip, the bee squeezes into the narrow passage of the flower, where it regales on nectar, the base of the petals is slippery and the bee falls inside the flower, bathing in nectar. A wet insect temporarily loses its ability to fly.
After several attempts at takeoff, the exhausted insect realizes that it is possible to get out of the flower only by crawling. Seeing a small saving hole, which is located under two stamens, begins to creep out of the treacherous captivity, and the petals of the venereal slipper, devoid of pigmentation in this place, show the insect the direction to crawl.
Getting out through a narrow hole, the bee first touches the outlet stigma, leaving on it pollen brought from other flowers.
Just before the exit, the bee touches two anthers, which sprinkle it with its pollen.
Getting out on the lip pad, the insect cannot fly for some time, but having dried out and rested a little, the bee flies to the next venus shoe, where the adventure repeats itself again.
After fertilization, the orchid still retains the brightness of the paint for 2 to 4 days. An un pollinated lady's slipper can wait a month or more for its pollinator. Cut flowers are stored for about two weeks. The lady's slipper begins to bloom from mid-May to June.