Goldenrod or Solidago - Ornamental Perennial, it got its name for beautiful paniculate inflorescences, studded with small yellow flowers. The golden flowering of the goldenrod fills the garden with sunlight, and this plant is also called the northern mimosa, the golden rod, and the golden feather.
Goldenrod - a perennial garden plant with great experience, depending on the variety of bushes with golden panicles can reach a height of 40 cm to two meters. The flowering of the goldenrod lasts from July to September. Paniculate inflorescences are long in the water, so they are often grown for cutting and used to make bouquets.
Goldenrod is also known as a medicinal plant. Young shoots before flowering can be used in food, for this they are cleaned of leaves and outer skin, as these parts of the plant bitter.
The core of goldenrod shoots in fresh form resembles the taste of asparagus beans. Peeled goldenrod shoots are chopped into salads, stewed, or baked with other vegetables.
During the flowering period, the flowers of the goldenrod can be brewed as a healing tea with a tart floral scent.
Genus Solidago (Solidago) or Goldenrod It is about 100 species of perennial herbaceous plants. The following two types are best known:
Canadian Goldenrod (SolidagoCanadensis) forms a lush bush of upright shoots 150–200 cm high, which are woody at the bottom, and lush, paniculate pyramidal inflorescences of numerous small yellow flowers form on their tops. The stems of the plant cover the oblong leaves with a finely toothed margin.
Goldenrod (Solidagovirgaaurea) grows in nature along river banks, in ravines, in meadows and forest edges.
By crossing different species obtained many decorative varieties of goldenrod, differing in height and shape of inflorescences, on the basis of these parameters, choose a perennial for planting in the allotted place.
High types of goldenrod are used in the background of flower beds, planted along the arches or buildings to close the ugly places in the garden.
Low-growing varieties of goldenrod form compact spherical bushes, so they look spectacular in various flower gardens or as a border.
Goldenroot landing and care
Goldenrod will grow in the garden without care, but the decorative qualities of this plant will be minimal, with a lack of nutrition, the stems form weak, the inflorescences are small and not lush. In order for an ornamental plant to show itself in all its glory, a perennial goldenrod needs to be planted according to the rules in a prepared place, watered and fed during the period of growth and flowering.
The goldenrod blooms brightly in open sunny places, but will grow well in partial shade.
Nutrition. Goldenrod is not demanding to the soil and will grow on any place, but this perennial grows quickly on fertile, loose soil.
Because of the growth rate, the plant takes a lot of nutrients from the soil, so each year humus is introduced into the soil around the bushes, and during the season the goldenrod is fed 3 times in a month.
For fertilizer flowering perennial use complex mineral fertilizer, dissolving it in water 15-20 grams per 10 liters, or buried in the soil loosening.
Because of the depletion of land, the bush of the goldenrod is transplanted after 3-5 years to a new place with the introduction of humus and complex mineral fertilizer in the wells. With a lack of nutrition, the goldenrod bushes shrink, and the inflorescences lose their splendor.
Goldenrod likes moderately moist areas, when planting a plant in a dry place in dry weather it is watered regularly, constantly keeping the ground a little wet.
For the growth of shoots and flowering watering is necessary in the spring and summer. The goldenrod is resistant to temperature changes, withstand spring frosts and heat in the summer without problems.
Landing and transfer of goldenrod spend spring in April or autumn in September. Having made holes or pits according to the size of the root system of seedlings, they are filled with humus and mineral fertilizer.
Propagate the goldenrod mainly by dividing the bush. To do this, the rhizome plant is dug, divided into parts and transplanted to a new place.
Young green shoots, cut in early summer, successfully rooted in small greenhouses.
Seed propagation of goldenrod is not a success, as the seeds of the plant quickly lose their germination.
In the fall, goldenrod shoots are pruned almost to the root, this plant does not need shelter for the winter.
The weakening of the growth and flowering of goldenrod shoots is caused by various fungal diseases - powdery mildew or rust. For the prevention of the appearance of diseases in the garden perennial sprayed over the season several times with fungicides.
What is harmful goldenrod
We will conduct a brief excursion into history. Many gardeners think that goldenrod is the root plant of our country.
However, this is an alien species that came to us from North America, and only in the middle of the last century.
But he has adapted so well that he is now a threat, because, having got out of the garden plots, he quickly became wild.
Now wild goldenrod like a weed can be found anywhere. Its rapid spread is due to the fact
that in our country it does not have direct competitor plants and insect pests. Each copy gives up to 100 thousand seeds, distinguished by high germination (up to 95%).
Goldenrod seeds are extremely light and are transported by wind over long distances. In addition, the roots of a foreigner secrete inhibitors that inhibit the growth of other plants.
And where the goldenrod has settled, the usual willow-tea, chamomile, cloaks, cornflowers, clover, fescue and bluegrass disappear (after the fires caused by the heat, it displaces even the bushes).
Behind them disappear beneficial microorganisms, insects, birds, mammals. After all, animals and birds do not eat goldenrod and it is not suitable for pet food, only sheep sometimes feed on them.
Gradually, the goldenrod captures meadows, hayfields, pastures, forests, and vegetable gardens, deteriorating their quality, and reduces the yields of fruit and berry crops.
The malicious invader does not leave the slightest chance to the traditional plants of our latitudes, becoming a competitor even to the notorious hogweed. And where this weed grows, the composition and structure of the soil changes.
Sod becomes stiff, dense, its aeration deteriorates.
The plant is so tenacious that it can take only high concentrations of strong herbicides. But near housing, near rivers and ponds to use chemicals is prohibited.
Therefore, in a number of countries of the world, the Canadian goldenrod is classified as a quarantine object and forbidden to be imported, and, for example, in China it is even declared a national disaster! In neighboring Belarus, the goldenrod has also been added to the list of species of wild plants that pose a threat to biodiversity, life and health of citizens. Beat the alarm in Ukraine.
Goldenrod is not always harmful
Canadian goldenrod and its goldenrod, or golden rod, perennial rhizomatous
Herbaceous plants 60-150 cm tall, in which numerous small baskets of yellow reed and tubular flowers are gathered in a lush paniculate or racemose inflorescence. They are grown as flowers and medicinal plants.
The late goldenrod (Solidago serotinoides) with bare stems and the highest goldenrod (Solidago altissima) with dense top and bottom leaves and equally pubescent are also cultivated in private plots and parks.
Goldenrods are unpretentious, grow in almost any climatic zone of our country, flower and decorate flowerbeds until frost, in which they are like a huge plus. The main thing is to ensure that the flower does not turn into a weed from the desired plant.
Methods of dealing with the dominance of goldenrod
Methods of dealing with goldenrod
It is necessary to fight with goldenrod at the same time by several methods. First of all, choose modern goldenrod varieties with limited growth to decorate your plot and do not allow the plants to grow and inseminate. Once again, thin the landing and there will be no problems.
Thickets of wild goldenrod, if they have already appeared, should be mowed regularly (3-4 times per season) when the growth reaches a height of 15-20 cm. The mowed mass must be composted immediately (in the phase of incomplete maturity, the seeds ripen on cut stems).
The digging (plowing) of the plot where the goldenrod grows has a good effect at the beginning of June and in August with the subsequent removal of rhizomes and the sowing of perennial grasses (hedgehog team, pasture ryegrass). If the area occupied by the goldenrod is small, some mulching materials will help (cardboard, pine bark, hemp or flax).
In extreme cases, appropriate herbicides can be used in the fight against wild goldenrod. The only thing with their use should be careful and use strictly according to the instructions.
Among the bright perennials that can become a beautiful decoration of any garden and vegetable garden, it is worth noting the goldenrod. Its value increases many times due to its valuable medicinal properties: it is used as a wound healing, antibacterial, diuretic and other ailments. For the preparation of tinctures, decoctions and infusions you can use all parts of the plant.
Growing goldenrod will be much easier if you use the tips given in this section of the site. Hybrid varieties are more commonly used for decorative purposes. But such natural species as the Canadian goldenrod and wrinkled look no less brightly, and they reproduce by self-sowing.
The main requirement for growing goldenrod is a selection of a well-lit area. The composition of the soil plant is not so demanding. Landing is best done in spring or autumn. For transplanting large perennial flowers of goldenrod are rarely used because of the large root system. In addition, the plant does not need special care, except for the regular removal of drying inflorescences.
Growing goldenrod from seed, planting and care
- Selecting a landing site. The plant shows good growth in sunny areas, but in the partial shade it is not so bad. Usually, varieties of golden cattail are quite winter-hardy and do not require additional shelter for the winter.
Soil for the goldenrod you can not loosen and not try to ease it, it can grow on heavy ground, but in natural conditions it feels good on the sands and in the rocky substrate.
Watering Golden rogozy is usually not carried out, as the plant tolerates drought perfectly, but in the summer heat it may be affected by powdery mildew because of this, in order to prevent it, it will be necessary to moisten the substrate abundantly.
Fertilizers contribute twice throughout the growing season. Apply mineral preparations dressings. In the spring months, complex preparations should be added to the soil under the bushes of golden rogozy, so that their nitrogen content is within 10–20%. Wood ash can be used for fertilizing. With the arrival of autumn, the gold is fertilized with preparations in which nitrogen is only 10% or it is completely absent. Fertilization will contribute to flowering, as the beauty of inflorescences is lost on depleted soil. If you constantly use the ashes, it will protect the plant from powdery mildew, however, with an excess of nitrogen, this disease is only stimulated.
Wait for flowering in the first year is depending on the planting time. If the goldenrod was planted at the end of April days, the flowers will start blooming 20 days later than the same bushes that were planted in May.
Councils for self-propagation of golden cattail
The plant is distinguished by the ability of self-sowing itself, as well as for its reproduction, the division of a bush or the planting of offspring is used.
In seed reproduction polymorphism is possible, so this method is almost never used. And this is also due to the fact that in many species the seeds are not even tied or mature, as they should not have time. But if, nevertheless, it was decided to propagate with the help of seed, then it is scattered on the surface of the substrate. Seeds begin to germinate after a 14–20-day period, if the temperature indicators are within 18–22 degrees.
If grafting is performed, the branches are cut from well-matured shoots and before the budding process begins. The cuttings are separated from the part of the stem, which is hidden by the substrate. Also used the tip taken from a long annual stalk. If, during flowering, pruning of golden rogoza is done, then new sprouts begin to form from the axillary buds, and they can be used for grafting.
For the implementation of the division time is chosen after a month after flowering, but in areas with a cold winter, this process is carried out in the spring. After division and transplantation, the goldenrod does not recover quickly, and survival rate directly depends on soil moistening.
Interesting facts about goldenrod
Since the herb of goldenrod contains a large amount of various organic acids, fatty oil and other active substances, it is used in folk and official medicine. Drugs based on golden cattail stimulate the metabolism and purify the blood. Its action has long been known to both homeopaths and veterinarians.
The plant is an excellent honey plant and a pergoneum (perga, is a "bee bread", that is, it is pollen that is collected from the flowers of a bee and then it is folded and compacted into honeycombs, and then everything is filled with honey on top .
Also grass and flowers of golden rogoza can be used in tannery and dye-making craft. Yellow and brown dye was mined from them.
Some literary sources mention that the plant is poisonous. As a result, the goldenrod is ignored by domestic animals, but when grass is eaten in large numbers by sheep, the latter experienced acute poisoning. As a consequence, anxiety was increased, in some cases paralysis and even death were possible.
Types of Goldenrod
There are a lot of varieties of this plant, the most popular ones are represented here.
Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea) is a herbaceous perennial, the entire surface of which has a slight pubescence. The height of the shoots reach the figures of 80-100 cm. The root system is shallow and has fleshy outlines. The stem is usually single, upright, almost its entire surface, exposed at the base, and branching is present in the upper part. Sometimes the stem is painted in reddish tones. The sheet plates have oblong-elliptical contours, arranged in a regular sequence, the edge is serrated.
Inflorescences paniculate or racemose forms are formed in the upper part of the stem and consist of multiple flower baskets. The sizes of the buds are very small in length, their color is bright yellow. After flowering, fruits are formed in the form of cylindrical seeds, whose surface is covered with ribs and they have tuft. The flowering process stretches from mid-summer to early autumn, the ripening of fruits from August to mid-autumn days.
Under natural conditions, this species is distributed in the European territory of Russia and European countries, and also occurs on the lands of Central Asia, in Western Siberia, the Mediterranean and in the regions of Scandinavia. He likes to settle on the slopes of hills, forest edges and clearings, along the banks of river arteries, in the bush.
The Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis) is also a perennial plant with a grassy form of growth. The entire surface has weak pubescence. The root has a short size and stem appearance. Stem is erect, single-spaced, branching is present at the apex. The height can reach 140 cm. The stem is colored in shades varying from light to dark green. The leaf plates are arranged alternately, their contours are linear-lanceolate, at the apex there is an elongated sharpening. The leaves growing from the bottom of the stem have a serrate edge and short cuttings, above there are entire leaf plates, which are generally devoid of petioles.
In the process of flowering, which extends from July to August, buds of small sizes with bright yellow color of petals, bisexual, are formed. Flowers located in the middle with a tubular corolla, and those that grow at the edges are false-tongued. Flower basket can reach 3-5 mm in diameter. The inflorescences are large in size, have a pyramidal or conical paniculate shape and can vary in length in the range of 4–20 cm. As a fruit, a small achene with a ribbed surface matures; Seeds ripen completely in the period from August to September.
Its species name indicates the native area of growth of this species - these are Eastern Canadian territories, as well as the USA and lands in the north of Mexico, this species can be found throughout the European part of Russia, in Ukraine and Moldova. He likes to be located along the rivers and lakes, as well as a frequent visitor to the forest edges and clearing, adorns the roadside lands and can grow well in the swamps.
Goldenrod highest (Solidago altissima) native lands of growth respects the land of North America. He likes to settle down for life in desert areas, in high grassy thickets of prairies, often adorns the roadsides, not bad for him in wet meadow areas and in the open forest. Shadow can not stand.
Previously, this variety was considered an independent species, but now it is considered as a type of Canadian goldenrod. A perennial with a grassy form of growth, the stems of which reach up to 180 cm in height. Leaf plates are simple, solid, and their surface spots veins with a parallel arrangement.
When flowering inflorescences are formed - flower baskets, made up of small flowers, whose length does not exceed 3 mm. One-sided tassels are collected from them, which, in turn, are assembled into a one-sided inflorescence of paniculate form. Its length often reaches 35 cm. The color of petals in flowers is lemon yellow. The flowering process is extended to 45 days and its beginning falls on the month of August. The plant attracts wasps with its flowers and even sometimes flies, as it is an excellent supplier of nectar for insects. This variety was first considered a garden culture.
Daurian goldenrod (Solidago dahurica). Siberian lands are considered native territories, it prefers to grow on forest glades and meadows, on slopes of rubble and stones, and pebbles.
Strong stems reach a meter height, their outlines are simple, abundant branching appears only in the inflorescence. Only leaf plates that grow in the root zone of the stem have long petioles. Those that are located above - stem, petioles have short. The form of the leaves is ovate, lanceolate or oblong.
Flower baskets are small, from them gather inflorescences narrow-shaped or in the form of a simple brush. The petals of the flowers are oblong-ovate, with a cusp at the top, the edge is ciliate. In the marginal flowers, the tongues have a yellow color scheme.
The hybrid goldenrod (Solidago hybridum) is the ancestor of many varieties, but the Canadian goldenrod is the original species:
- Golden Dwarf has a height of bushes up to half a meter, the inflorescence has a length of up to 17 cm, consists of yellow flowers, the flowering process has been going on since the beginning of August,
Golden Mosa can stretch to a height of 120 cm. The inflorescence is paniculate in shape and reaches 30 cm in length. The flowers have a bright yellow color, bloom in August,
Goldstrahl reaches meter height, inflorescence with paniculate outlines and up to 20 cm long,
Kronestra (Kronenstrahl), shoots can reach a height of 1.3 meters, at 25 cm inflorescence length,
You can read more about the goldenrod here:
Types of solidar goldenrod
So, quite unusual Golden hardened (Solidago rigida). This is a large plant (up to 150 cm) with completely egg-shaped leaves not characteristic of solidago. The flowering of this species is also unusual. The fact is that numerous, slightly drooping baskets are collected in a dense dense inflorescence. This species blooms in September.
Goldenroach twist-stalk (Solidago flexicaulis) outwardly inferior to the solidago hybrid varieties, but this species has a spectacular variegated form of Variegata, its main highlight is its elegant yellow spots and stripes on the leaves. Unfortunately, closer to autumn, the bright pattern of leaves gradually turns pale. Otherwise, this variety does not differ from the natural species - its height is not more than 60 cm. It blooms by September, but its flowering is not so spectacular, the fact is that its inflorescence is rather narrow, squeezed, and there are not too many baskets on it.
Unusual and goldenrod bluish-gray (Solidago caesia). It has long (up to 120 cm) spreading thin stems of a reddish hue. Narrow dark green leaves somehow resemble willow leaves. Small baskets are collected in loose, racemes, very elegant inflorescences. The only drawback of this species is very late flowering - in October (if the autumn is short and cold, flowering may not occur), but then it blooms until the autumn frosts are strong.
Well, if you prefer gardens of natural appearance, then it is quite possible to have goldenrod ordinary (Solidago virgaurea), it is his name that we call the golden rod. This species grows in our country, it is completely non-capricious and non-aggressive. But outwardly his appearance is rather modest - small light yellow baskets are collected in a fairly narrow racemose inflorescence. The oblong leaves also do not have a special decoration. This species is quite compact and usually does not exceed 30-60 cm, one of the earliest, it blooms from mid-June.
Solidago - compact varieties
Perkeo (Perkeo) - compact variety up to 60 cm high with light yellow inflorescences, 15 cm long. This is one of the earliest varieties, because it blooms in early August.
Goldstrahl - In the medium-sized variety, up to 10 cm long, golden-yellow paniculate inflorescences, blooms from the beginning of August. Plant height does not exceed 70 cm.
Lorin (Laurin) - compact, up to 60-70 cm tall, variety with bright yellow buds, blooming a little later, in August.
Dzintra (Dzintra) - this variety fully justifies its name, because in translation from Latvian it is “amber”. Its large, amber-yellow inflorescences adorn the garden in August. The height of the bush about 80 cm
Goldyunge - up to 100 cm high. The baskets are collected in a compact panicle up to 20 cm long, the flowers are dark yellow. It blooms from mid-August to September.
Fruhgold - plants up to 100 cm high with large paniculate bright yellow buds up to 25 cm long. It blooms from August.
Shlaggold (Spatgold) - more compact and late-flowering (from September) variety up to 80 cm high. Baskets are collected into a panicle up to 15 cm long, flowers are lemon yellow.
Tall varieties of solidar-goldenrod
Goldtanne up to 200 cm high with very large paniculate inflorescences longer than 50 cm long, flowers of orange-yellow color, bloom from mid-September,
Julinde (Julinde) - about 150 cm high, the baskets are gathered into a panicle up to 40 cm long, of light yellow color, it blooms in September,
Goldking - plant height up to 150 cm, paniculate bright yellow inflorescences up to 35 cm long decorate the garden from mid-September to October, for 30-35 days.
GOLDEN GARDEN: GOLD OF NATURAL CEMETERY
In my country house, along the fence, powerful bushes of the goldenrod ordinary are gaining strength (not to be confused with its Canadian “namesake”, which in our conditions, not meeting enemies, has become a malicious weed threatening other vegetation). Few people know about the healing power of this plant with bright yellow inflorescences, which is also popularly called the golden rod and solidago.
Its leaves contain phenolic compounds, coumarins, saponins, tannins and many other useful components. Keep up with leaves and flowers, in which in addition to the listed substances are present organic oxygen-containing compounds. They are also rich in coloring matter and essential oil.
In recent years, scientists have discovered a strong influence of the goldenrod on the soil microflora. Its root system secretes a large number of secondary metabolites that inhibit the development of harmful phytopathogens and thus clean the soil.
Preparation of raw materials
I have been friends with this plant for several years and have been harvesting raw materials in the initial flowering stage, cutting off the inflorescences and leaves located in the upper half of the stem, since they are coarser below. Dry under a canopy in the shade, tying the stalks into bunches.
Medicaments from goldenrod are particularly active in relation to the herpes and flu viruses. It has been scientifically proven that extracts from the goldenrod ordinary enhance urinary excretion, reducing swelling in the body, including in the brain. If it happens in the country to cut the arm, then a slurry of pounded leaves and flowers comes to my aid, which contributes to a more efficient healing of wounds on the skin.
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Popular types of solidago
The genus contains about 100 species of goldenrod. Up to 80 species grow in North America. In culture, there are more than 20 species. Most popular: Canadian goldenrod and common goldenrod.
• Solidago canadian (S. canadensis) is a large and extremely showy plant that is the parent species of many garden forms. The height of hybrid varieties varies in the range of 30-200 cm. Flowering lasts up to 1.5-2 months. Plants are often found in rural areas in flower beds near houses or wildly growing on moist soils.
Canadian, dried flower stalks down, is able to maintain shape for a long time. Therefore, it is often used to make dry winter bouquets. It is pollinated by solidago bees and is an excellent nectar beetle. Well propagated by the vegetative method (delenki).
• Solidago ordinary (Z. virgaurea) - a plant with upright enough strong stems up to a meter in height, which from the bottom can have a purple-red shade. The leaves are oblong with small teeth on the edge. Golden-yellow flowers, concentrated in small baskets, intermingled among the foliage to form elongated racemose inflorescences.
Common is appreciated as a good honey plant. In addition, it is at a great price from dyers who take out yellow or brown paint from grass. However, the plant accumulates toxic substances, so it is ignored by many pets.
how to grow goldenrod
Features of growing goldenrod
All goldenrods are breezeless and unpretentious plants. They love the sun, but endure a slight shade. With abundant sunshine, large, flowering bushes form. They are not demanding to the land, but develop better in relatively heavy rich and wet lands.
In addition, they are distinguished from many perennials by increased drought and frost resistance. Feed the plant with a small amount of fertilizer. Its excess leads to the fact that the stems begin to actively develop at the expense of flowering. Plants that live on poor soils for a long time are stunted and not flowering magnificently.
Goldenrod grows quickly, so it is necessary to multiply it once every 3-4 years by dividing the bush into several parts. The seeds of the plant ripen in large numbers, but very quickly lose their germination, therefore seed growers are rarely used by growers. Many varieties of seeds are not tied at all.
When transplanting between the bushes leave a distance of about 40 cm. On the square meter can be placed 2-5 plants. Delenki not deeply planted, as possible root rot. After planting, seedlings are restored slowly, the percentage of survival mainly depends on soil moisture.
Care and cultivation of the plant goldenrod
The plant is a goldenrod undemanding to the soil and lighting. Sustains partial shade, but more often it is planted in open sunny places. It is good if the soil is nutritious, however landscape designers plant this plant even on poor heavy soils. He likes solidago regular watering, but withstands drought. In autumn, all the stems break off at ground level. The plant is winter hardy.
The goldenrod propagates with seeds, which are scattered everywhere in large numbers, forming real thickets, therefore it is better to limit its growth in a timely manner. If the seeds of goldenrod are not needed, then as soon as the plant has faded the panicles must be cut. The optimum temperature for germination is 18-22 degrees, shoots appear 14-20 days after sowing.
To prevent excessive growth, the inflorescences are pruned immediately after flowering.
However, more often it is propagated by dividing the bush in spring or autumn. This is done every 3-4 years, as the bushes grow quickly. The distance between the plants should be at least 40 cm, and planted from 2 to 5 plants per 1 sq. M. Tall plants of goldenrod are tied up.
Goldenrod is perfect for landing in the background of flower beds near the fences. Looks good and as a solitaire. Cut branches for a long time remain decorative. For winter, the ground part of the plant must be cut. Young inflorescences are dried - they make wonderful dried flowers, which in winter will give a good mood from their aroma and color. Dry, hanging heads down in the shade.
In medicine, the goldenrod plant is valued for its anti-inflammatory properties. No wonder the Latin translates as "strong" and "do." That is the one that makes strong, healthy. Dry pounded inflorescences of goldenrod are used in the treatment of skin diseases.
How to deal with goldenrod (golden rod)
In order to expel the goldenrod from the site, it is best to use an integrated approach.
If you have already decided to give this plant a place in a flower bed, then acquire modern varieties of this crop, which are characterized by limited growth.
During the whole season, be sure to stop all attempts at the golden rod, and not to allow the plants to be disseminated.
The situation is more complicated if you have acquired a plot completely covered with this malicious weed. In this case, it is recommended to periodically mow the plants and the newly emerging shoots - during the season this operation will have to be repeated 3 to 4 times.
Just do not allow the stems to grow above 15-20 centimeters, and immediately mow cut greens in compost or dry and burn. The fact is that in the stage of partial maturity the seeds can be proportioned already on the stubble stems.
Removing the goldenrod from the site will help and repeated digging.
To do this, the soil must be shoveled at least twice - at the beginning of summer and in August with parallel extraction of rhizomes.
After that, it is recommended to sow some kind of perennial cereals at this place - for example, rynggrass or rye.
If a small area is infected with a weed, then to destroy it you can simply mow the stalks and lay the entire area with sheets of cardboard or any other opaque material. And next spring, it will be possible to plant cabbage, potatoes or zucchini, that is, those vegetables that in themselves well suppress the growth of weeds.
Very good about the dangers of goldenrod told in the video, I advise you to look.
Gardening and horticulture for beginners - 5 tips!
It happened! You finally became the happy owner of six, and maybe more than a hundred. Now is the time to figure out what to do at the site and in what order.
What to build? What inventory to buy? What to plant? In order not to step on your own rake, it makes sense to study someone else's practical experience.
Gardening and horticulture for beginners or how to make the cottage beautiful
First things first
To start the plot you need to put in order, remove the garbage, decide what and where you can plant.
Planning of the site should be carried out taking into account the light and the type of soil, because each culture is more or less demanding of these two factors.
Also on the site you need to put the outbuilding for inventory (if you do not plan to store everything in the house) and organize a compost pit - organic waste in the process will be a lot. "Pit" can be made in the form of a box or "well", preferably with a lid.
Compost pit will become a source of valuable organic fertilizer.
Decide on the light area. In the penumbra well grow cucumbers, radishes, legumes, beets. Here you can plant onions, parsley, mint. The sun is just necessary for the normal growth of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants.
They need not only light, but also a lot of moisture, so that the sandy soils that retain water poorly, have to pour black soil. As an option - planting will have to be carried out in in-depth beds, furrows.
But on clay soils beds need to do raised.
The width of the beds can vary depending on the species grown. But as a standard, when planning for the first time, they break a ridge about 0.6 meters wide. Between the beds need aisle to process crops, as well as for their normal growth. Row spacing - about 1 meter.
What to grow a novice gardener
Garden crops can be divided into two large groups: unpretentious and those that require careful maintenance. Do not immediately take up the capricious - tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage.
Of course, it is them who most of all want to see on your table as “trophies”. But it is better to start with carrots, beets, garlic, radishes, green peas.
They practically do not get sick, do not require frequent watering and grow almost independently. In addition, if you do not plan to live in the country, the culture, requiring a large amount of moisture, simply wither.
Tomatoes and cucumbers require attention when growing
Do not forget that there is such a thing as the compatibility of garden crops.
This is due to the fact that some species consume the same nutrients from the soil, and often the “neighbors” simply lack them.
In addition, for pollination need to attract insects, so that next to the cucumbers should be planted honey plants, for example, chives.
Proper alternation of beds is important not only for the proper growth of garden crops. There are species among plants that will protect the crop from pests.
Celery saves cabbage from butterflies, tomatoes will protect dacha crops from moth and aphids, beans - from the Colorado potato beetle.
To prevent pests from making strawberries, “plantations” can be thinned with a bed of onion, dill, thyme or parsley.
Conclusion: Competent alternation of crops in the garden is a guarantee of a bountiful harvest.
The theme of the neighborhood of plants on the site is quite extensive and deserves not only a separate article, but an entire book.
So, before planting a particular crop, you need to study what it likes, with whom it gets along well, what diseases it suffers and what pests it attracts.
Competent mixed planting strawberries with onions
You should also carefully consider the choice of the variety: it should take root well in your climate and on your soil type.
With a complete lack of experience, you can contact your neighbors in the area: they probably already decided what kind of potatoes, tomatoes best grows in your area.
Garden Plant Compatibility
When that plant
For each vegetable, fruit, seedling there is a time for sowing on seedlings, for planting in the greenhouse, for planting in the ground (we advise you to study the section on our portal dedicated to seedlings).
Novice gardeners who have not yet acquired a greenhouse (temporary structure without foundation) or a greenhouse constantly keep in mind the most important question: when can you sow seedlings and plant certain crops in the ground? Of course, it is worth making an amendment to the climatic conditions in a particular region, but the overall picture is as follows:
Calendar of sowing seedlings and planting garden plants in the ground.
Table of dates of seeding and planting flowers.
The title “summer resident” is not just a statement of ownership of a piece of land. This is really a way of life. And in the summer, and in the spring, and even in the winter, the gardener will find something to do. Each month has its own tasks.
Plan the planting, purchase fertilizers, seeds, preparations for diseases and pests, shake off snow from bushes and trees, unpainted trunks, wrap nylon or propylene from mice and rabbits, in hard frost - podgresti snow in pristvolny circles, feed the birds to avoid pecking buds.
- spring garden work
- May - landing time. We fight pests, but we do not spray trees with mineral fertilizers, prepare and plant seedlings, plant trees. If the soil is heated to 13 ° C, then you can plant potatoes.
We sow onions, garlic, parsley, turnip, sorrel, radishes and carrots. Toward the middle – end of the month, it is time to sow melons, legumes, cruciferous (cabbage). Planted cucumbers. June. If you have not planted potatoes, then there will be a lot of work.
We spray young ovaries of trees, bushes, fight weeds, pests, birds. We pinch raspberries, we sow heat-loving varieties of plants, we feed cucumbers, melons, berry bushes. We pull out the "shot" onion and garlic. Spud and spray the potato plantation.
We process tomatoes and cucumbers. July. It's time to harvest the first harvest! You also need to not forget about dressing shrubs, processing potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers. It is necessary to protect the pepper from sticking. In the last days of the month, do not forget to open tomatoes.
August. We support top dressing with shrubs, heat-loving trees. We fight with blight in tomatoes, protect peppers and cucumbers from rotting. From onions and cabbage need to otgresti layer of soil to preserve the fruit. You can plant podzimny garlic.
We harvest berries, process strawberries, preparing them for frosts. We remove the roots of fruit trees.
- autumn work in the garden
- September. At the beginning of the month you can plant strawberries. It is time to dig potatoes, prune and harvest the flower bulbs. Harvest root crops, plant heat-loving shrubs, white trunks from rabbits.
We carry out the last feeding of trees and bushes, fight lichens, treat the beds from bacteria, cut off the perennials, cover the roses. December.
We go through the harvest, check the storage conditions, knock down snow from trees and bushes, read interesting books for gardeners and gardeners.
So in any month for the present owner the case will definitely be found, and this list of works is far from complete.
A set of hand garden tools.
To perform the processing of the garden and the garden, you need a lot of tools. All garden tools can be divided into several groups:
- For tillage.
- For pruning trees and bushes.
- To harvest.
- To remove weeds.
1. The main garden tool, of course, is a shovel. They are of two types:
- with rounded blade - used for undermining, works at shallow depth,
- spade - needed for working on hard ground.
Bulky tools will also require:
- rake - for final tillage, loosening, cleaning of leaves,
- hoe (hoe or flat cutter) - for tillage with grass cover, weeds, hilling, loosening, breaking up clods of earth,
- Spit (lawn mower) - to remove thickets of grass, weeds,
- Pitchfork - for digging, handling grass, hay.
From the hand tool you will need:
- manual spatula - useful for working with a separate plant (digging during transplantation and others),
- hand rake for loosening,
- manual pitchfork for undermining of roots, loosening.
2. For processing trees and shrubs also need your own tool.
For harvesting root crops are used:
- big and hand shovels,
- ladder (not a tool, but a valuable fixture),
- garden knife (used mainly to assemble melons),
- potato digger (useful on a large plantation),
- manual cultivator (fruit remover) for assembling fruits from trees.
A fruit collector for assembly of apples, apricots, pears.
4. To control weeds, you can use the following tool:
- braid or sickle,
- manual forks,
- rake tame and large,
- root remover
Valuable tool root remover
Also in the course of garden and garden work can not do without buckets, bags, cars (stretchers). So the shopping list will be quite extensive.
And that's not it
Tricks and intricacies in gardening a lot. Separate articles deserve diseases and pests, as well as methods and means of combating them. At first it can be difficult to determine the varieties of plants.
We need to protect our beds and gardens from freezing, getting wet, drought ... In short, we will have to get serious theoretical experience so that in practice everything goes smoothly and the harvest will be the envy of friends and acquaintances.
Young bushes planted this year need special care. The land around them is maintained in a moderately humid state until rooting. Adult bushes easily tolerate drought, but if it is important to achieve lush flowering, it is recommended to conduct abundant watering during the period of planting inflorescences.
The stalks of tall solidago varieties may wilt under the weight of the inflorescences, so they should be tied to supports. In one place, goldenrod bushes grow for about 10 years, but, as they grow rapidly, every 3 years rejuvenation is performed by thinning plantings.
Faded inflorescences are pruned until the seeds are ripe. This prevents the uncontrolled spread of the plant by self-sowing. In the autumn, the stems break off at a level of 10-15 cm from the soil surface, and the flower garden is cleared of fallen leaves, in which pests can hibernate. In the winter shelter plants do not need.