In its homeland (in the tropics of Central America), the ageratum grows like a perennial plant. The name of this flower in translation means "ageless", which is fully justified by its uninterrupted flowering.
Ageratum will delight you with long flowering
Ageratum is a herbaceous shrubby plant. In our climate it is grown as an annual flower. Sprawling bush, with a lot of shoots. The root system is well developed. Stems erect.
The height of the bushes varies from 10 to 60 cm. The leaves are round or triangular with mild serrations. The flowers have a blue, purple, white or pink color. The flowers are small, fluffy, gathered in small dense inflorescences.
At the same time, ageratum produces many flower stalks.
The genus ageratum has more than 60 species. The most common floriculture ageratum houstona or, as it is called, Mexican.
The range of this type of ageratum is widely represented in our market.
Each variety is unique and is distinguished by the height of the bush, flower color and duration of flowering.
The most popular varieties of Mexican ageratum:
In the photo, you can see the characteristics of many popular ageratum varieties and choose your own, the most sun-filled variety.
It is necessary to highlight another type of ageratum - conized. It differs from Mexican in smaller flowers and foliage of blunted form.
The most common method of breeding ageratum - seeds.
Growing seedlings of one-year ageratum at home will not cause difficulties. At the end of March, seeds are sown in prepared boxes. Soil suitable for this easy, moderately nutritious. For example, sand-peat mixture with the addition of humus in equal proportions.
Important! The seeds of the ageratum are very small, practically dust particles. Therefore, they are not buried in the ground, and evenly distributed over the surface.
Crates of seeds are covered with polyethylene and cleaned in a warm place to germinate.
After 7-10 days the first shoots will appear, and the boxes can be put on the window.
Ageratum does not tolerate excessive humidity, so you should not spray it. Watering is carried out only as the soil dries out, moderately.
A few weeks after the emergence of seedlings on the seedlings the first true leaflets will develop, and during this period the seedlings are swooping for the first time.
The second pick is done when young seedlings grow a little.
At this time, each plant is diving in a separate container, as the further development of the seedling will be rapid.
Two weeks after diving, it is advisable to feed the seedlings with complex mineral fertilizer.
As the weather sets in, warm weather spreads outside, bringing it to fresh air. Gradually, the time "walk" increase.
In the case when it is necessary to preserve all the qualities of a rare variety of the mother bush, reproduction by cuttings is possible.
To do this, in the fall, the bush is sent to spend the winter in a cool place, and in early spring they cut off the shoots for cuttings. Cuttings are germinated in a warm room in boxes of sand.
Just a few weeks later, the root system begins to develop, and after it the shoots form.
Planting ageratum and further care
In open ground, seedlings of agratuma are planted in late spring, preferably at the end of May. The plant is tolerant to any soil, only in exceptional cases may liming of too acidic soil may be necessary.
Place for disembarking ageratum should be chosen light, on the south or east side of the site.
CouncilEven a slight shading will cause the plant to stretch. In this case, abundant flowering will not succeed.
Seedlings of ageratum are planted at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. Build it into the ground is not worth it.
The depth of planting in open ground should correspond to the level of growth of seedlings in pots.
Ageratum likes sunny and warm places.
Three times during the season, the ageratum needs to be fed with mineral fertilizers. Fertilizing manure and other organic fertilizers should be avoided.
Watering ageratum requires moderate, without overabundance. To keep the soil breathable, loosening of the soil is required after watering and rain. As needed, the area with the ageratum is weeded, removing weeds that inhibit the development of the bushes.
To bloom ageratum was abundant and long, all summer faded inflorescences are cut from the bushes. If you carry out this procedure regularly, the ageratum will produce more and more new buds, delighting with uninterrupted flowering.
It can be concluded that planting and caring for the ageratum in open ground is extremely simple due to the unpretentiousness of the plant.
Diseases and pests ageratum
Despite its unpretentiousness in cultivation, ageratum is susceptible to the defeat of many diseases. From an overabundance of moisture and without air access to the roots, the ageratum is affected by root rot. In this case, the plant can not be saved and it is removed.
Bacterial wilting ageratum
Bacterial wilting passes for no apparent reason in the initial stage of leaf chlorosis disease.
Also, the ageratum is affected by a cucumber mosaic virus (yellow spots appear on the leaves, the stem becomes vitreous, the buds wither without blossoming).
At the first symptoms of diseases, the affected areas of the plant must be removed, and the remaining shoots are repeatedly treated with insecticidal preparations or infusion of plants with the same properties (wormwood, bird cherry, tansy, etc.).
From pests for ageratum, all types of nematodes, spider mites, whiteflies are dangerous. Pest control is carried out with the help of special tools until their complete destruction.
Ageratum as an element of landscape design
In landscape design, the ageratum looks very good as a background for flower beds, flower beds and works with perennial flowers. Low-growing varieties of ageratum are used to form decorative borders, while tall ones are grown for cutting.
Ageratum in landscape design
Bright color of the flowerbed will give a combination of ageratum with calendula, zinnia, marigolds and other colors of yellow-orange color.
Ageratum is grown for landscaping balconies and is suitable for growth in flowerpots. Flowerpots with a joint planting ageratum and petunias will decorate arbors or the threshold of the house.
From the photo, fluffy flowers of ageatum look at us as something exotic, but in fact it is very easy to grow this culture that does not get tired of blooming. For this you need to follow only some simple rules, which are described above.
Ageratum is a small, bushy, jagged foliage plant whose shape is different in different species. Forms many direct shoots that can grow up to half a meter tall. The flowers are small, smell good, gather in inflorescences. The fruit is a seed in which there is a very large number of seeds.
In our belt, the ageratum is cultivated as an annual, due to the fact that it is a heat-loving plant. This flower is quite popular among gardeners, due to the fact that it is quite simple to grow. Most often we have these types of ageratum:
Varieties and types
Ageratum White forms a shrub, reaching 20 cm tall with upright shoots, inflorescences white, fragrant.
Ageratum blue or blue mink slightly higher ageratum white. Flowers abundant, fluffy, pale blue.
Ageratum Mexican or Houston's many varieties have been obtained from this species, depending on which the size of the bush and the color of the inflorescence vary.
Grades: Alba, Blue bouquet, Bavaria, Pink ball, a separate group form dwarf varieties Hawaii.
Ageratum - growing from seed when planting + step by step instructions
The Aster family includes many beautiful plants, among which are ageratum. The flower received such an unusual name because of its peculiarities; this plant blooms for a very long time, starting in June and ending with the first frost.
Translated from the Latin word ageratos means ageless. Gardeners have already managed to love him and it is not surprising, because the plant has an unusually beautiful appearance, suitable for decorating not only lawns and flower beds, but also balconies.
More information about growing ageratum from seed will be discussed in this article.
Peru is considered to be the birthplace of Ageratum. This is a perennial plant, reaching a height of 20-60 cm. Due to its unusual properties, the ageratum can please gardeners for a long time with its flowering, not for nothing that it is popularly called "long-flowering".
Ageratum - growing from seed when planted
The plant is used in landscape design, so most often it can be seen in the gardens of country houses. Flowering to the very cold and beautiful appearance made the flower long-standing guest of various flower exhibitions.
Inflorescences have a pleasant aroma that does not disappear for a long time, as does the pristine beauty of flowers. The decorativeness of the ageratum is due to the fact that its column and stigma are slightly longer than the corolla of the flower.
The diameter of the baskets reaches 1.5 cm, and they, in turn, form large inflorescences (up to 12 cm), which evenly cover the whole plant.
White Agratuma Bushes
On a note! The shape of the leaves, depending on the grade of ageratum, may vary. The most common varieties of plants with oval leaves, on the edges of which there are cloves.
Mature fruits contain a huge amount of seeds (per 1 g accounts for at least 6,000 units). The seeds are unpretentious, so they may well go up even after several years of ripening.
Ageratum planting and care in the open field
Planting an ageratum into the soil is necessary when you are sure that sudden frosts will not occur. Plant need to be in a bright place, sheltered from drafts.
In terms of soil, the flower is not very picky, but it is desirable that the soil be nutritious and not sour, and also have drainage.
To plant bushes, dig holes and, keeping a distance of 10 cm between individuals, plant the plants at the same depth as they were in the pot.
When caring for the ageratum, it needs to be watered periodically, you need a lot of liquid, but so that it does not stagnate in the roots. Together with irrigation, loosen the soil and get rid of weeds.
Ferment ageratum need mineral or humic supplements every 15-20 days. You can use mullein. Under a complete ban for ageratum is fresh manure. Fertilize sparingly, otherwise the plant may not bloom.
Also, to enhance flowering shoots need to be cut, keeping only a few internodes. Do not forget to cut flowers limp.
Before the start of frosts, flowers should be removed from the substrate and transplanted into containers and taken to a house where they can grow for some time.
Leaving the ageratum for the winter, trying to shelter him, is a hopeless cause - he cannot stand even the lightest cold. In March, you can cut cuttings from old bushes and root them after the cold.
Popular plant varieties
There are more than 70 different types of plants, differing from each other in their decorative features (shades of flowers, flowering time, height of the bush, and so on). But not all are used in gardening. Consider the most common varieties.
Table. Popular grades of ageratum.
Ageratum is often used to imitate a dry stream or water body.
Ageratum Mexican or Houston / Ageratum houstonianum
Several types of ageratum are toxic, containing pyrrolizidine alkaloid. For example, Ageratum houstonianum and Ageratum conyzoides
If you decide to grow ageratum seedlings, then you need to understand that the period between sowing seeds and the first flowering is at least 60 days.
Since this is a thermophilic plant, it is necessary to exclude the likelihood of spring frosts at the time of planting seedlings in the soil.
Even weak cooling can negatively affect the flower - this must be taken into account.
On a note! Having carried out some simple mathematical calculations, it is not difficult to guess that for sowing the seeds of the Ageratum the most optimal period is considered to be the middle of March. Of course, you can sow the seeds in a later period, but at the same time the beginning of flowering will move a little.
Growing from seed
Ageratum is a perennial plant, but in our conditions there is no need to use it for many years.
Breeding can be done in two ways - cuttings and seeds, but, finally weighing all the pros and cons, growers usually stop at the second method.
On a note! The development cycle of the ageratum is accelerated, which distinguishes the plant from its "colleagues". Thanks to this feature, you can move the sowing period to April-May.
Like any plant, ageratum loves nutritious soil.
In this case, it is better to use slightly acidic or neutral soil, so if you decide to cook the soil mixture yourself, mixing humus, lime and garden soil, do not forget to add a little dolomite flour - this will reduce the acidity of the soil. Also, do not add a lot of humus, because its excess will adversely affect flowering, making it more scarce.
This all concerns only the soil prepared by himself. Few gardeners do this. It will be much easier to buy ready-made soil for flowers in the store than to prepare it.
Soil nutritious universal for vegetables and flowers
Step 1. Fill the seedling container (in this case, the container) with about 80% soil mixture. If you want to immediately grow several varieties of ageratum, it is better for each of them to take a separate container.
Containers are filled with soil
Step 2. Pour the seeds out of the bag on a plate. It is not necessary to use all, because the seeds are very small and there is a lot of them.
Half the contents of the package on one container - this is quite enough. Preliminary preparation of inoculum is not necessary.
Seeds spill out onto a plate
Step 3. Evenly sow the seeds on the ground surface.
They have a long form, so you can easily notice if in any place they have accumulated 5-6 pieces.
Use a regular toothpick to push the seeds away from each other. It will be much faster than later removing shoots.
Sowing seeds of ageratum
Step 4. In the process of growing, monitor the soil moisture.
At an early stage, humidity can be saved by placing the container in a special container with a hole made.
If the seeds are not provided with sufficient moisture, the plant dies in almost all cases.
Tanks are placed in a container.
Step 5. Place the seed container on the windowsill on the sunny side. If all the necessary conditions for seed germination are met, then you will soon receive such friendly shoots.
Transplantation in open ground
In the second half of May, having chosen a clear and warm week (by reviewing the weather forecast in advance), proceed to transplanting seedlings of plants into open soil.
Place the seedlings in the prepared holes, and fill the remaining space with soil that needs to be slightly (but not tightly) compacted.
The distance between short growing varieties of ageratum should be no more than 15 cm, between tall ones - up to 25 cm.
On a note! The area where you plant the plants should be sunny, because even a slight shading can cause the shoots to pull out.
As a result, the intensity of flowering is reduced.Even though the main part of the work has been left behind, you still have to work hard.
We are talking about the care of ageratum.
The use of Mexican Ageratum in the design of flower beds and flower beds
Although the plant is considered unpretentious and not demanding to care, still need to pay attention to him. But the labor and time spent will not go in vain. As a result, you will be rewarded with a lush and bright flowering ageratum.
For feeding you can use not only mineral, but also organic fertilizers. Also, gardeners prefer to make complex fertilizers.
This should be done every 3 weeks, and the first feeding should be carried out using the minimum dosage of fertilizers. Otherwise, flowering may slow due to their excess.
It is not recommended to use manure to fertilize the soil, because it can destroy the ageratum.
The root system of this plant is very developed, which allows the ageratum to extract the necessary amount of moisture from the soil. Therefore, irrigate regularly - every 3 weeks, but at least once a month.
In the hot period, the frequency of irrigation, as well as the amount of water used, can be slightly increased.
Ageratums will be pleased with a gorgeous color, provided that they are additionally watered in dry weather.
This must be done generously, but not excessively.
For lush and beautiful bushes, you need to periodically cut the ageratum. Leave no more than 4 internodes when pruning to speed up plant development.
Before the first frost, you can transplant the flowers in separate pots and grow them in greenhouses or at home. Proper care will allow you to enjoy beautiful flowers throughout the winter.
On a note! With the onset of spring, the bushes can be transplanted back into the open ground or cut the plants into cuttings, thus rejuvenating it.
Regular watering and fertilizing - this is not the only thing to do when growing ageratum. The soil around the plants must be regularly loosened.
Since this flower likes to grow in airy soil, this procedure will improve its growth. When loosening, be sure to remove all weeds, as they inhibit plant growth.
After completing another weeding, gurgle the soil. This prevents excessive evaporation of moisture.
Fight against diseases and pests
Like most ornamental plants, ageratum can be subject to various diseases, the most common of which include root rot.
Neglect of preventive measures will lead to rotting and, as a result, the death of the plant. To avoid this, you need to pay attention to the intensity of irrigation and periodically loosen the soil.
Another ageratum may be affected by a cucumber mosaic, which is also the result of non-compliance with the rules of care.
Seedlings that are still indoors or in a greenhouse should be protected from whiteflies.
If these pests still appear, it is imperative that the damaged plants be removed, and the flowers themselves be treated with insecticides. Carry out the treatment until the complete destruction of all insects.
Over time, when you transplant seedlings in an open field on a flower bed, nematodes or shovels can encroach on plants. In this case, you also need to use special tools for processing.
And remember that the correct and conscientious observance of the rules of agricultural engineering will save your plants from such troubles.
What does a scoop look like?
As noted earlier, ageratum is of great value for landscaping and decorating plots.
This is due to prolonged flowering, unpretentiousness and color variety.
This combination is quite rare among ground cover ornamental plants.
Ageratum photo on the beds
Ageratum group composition
Bright variety of ageratum on a bed
Care of ageratum in open ground
For decoration of balconies, loggias or borders ideal low growing varieties of ageratum, and tall plants can be grown for further cutting.
If we talk about the combination with other colors, the blue grades of ageratum will look great with escholcias, zinnias and marigolds.
In other words, any unpretentious flowers of yellow shades are suitable here.
Ageratum seed cultivation
The ageratum is usually propagated by seed. They are sown after mid-March in a mixture of humus, peat and sand in equal proportions. Seeds are placed on the soil and easily covered with substrate.
Next, the container is covered with glass and is contained in a room with a temperature not lower than 17 ° C. Do not forget to air the sown every day and water the soil so that it is always a little wet.
When shoots appear, the glass is removed, and according to the development of 4 true leaves, they dive into separate containers. When they grow up, conduct a second dive, and this time it is necessary that each individual be in a separate container.
You can water the seedlings only in the morning. For 15 days before planting, take the seedlings to fresh air, so that they begin to harden. But at the same time make sure that with sudden frosts, the flowers are not affected.
How to plant and grow ageratum in open ground?
The plant ageratum, planting and care in the open field for which are not very difficult, is a favorite flower of people who love to see bright cut bouquets in their rooms.
A native flower from North America, looks very much like aster. These plants are able to maintain freshness for a very long time in cut form.
The characteristics of the Ageratum and the description can be found both on the Internet and in the literature on floriculture and horticulture for professionals and amateurs.
Ageratum has many varieties, each of which is distinguished by its color, shape of buds and decorative green mass.
Plants can be both large and small, but all share one thing - the beauty of buds and their durability.
It is required to dwell in more detail on the varieties of culture.
Ageratum blue is one of the most common varieties. The flowers of this plant are distinguished by a special saturation of the shade, although at the same time they are not too large in size.
Ageratum Blue Mink is a similar variety, only its buds are smaller and lighter.
The height of ageratum Blue Mink reaches only 15-20 cm, but stands out among all the others with delicate bluish-lavender flowers.
- Clairvoyant Baba Nina called signs of the zodiac on which money will fall from the sky in May 2018 ...
Ageratum The blue ball is also considered a compact plant, although it is already slightly higher than the previous variety - it reaches 20-25 cm. This species is distinguished by rather dense inflorescences of a soft blue tint. Pink ball - the same variety, only has a pink-tinged inflorescence.
Ageratum Bely (Alba) is a species distinguished by snow-white flowers that directly blind the eyes. The bush of white ageratum is not very large - about 20 cm in height, the inflorescences on it are dense and very beautiful, somewhat reminiscent of the wedding dress of the bride.
Ageratum Houston is a type of culture that combines all the above plants, plus several other varieties.
It is the aggregate of all ageratums of small size with medium-sized but closely-fitting buds in inflorescences.
Ageratum Houston is a mix of Mexican plants of various bright colors.
Site preparation and soil
For the ageratum, planting and care in the open field are determined by the choice of a suitable place for the plant, as well as the soil, which will fully satisfy the demands of this chic shrub. If we talk about growing, ageratum requires first proper planting, so you need to consider its main subtleties. So:
- 1 For a plant, it is important to choose a place that will be maximally illuminated.This flower normally transfers shadow only 2 hours a day. All the rest of the time, it is advisable to stay an agratum under direct sunlight, even if the weather in the region is very hot and arid.
- 2An important rule in the cultivation of agratum from seedlings or seeds - the absence of drafts. It is preferable to choose an open place that will be protected by a green hedge in the distance. This will allow the plant to give maximum light to the plant and shelter it from winds.
- 3 Despite the fact that the plant is not very whimsical to the soil, it is desirable to choose for it the most light and non-acidic soil. Do not too enrich the earth with fertilizers, as in this case, all the forces will go to the formation of foliage, and flowering will not be so noticeable.
- 4Avoid the presence of a large number of stones in the soil, and do not over-wet it before planting. Otherwise, the root system can rot and the plant will die, and not having time to please with its beautiful buds.
Observance of such simple recommendations will allow the plants to provide the necessary conditions for further development and the formation of dense bright inflorescences regardless of the way in which this crop is supposed to be planted in open ground.
Sprouting from seed
If the ageratum is grown from seeds, when to plant them in the ground? This is the most frequently asked question by gardeners. Experts say that it is best to do this in early March, when there are no strong frosts at night.
However, if we are talking about growing a plant from seed in room conditions, followed by picking up rooted flowers, then you can start sowing seeds in January.
There are many varieties of this plant, but the planting material is almost the same for all.
To grow a healthy ageratum from seed, a suitable substrate should be prepared.
It is best to take in equal parts humus, sand and peat, mix everything thoroughly and moisten it so that the soil becomes loose.
Prepare wooden boxes or peat pots, pour the substrate into them. The seeds of ageratum can not soak.
In a box or pots, make shallow grooves, spill with warm water, put the seeds in there and sprinkle with loose soil on top. You can moisten the ground with water from a spray bottle.
The box is covered with a film. Shoots will appear in about 10 days, after which you can take the plants to the air.
If the greenhouse is right on the site, begin to open it more often, so that the flower gets used to the surrounding climate.
Moisten the soil as it dries, sprinkle it with a new substrate to form healthy roots.
The pickling of the seedlings into separate peat pots or directly into the ground for a permanent place is done when there are already a few leaves on the plants, and the stem has become quite powerful. The first time after the pickup of the agratum is to be watered with any complex fertilizer.
When propagating ageratum cuttings, it is important to choose the right weather - when the temperature stays at 21 ° C, and at night there will be no heavy frosts.
Planted ageratum in the ground need rooted.
The holes for him are not too deeply prepared, as excessive planting of the plants in the ground can lead to rotting of the stem.
In ageratum, seedlings require good drainage from expanded clay, some chicken droppings or dried leaves. Such organics will serve as a sufficient nutrient medium for the near future.
Immediately after landing, cover the ageratum with a film. It will be possible to remove it only when the plant is fully strengthened, and on the street during the day and during the day the temperature will be above zero.
If you properly plant the ageratum flowers in open ground, then this is half the success. But behind the ageratum care is just as important as the proper fit. Watch out for this beautiful plant for no less than other inhabitants of the garden. It should take into account some subtleties:
- 1 Moderate but abundant watering is the key to active flowering of the plant. Culture loves moisture, but it does not tolerate its excess in the soil. Watering the plant is necessary as the soil dries. You can do this often, but at the same time use some water, it is also allowed to water the ageratum less often with plenty of liquid in order to soak the whole earth lump. In a hot and arid climate, the flower needs abundant moisture.
- 2 Try to remove weeds from the soil around the bushes after each watering. Do this carefully so as not to damage the not yet fully formed root system of the plant, if we are talking about young seedlings.
- 3 Weeding the soil is one of the main factors for forming beautiful bouquets of flowers. Weed the land should be after each watering (after about 1-2 days, when it dries out a little). This will ensure the roots breathing and will not give zagnit.
- 4Custops of plants respond well to the formation. Thanks to the correct pruning, the bushes can be given the most bizarre views - from spherical to elongated upwards. Another pruning contributes to a more active and lush flowering plants.
- 5To the ageratum grow not up, but form a lush crown of leaves and flowers, you should periodically pinch it. And it should be done at a young age. During pinching it is important to leave at least 5 leaves on the plant shoots. Then the bush will bloom long and lush.
- 6 Proper fertilization in the soil is another crucial aspect of ageratum care. It is necessary to introduce mineral substances into the soil no more than three times a week. In this case, you can limit the mullein or chicken droppings. But any manure must be diluted with water.
All these tips listed above will help grow healthy ageratum plants on the site, which will long please with its bright color and decorative leaves. If we talk about growing, the flower is not very fastidious in the care.
Like any garden flower, ageratum, which is easy to maintain, is not protected from pests and fungal diseases.
And although, unlike fruit crops, a flower is more resistant to negative effects, it also needs prevention and periodic treatment as needed.
It is necessary to dwell on these issues in more detail.
Diseases of ageratum
The most dangerous disease of Agratuma is the cucumber mosaic. It manifests itself in the fact that white and yellow spots appear on the leaflets. Soon, in the absence of appropriate treatment, such spots attract the aphids, which finally ruins the ageratum.
Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment for this disease if we are talking about a strong defeat. You just need to remove from the soil a sick bush. If the plant is not damaged much, you can treat it with Bordeaux liquid.
Another dangerous disease is root rot. It affects and destroys almost all plants with the wrong mode of watering.
At the initial stage, the rotting of the roots does not practically affect the state of the plant.
But as the disease progresses, the ageratum literally begins to wither: the leaves wither and turn yellow, the flowers are not very bright, the buds are formed weak or not tied at all.
If signs of root rot are found, then it is necessary to remove the ageratum from the ground and carefully examine the root system. With a strong defeat, most likely, save the plant will not work.
If only a small part of the roots is rotten, then they are removed, and the cut sections are treated with charcoal. To land after this ageratum is better to another place in order to avoid reinfection.
One of the most common insects that can cause significant damage to the ageratum is the whitefly.
As a rule, it infects leaflets, after which white or yellowish spots remain on them, which look very much like mosaic disease.
As a method of dealing with whitefly, special oils are used, which are sprayed with ageratum bushes. Such minerals can be purchased at any garden store.
The interval of treatments is from 1 to 2 weeks. This can be done for preventive purposes. But before the procedure, do not forget to remove all the affected leaves and stems.
As for the slugs and the bear, they do not often spoil this plant.
If, however, there are too many of these pests on the site, then it is better to take advantage of baits in a timely manner, thanks to which it will be possible to reduce their number in a relatively short time and thereby protect plants as much as possible.
For an ageratum, the description and rules for growing which today can be found in many reference books for florists, it is important to do everything in time - picking, watering, weeding and pruning.
Then beautiful inflorescences with colorful buds will not take long to wait and will delight both in the flowerbed and cut in a vase indoors. Choosing for yourself a certain sort of ageratum, remember that almost all species of this plant are unpretentious in content.
Cultivation and care will not be difficult, even if there is a desire to arrange several varieties on the flowerbed at once.
The story of one of our readers Irina Volodina:
My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.
But how to rejuvenate them? Plastic surgery? I found out - no less than 5 thousand dollars.
Hardware procedures - photorejuvenation, gas-liquid pilling, radio lifting, laser facelift? Slightly more accessible - the course costs 1.5-2 thousand dollars.
And when to find all this time? Yes, and still expensive. Especially now. Therefore, for myself, I chose another way ...
Reproduction by cuttings
The ageratum is usually propagated by seed and seedlings. Compared to grafting, these methods are less labor intensive and are used more often. The method of propagation by cuttings is used for breeding hybrids, and to achieve a bushy plant species.
Reproduction Ageratum cuttings
Preparation for grafting occurs in the fall before the start of frost. Flowers intended for propagation from open ground are transplanted into pots and brought into a warm room. With the onset of spring, side shoots up to 5 cm in size are cut from plants.
The cut must be located below the buds, where the special substance is located, which further protects the mother plant from the effects of fungus and disease. Cut cuttings should be planted in a mini greenhouse.
Planting in open ground occurs as in the normal planting of seedlings of plants.
Flowers do not tolerate enhanced water flooding. For the full development of plants requires daily moderate watering. It is best to water in the morning.
Moisture entering the soil under the influence of sunlight gradually evaporates, thereby allowing the flowers to receive important vital energy. During the flowering period, the dose of watering should be slightly increased.
You should also maintain a uniformly moistened soil condition.
Good growth of flowers contributes to the introduction of humus. In the absence of this fertilizer, you can apply mineral or compost, just following the required dosage. Excess fertilizer, including organic, can bring plants a small amount of flowers with increased growth.
what the ageratum looks like
The result is not flowering volumetric bush. Stable flowering ageratum brings the use of nitrophosphate and ammofoski at the rate of 20 - 30 grams of fertilizer per 10 liters of water.
Loosening and trimming
Continuous care requires periodic soil loosening and weed removal. Carefully loosen the ground during weeding, to avoid damage to the roots that are close to the surface.
Restoration of a flower after trimming overgrown upper part is painless and quick. Faded and dry flowers are harvested from plants. This will create an attractive look, maintain a compact form of the bushes, as well as extend the flowering period.
Ageratum at home
Home conditions are great for the development of flowers.
Unpretentious plants grow remarkably in spacious containers, with a small amount of drainage applied to the bottom.
In winter, the time is pleased with friendly flowering. In the summer, they are placed on the balcony, veranda, or fixed under the windows.
Simple rules for the care of the ageratum at home will allow the plants to maintain their decorative appearance for a long time:
- The arrangement of flowers in the room should be on the south side of the apartment, near the windows, with lots of heat and light.
- Watering plants should be carried out daily in the morning, with small doses at the root.
- Acquisition of finished soil for ageratum, with the necessary content of microelements and organic substances, will allow plants to obtain useful nutrients. At the same time, the loose soil structure will give the roots a constant supply of air.
- Compound feed dressing should be applied once every six months.
- Sprouted flowers should be divided and planted in spacious containers.
Diseases and pests
Ageratum is resistant to various diseases. Because of its tropical origin, it is not a “tasty” plant for pests. However, in spite of good indicators of resistance, it is also exposed to some diseases and attacks from dangerous pests:
- frequent planting and increased watering of plants leads to the appearance of cucumber mosaic and bacterial wilt,
- most susceptible to the invasion of aphids, whitefly and spider mites.
Garlic tincture is the most effective folk method of pest control.
To prepare the tincture using 220 grams of minced garlic, filled with 1 liter of water. After 5 days, the mixture is diluted in 10 liters of water.
The finished tincture using a spray applied to the infected areas of the plant.
In the manufacture of tinctures should carefully monitor the amount of garlic used to further avoid burns in plants.
To resist pests help both folk and industrial special means.
In the fight against spider mites, it is recommended to use industrial products from insecticoacaricidal preparations: “Agravertin”, “Neoron” and “Nissoran”.
To cope with the whitefly will help drugs: "Mospilan", "Tanrek" and "Commander".
The difficulties of growing and care
With early planting of the Ageratum, the color of the leaves may change to a lighter color, due to the low temperature at night.
In this case, timely hardening of seedlings with shelter in the cold night will be an effective preventive measure. It is also possible targeted hardening with the removal of seedlings on the balcony.
As a cover, they use: cellophane, paper bags, cut-off bulk plastic containers.
With improper irrigation of the ageratum, blackening and rotting of the plant is possible. Abundant watering from the top leads to the retention of water droplets in the top part of the plant.
In case of insufficient ventilation, the mold is covered with a flower with further negative consequences.
In this situation, the only necessary and correct condition for irrigation is the root method.
Seed collection for planting
To get seeds for planting, flowers must be pollinated by bumblebees or bees.
After the end of the flowering period of the plants, after about 2-3 weeks from the appearance of flowers, the seeds are collected for future planting.
The collected seeds are light brown in color, very light, have an elongated shape and small size. In 1 gram can contain from 6 to 7 thousand pieces.
Seeds are best stored in paper or cloth bags in a cool, dry place.
Planting and maintenance of the ageratum (briefly)
- Landing: sowing on seedlings - in the second half of March, followed by transplanting seedlings into the ground in the second decade of May.
- Bloom: from June to the first frost.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: easy, nutritious, not too fat, neutral.
- Watering: plentiful, under the root.
- Top dressing: once every three weeks alternately with organic and mineral fertilizers. Make fresh manure is not recommended.
- Reproduction: cuttings and seeds.
- Pests: leaf and gall nematodes, caterpillars scoop, spider mites, whitefly.
- Diseases: root rot, bacterial wilt, cucumber mosaic virus.
Ageratum flower - description
Ageratum is a small bush with triangular, oval or rhombic leaves of juicy green color with a jagged edge. The upper leaves are alternate, sessile, and the middle and lower leaves are opposite, on petioles. Numerous erect pubescent stems reach a height of 10 cm to 60 cm. The flowers are small, fragrant, bisexual, collected in small inflorescences baskets ranging from one to one and a half centimeters in diameter, which in turn constitute complex thyroid inflorescences - there are not only blue and purple, but also white, and pink shades. Ageratum fruit is an elongated wedge-shaped pentahedral achene. There are about 7 thousand small seeds in one gram, which remain viable for 3-4 years.
In our climatic conditions, ageratum is grown as an annual plant, because it is very thermophilic. Ageratum looks great in a flower bed, in rabatka, it is used to create carpet compositions. Other annuals, such as snapdragons, marigolds, and calendula, belong to the plants of the ageratum partners.
After the emergence of the shoots of two pairs of true leaves, they need to sit more spaciously. Seedlings of the Ageratum need to dive twice, and during the second picking each sprout should be planted in a separate pot or cup. The air around the seedlings should be dry and the soil should be moist. Watering ageratum is carried out only in the morning. Two weeks before planting, take the plant out to the open air for acclimatization, but if there is a threat of frost, be prepared to cover them.
Ageratum - care
Care of the ageratum involves watering, feeding, loosening the soil and weeding. Water the ageratum should be abundant, but not excessive, after watering, together with loosening the soil, remove the weeds. Feed the plant with humic or mineral fertilizers every two to three weeks. Good effect on ageratum fertilizing infusion of mullein, but in any case, do not use fresh manure as a fertilizer - ageratum does not tolerate it. Try not to overfeed the plant, otherwise it will turn green green and not bloom. Remove faded buds in time. If you want the ageratum to bloom profusely and beautifully, you should cut it off as needed, leaving only a few internodes on the stem. Usually, after such pruning, the ageratum grows rapidly and blooms more magnificently.
Ageratum after flowering
On the eve of the first frost, transplant the most beautiful ageratum bushes into flower pots and bring them into the house, on the balcony or veranda - they will decorate your home until the end of autumn, and maybe even in winter. In March, you can cut cuttings from these bushes and root them in order to plant them in the garden after frost.
In general, ageratum is a thermophilic plant that does not tolerate even the mildest winters. Shelter will not help him either.Therefore, it is necessary to clear the flower bed from the remnants of the ageratum and plant new plants next spring.
Ageratum flowers - all about growing and breeding
Among all the flowering garden plants, the ageratum is distinguished not only by the unusual shape of the buds, but also by the long flowering. South America is considered the birthplace of this culture, where it can successfully grow and blossom for several years in a row. Due to the characteristics of the temperate climate of our country, in the Russian gardens this plant is grown only as an annual.
In this article you will find useful information about the reproduction, planting and growing of the Aheratum, and the photos and videos will help you master the necessary skills for caring for this unusual flower.
Ageratum: general description of the plant
Externally, the plant is a small compact shrub with bright green toothed leaves. Stems are straight and are covered with small hairs along the entire length. But the greatest interest are the flowers of culture. They are small and collected in baskets, inflorescences. The buds may be white and pink, but the traditional color is blue or purple (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Species ageratum diversity
Since culture belongs to tropical plants, in our climate it is grown only as an annual crop. This is due to the thermophilicity of the plant and its inability to winter. At the same time flowering culture continues until the beginning of autumn frosts.
Methods of breeding ageratum
For reproduction of this tropical culture using the method of cutting and direct sowing of seeds in the ground (Figure 2). The main difference between these methods is that when sowing seeds, you can get completely new hybrids, and when using grafting, you are guaranteed to get an exact copy of the mother plant, which served as the source for preparing planting material.
To prepare cuttings and use them to grow new plants in the coming year, you will have to dig a previously planted plant and transfer it from a flower bed to a spacious pot. During the winter it is kept in room conditions, located as close as possible to sunlight.
Water the plant moderately, and make additional feeding no more than once a month. To do this, it is enough to add special mineral fertilizers for flowers to the water for irrigation.
Approximately six weeks before planting in the ground begin to harvest cuttings. To do this, the necessary number of twigs 10–15 cm long are cut from the strongest bushes. The lower section of the cuttings is treated with a solution of the root-forming agent for more rooting. After this, the cuttings are placed in a loose cut in a loose soil (a mixture of peat and sand), watered slightly and cover each cutting with a jar.
Figure 2. The main methods of reproduction: seeds and cuttings
Further, the containers with seedlings must be transferred to a warm and bright place, while it is important to bear in mind that for fast rooting, the temperature should not be allowed to rise above 22 degrees. After 3-4 weeks roots will sprout on the sprouts, and a month later - young shoots. After that, you can start landing in open ground, but it is important to bear in mind that a period without the risk of frost is suitable for this.
In a temperate climate, it is impossible to grow a flower by direct sowing of seeds into the ground, so the seedling method is used for this.
Note: The seeds of the crop are very small, therefore, they cannot be embedded deep into the soil. It will be enough just to scatter them over the surface, sprinkle with a thin layer of sand and pour. On top of the container must cover with a film or glass.
With proper seed sowing, the first seedlings will appear within 2 weeks. Next, you need to carefully monitor when the sprouts appear on two leaves. This means that the seedlings should dive in separate containers.
It is important to take into account that in young saplings the root system is more resistant to damage than in plants ready for transplanting into the ground. Therefore, it is recommended to immediately dive them into peat pots, so that later it would be easier to transplant the plant into the ground.
In the future, watering the seedlings should be moderate, since an excess of moisture can cause rotting of the roots and the death of the seedling. Also, seedlings are twice fed with mineral fertilizers for flower crops, using half the standard dose of fertilizing. Approximately two weeks before planting they begin to harden the seedlings, lifting the shelter daily. This will help the plants to adapt to new conditions and transfer the transplant more easily.
Choosing a place for flower beds
An important role in the cultivation is played by the correct selection of the site for placement of the culture. For this, light fertile soils that easily pass water and air are best suited.
In addition, it is important to take into account that the flower requires intensive illumination, so it is better to place a flower bed with this crop in a sunny, but protected from the wind plot. It is important to note that the culture does not grow on stony soils and does not tolerate fertilizer with humus; therefore, only special mineral fertilizers for flowering crops can be used as top dressing.
Rules of planting ageratum and care for the culture
It is possible to carry out a landing in the ground after the completion of spring frosts, choosing a well-lit and protected from drafts area for this. If it grows in the shade, its shoots will become too long thin, and flowering will not be abundant.
Before planting the plot is carefully loosened, free from weeds and dig the required number of holes. They should be located at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other, and the depth should correspond to the size of the peat pot in which the seedlings were grown. Flowering will begin within 2 months after disembarkation.
After placing the seedlings in the flower bed, you need to take care of the comfort of the plant, providing him with proper care depending on the season. Let us consider in more detail what works should be carried out in a bed with an ageratum (Figure 3).
Water young seedlings should be moderate. The soil should not be dry, but high humidity will be detrimental to the plant. The fact is that ageratum refers to crops that tolerate drought well, but an excess of moisture can cause root decay.
With the arrival of heat, you will have to regularly weed the beds from the weeds. Since the plant belongs to undersized crops, weeds can simply choke it, and the bush will stop growing. In the process of weeding, it is desirable to carry out and surface loosening, so that enough air reaches the roots.
Features care in the fall
Autumn flower does not require special attention gardener. Basic care is reduced to the removal of dried inflorescences. Since the flowering period continues until late autumn and the onset of frosts, cutting off wilted buds will help the plant to form new buds and provide a more lush and prolonged flowering.
Figure 3. The main stages of the care of flowers
Since this flower is not used as a perennial in a temperate climate, in the fall they begin preparing the plant for winter. As a rule, it is during this period that they start harvesting planting material (cuttings or seeds) for growing new bushes next year. To do this, you must either collect the seeds formed at the site of wilted buds, or dig up the plant and transfer it to the house to cut cuttings in the future.
How to take care of ageratum in winter
Leaving a flower for the winter in a bed does not make sense, since this plant is not resistant to cold, and even if there is shelter, its root system will freeze.
Therefore, if you plan to grow flowers next year, you need to dig an adult plant in the fall, transplant it into a large pot and transfer it to the house. During the winter, it is kept in a warm and well-lit room, watered moderately and once a month is fed with special mineral fertilizers for flowering crops. At the end of winter, it will be possible to cut cuttings from this plant to grow new bushes.
It is necessary to fertilize the shrub cautiously, as an excess of dressings can negatively affect the growth of the crop. First of all, it should be borne in mind that fresh manure and humus are not suitable for it, therefore, it is desirable to use special minerals for flower crops as top dressings.
The only period of intensive feeding is the time immediately after landing in the ground. At this time, he really needs nutrients for intensive growth, so mineral supplements, dissolved in water, are applied three times a week. But when the flowering period begins, the amount of fertilizer needs to be reduced. Without this condition, the sapling will turn into a very sprawling and lush bush, but there will be few flowers and ovaries.
Use of ageratum in garden decoration
Modern varieties have a wide variety of bush forms and shades of inflorescences. Because of this, it can be considered universal, and used in both single and group flower arrangements. For example, marigolds, cynia or calendula can be planted next to each other (Figure 5).
Figure 5. The use of flowers in garden design
In addition, ageratum can be used not only for decorating flowerbeds and borders, but also for decorating balconies, since this compact shrub can be easily grown in pots or boxes.
From the video you will learn how to plant and grow ageratum in more detail.
Description of ageratum with photos of flowers
South tropical countries: Mexico and South America are considered the birthplace of a long-term ageratum. A large distribution of flowers can also be seen in the eastern part of India.
In the climatic conditions of Russia, due to poor tolerance of frosts, the plant is grown as an annual. Developed root system is well adapted to the new place.
Thermophilic culture in the greenhouse and home conditions can grow over the years.
Ageratum blue on the photo
The appearance of the ageratum has a small bush shape with stems not exceeding 60 cm in length. Small bright green leaves from 3 to 4 cm completely cover the plant, creating a lush carpet.
The softness of the fibers, which envelop the leaves, stems and flowers, adds to the decorative nature of the ground cover plant.
In the bushy parts are tubular flowers of blue and purple, with petals in the form of long soft needles.
The color range of flowers of the Ageratum species is represented by pink, white, lilac and other shades. Long flowering up to 5 months, starting from May - June and ending in October, pleases those around with its richness and amazing beauty.
Culture is widely used in landscape design. It combines well with many plants. Used in the design of carpet compositions. Able to harmoniously fill empty spaces among representatives of other cultures. In demand in the work of designers and florists.
The most popular of all varieties. This species has large flowers with a classic color. Numerous hybrids were created based on this variety.
The flower called Ageratum Blue Danube is the most beautiful. The hybrid of this plant has a smaller size compared to the parent variety.
The main difference of this type of ageratum is its unusual purple color of flowers.
The variety has a second name - Houston's ageratum. The size of the flowers is larger than that of the Blue Mink. The height can reach up to 50 cm.
The variety contains two subspecies: shrub and grassy. The flowers are light blue with a lilac shade, gathered in corymbose inflorescences.
Light-loving plants adapt well to bright sunlight and are not afraid of high temperature.
Ageratum Mexican photo
This species has a miniature and not too branched bush form. Small leaves of a rich light green color.
Lush white color flowers are collected in complex umbrella-shaped shields that are densely distributed on the surface of the bush. Long flowering takes place from early June to late fall.
Flowers tolerate heat well. The grade is grown up on borders of beds and in flowerpots.
Agerantum White Summer Snow
Is the best groundcover annual variety. A small branchy shrub during flowering is hidden by a bright hat of fluffy and fragrant pink flowers.
Intense blooms from mid-June to mid-October. There are pubescent large leaves. Sun-loving plant grows well in nutrient soil.
Used for decoration of flower beds for various purposes.
ageratum pink ball
The variety of the annual plant is a low shrub about 25 cm high. Flowering from the beginning of June lasts until the first frost occurs.
In large corymbose inflorescences fragrant multicolored flowers are collected. Heliophilous and drought-resistant species can be grown with a slight shade.
Flowers are the original decoration of balconies, flower beds, rabatok and mixborders.
The groundcover variety is covered with snow-white flowers, which are collected in fluffy paniculate inflorescences. A low sprawling shrub reaches a height of 25 cm. A luxurious white "veil" carpeted with flowers of the sort of flower bed, flower garden, border, harmoniously combined with other flowering plants.
Ageratum snow cover photo
Small flowers resemble fluffy white balls tightly dotted with small spherical bushes. Drought-resistant plants grow on any soil. Well tolerated by the sun and partial shade.
Differ in plentiful blossoms up to the beginning of frosts. A fascinating spectacular view is a combination of a variety with red, blue, pink and purple flowers of other ageratum varieties.
Plants are grown to decorate flower beds, balconies, curbs, rocky hills.
ageratum white ball photo
Excellent characteristic of the variety distinguishes this species from other types of ageratum. Grown in rassadny way.
Long abundant flowering pleases the entire summer period until the first autumn frosts.
A wide range of colors of flowers looks harmoniously in a decorative flowerpot, on any flower bed, as well as when creating spectacular borders.
Ageratum Aztec treasure photo
Growing ageratum - planting in the open field and care
- Selecting a landing site. The plant prefers a bright light, so it will fit a flower bed, located on the east, west or south direction. The need for fresh air for the "ageless flower" is also quite high. Therefore, try to choose a place open, in which the shadowing can be only for 2 hours a day. It should also be borne in mind that this representative of the flora does not tolerate stagnant water, and if there is close groundwater in the garden plot, you should choose a place on a hill or in a well during planting to lay a layer of drainage material that will protect the roots from excessive moisture.
Growing temperature. Ageratum is thermophilic and with the first frost it begins to fade. Therefore, many growers dig up bushes and planted in pots, thus preserving them for the winter period. If this is done on time, the plant will continue to bloom throughout the winter, decorating the room. However, when such a requirement is not fulfilled, the bushes growing in the open ground will not survive even a low-frost winter. When the frosts recede in the spring, you can plant them back into the flower beds.
Soil when planting the ageratum is fertile with good draeness characteristics, so that air and moisture easily reach the roots. Connoisseurs recommend the use of sandy sandy mix or loam. Acidity should be neutral or slightly alkaline (pH 6–8). Humus for ageratum is unacceptable, and growing on a rocky substrate is harmful. When planting manure in the wells, it is strictly forbidden to make manure, otherwise the flower will die quickly.
Planting rules. Seedlings, which was obtained by any method (by sowing seeds or grafting) can be planted in open ground, when the frosts pass and the soil is already well warmed under the sun's rays. The following planting pattern is valid for all types of ageratum: no less than 15 cm is left between the plants, and rows are placed at a distance of 20–25 cm from each other.
Watering. For ageratum, it is important to withstand the abundance and frequency of soil moisture, so when the drought begins to fade flowers, and over-wetting the soil will lead to root rot. In order not to provoke a cucumber mosaic there are recommendations to water the plant with warm water (temperature is about 20-24 degrees). To do this, you can collect water tanks and let them heat up in the sun during the day.
Fertilizers. It is necessary for the beauty and pomp of flowering to fertilize the "ageless" flower with mineral means intended for flowering annual plants. Usually there are already many such ready-made drugs on the market. The frequency of feeding once a week.
Steps during propagation of ageratum from seeds and cuttings
To get new bushes "ageless" flower is sowing the seeds or rooting cuttings.
For seed reproduction, it is recommended to sow in our latitudes a month before the seedlings are moved to open ground. Since the size of the ageratum seeds is very small, they are distributed over the surface of the moistened peat-sand substrate, without sealing up. After that, the tank with crops is placed under glass or wrapped with a plastic transparent film. This will help keep the sprouts in heat (temperature 15 degrees) and high humidity. Under these conditions, the first seedlings will appear within 10–12 days. As soon as a pair of true leaf plates develops on the seedlings, it is recommended that the wicked young Ageratum be held in separate pots. As the latter, you can choose those made from peat.
Seedlings are watered very moderately and only in the mornings, as the plants can quickly die from waterlogging. While the seedlings have not yet been planted in a flower bed, it is recommended to carry out two applications of mineral fertilizers intended for plants that bloom in summer. The dosage of the drug is reduced by half. Before young ageratums are planned to be moved to open ground, a two-week hardening is carried out. So the seedlings are exposed to the air at first for 2-3 hours, gradually lengthening the time.
When grafting before the first frosts come, it is recommended that Ageratum be removed without destroying the earth bed and transplanted into spacious containers. In winter, the plants are kept close to the windows so that the light level is high. Watering is moderate and feeding is carried out once a month. Only 1/4 of a dose of mineral fertilizer is diluted in water for irrigation.45–50 days before planting the bushes back to the flowerbeds from the shoots, blanks for cutting are cut. Their length should be 10–15 cm. The lower section is treated with a root formation stimulator and planted in moist peaty-sandy soil. Then the cuttings are covered with a glass jar or a cut plastic bottle, put in a warm place with a temperature of 22 degrees and bright, but diffused illumination. It will take 20-28 days and roots will form on the cuttings, in a month you can see new shoots.
Difficulties in the process of cultivation of ageratum
Despite the beauty of flowering Ageratum is considered quite a painful flower. Most often suffers from root rot. If symptoms of the disease are noticed, it is recommended to carry out a complete replacement of the substrate. In order for the plant not to hurt, it is necessary to strictly control the frequency and abundance of watering, the soil mixture needed for planting is light and you will have to regularly loosen it.
This "timeless" flower also suffers from a variety of infectious diseases, such as, for example, bacterial wilting, cucumber mosaic. Alas, such diseases are not susceptible to chemicals, and only preventive measures can be carried out: frequent removal of weeds, disinfection of soda stock.
Periodically it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment of bushes from pests, using insecticides and acaricides, as well as from diseases, spraying fungicides.
Notes for gardeners, photos of ageratum flowers
A certain number of species (according to The Plant List 2013 base) have been assigned the status of unresolved name (unresolved name). This is due to the fact that, due to their properties, it has not yet been decided whether to give these plants the name as separate species or they are supposed to be reduced due to the descriptions in the system index (synonymy) of the already existing taxa.
There is also evidence that some species of the genus Ageratum contain toxins, which are pyrrolizidine alkaloids. And the views of Ageratum Gauston (Ageratum houstonianum) and Ageratum conyzoides differ in the content of such carcinogens that can cause renal diseases.
Types of ageratum
Ageratum blue can be found under the name "Blue Mink". The plant got its second name due to the delicate shade of flower petals, which includes a soft blue color scheme, which reminds flower growers of the tender fur of this small predator. The height of the stems does not exceed 25 cm. The size of the inflorescence varies in the range of 5–8 cm. The flowers in the shield inflorescences almost completely cover the plant stems.
Ageratum mexicanum mix (Ageratum mexican mix) is called the Ageratum Houston or Ageratum houstonianum, long-flowered. This is because the flowering process is stretched from the beginning of June to the first frost. Distributed view of the southern regions of the North American continent and the northern regions of South America. But today it is cultivated in both hemispheres, if the climate permits. In Russia, found as an alien plant in the Moscow region, and in Ulyanovsk there is evidence of its self-renewal in flowerbeds.
Stems erect, multiple with abundant branching. The height they can reach from 0.1 m to 0.5 m, but this figure is directly dependent on the variety. The sheet plates are oval-shaped, or they can take the form of a rhombus, along the edge there is serration, the surface is rough.
When flowering revealed fragrant flowers with narrow tubular outlines. They are quite small, gathered in inflorescences-baskets, which do not exceed 1-1.5 cm in diameter. These basket-like inflorescences are then joined into already large inflorescences-shields, which are 10 cm across. The color of the flowers depends on the variety, and the flowering period and the height of the flowering stems are also associated with this. The most popular varieties of this variety are considered
- Alba, it has a compact spherical shape (the stems do not exceed 20 cm in height) and dense inflorescences of a snow-white color scheme.
Blaue Kappe has a size of stems about 20-30 cm, while the bush takes spherical shape. Shoots with a thick fluffy coating, painted in a dark green color scheme. The size of inflorescences is average (only 5–6 cm in diameter), they are loose, possessing short stigmas. The color of flowers lilac-blue. The variety is considered late, as the flowering process takes place at the end of June and stretches until mid-autumn.
Balusternhen (Blaushternhen) is a low-growing variety, the stems do not exceed 10–15 cm in height, forming a compact bush. The shoots are thin densely pubescent, with a dark emerald color. On the branches there is a small bloom of purple hue. A small amount of flowers are collected in inflorescences, therefore they are loose outlines. The baskets are small, not exceeding 1 cm in diameter. The color of the petals in them is bluish with a mauve tone, but in the buds the color scheme is dark purple. This variety is considered early because the plant is allowed to blossom since June and can last until mid-autumn. However, watering requirements are very high.
Video about the care of ageratum:
Description and features of ageratum
This is a flowering ornamental plant belonging to the Astrav family (or compositae). There are about 60 species in the world. His homeland scientists believe South America and Central America and the main part of the territory of Mexico.
The most popular cultivated variety recognized Gauston. The plant has an additional name - Mexican. Growing this crop has become a very popular activity among gardeners in the CIS, because it can be planted as an annual. All other ageratums are perennial and difficult to take root in conditions of severe cold weather of the plant.
The name translates as "ageless" translated from Greek. This name very accurately describes the nature and style of flowering of the plant. It it has a long flowering period. It also keeps the shape and freshness of the leaves after cutting for a long time.
It is a perennial, rarely one-year, ornamental flowering plant.
is he thermophilicTherefore, it is difficult for it to settle down on the territory of the CIS countries as a perennial. Therefore, in these areas, it is possible to grow an agratum as an annual. Ageratum is distinguished by long flowering - from the beginning of June until the onset of cold weather. Because of this, its properties are especially valued by gardeners and landscape designers.
This plant is herbaceous, it perfectly branches. The branches grow wide, creating hedges and burgeoning carpets.
In height, the plant can grow by 14-60 cm, because of this it is possible to use it for various plantings.
Its leaves may have a different shape, it all depends on a particular type and variety: they can be triangular, diamond-shaped, rounded. Color is usually dark green.
The flowers are very small, have a head start on narrow tubes that form small braids. In turn, these baskets are collected in larger inflorescences. Flowers are supplied with colorless villi, the size of which is longer than the flowers themselves.
The color scheme may be different.. The most famous is blue along with all its shades. However, there are ageratums of snow-white, pink, red color.
During flowering, these plants create a dense blooming carpet that looks great against the background of a green lawn or other blooming plants.
After completion of flowering on the plant fruits occur, having the form of a small box of dark color.
The seeds of the ageratum are quite small, they are located in the seed box in large quantities. They can be stored for 3-4 years.
Main types and varieties
At the present moment in the world there are approximately 55-60 species of ageratum. In our country and in other CIS countries with severe winters, the Ageratum of Mexico and Ageratum Gauston are very popular.
The height of the flowers are divided into categories:
- undersized or dwarf - in height grow 9-15 cm,
- varieties average height - rise to 14-30 cm
- tall - 30-60 cm
Besides all varieties are divided by color of their flowers:
- snow-white ageratums - flowering plants in white or cream color,
- blue ageratums - inflorescences of blue and blue flowers,
- red ageratums - this category includes plants with colors of red and pink flowers,
- yellow ageratums - yellow palette,
- multicolor ageratums - these flowers can be of different tones.
Ageratum Gauston varieties
The most famous cultivated variety recognized Gauston (aka Mexican).
It gained its popularity among the gardeners of the CIS countries, since they can grow ageratum as a garden annual plant. All ageratums are by nature considered to be perennial plants that are difficult to survive in conditions of extreme cold.
Growing varieties provided by the species can be carried out in open soil every year. There are a huge number of different types of Mexican Ageratum.
It should be noted several classifications that are allocated in accordance with individual characteristics and characteristics.
Consider in detail the discharge ageratum Gauston and his most famous varieties.
The standard name for this species is Mexican, Russian gardeners call it long flowers because of their long flowering period. Flowers of this species are rather compact plants having a spherical shape. The height of ageratum Gauston can grow by 15-60 cm, growth depends on a particular variety. The flowers are small, covered with colorless villi, they gather in small inflorescences with a diameter of up to 1.5 cm, which gather in inflorescences of 8-10 cm. The Mexican ageratum color includes mostly blue, blue and purple shades, less often white and pink.
Famous grades of Ageratum Gauston
- Ash Fields. It is considered a hybrid species that grows up to 20-25 cm. The culture grows very densely, the shoots diverge from the stem by 30 cm, which gave the name to this species - "Purple Fields". Flowers have a bright and bright pink-purple color.
- Hawaii Mixt. This is a multi-colored look. May be pure white, pink, blue, purple. Belongs to undersized varieties, the bushes are very compact, grow to 9-15 cm.
- Alba - Ageratum with white flowers. In height it grows up to 20 cm, a spherical bush with strong inflorescences.
- Summer snow - quite tall bush, reaches 45 cm. Differs in branching. The inflorescences of the given ageratum are of strong, snow-white color.
- Leda - it is similar to Summer Snow, only its flowers of the Ageratum of this variety are white and blue.
- Blue mink. In height, this kind of ageratum will grow by 20-25 cm. Its inflorescences are quite large, touching purple-blue shade. Because of this color and tenderness of colors, this species was called "Blue Mink", comparing with the beast-namesake.
- Blue danub. Another very well-known variety, is spectacularly distinguished by its colorful inflorescences of blue-lavender tone. This species refers to undersized, but grows only up to 15 cm.
- Blausternchen. It is considered a dwarf species, its growth does not exceed 10 cm. It is a compact bush.His foliage is dark green. Flowers are very small, combined into small inflorescences, not more than 1 cm in diameter. The flowers are blue with lilac color, inside the bud the color is catchy, light lilac.
- Fire pink. It grows to a height of 20-30 cm and is a medium-age type of ageratum. Not very dense inflorescences of a dark pink shade are characteristic of it.
And for this plant, planting seeds is considered the most optimal solution because of their rapid germination.
Seeds can be planted in boxes for seedlings, and you can throw straight into the open ground. You can buy planting material in designated shopping centers or collect them yourself. The seeds of the ageratum are very small, so they must be sown very carefully. Surviving planting material can be stored up to 4 years.
Planting and maintenance in the open field
For plants, planting and care, carried out correctly and with attention, are of great importance.
The most preferred period for disembarking ageratum is the season from mid to late May. In this case, you will avoid the possible return of frost, which can kill your plant.
The place must be sunny and open, but it is well protected from the winds. The best fit plot on a gentle hill. Before choosing a place, scroll in your head what composition you plan to get as a result. Will you plant ageratum together with other plants, or give preference to a single planting.
Selection and preparation of land before disembarking
The soil for the ageratum should be loose and light, so the site must first be well digged and loosened. These plants prefer well-drained and fertile land. By acidity, they are suitable neutral or slightly acidic land. Because if the territory of your site with high acidity, during the landing, you can add dolomite flour or lime.
Still, look for the fact that there is not a lot of humus in the soil - this can lead to a lack of flowering.
The process of planting in open soil
After the preliminary stages of planting in May, you can begin planting seedlings of ageratum, the main thing is that there is no danger of cold weather returning. It is also important to make sure that the ground has already managed to warm up.
First of all loosen the soil at the landing siteotherwise the plant will suffer due to lack of oxygen in the soil.
Then prepare the landing holes, the distance between which must be observed depending on the selected type of ageratum. For tall varieties, indent between the holes at 18-25 cm, and for more compact and miniature species will be quite 10-15 cm.
The depth of the holes should not be very large. Most often, Agratuma seedlings are deepened to the same distance at which it grew in boxes.
Then pour all the holes abundantly with water and wait for the landing area to absorb all the water. In no case should manure be placed in the wells. This fertilizer will be inappropriate here, because the plant may die.
Next, in each well, place the seedlings and cover with earth. You should not very tightly tamp the soil around the plants, otherwise you will open enough oxygen for them.
It is recommended to mulch the soil. This will help the plant to save water and protect the flower from possible frosts. Dry peat or sawdust can be used as mulch.
Ageratums are not very exacting to the level of care, but they also need a certain amount of attention and care. In the future, the plant will thank you for leaving a catchy and lush bloom.
Ageratum flowers - photos, varieties
Depending on the variety, the height of the plant may be from 20 to 50 cm. In the photo you can see that ageratum is a small bush with heart-shaped leaves and fluffy buds. Its flowers can be white, pale pink, lavender-blue, blue.
The opposite lower and middle leaves of the plant grow on the petioles, while the next upper leaves are sessile. Bisexual fragrant ageratum flowers are located on the corymbose inflorescences and reach in diameter from one to one and a half centimeters. The fruit is a pentahedral sphenoid seed. Seed germination of the plant is maintained for 3-4 years.
The plant has more than fifty species. Only a few of them are the most popular and demanded by gardeners.
The plant got its name because of the delicate blue flowers, which by their color and fluffiness similar to mink fur. Therefore, the second name of this type of ageratum is “Blue Mink”. A small bush is completely covered with rather large inflorescences that can be from 5 to 8 cm in diameter.
Most often ageratum grown from seed. In one mature fruit of the plant is up to six thousand seeds that can be collected and stored for several years. Landing is carried out in the second half of March.
- The seedling boxes are filled with soil mixture, which should consist of humus, peat and sand (1: 1: 1).
- The seeds of the ageratum are very small, so they are sown on the surface of the moistened soil, and only a little above it is sprinkled with soil.
- Top boxes covered with glass or polyethylene.
- Greenhouses put in a warm place and air daily.
- Care must be taken to keep the ground all the time wet. Therefore, if necessary, it must be sprayed with water at room temperature.
After about 10-14 days the first shoots should appear. After that, the glass or film can be removed, and the boxes placed in a well-lit place. Direct sunlight on the seedlings should not fall. Care of seedlings is timely watering with settled water.
When two true leaves appear, seedlings should be planted, increasing the distance between them. After about two weeks, the young bushes that have got stronger and have grown up are transplanted in separate pots. At home, watering seedlings only in the morning. The soil should always be slightly damp, and the air around the sprouts should be dry.
Two weeks before transplanting in open ground, young plants need to begin to “harden”. For this, cups with sprouts in warm weather are taken out to the open air.
Much easier and faster to grow ageratum cuttings. On the branches of the plant many young shoots with buds are formed, which must be cut off for reproduction. This breeding method is very convenient because annual plantand messing with seeds is not always possible.
Growing ageratum from cuttings and planting has its own characteristics:
- Before the frosts, the best bushes of the plant are dug up and transplanted into large containers.
- Potted flowers are brought into a warm room, and are grown at home until March. Feel good ageratum will also be on the insulated loggia.
- In March, you will need to cut the cuttings or dig up queen cells.
- The cuttings are planted in containers with an earthen mixture or in a greenhouse, and covered with plastic bags or cans. The buds germinate at a temperature of at least 20 ° C.
In this way it is recommended to propagate and grow hybrid varieties of ageratum. This is due to the fact that their seeds do not usually germinate.
Peculiarities of planting ageratum
Plant loves sunny places and drained soil with moderate moisture. Good growth and bloom ageratum will be on sub sandy and loamy soils. It is not recommended to plant a flower in the soil, oversaturated with organic matter from the garden. Young cuttings are better to plant in the greenhouse in a mixture of sand and earth.
A plot is prepared for young plants, and the wells are dug:
- the distance between the low bushes should be up to 10 cm,
- tall bushes should be planted at a distance of at least 25 cm.
If the soil at the site is prone to stagnant moisture, then drainage and peat moss should be poured into the wells. Seedlings in the wells are planted at the same depth as they grew in pots.
Care of ageratum in open ground
Growing ageratum is a simple matter, but still some subtleties in the care for him to take into account:
- The plant requires regular watering. Since he has a strong root system, the flower tolerates a lack of moisture easily. The water around the ageratum should not stagnate, otherwise its roots may begin to rot. Water the plant strictly under the root. It is desirable that water does not fall on the leaves and flowers. It is recommended to cover bushes during rains.
- After watering the soil around the plant need to weed and loosen.
- Every three weeks the ageratum needs to be fed with mineral and organic fertilizers. The concentration of the solutions should be two times less than that specified in the instructions. With abundant feeding, the bush will grow foliage and have a bad flowering. For the same reason, it is impossible to feed the plant with fresh manure.
- An effective way to extend flowering ageratum is a haircut. Be sure to cut the plant if the seedlings began to grow too fast or stretched. To plant the bush, you need to cut the tops of the shoots. Ageratum will begin to grow rapidly and flourish magnificently if only a few interstices remain on the stem after cutting.
Places planting ageratum
Decorative culture is widely used for home and garden decoration. Most grows in a flower bed. When planting several varieties get a beautiful flower meadow.
The combination of plant varieties with red and yellow flowers of other cultures, elegantly and effectively adorns any flower bed. Also used to design borders and alpine slides.
To create expressive flower compositions, the ageratum is grown with other decorative flowers: zinnia, velvet, calendula, and many others.
Light-requiring plant requires a lot of sun and space. Planting in a shady place is not suitable for flowers, they are more drawn in height, while losing their aesthetic appearance. For planting choose soil fertile and neutral in chemical composition.
The fertilizer used is rotted manure, which, unlike fresh, does not burn the roots of plants. Poorly ventilated soil in order to avoid rotting of the root system make drainage. For this, a layer of gravel is placed under the top layer of the earth.
The best grades of ageratum are rightfully popular and in demand among many gardeners. An unpretentious plant with timely planting and proper care presents all connoisseurs with an abundance of bright multicolor.