If the summer has already hurried to come to visit, and you have not had time to plant all the desired crops in your garden plot, do not be in a hurry to despair: June, and especially its first half, is an excellent time for planting a large number of crops. The main thing is to choose the "right" and correctly implement their landing. Next, what plants can be planted in June in the garden or in the garden.
The best garden crops for planting in June
At the beginning of summer, the following garden crops are quite suitable for planting in open ground:
- Pepper. Excellent as a “replaceable” culture for early varieties of other crops. You can safely plant several rows of delicious fragrant pepper, along with eggplants, for example, and enjoy fresh fruits by the beginning of autumn.
- Cucumbers. Cucumber can be planted in those areas that were freed after collecting the earliest crops. He will get acclimatized well even in summer, and by the beginning of autumn you will be able to please your family with the first juicy fresh cucumbers.
- Pumpkin crops (zucchini, pumpkin) are completely unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation, so it is normal to accept the summer planting, but at the same time monitor the condition of the plants should be very carefully.
- Tomatoes Gardeners planted late varieties of tomatoes first (for growing on seedlings) in greenhouse conditions, and by the end of June it will be possible to transplant them safely into open ground.
- Cabbage. In June, it is possible to plant late varieties of various types of cabbage: white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Savoy and others. It is safe to sow cauliflower to obtain additional harvest in the autumn.
- Potatoes. By the beginning of summer, seed potatoes are germinated so that in June it can already be planted in open ground (moreover, in the first summer month, the potato is planted exclusively for consumer purposes, but in July it is planted exclusively for the production of seed material).
Tip At the end of June, for example, potatoes can be planted in a tuberous way: in this way, it will be possible to get an additional harvest in one season.
- Beet. Beets, and any, in principle, root crops (for example, carrots, turnips, etc.), can be planted in open ground in early June. By the way, the root crops planted during the summer period will be much more enduring and will be able to be stored longer compared to those planted in the spring.
- Greens (parsley, onion, dill, sorrel, basil, celery, etc.). So, you can safely plant various types of greens on your garden plot not only in June, but even in July, without even thinking about it (for example, dill, basil, green onions, etc.) until the end of summer on your table will be guaranteed to appear fragrant fresh greens. You can also try to plant not very common until the domestic expanses of watercress, spinach and other wonderful healthy herbs.
Features of planting crops in the summer
If you are planning a summer planting of any crops, it is necessary to consider certain features of their treatment. This will help you avoid unnecessary "losses" of planting material and get a decent harvest as quickly as possible.
So, remember a few simple rules that will help you keep the planting material in the summer heat whole, and the beds - healthy.
- When transporting planting material, take into account an important factor - the summer heat. On this basis, it is necessary to protect young saplings with high quality. You can, for example, wrap them with a damp cloth, and after arriving at the dacha, you should not immediately hurry to lower the seedlings into the ground: carefully place the seedlings in some basket and lower them to the basement for a short time so that they can “cool”. Landing is better to carry out in the evening period, when the heat has already subsided and the earth begins to cool gradually.
- After planting the crop (any) in the ground, be sure to pour each well and put a little peat on top of it, and carefully cover the stems with caps made of ordinary paper. These simple procedures will help protect the soil from drying out, and young stems from sunburn. If the gardener complies with agricultural practices, the plants will develop well after the summer planting.
- A curious fact about the summer planting of potatoes: if you want in the summer period to get as much harvest as possible from each potato bush, planting a crop must be done in a special way. So, first plant a well-developed potato bush with a large earthen clod in the prepared hole, covered with a sufficient amount of the nutrient mixture consisting of manure, ash and a small amount of superphosphate. The stalks of the bush must be bent down to the ground and covered up so that only the tops could be seen. When they are sufficiently grown (about 20 cm high), again bend them to the ground and lightly sprinkle with soil. You can fertilize the bush with a solution of mullein. The procedure can be repeated a couple of times. As a result, you can get a big bush of potatoes with a well-developed root system and a large number of tubers.
Tip Some gardeners do not know how to correctly determine that the young seedlings are well caught in the ground and the plant will "live." And to do this is very simple: you just have to go to the garden plot a couple of days after planting the seedlings and see if there are dew on its leaves. If it is found, then everything is fine: the seedlings feel good and will grow.
The best garden crops for planting in June
In the summer, you can engage in not only the garden plot, but also slightly update your garden. Among the huge variety of garden plants and flowers, several can be distinguished which will perfectly take root in the garden plot even in early summer.
Snapdragons, chrysanthemums and marigolds, for example, are some of those plants that are not very difficult to grow and will feel great even in the summer, already sufficiently warmed by the sun soil.
In early summer, you can safely plant any annual long-flowering plants, so that they have time to bloom violently before the onset of cold weather and served as a decoration of the garden until the first frost.
In the home garden you can also plant any ornamental shrubs with a closed root system. They will get acclimatized in the open ground in summer. The main thing is, after planting, water them more often, periodically loosen the soil and provide shade on the hottest days.
We have presented a far from complete list of plants that are suitable for growing in summer cottages in summer. As you could see, there is nothing difficult in their cultivation, and the result will be just as good as with a standard spring planting. Good luck!
What is planted in June in open ground, tips and tricks
At the beginning of summer, heat-loving plants that were previously grown as seedlings are planted very intensively in the country.
Learn what you need to plant in the garden in June to get a high-quality and most importantly timely harvest.
Often, crops such as: tomatoes, cucumbers, squash, zucchini and pumpkins of different varieties, are first grown in greenhouses, and after the number 10-15 transferred to a permanent place of growth. Let's take a closer look at this question.
Planting in summer, in June, what and how to grow:
In addition to the above-named vegetables, during this period there is sowing of seeds of cabbage, winter radish, but only after the frosts have passed. True, it is better not to delay this process and have time to do everything before the trinity. In addition, you can plant:
- Tomato and cucumber late seedlings (under the film, if the climate is cool, in the first half of the month, in the second you can do without protection),
- Eggplants, if the climate in the region is cool enough, then it’s better to keep them under film covers until mid-June,
- Potatoes (in the northern regions).
Already since the end of May they have planted legumes (peas and corn), green onions, lettuce, parsley, celery, dill. At the end of June - fennel, because it is not afraid of cold weather, but a prolonged light day pulls out seedlings, and eliminates the ovary of the heads, so do not rush.
Planting flowers in June
This month is favorable for the start of cultivation of such perennial and annual flowers as: forget-me-not, bindweed, poppy, aster, nigella, godetion, nemofily, velvet, terry calendula, begonia (germinated tubers), balsam, majorca, coxia and others.
Germinate a little and plant cannes, but for a permanent place pick a bright area, as these flowers do not like shade.
In order for the flowerbeds to bloom in the fall, get engaged in planting: cornflowers, calendula, kosmeyu, flaxseed, they all begin to blossom closer to the end of August and the beginning of September.
Often, the first month of summer is rather unpredictable in terms of the weather, so caring for a plant needs a special one. Focus on the forecast, and in case of drought, be sure to increase the rate of irrigation.
Vegetables and greens
Choosing a good variety of cucumbers, they can be planted in the first month of summer and by the end of it or the beginning of autumn, one can harvest a bountiful harvest. Bad neighbors for this vegetable are: watercress, onions, turnips.
Broccoli, white cabbage, best planted away from the cress lettuce, parsley and dill. For peas, unwanted neighbors will be bean bushes.
Planting tomato seedlings:
To seedlings tomato developed successfully, you must choose a bright area, protected from drafts. In addition, tomatoes were not to grow on it last year, it is necessary to observe crop rotation.
If you have a small garden, and you don’t have to choose, then grow green manures before planting the seedlings, this will improve the structure of the soil, improve it, and then work on the seedlings again.
It is desirable to take saplings powerful and healthy, but not stretched no more than 20 cm in height, with a strong rhizome. If the bushes are tall, then immediately tie them to the support.
The best time for planting seedlings is the evening, or an overcast day. With intense sunlight, this procedure cannot be performed. At this time, are engaged in planting and beets.
Unfortunately, cucumbers are very fond of heat, so in the middle lane and to the north, at this time they are protected in the garden with the help of film shelters. Also, cucumbers protect from wind and drafts, even cold-resistant varieties. Cucumbers are best suited for high beds, the distance between plantings is 50 centimeters.
In order to protect seedlings in cold regions with unstable climate, always keep protective elements in the wings. It is necessary to make an improvised greenhouse, in the middle of the beds make a small trench its width and depth 30 * 30 cm, its length up to a meter. It is necessary to fill it with fresh manure, on top of the humus, its thickness is 20 centimeters. Sow the cucumbers on the edges of the beds.
Create such a shelter a few days before the transfer of cucumbers. In such a shelter can be grown and tomatoes.
Beans are sent to open ground from the 15th of June, in a dry and sheltered place, it will develop best.
Squash planted in open ground in late May and early June, after the threat of cold weather passes. The seedlings are sown in cups, with specially prepared soil (on a bucket of dried sludge from the river, 5 cups of ash, and half a cup of complex fertilizers).
Already grown seedlings of zucchini (one month old) are planted in the ground until about the 10th. Cups can be used peat, or make the landing zucchini with earthen clod, elongated from the pot. Deepen the beds to cotyledon leaves.
In the room the zucchini is kept until the age of a month by gradually stabbing. The first time you take out the shoots in the sun for about fifteen minutes, then for half an hour, next time for the next hour. The essence of this event, the preparation of sheets to the effects of ultraviolet radiation.
If you do not carry out such a procedure, then squash will grow badly and often get sick, so do not be lazy, this is a very simple job that pays off handsomely.
Zucchini planting schemes:
To properly distribute zucchini across the beds, it is necessary to make the beds: four meters long and eighty centimeters wide. But first choose the right place - sunny plot. Further prepare the ground.
To do this, place three buckets of humus in the garden, and for each square meter, beds - one spoonful of complex fertilizers and three spoons of ash.
May beetles attract moles to the vegetable garden, so remove them in time of soil treatment, thus protecting the future crop from these rodents.
The distance between courgettes is about half a meter, there are about six bushes on one bed.
Cultivated plants grown in the garden: planting photos, which crops to plant and when to do it
Growing plants on video.
There are a lot of plants grown in the garden, and it is up to each gardener to decide which crops to cultivate on his plot, based on his own preferences and the needs of his family. Choosing what to plant in the garden, think about how careful care you can provide the plants, because returning to the country only on weekends, too fastidious crops should be abandoned.
Deciding what plants to plant in the garden, you need after you have decided on the place of the breakdown of the beds and their future appearance has already emerged.
The usual six hundred-meter plots used to be a solid garden, with the only difference being that someone had more area under the garden, someone had a larger garden. Well, and, of course, almost all had flowers.
Now the majority of gardeners on the site have a lawn, a pond, and recreation areas for children's games, and there is also a well-arranged parking lot. The area under the flower beds has increased, in some gardens they have generally supplanted the orchard and the vegetable garden.
So it turns out that you need to literally cram everything into a six hundred square meters, if you want to have your own fruits, berries, vegetables and flowers. Therefore, the selection of plants for the garden and garden should be taken very carefully. It is better to plan everything thoroughly at once than to correct mistakes.
On this page you will learn what you can plant in the garden and how best to do it.
What plants can be planted in the garden in the country
Before you plant plants in the garden, decide what is necessary for you and your family. But can you use or recycle the crop on time? Some vegetables can not be stored, others have a very limited shelf life, and others are not intended for processing.
For example, you sowed a large bed of radishes, but could not often appear on the site.
Radish is a vegetable that requires regular watering, and if it is not done on time, the plants will quickly throw away the flower stem, especially in hot weather, and the roots will become hard, bitter, unfit for human consumption. As a result, your work will be gone!
In order not to happen that the plants growing in the garden in the country, will not be in demand in the family, make sure that you planted exactly what your loved ones like. You can surprise your friends with exotics later when you master the main thing.
For starters, it is better to limit yourself to the most important set, without which the table in one house is unthinkable. And with the amount of what you need to plant more, and what is better to reduce or not plant at all, you will figure it out in a season or two.
Here, too, it all depends on the food preferences of your family members - in one account the carrot goes on kilograms a week, in the other - on pieces. Many do not eat beets at all, like garlic.
For some, you need several heads of garlic for pickling cucumbers, while others prepare pickled garlic with three-liter jars. Some seemingly harmless vegetables can cause allergies.
Plant potatoes only if there is storage. We sow carrots, parsley, beets, radishes, turnips, perhaps radishes. Tomatoes are best grown in the greenhouse, in the Black Earth soil tomatoes are not always successful.
If you are at the site only on weekends, it is easier to give up on them altogether or to plant several bushes of varieties resistant to late blight. Cucumbers are also preferable to grow in a greenhouse or under film.
Many are not indifferent to zucchini, squash, pumpkin.
What other plants can be planted in the garden in the country? In honor of different types of cabbage - white cabbage, kohlrabi, cauliflower, in recent years, many have loved broccoli. From legumes - peas, beans (while this culture is undervalued), some like beans. Various onions, garlic.
Also in the garden they grow such vegetables as various salads, Peking cabbage. Finally, perennial crops, the most famous of them are rhubarb, horseradish.
There are also spicy and medicinal plants, such as dill, mint, lemon balm, sage, thyme, oregano, which must necessarily find a place in every garden.
These photos show plants grown in the garden:
Vegetable crops growing in the garden: how and when to plant plants
Having decided on what should be planted in the garden, it is also necessary to find out when this is best done. The period of growth and maturation of different plants is different. Some, like radishes, are ready to eat in three weeks, and the carrots during this period only begin to sprout.
Therefore, full use of the area, not letting it stand idle, will help re-sowing of another crop on the vacated bed. After harvesting a garden radish, you can take a bed, for example, with carrots, especially if you grow it for winter consumption. At the end of September - October, it will give full-fledged root crops suitable for storage.
Carrots planted in the early stages, stored poorly.
In the middle band, plants such as daikon and Margilan radish are planted in the garden in June-July, since, sown early, they usually emit flowering stems, and their roots become rough and unsuitable for food. These vegetables are well placed on the beds, freed from the harvest of radish, lettuce, green onions.
When mixed crops are different vegetables are sown or planted directly in the same row, and when compacted - between rows. For example, when growing plants in the garden during planting of cabbage seedlings, you can mix tomatoes together, they will not interfere with the setting of heads.
Or tomatoes are planted along the middle line of the garden, and on the sides - cabbage. Cabbage goes well with onions, dill. Between rows of carrots it is good to sow radishes, it will not hinder the development of carrots, unless, of course, you have violated the seeding rate.
At the same time, weeds will grow less and moisture will be better preserved. And after harvesting the radish and thinning the carrots, it will start to grow very quickly in size! Such cultures as beetroot and lettuce perfectly get along together in the garden.
Salad is called "lighthouse" culture, it sprouts very quickly and designates its rows with delicate greens.
Beets are sown with wide distances row from row, between them the salad will fit perfectly. Even easier if the beets are planted seedlings. Such a multi-colored flower bed looks very elegant, and the crop is removed large. In the middle you can also place the bushes of tomato seedlings, then just "from one beast three skins" will be able to be removed.
The interrelationships of some cultivated plants in the garden characterize the expression “I can't stand it anymore”, that is, substances released by one plant hinder the development of another.
So, cucumber seedlings, planted in the soil after forcing the onion on the feather, grows poorly and bear fruit less. Fortunately, there are not so many examples of irreconcilable hostility.
More options for positive effects of plants on each other.
What you need to plant in the garden before winter: cold-resistant culture
You can also speed up the harvest and increase it by applying podzimny sowing. This method is not suitable for heat-loving plants, the seeds of which die from frost.
And what can be planted in the garden before winter? It should be cold-resistant and with a long period of germination of the crop: carrots, dill, celery, parsley, parsnip - they will spend the winter well.
On your beds will emerge, when the neighbors have not yet embarked on spring planting.
The exact timing of the subwinter seeding is impossible, given the variability of the weather, but usually it is November, although there are also deviations from the rules. If the land was frost-bound and even snow fell, it still does not interfere with the sowing.
You can sweep the snow with a broom from the previously planned grooves, sow the seeds and close up with unfrozen earthen mixture;
Prepare a bed, apply the necessary fertilizers, especially carefully remove the weeds so that after overwintering they do not choke the shoots. Cut the grooves, cover all the film so that the rains are not washed away. Loose mixture of earth, sand, compost, small sawdust for backfilling furrows leave in a non-freezing place. If there is a peat, take it well.
In the absence of land, only one sand can be used. When frostbite, plant the seeds, increasing approximately twice the number compared with the usual sowing, in case of winter troubles. Of course, no watering is needed. If possible, bed garden beds with leaves, spruce branches, peat. Remove the mulch in spring when the soil thaws.
After sowing, it is possible to cover the bed with thick lutrasil or other covering material.
What else is allowed to plant in the garden for the winter? In addition to celery, it is good late in the fall to sow salads, radishes, spinach, even beets. A favorite combination in compacted crops for many growers is carrots and radishes. Applying podzimny planting of these crops, you get an early harvest.
In this case, carrots are sown not for storage, but for early production. If you still cover the bed with a film or other material in the spring, then in June you can feast on a large carrot. The planting scheme is simple: a row of carrots, a row of radish.
For details on planting these crops, see the relevant section.
The podzimny landing of a small onion set on a turnip, and onion selection on a feather always justifies itself. Most gardeners are accustomed to plant sevok in the spring, not knowing about the advantage of planting it in the winter.
Many have already appreciated the advantages of planting onion sets for the winter, it is not by chance that active trade in onion planting material in the fall has recently begun.
And of course, do not forget about garlic! Its winter varieties and are intended only for autumn planting.
What can be planted in the garden: useful kulisnye defenders
Some sturdy and tall plants (peas, corn, beans, sunflower) can protect others by taking gusts of wind and slanting rain. Such plants are the garden protectors called kulisnymi.
Planted tightly, they form a favorable microclimate for more delicate, thermophilic vegetables — cucumbers, zucchini, short-growing bean. A salad will be satisfied, located under the warm side of a higher beet.
Useful plants in the garden successfully coexist not only above the ground, but also in the soil, where their roots interact with each other. Substances secreted by the roots of some plants can inhibit or, conversely, activate the growth of others.
On the same bed, cucumbers perfectly coexist with legumes and greens, especially dill, and carrots and onions are the best combination, they mutually protect each other from the main pests - onion and carrot flies. Many plants like to grow next to parsley.
If you don’t grow it much, you don’t even need a separate place on the garden - it’s enough to sow along the edge of planting tomatoes, radishes and salads.
June - work in the garden, watering the beds, caring for vegetables, video
Summer is a hot season for summer residents. If in the spring the gardener's favorite tools were a shovel and a rake, June offers to arm with a watering can and hoe.
In the summer hot sun mercilessly dries the earth, evaporating moisture, which is so necessary in the garden beds. Here only with irrigation in growth are cultivated plants and numerous weeds. However, do not forget about the landings. At the beginning of the summer there are still a lot of green and vegetable crops that should be waiting for their place in the garden.
Planting vegetables in June in the country
Gradually, the air warms not only during the day, but also at night, it is time for frosts to recede, and on the beds:
- carry out seedlings of tomatoes, peppers and eggplant,
- sow or plant basil seedlings,
- planting cabbage late harvest;
- seed squash zucchini, squash, pumpkin,
- planted ground cucumbers.
While one part of the garden is only “settled”, it is time to harvest the first crop to another. In June, the first juicy cabbages of early-summer cabbage varieties appear, spicy greens are actively growing, and radishes are harvested.
Behind these pleasant troubles in the garden in June, one should not forget that plants planted in April and May cannot do without the care of a summer resident.
June in the garden: in the spotlight cabbage
Requires hilling and intensive watering cabbage. Depending on the soil and weather conditions, 10–20 liters of water should come to every meter of planting area, otherwise plants slow down growth and do not rush to head out.
To stimulate growth and leaf formation, cabbage, like other green vegetables, in June is useful to feed with extract of mullein, bird droppings or ready-made complex fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen.
For cabbage such dressings need two, and fertilizer should be applied on wet ground. It is convenient to combine such work in June with weeding, loosening and hilling. What other work in the summer garden in June will not be able to wait until mid-summer?
Tomatoes, eggplants and peppers in summer troupe gardeners
Tomatoes planted on the beds, sweet and hot pepper varieties, especially if the seedlings were with a closed root system, immediately begin to give growth.
At the beginning of their independent life in the open ground, it is important to ensure the plants:
- sufficient watering, which is best done in the morning or evening,
- protection from the scorching sun, wind and possible cold weather, until full acclimatization,
- loose soil, for which the soil under the plantings is carefully treated, preventing the formation of a coarse crust, which prevents the penetration of moisture and the growth of the root system.
Water the peppers, tomatoes and eggplants should be under the root of warm water, without affecting the green part of the plant. Otherwise, moisture can trigger the development of fungal diseases. As long as the plants are small, there is a risk of diluting the roots, so for watering choose the most gentle pressure.
Growing plants of tomatoes, with the exception of stunted, non-crateless varieties, should be formed in June. This procedure is carried out on the basis of the characteristics of the varieties selected for cultivation in the country.
If in the soil tomatoes, peppers and eggplants are only gaining strength, they are already blooming in the greenhouse. And here it is important that the plants do not experience a deficiency of moisture and nutrition, and also on sunny days do not suffer from the heat.
Already in June, they are starting to air greenhouses, stationary and film greenhouses. This simple work in the garden in July will help increase yields by giving access to flowering plants to bees and other pollinating insects.
For all garden plants belonging to the family of nightshade, it is important that the soil beneath them be moistened to the entire depth of the roots, that is, at least 20–30 centimeters.
Two weeks after planting, eggplants, for example, are fed with urea at the rate of 10–15 grams per bucket of irrigation water, and after 14 days this procedure is repeated.
The space between the plants is loosened to improve the delivery of moisture and oxygen to the roots.
Care in June for cucumbers, zucchini and squash
Cucumber seedlings, seeds of zucchini, pumpkins and squash in early summer, too, find a place for themselves on the site.
These fast-growing cultures need constant care of the summer resident. In June, they will have to be protected from freezing, wind and cold water, but as soon as the plants gain strength, they will need other care besides watering.
Cultivars of cucumbers, squash, pumpkins, and melons and gourds, which form long lashes, pinch after the fifth leaf in June, enabling the plants to form several powerful shoots and increase the number of flowers and ovaries.
Watering the stems of pumpkins and other melons with cold water can crack, which can lead to death without the proper attention of the gardener. If in time, before the next node, sprinkle the stem with peat-sand mixture and water gently, the plant will give additional roots and survive.
Cucumbers need special attention. For active formation of ovaries and growth, they need water and nutrition. During watering, best occurring in the morning or evening hours, at least 10 liters of moisture should be per meter of area. The first feeding is carried out 15–20 days after planting, and then regularly, after 7–10 days, is repeated.
Removal of weeds under the plants is carried out carefully, without disturbing the roots, located under the very surface of the soil. Because of the risk of damage to the root system, the soil under the cucumbers is loosened carefully, and the plants themselves do not spud.
Carrots, beets and other root vegetables in June
Root crops sown in spring in June have already given real leaves, and now carrots, root parsley, beets can be weeded and thinned. The still small plants, which turned out to be superfluous, are easy to transplant in order to get an additional harvest by autumn.
Watering of root crops should be abundant, wetting the soil to the full depth of the root system. This stimulates the growth of carrots down, prevent branching and shortening of the root.
While the seedlings of carrots, beets and herbs are small, they are abundantly overgrown with weeds. If we miss the moment of weeding, the “uninvited guests” in the beds will force out or seriously weaken the main tenants.
Potato beds in June
Potatoes planted in May are growing up. After a couple of weeks after the soil seemed to be taut rosettes of leaves, plants need to pile, weed and feed.
Early hilling of potatoes helps to form a branched root system and lay the foundation for a bountiful harvest. If, until this time, adult Colorado beetles were seen on the bushes, they are destroyed by hand, and the chemical treatment of landings is carried out after hilling ridges.
What to plant in June in the country: useful tips
The hottest time among summer residents is the end of spring, when earthworks are carried out, seedlings are planted, seeds are sown, planting and whitewashing of fruit trees and many other works are carried out.
What to plant in June in the country, they know experienced gardeners. The beginning of summer is the continuation of the sowing and planting season. You can also plant a lot of crops that will have time to mature before autumn.
And also root the shrubs and pay attention to the flower beds.
In many regions of the country in the first decade of June night frosts are still possible. It is necessary to follow the tender shoots, to protect them from the possible vagaries of the weather. Light day at this time is quite long and the sun is burning, burning the leaves.
At this time, you can plant seedlings of tomatoes, eggplants and late varieties of cabbage and pepper. All these plants are thermophilic and at this time will be well acclimatized in the open field.
What seeds to plant in June at the cottage
In June, you can sow seed crops that will be ready by the fall.
- You can safely plant greens, such as dill, green onions, basil or celery. By the season of harvesting vegetables, it just fits. Yes, and fresh greens on the table at the end of the summer will be appropriate, because the first, spring, has already gone.
- In June, you can sow a second crop of radish. It is necessary to choose varieties that can withstand long daylight hours and hot weather. Fans of this root grow it all season.
- In early summer, you can upgrade the garden bed with lettuce and spinach. Experienced gardeners advise to make a bed-conveyor, planting a new pair of rows of lettuce every ten days. So this “vitamin bomb” will be fresh on the table all season.
- In early June, you can sow a few holes of cucumbers. They will bear fruit by the end of summer - the beginning of autumn, while the bushes planted in spring will already begin to recede and suffer from various diseases. By the way, according to the national calendar, it is necessary to plant cucumbers on June 2, the day of Leontiy and Falalea.
- In June, in the country you can plant cauliflower. In warm regions, seeds can be sown in open ground, and then grown sprouts can be planted in a permanent place on the beds.
- This is the time for planting seed crops such as corn, turnips, beets and radishes.
- It's time to plant green peas of different varieties.
- Fennel lovers are advised to plant this plant near the end of June, when the light day begins to decrease. This plant can withstand heat and frost, but the abundance of the sun leads to the stretching of the shoots and deterioration of the quality of the culture.
- It’s not too late to plant pumpkins and squash with scallops, they will also have time to ripen before cold weather.
- Experienced gardeners advised to plant carrots in June. By this time, the activity of pests is sharply reduced, which significantly increases the yield. Besides, the carrot planted at this time is better stored in the winter. Only it is necessary in the second half of summer not to overflow the beds with water.
Planting trees and shrubs
In June, the first berries begin to ripen - a vitamin delicacy. But besides the harvest, this is the right time for pruning, the formation of bushes and the crown of trees, thinning, removal of shoots. And gooseberry and currant bushes can be propagated with green cuttings or dropping cuttings. Both of these methods are suitable in early summer.
From a branch of a tree or shrub, you need to cut a semi-woody cutting about 10 cm long. For rooting, there must be at least two internodes on it. Leaves, except for the extreme two, are cut off.
Cuttings are planted in wet sand or in a mixture of equal amounts of peat and sand. Shoots need to be covered with a film in order to keep a humid microclimate under it, constantly spray it to prevent overheating and drying of young shoots.
Cuttings important to protect from direct sunlight, planting them for rooting in partial shade.
This is a rather laborious and painstaking work, but in most cases, shrubs and trees planted in this way take root pretty well. Moreover, this method is much more economical than buying expensive seedlings brought from an unknown nursery and spent a long time on the road.
Planting in June is good because the main cultivated plants have already been planted, and many of them are already rooted. When planting in early summer, you can annoy other varieties or species instead of the uncultivated bushes.
It is important to know which plants coexist well and which do not.
- Basil can be planted in tomato, squash, cucumber beds or near the onion.
- Dill can be planted everywhere, but not with basil or lettuce.
- Fennel will delight the neighborhood with peas or greens, but not with beans, cabbage and tomatoes.
- Cress bushes can be planted with carrots and radishes, but they do not tolerate beets.
- Beans can be planted in cabbage, tomato or beet beds, but not with peas, onions or fennel.
- Green peas and its varieties enrich the soil with nitrogen, so radishes and sunflowers will grow beautifully next to it, and other plants will also appreciate this neighborhood (except for beans).
- Cucumbers are not whimsical at all and transfer the neighborhood with different vegetables. They do not like salads, turnips and onions. But the corn will protect from the wind and the sun, will support the lash.
- All varieties of cabbage get along well with peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots. But fennel and parsley are bad neighbors for them. In addition, when at the end of the summer neighboring cultures will be harvested as they mature, there will be free space for growth for the heads.
Planting in June allows you to intelligently distribute crops in the country, save space, plan the location of shrubs and fruit trees. In the dacha question there is nothing small or unimportant. Competent actions lead to a good harvest and reduce the amount of work.
What plants can be planted in the garden in June and how to properly care for them
Not every gardener or a gardener can boast a large plot of land on which he carefully grows edible and inedible plants. The available small space has to be used rationally, considering in advance what can be planted in June in your garden to get a rich harvest.
The beginning of the summer season is ideal for growing tasty, fragrant and healthy greens in the garden. If you comply with all agrotechnical requirements, then after 1-2 months you will be able to eat spiced herbs with your own hands: dill, mustard, parsley, sorrel, cilantro, basil, onion, celery, lettuce. Also in June, allowed to plant fennel or garlic.
It is worth more to consider the rules for the care of the most popular among gardeners representatives of the family of umbrella and lasnotkovye.
For its landing more suitable second half of June. It is recommended to have spice in the beds next to earlier vegetable crops, such as radish or cucumber. Direct sunlight should fall on this site only before lunch.
The pre-soaking of seeds immediately prior to planting in warm water will accelerate the ripening process.
It is important to prepare the soil hydrated and fertilized. Shrubs should be thinned regularly. Fees ready greens begin after 35 days.
It does not require a lot of space for its landing, but the area still needs to be sufficiently lit and fertilized with humus. To reduce the likelihood of falling into frosts, plant basil better after June 15.
To apply mineral fertilizers can be 2 times a month, and directly during the flowering period it is worth reducing watering. By the way, it is precisely these days that the culture gives the greatest flavor and is suitable for cutting.
Sowing of this plant is usually made after June 20. For its proper growth, it is better to choose a not too sunny or even slightly shaded area. Fennel likes regular watering and loose soil. Literally in 2 weeks the first shoots become noticeable.
Named above plants can not be called demanding. Even if a few summer days will be cold and rainy, they will endure all adversity. The main thing after this is to organize them with careful care and nutrition with vitamins.
Thermophilous plant varieties can be planted in an open area of land in mid-June. In addition, it is worthwhile to harden the seedlings, increase its endurance before planting. This will reduce the likelihood that the plant will die from unexpected frosts. Of course, much depends on the region of residence and the prevailing weather there, but sometimes it is better to err.
The craftsmen know that the opening of the summer season should begin with the cultivation of cucumbers, cabbage, and pepper in the garden space. It is recommended to buy cold-resistant varieties. At night, seedlings often have to be covered with a film to keep warm, and at the very beginning (the first 2-3 weeks), young bushes need to be protected from exposure to ultraviolet radiation. For these purposes, also suitable paper cap.
If we talk about cucumbers, the beds are better for them to prepare high. Fresh manure should be poured into the excavated small depressions (up to 25 cm), and after 3-4 days the planting of cucumber seedlings should be done. During this time, the earth will have time to warm up and fill with minerals (nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus).
The readiness of the seedlings for the procedure is indicated by the presence of 5-7 leaves on the stem, the height of which, in turn, should be at least 18 cm. Like any other plant, cucumbers must be periodically spud and fed, immediately get rid of the pests that have appeared.
Harvesting is usually done as the fruit ripens.
June is excellent for planting seedlings of melon crops, particularly watermelon and melons. However, it should be borne in mind that such plants are thermophilic, require a lot of space, and generally capricious in the care.
At the end of June, namely from the 18th to the 28th, representatives of the legume family should be planted, which may be preceded by potatoes, cabbage or tomatoes. At the same time, the air temperature should reach 22 ° C, and the soil - about 10-16 ° C.
Beans should be planted in a staggered manner, the seedling takes place with seeds that have previously been kept in a solution of potassium permanganate. The soil is amenable to mulching in order to get away from strict irrigation and loosening regimes.
It will be enough just regular weeding. The gardeners reap the first mature fruits in August, and this process ends, as a rule, in October. The scope of harvest varies depending on the variety and weather conditions.
It is important to plant peas before June 15, and you need to buy varieties that quickly ripen. Peas are usually placed in thoroughly composted furrows, and the first sunrises are observed after only 8-9 days.
With the right choice of sowing material, summer residents manage to harvest legumes 2-3 times per season. However, if the summer is too hot, then the plants will have to be watered abundantly, sometimes several times a day.
Tips and tricks
If you decide to engage in planting work on your land plot in June, the gardener (especially a novice) should follow certain rules and recommendations.
So, what advice do experts give?
- In hot season, the adaptation of plants is slower and much more difficult, so the landing is better to carry out in the late afternoon or on an overcast day.
- Prepared seedlings first need to stand in the fresh air, so she acclimatized.
- It is important not only to water the beds, but also to mulch them, especially during a drought.
- If the seedlings of tomatoes or cucumbers had time to outgrow, then it is better to place it not in the hole, but in the furrow.
Dill (especially during flowering), planted near cabbage, helps reduce the number of harmful insects in this vegetable crop. Such a little trick will help even an inexperienced master of garden affairs to get a great harvest with minimal costs and effort.
Works on the planting of vegetables, greens and legumes in the summer in no case do not end, but, on the contrary, are just beginning, so you should not wrestle with your head and think of what can be planted in June in your backyard. Sow whatever you want. With proper planting and proper care, it will be possible to please not only yourself, but also your loved ones with the most delicious vegetables and melons and fragrant greens.
Lettuce, arugula or watercress can be grown all season. Spring sowing season begins with them, because these crops are quite cold-resistant, and they can be sown at a temperature of 6-8 ° C. In the future, to always have fresh greens on the table, every two weeks you need to sow a new portion of seeds.
The harvest of salad vegetables can be harvested at any stage of ripening. To get the maximum yield of lettuce, you should pay attention to the varieties that you buy. They can be spring, summer and autumn. Plants of summer varieties best tolerate heat.
Salad vegetables love water very much. Sow the seeds should be in a well-moistened soil, and in dry weather, regularly irrigate. If you do not, the salads will be bitter.
Lettuce salad (top), arugula (bottom left), watercress (bottom right)
Like salad vegetables, dill can be grown on a conveyor belt from early spring to autumn, sowing it once every 10-15 days. To seedlings appear faster, before sowing, seeds can be soaked in hot water (up to 50 ° C). This will help to wash out the substances that prevent germination. After this treatment, the seed should also be held for several days in ordinary water.
Without preliminary seed preparation, dill seedlings appear after 2-2.5 weeks. If they are processed, it will happen much faster. Sow fennel on a bed with loose fertile soil; here it will grow best. Like lettuce, dill needs abundant watering, otherwise its leaves become smaller and coarser.
Do not forget to water the dill during a drought
One of the early green crops that is sown throughout the season is spinach. It can be grown in the garden, which later will take more heat-loving crops. Spinach can also play the role of insulation, if it is planted together with other garden crops.
It is worth planting spinach and as an independent plant, because it is very rich in vitamins. Sow the plant with an interval of 20-30 days. From March to July, mature leaves are usually harvested from spinach; from July to mid-August, young leaves are harvested.
The protein content of spinach exceeds even legumes (beans, peas)
What vegetables can be planted
In summer, summer residents want to collect as much as possible a crop of vegetables in order to get enough vitamins for a whole year, and leave it in conservation. If we talk about tomatoes or cucumbers, then these plants require increased attention and care.
Often for them it is necessary to equip greenhouses. But such vegetables as beets, radishes, peppers, carrots, eggplants, zucchini, pumpkin, cabbage and broccoli are quite realistic to grow in the country without much effort. If you have the desire and strength, you can plant potatoes in the garden. And you can enjoy tasty and healthy melons and watermelons if you find a suitable place in your country house. These crops are also picky for care, so they can produce a decent crop with minimal irrigation and loosening the soil.
Today, there is a wide variety of ornamental plants that, with minimal care, give an incredibly beautiful bloom. At the cottage you can plant delphiniums, peonies and dahlias, as well as grow tulips from seeds. They breed by tubers. Flowering can occur in different shades, including burgundy, pink, white.
Peony buds begin to bloom in early June. The gardeners fell in love with the culture for their lush flowering, while the bushes themselves are compact and beautiful. Even at the end of flowering periods, the bush still performs its decorative quality. It is an excellent background for other plants. But what Astra Pionovidnaya duchess mix looks like, you can look at the photo.
But dahlias give flowering at the end of summer. It was at this time that they form numerous flowers that can be represented in such shades as red, violet, yellow and white. Today there are annual dahlias, they can be used to decorate low flower beds and borders. View additional photos of Dahlias in the garden, can be in the content of this article in the photo.
If you have a gazebo in the yard, then to decorate it you should use the green of clematis. She can perfectly decorate not only the arbor, but also other elements on the site. This is a perennial winding culture, which is decorated with numerous small flowers.
On one bush can bloom up to 500 peduncles. Clematis is also considered the champion in the duration of flowering among perennials.It begins to bloom in June, and ends blooming in October. But when planting Clematis in the open ground in the spring, will help to understand the information, which can be read by clicking on the link.
If you choose annuals to give, then here the list of plants has increased slightly.
This is a one-year culture that is distinguished by the simplicity and beauty of flowers. They are striking in their color range, which varies from bright boron to pale yellow. But the shape of the flowers can be simple or terry. If you want to get high thickets, then you should choose an African species of marigolds. They have large flowers and are shaped like balls.
If it is necessary to create an ornament for borders, it is better to use rejected marigolds. This culture tolerates irregular irrigation, sun and rain. Planted plant is not worth a thick shadow. This will lead to the fact that the flower does not bloom. Marigolds love the sun, only then their bushes will be decorated with numerous bright flowers. It will also be interesting to learn about when to plant marigolds in open ground.
But how to get rid of the moss on the site, and what tools you can use, help to understand this information.
It will also be interesting to learn about how to treat violets from powdery mildew.
But when it is best to plant decorative sunflower seeds, this video will help to understand.
It is still an annual plant that is picky in care. And although the flower has a thick stem, it still needs to be tied up. Culture has a strong immunity, so that it is not afraid of illness and illness. Zinnia gives flowering in a variety of colors, except blue.
The advantage of this plant is that the planting and care of Zinnia does not require much hassle. The plant loves drought. If you water a flower once a week, then you are guaranteed to get abundant and lush bloom. But with regular watering the number of flowers is reduced, and they become small.
This one-year flower will be a wonderful decoration for any site. The plant can give flowers of various shapes, and their bushes are compact and pomp. Compared with zinnia and marigolds, petunia is less drought-resistant. If you do not have time to water it, then you should not engage in its cultivation. But what are the types of Petunia, you can find out by reading the content of this article.
Country plots are often decorated with beautiful shrubs. And they can be both flowering and green.
This is an unpretentious and hardy plant. It is able to withstand temperatures down to -30 degrees. To prolong flowering shrubs, it is necessary to water the culture every 10 days. If the land is fertile, then feeding is not worth it. Poor soil needs to be fertilized every 3 years.
Spirea is represented in a wide variety of varieties. There are undersized and tall. Vteki can be drooping and upright. The flowering of the bush is quite abundant, lasts for 3 weeks. Flowers are collected in hats, have a white, yellow, crimson hue. If at the dacha to plant several varieties of spirea, then it will bloom in a wave from May to July.
This bush begins to bloom in late May. The plant belongs to frost-resistant, for it winds and a drought are not terrible. It is necessary to water a bush 2 times a month. Since lilac gives a lot of overgrowth, you can grow it as a hedge. Single crops can form a shrub or tree.
To every day the bush gave abundant flowering, it is necessary to cut out the flowering tops. Perform this immediately after flowering, until there are no seeds on the hands. If pruning done later, the flowering next year will not be.
Very popular for giving remains ordinary lilac. Her flowers can be simple or terry. But the shade is white, lilac lilac. Brushes drooping or erect. If it allows a place in the country, then you can plant a Hungarian lilac. It blooms later, but does not give seedlings, which simplifies the care of her. And here you can read about when to plant lilacs in open ground
This plant is now actively used by gardeners. The peculiarity of the bush is that it gives white flowers. You can plant several varieties on the site, so that the flowering will go wave from June to August.
Initially, flowering begin to give varieties with a simple flower shape. They have an incredible millet flavor. After blooming terry species. Small flowers cover the entire plant completely, resulting in a green mass invisible. Terry inflorescences have no flavor.
To get abundant flowering, it is necessary to plant jasmine in a sunny location. Water during the drought and cut in time. Those branches that are broken or already old, should be cut at the end of summer. Remove the shrub every 2 years. You can also make fertilizer using a mullein infusion, wood ash or mineral fertilizers.
This bush retains its decorative qualities until winter. The buds are collected in caps, and after light frosts the petals become translucent. It is necessary to grow up hydrangea in a penumbra. If you choose too sunny a place, then the flowers will be too small.
Pruning done in early spring, when the leaves have not yet appeared. During a drought, it is necessary to ensure that the crop has regular watering.
At the cottage is best planted apple trees. This tree does not require careful maintenance, while giving a lot of harvest. Thus, you can use them not only fresh, but also make compote, jam. Once in 3 years, the tree rests and does not give fruit. Even in the country you can plant a cherry, which bears fruit every year. Also unpretentious are apricot and peach. But for them the sharply continental climate and sharp temperature jumps will not suit.
Bow on feather
For feathers, onions can be planted throughout the summer. The best varieties are considered Rostov, Bessonovsky, Arzamas. The bulbs should be small (3-4 cm in diameter), they can be planted close to each other.
In the care of onions, which are grown on the feather, there is nothing difficult. The main thing - periodically water the plants and loosen the earth around. The composition of the soil plant is undemanding.
Onion grows well together with carrots. Thanks to their "mutually beneficial cooperation" such landings never damage either onion or carrot flies. It is best to plant crops in rows.
In the onion, the content is much more vitamin C than in the onion turnip
Until mid-June, you can still sow turnips. Only you need to decide on a suitable grade. Early varieties ripen in 45-60 days, medium - in 60-90 days, late - more than 90 days. The turnip sown in June is great for winter consumption.
Turnip variety is very popular today GoldenBall. Of the early varieties have proven themselves well TokyoCrossMilan and WhiteForcing, which give medium-sized root vegetables by the 6th week.
Growing a turnip, remember that it endures the heat worse than cold. Therefore, so that the roots do not grow small, dry and bitter, it is important to water them in a timely manner.
Turnip is suitable for making salads, stews and casseroles
Turnip is not the only root vegetable that, when sown late, is suitable for winter storage. In June, you can sow and beets. In general, during the season it can be sown 3 times: in the spring (for summer consumption), at the beginning of summer (for receiving root crops for winter storage) and in the middle (for growing young beets by autumn).
Grow beets through seedlings - this reduces the time of ripening of the crop
In early June, they also planted bush green beans. They do not collect the beans themselves, but the green pods. In this case, it is worth choosing early ripe varieties of beans. If summer is not very favorable for the growth of this culture, it will still benefit from it: like all legumes, beans are an excellent siderat.
Green beans can be bush and curly. The first matures faster
In order to prepare for the winter in June, you can sow and carrots. To do this, usually choose late-ripening varieties. You should not be afraid that the carrots do not have enough time for ripening. Usually roots ripen by October. In addition, with the crop sown in June, there are far fewer problems, since the carrot fly is already finishing its harvest raids.
Before sowing, carrot seeds should be held in a glass with hot water (about 50 ° C) in order to wash off the essential oils. As soon as the water turns a light orange color, it should be replaced. When the water has cooled, the seeds should be removed, dried, after which they can be sown.
Carrots planted in June are well preserved throughout the winter.
Be sure to sow greens in the garden, because it is very rich in vitamins. As for the root crops, then it all depends on what kind of vegetables you will need in the winter.
Well, what is the Russian dish without spicy mustard? It is equally good for cultivation in the open field and under the film during the whole season, with sowing every 15 to 20 days. And, by the way, mustard is a great siderat. It cleans the soil from diseases and serves as an excellent fertilizer - if you have not eaten everything, you can dig up the tops together with the soil. And the bed will be fertile!
Sowing. Seeds can be sown from mid-April to mid-September to a depth of 1 cm.
Seeding scheme: in the row 6 - 8 cm, between the rows 10 - 15 cm.
This variety of cabbage is also precocious, ripens about 70 days, so it can be sown safely in the summer. Only here there is a feature - even now it must be grown through seedlings.
Sowing. Seeds are sown on seedlings on June 20, and the landing in the ground - July 5.
Landing scheme: in row 40 cm, between rows 40 cm.
Delicate leaves with a taste of France. Yes, yes, that's how they say about this wonderful plant. It has a terrific tart flavor and an exquisite spicy, sweet-nutty taste. That’s what the French chefs want him to do. And not only French - corn is used in almost all cuisines of the world. And all because it fits perfectly with most of the most diverse products. Botanists call this plant Valerianlla garden - often under the same name seeds are sold in the store. The salad looks very nice - it forms small neat rosettes with a height of 10-40 cm with a lot of glossy leaves.
Sowing. Seeds are sown immediately in open ground in several terms - from mid-April to late August at a depth of 1 - 1.5 cm.
Seeding scheme: between rows of 20 cm, in a row - 10 - 15 cm.
If you like tea, then the monarda should certainly grow on your site - it is so fragrant! You can dry it in the summer and then brew it in cold winter evenings and remember the warm days. In addition, the monard is very beautiful. The plant forms powerful dense bushes with a height of 65–120 cm. In July – August, charming purple corollas appear at the ends of the shoots, gathered in spectacular inflorescences. Each - 190 - 240 flowers! And this beauty lasts 50 days. Planting a monard is best in flower beds - it is perennial. Looks good in combination with phloxes, aconites, cosmee, angels, rudbeckia, goldenrod, heliopsis and perennial cereals. And, of course, with roses. Moreover, this plant will decorate a flower garden not only in summer, but also in winter - its dry inflorescences are also very decorative.
And the monard will benefit the garden: its fragrant flowers attract pollinating insects and birds, which are happy to peck up the seeds, and at the same time destroy pests.
Sowing. Seeds are sown immediately in open ground in June - July to a depth of 0.5 cm. Either for seedlings in late March - early April. In the open ground seedlings are planted in mid-May.
Seeding scheme: distance between plants - 25 - 30 cm.
What to do with the victims?
To shade Many heat-loving cultures, as a rule, are also light-loving - they are planted in the sunniest areas. But the hot sun will bring harm to the affected plants - they will evaporate a lot of water, and it is needed to restore the leaves and shoots.
As a protection from the sun, you can use a non-cloth - it transmits light, but does not allow the plants to overheat.
Feed. To restore the plants need good nutrition, so they need to feed.
- Potatoes - with nitrogen: nitrophosphate, urea or ammonium nitrate. In this case, the dose specified in the instructions, it is better to reduce by one third.
- Vegetable crops need a complex feeding: 10 g of nitrophosphate, ammofoski or nitroammofoski per 1 square. m. Fertilizers should be scattered evenly over the soil surface and sealed with a rake. And then pour.
- Leaves of vegetable crops should be additionally sprayed with a cocktail of microelements: 2 g of copper, manganese and boron per 10 liters of water.
- Strawberries also need a complex fertilizer: 1 tbsp. spoon nitroammofoski 10 liters of water. Consumption rate - 0.5 liters per bush. It is better to water the nutrient solution in the evening or early in the morning.
- Fruit trees and berry bushes are also useful to pour nitroammofoskoy: 50 g per 10 liters of water.
Heal up. There are two effective biostimulants that help plants survive stress, bad weather, recover from damage. These are “Epin-extra” and “Zircon”.
- "Epin-extra" - phytohormone. It mobilizes internal processes and stimulates its growth. And besides, it helps to increase immunity - this is very important, because diseases are instantly attacked on weakened plants. The healing solution is prepared as follows: 1 ampoule of the drug is diluted in 5 liters of water. It is better to boil water beforehand - “Epin-extra” is destroyed in an alkaline medium, and in garden wells and wells, water is usually with a large amount of salts. It is necessary to spray the entire plant as a whole, trying to process not only the upper part of the leaves, but also the lower one. The procedure is repeated every 7 to 10 days until the plant is fully restored. And also: “Epin-extra” does not tolerate the sun - it evaporates from the solution, so it is necessary to spray it in the evening.
- "Zircon" has a similar effect and apply it the same way. To prepare the solution, 1 ml of the drug is dissolved in 10 l of water.
What is to replace the dead?
Cucumbers, zucchini, melons, watermelons in the open field, as a rule, do not survive even weak cold snaps. Therefore, instead of dead plants, you can sow new ones. However, now review your assortment - it is pointless to sow late varieties, they will not have time to mature. Sow early or medium-early - these are guaranteed to yield. You can sow them right in the same hole.
To care for the June crops will have a little differently than for the May. In May, there is still a reserve of moisture in the soil. And in the beginning of summer the heat is usually set and shoots suffer from water shortages. For those who live in the country, this is a small problem - you can water the crops at least every day. By the way, it is better to do just that.
But summer vacationers will have to do additional work. Shoots need to be watered abundantly, so that the earth is soaked to a great depth, and after watering to mow the beds with grass or hay - they will help the moisture to remain in the soil longer. If it is not possible to pick herbs, a black non-wrap will do.