Garden horseradish is a perennial, winter-hardy and fairly unpretentious plant. Growing it in the garden is easy - periodic watering, weeding and loosening will help with this. However, to get a bountiful harvest of fleshy rhizomes with excellent rich taste, it is worth considering some features of the cultivation of this crop.
Useful properties of this plant
It has long been in Russia in the gardens grew horseradish. This herb of the cabbage family is distinguished by very large leaves with a direct stem and a thick root with a pronounced taste, which is traditionally used for human consumption.
The homeland of this plant are the countries of the Mediterranean coast. In Siberia, as well as in the Caucasus horseradish grows in the wild.
Currently, in nature, it can be found mainly in places with high humidity (on the banks of reservoirs), in addition, horseradish is successfully grown in many garden plots.
The spicy spicy taste of the root of this plant will be very useful for making sauces, savory snacks and seasonings for various meat and fish dishes. The roots and young leaves of it are indispensable for the preparation of various types of vitamin preparations for the winter.
Horseradish root juice contains significant amounts of B vitamins, ascorbic and nicotinic acid, phytoncides, carotene, mineral salts and organic compounds, as well as lysozyme, which has antimicrobial activity.
Long since the root of horseradish is considered one of the most valuable antiscorbetics, in addition, it is known for antitumor activity, as well as for its properties of natural antibiotic.
In the cold season and during the spread of infections, it is very useful to eat a small amount of horseradish daily to prevent flu and colds.
The horseradish is due to the characteristic smell and specific burning taste of horseradish allyl mustard oil in all parts of the plant. Horseradish root has the ability to stimulate appetite and stimulate the secretion of gastric juice, improves digestion and normalizes metabolism.
In addition, the numerous healing properties of this plant (choleretic, mild diuretic, anti-inflammatory and expectorant) are successfully used in traditional medicine for external or internal use.
Horseradish will help eliminate the hangover, useful in the treatment of colds, gastritis with low acidity, migraines, diabetes, mild hypertension, aching joints and sciatica, skin diseases and many other ailments.
Preparation of planting material
This plant rarely produces seeds, breeding mostly vegetatively. Horseradish flowers appear in the second year of its growth, but the fruits and seeds are almost absent. Cuttings 20-30 cm long and at least 1 cm thick should be taken from annual plants, choosing healthy roots and removing side processes, buds and branchings from them.
For planting, you can also use thin stems, on which there is an apical bud, a long root can be cut. Harvested cuttings are tied up in bunches and placed in a cellar or basement.
From above they should be filled with dry sand or sawdust (not too wet, otherwise the roots will begin to germinate even before spring, and they need to be preserved until planting unchanged).
Before planting, the cutting must be cut off (from top to side, bottom - diagonally diagonally). In early spring, a couple of weeks before planting, planting material should be moved to a warmer place and covered with a wet cloth or lay a layer of peat on top. You can also prikopat cuttings in the ground in the greenhouse or in boxes, placing oblique oblique cut down.
After germination, planting material is required to be “blinded” by combing with the help of burlap or hard mittens most of the buds that have appeared in the middle part. This measure will help avoid unnecessary branching and get a good harvest.
At the same time, the buds should be left in the lower part of the cutting (roots will grow from there), as well as the upper ones (of which a rosette with leaves will later develop).
Thus prepared cuttings can be planted in open ground. Prior to this, it is necessary to first prepare the soil by digging it to a depth of about 30 cm and adding top dressing in the form of humus or compost, wood ash, as well as mineral fertilizers. In addition, the beds should be watered.
For planting horseradish in the best way to land after growing tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes or legumes. It should be noted that horseradish must be planted separately from other cultures - for this you can take a place at a distance (for example, at the fence). The optimal time for planting in the open ground of this plant is mid-April.
In addition, you can plant it in the summer or fall.
Cuttings are planted in loose soil using a planting peg - it is inserted into the soil at an inclination of 30-45 °, then removed and placed in the resulting root of the root (not forgetting to make sure that the oblique cut is placed at the bottom).
The tip bud of the cutting is required to be covered with soil for 3-5 cm. Planting requires keeping the distance between plants of at least 30 cm, spacing of about 70 cm - thus, there will be several plants per m2.
After planting, the soil in the garden needs to be compacted in order for the cuttings to root faster.
Horseradish care and harvesting
Horseradish is undemanding to the conditions of growth, so that the special costs of labor and time to care for him will not be needed. It should only weed weeds in time, and also periodically loosen the soil. It is also not necessary to allow it to dry out, during the dry period it will be necessary to water the plants.
Approximately a week after planting the horseradish cuttings, it is necessary to loosen the soil with a hoe a few centimeters in depth, after the appearance of sprouts, the loosening depth is required to be increased to 7-8 cm.
Such loosening and hilling should be done several times during the horseradish growing season. In addition, it is useful, once a month, to feed it with a nutrient solution at the rate of 40-50 g of mineral fertilizers per 10 liters of water.
Watering horseradish should be in dry weather, consuming 3-4 liters of water per 1 m2 of beds.
Sometimes this plant affects pests in the form of powdery mildew or cruciferous flea - to combat them, you can prepare a solution for spraying (100 g of ground red pepper and 200 g of dry mustard powder are required for 10 liters of water). Biennial plants and older ones will need to break down flower stalks in the future.
It is believed that after yellowing of the lower leaves of the plant, you can begin to harvest. The most convenient to get them from the soil with garden forks.
After extraction from the ground, it will be necessary to trim the leaves of horseradish and clean the roots of side branches for harvesting planting material for the next year.
Harvested horseradish roots must be placed in storage, put in a box and covered with sand, and stored in a cool place (cellar or basement) at a temperature of about 2-3 ° C.
How to prevent excessive growth of horseradish
When harvesting, it is necessary to take into account that the roots of a given plant left in the ground for the next year can grow significantly, making it difficult for subsequent crop rotation.
Since horseradish has a branched root system and propagates vegetatively, developing without proper care, after a few years it is largely wild, turning from a garden crop into a weed.
In this case, horseradish is able to manifest itself as a kind of pest, largely spreading on the beds and drowning out other cultures. To avoid this, you will need to timely thin out the roots of horseradish.
It is most convenient to do this with the forks, as they will not cut the rhizomes (it is worth considering that small cut roots can grow to a large extent). It is possible to withdraw the spread of horseradish from the garden by spreading from the beginning of spring a plot with overgrown plants with an opaque material like ruberoid - in this case they die from a lack of light.
To avoid excessive growth of roots, before planting horseradish, some gardeners specially prepare a pit with closed impenetrable walls (for example, from plywood), and then fill it with soil with the addition of top dressing. In addition, in order to limit the rhizomes of horseradish in the territorial distribution, you can use a long wooden box dug into the ground without a bottom, filled with earth.
Individual craftsmen for the cultivation of horseradish used "sleeve" of the polymer film (thickness up to 100 microns). To do this, fit a narrow package 4-5 times wider in diameter from the seedlings placed in it.
The cutting should be placed in the sleeve in such a way that its upper part protrudes from the film by 1 cm, the lower one by 2 cm. Then the sleeve with the handle should be placed horizontally in the ground (at a slight inclination).
Planted according to this method horseradish almost does not branch, it is easy to extract from the soil, while there will be no small roots littering the soil on the site.
How to grow horseradish: planting and care
Some gardeners are concerned about the question: “How to grow horseradish?”, Others - “How to get rid of it?” The first praise such qualities as universality and unpretentiousness, the second hate him for his resistance to breeding. However, according to most people, food without horseradish is quite bland. Therefore, the cultivation of this plant is justified.
Each of us knows the property of horseradish firmly grow into the ground, after which it is impossible to cope with it. The most important mistake of the owners of sites with thickets of horseradish - leaving its reproduction to chance. It was necessary from the first year of the appearance of an uninvited guest in the garden to collect its seeds.
Failure to follow this simple rule led to the fact that it grows where it was not planted. Therefore, the question of how to grow horseradish correctly, is not so simple. If the reproduction of this cultivated plant is taken under control, then there will be no problems with unauthorized shoots.
Gardener should carefully monitor the development of the plant. At the first signs of maturation, horseradish seeds must be carefully collected and destroyed. In such an uncomplicated way, it is possible to restrain him from "settling" around the site.
Learn how to plant horseradish, interesting for those who wish to use it as a seasoning. This plant is indispensable for winter harvesting. From it is prepared spicy snacks with different ingredients. In addition, horseradish is an excellent medicine: it is used by people to treat colds and as a diuretic. There are recipes that use it to treat attacks of rheumatism.
It is believed that horseradish, mixed with honey, helps to cope with liver disease. But not only leaves and roots are used in traditional medicine. Horseradish flowers, infused with vodka, help get rid of knots on the thyroid gland. Useful properties and the use of this plant can not be listed.
Horseradish landing: when, where and how
Many people like horseradish for taste in seasonings and tinctures, okroshka and pickles. Leaves treat diseases, cleanse the body, but in the garden this plant is not popular. Gardeners are wondering: how to plant horseradish so that it grows in sufficient quantity and does not turn from a good doctor into a malicious weed.
When to put horseradish
Horseradish is tenacious and able to turn into the worst weed, so you should not stand on ceremony with it. Plant horseradish can be from early spring to autumn. Horseradish root grows into the ground to a depth of two meters, and in diameter reaches 10 cm. He gives the side roots. Get rid of horseradish, growing on the site for many years, it is impossible. Some gardeners dug a hole 2 meters deep where horseradish grows, but they never made it to the end of the root. This plant grows even from a small piece left in the ground. Horseradish root can grow under the ground and reaches large sizes. If you need a cultivated plant, not a weed, grow horseradish as an annual: planting in spring or autumn and digging at the age of no more than a year. It is important to consider the following nuances:
He gives the side roots. Get rid of horseradish, growing on the site for many years, it is impossible. Some gardeners dug a hole 2 meters deep where horseradish grows, but they never made it to the end of the root.
This plant grows even from a small piece left in the ground.
Horseradish root can grow under the ground and reaches large sizes.
If you need a cultivated plant, not a weed, grow horseradish as an annual: planting in spring or autumn and digging at the age of no more than a year. It is important to consider the following nuances:
Choosing the right place
Horseradish - a godsend for those who do not know what to plant in the shade. The plant feels great and in a sunny place, and under the dense crowns of trees. For the needs of one family, there will be enough beds of 1 square meter.
The only thing that should be feared is: forget about horseradish, for example, under a fence or pine, and trample still young shoots, dig or pull out with weeds.
An ingrained shit, even such a careless attitude will not spoil a happy existence on the site.
Horseradish is beautiful and useful if you provide him with good care.
The soil can also be any, but if you want to get juicy and thick roots, then plant in fertile and loose soil, weed, water and feed with fertilizers for root crops.
Horseradish grows well in a potato field, while its presence does not affect the yield of potatoes.
Also good neighbors - rhubarb and fragrant herbs, but horseradish can not be planted next to turnips, carrots, tomatoes, beans and strawberries.
- Separate from the rhizome side thin roots (12-15 mm in diameter), which will be planting material.
- Divide them into cuttings 20–30 cm long. Make the lower cut at a sharp angle so as not to confuse the top and the bottom in preparation for planting.
- If planting is planned in the spring, store cuttings in the cellar.
A month before planting, transfer to a bright and warm room. Cover the middle 10 cm with an opaque material to prevent the kidneys from waking up in this part and to prevent strong lateral branching. For autumn planting, skip this item.
Horseradish root grows into the ground and reaches 10 cm in diameter
To horseradish does not spread over the garden, plant the cuttings in a barrel or bucket, dug into the ground. In the bucket will enter 3-4 cuttings, and in the barrel to 5-7.
This is the easiest way. Clearing a horse-radish, we cut off and we throw out green tops, but it is fine landing material. It usually consists of a small piece of the root (1–2 cm), short petioles and a growth bud.Make a groove 5–7 cm deep, spread these tops with a distance of 10–15 cm, pour and sprinkle with earth.
Blooming horseradish is a rarity in cultivated gardens, where it is disturbed every year: they dig up, tear off leaves, thin out. In such conditions, the power goes to the restoration of foliage and root system. But if you leave this plant alone for 2-3 years, then there is a chance to see blooming horseradish and even wait for the seeds to ripen.
Horseradish belongs to the cruciferous family, so it blooms like cabbage and radish
Horseradish seeds are rare in the store, as it is propagated vegetatively in all regions. On the market, you can buy root and plant. In addition, it grows in almost all gardens. Horseradish is freely available among the weeds on the streets of the private sector - a common phenomenon, therefore, to get its root is easy.
Horseradish seeds get much harder than the root
Growing horseradish from seeds is a wonder and an uncommon method, so there are almost no tips. If you managed to find seed, follow the instructions on the bag.
If you have your own, try to sow them on the principle of cold-resistant crops, that is, before the winter or early spring.
Judging by the fact that horseradish belongs to the cruciferous family, there should be no problems with germination - special preparation in the form of stratification and cultivation through seedlings is not necessary.
On sale you can find katran seeds with the words "Improved version of horseradish", but this is not horseradish, but another, albeit similar, plant.
To get the cultural planting of thick and juicy horseradish, you need to care for and control growth. If you plant and forget, the question of how to raise horseradish, will gradually turn into a problem: how to get rid of it.
Horseradish: planting and care in the open field, growing from seed
Plant horseradish (lat. Armoracia rusticana), or horseradish ordinary or horseradish country - a type of herbaceous perennials of the Horseradish genus of the Cruciferous or Cabbage family.
In nature, horseradish grows throughout Europe, in the Caucasus, in Siberia, choosing the damp places along the banks of rivers and reservoirs, and in culture it is grown all over the world, even in Greenland. The tradition to eat vegetable horseradish in food appeared as early as Ancient centuries in Rome and Greece, but the first written sources that mention the plant date back to the 9th century AD.
- from that time horseradish began to be cultivated in Russia. They were seasoned meat and fish dishes, it was added to homemade pickles, grated in kvass. And to Western Europe, in particular to Germany, horseradish as a culture returned in the XVI century - the Germans began to use it as a seasoning for dishes, add to schnapps and beer.
Then the interest in horseradish showed the French, Scandinavians, and after them the British, who called him horse radish. Moreover, by that time the plant was not only seasoning for food and drink, but was also used as an effective remedy of traditional medicine.
The root of horseradish is thick and fleshy, the stem is straight but branched, reaching a height of 50 to 150 cm. The leaves are radical, very large, oblong-oval, crenate, heart-shaped at the base.
The lower leaves are pinnately-separate, and the upper ones are linear, entire. The flowers of the plant are white, with petals up to 6 mm. The fruits are swollen oblong-oval pods 5-6 mm long with a mesh-veined pattern on the leaves.
Inside the pods are nests with four seeds.
Horseradish is a surprisingly unpretentious plant, and if you once plant it on your plot, it will be forever - this perennial winter-hardy culture behaves aggressively, like a real weed.
All parts of the plant contain an essential oil with a sharp taste and aroma. The composition of the juice of horseradish root includes ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin, carotene, starch, carbohydrates, fatty oil, resinous substances and protein lysozyme, which has an antimicrobial effect.
Horseradish root contains mineral salts of calcium, potassium, magnesium, sulfur, phosphorus, copper and iron.
The healing properties of horseradish have long been known to medicine: it improves intestinal function, has anti-scorching, choleretic and expectorant properties, treats colds, liver diseases, gastrointestinal tract and bladder, rheumatism and gout.
In this article we will tell you how the cultivation of horseradish is carried out in open ground:
- - when and how to put horseradish,
- - how to water horseradish,
- - than to fertilize horseradish,
- - what the hell is sick with,
- - than to treat horseradish from diseases and pests,
- - when to dig horseradish,
- - how is the landing of winter horseradish,
- - How to store horseradish to the new crop.
Ground for horseradish
Soil for horseradish need fertile. The culture grows best in loam, chernozem and in sandy soil, but if you bring clay soils into line with the tastes of the plant, you can also grow a decent crop.
To do this, in autumn, manure (10-12 kg per m²), peat and sand are added to the clay for digging, and in the spring - mineral fertilizers at the rate of 30 g of potassium salt, superphosphate and ammonium nitrate per 1 m².
If you are going to grow horseradish on his favorite soils, then fertilizers in the form of organic matter should be applied under the previous crop - cereals or legumes.
How to put horseradish in open ground
Horseradish cuttings are harvested from the fall during harvest and stored in the basement or cellar in dry sand or sawdust. You can prepare cuttings in the spring, but you need to have time to do this before the leaves appear.
One and a half to two weeks before planting, the roots are taken out of the cellar and kept in a warm place, covered with a damp cloth, waiting for the buds to sprout.
Before planting, the lateral processes up to 25 cm long and 12 mm in diameter are chopped off from the main root, long cuttings are cut into pieces, making the upper cut horizontal, and the lower cut oblique, after which they are planted on the bed, having 4-6 cuttings each at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other with spacing of 65-70 cm
If you need a good harvest of even root crops, clean the middle part of the cutting with coarse cloth from the buds before planting, keeping them only at the top to form leaves and at the bottom to grow roots. If you plant horseradish in order to get planting material, do not remove sprouted buds - the root crop will grow branched and will give a lot of cuttings.
Planting horseradish in open ground is carried out under an inclination: the upper part should be deepened only by 5 cm, and the lower one by 10. It can be used for growing horseradish and small pieces of roots - about 8 in length and not more than 2.5 cm thick, but they are located in the ground horizontally, retaining all the buds.
Landing horseradish for the winter
Planting horseradish in the autumn is carried out in the same manner as in the spring. It is better to plant horseradish in places where potatoes and tomatoes were growing, before planting which organic fertilizers were applied to the soil. The plot is freed from plant debris and weeds, dug up, and then prepared horseradish cuttings are planted. The best time for autumn planting is mid-October.
How to grow horseradish
As soon as the sprouts of horseradish appear, they should be thwarted mercilessly, leaving only the strongest shoots. In July, the lateral branches should be removed on the roots, for which plants dig up and free the upper 25 cm of the root from the side roots. After treatment, the rhizome is again covered with earth, tamped and watered to the surface so that there are no voids around the roots.
The rest of care for horseradish is watering, loosening the soil, weeding the site, protection from diseases and pests.
Horseradish should be watered regularly throughout the growing season. Water consumption is about 10–20 l of water per 1 m² of beds. Especially be careful in this regard in the dry season. If the summer will be with precipitation, then it will be possible not to water the horseradish, because waterlogging leads to rotting of the roots and, consequently, to yield loss.
The first feeding of horseradish with complex mineral fertilizer at the rate of 5 g of ammonium nitrate, 8 g of superphosphate and 5 g of potassium salt per m² is carried out after the appearance of the first leaves. If it seems to you that horseradish does not develop fast enough, pour it 2-3 weeks after the first feeding with a mullein solution (1:10).
Viral diseases are incurable, therefore, the plants affected by the mosaic must be removed and disposed of, as are the specimens that become sick with verticillary wilt.
As for leucorrhoea and white rot, these are fungal diseases, the causative agents of which can be eradicated at the early stage of the development of the disease by treatment with copper-containing preparations - Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate, Oxyhom, Tiovit Jet and the like.
In the fight against insect pests, agrotechnical methods are used (respect for crop rotation, weed control, destruction of plant debris and deep digging of the site after harvesting), as well as the treatment of plants with insecticides - Aktellik and Foxim in the case of flea and bedbugs, Tsimbush, Etafos or Zolon in the case of tsvetkoedom and ognevka. The last treatment of horseradish with chemicals is carried out no later than three weeks before harvest.
However, we remind you once again that, as a rule, diseases and pests affect weak and neglected plants, and with good care and compliance with agricultural technology your hell is not afraid of illness or pests.
Cleaning and storage of horseradish
Horseradish leaves begin to cut in August - they are used as a spice in pickling cucumbers, tomatoes and other vegetables. Try not to cut off all the leaves from one plant, because their absence will not allow the root to grow. Cut the leaves at a height of 10-15 cm from the surface of the site, so as not to damage the young leaves and apical bud.
Mass harvesting of root crops begins in the third decade of October or early November, before the onset of frost, when the leaves of horseradish turn yellow and begin to dry out. If you planted large cuttings, then the harvest of horseradish is made in the year of planting, if the cuttings were small, then good roots will ripen only next year.
Before harvesting, horseradish leaves are cut off, the root is broken into by a shovel and removed. Try not to leave even the smallest roots in the soil, otherwise the next year they will turn into a malicious weed.
Dug out roots should be immediately transferred to a cool room, cleaned from the ground and side branches, lubricated with iodine, dried in a warm place with good ventilation during the day.
Then in a wooden box poured a layer of soil, which is laid in rows of horseradish in such a way that the roots do not touch. Each row of roots poured a layer of clean sand. Store boxes with horseradish in the basement or cellar.
If you do not have a suitable room, keep the horseradish in the refrigerator, but you can put there the roots no longer than 30 cm, each of which must be wrapped in plastic wrap, having made several small holes in it for ventilation. Horseradish can be stored in the vegetable box of the refrigerator for about three weeks, and in the freezer up to six months, but for this it needs to be cleaned, cut into cubes, soak up the moisture and fold into a plastic bag.
Horseradish is also stored in dried form. It is cut into slices, laid out in a single layer on a baking sheet and placed for one and a half hours in an oven, preheated to 60 ºC.
When horseradish dries and hardens, it is ground in a coffee grinder, crushed with a float or crushed in a mortar, poured into a glass or porcelain bowl and covered with a lid.
If necessary, the powder is soaked in water and used for its intended purpose. Stored dried horseradish up to 2 years.
You can store horseradish in marinade.
To do this, well-washed and peeled roots in the amount of 1 kg are ground in a meat grinder or grated, tightly placed in a previously sterilized glass jar and filled with marinade: add 250 ml of boiling water with one tablespoonful of sugar and salt, and then, removing from the heat, 125 ml of 6% apple cider vinegar are poured into boiling water. Vinegar can be replaced with one tablespoon of citric acid. After you filled horseradish with boiling marinade, the jar is rolled up with a sterile metal lid. In this form, horseradish can be stored for several years.
Types and varieties of horseradish
The best varieties of horseradish are:
- – Atlant (or Wild) - mid-season moisture-resistant, drought-resistant and frost-resistant variety with rhizomes from 20 to 50 cm long, 4-5 cm in diameter and weighing from 190 to 380 g, with dense, not very juicy, milky-white flesh,
- – Valkovsky - late-ripening variety resistant to a cruciferous midge and diseases, with a yellowish cylindrical root 50-60 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter and with an average weight of about 150 g,
- – Suzdal - a variety with even roots up to 30 cm long and about 3 cm in diameter, without lateral branches, with juicy and “evil” white flesh,
- – Tolpukhovsky - late ripening variety with roots 25-35 cm long and weighing from 65 to 250 g
In addition to the described, known varieties of horseradish for open ground, as Riga, Jelgava, Latvian, Rostov, Volkovsky, Marune, Boris Yeltsin and others.
Grown in culture and winter-hardy, unpretentious and nourishing plant katran, which is not a type of horseradish, but he has a relative. Katran also has healing properties, it is also rich in vitamins and minerals, like horseradish, however, unfortunately, not so well known.
But the katran doesn’t have that lack, because of which gardeners sometimes don’t want to grow horseradish on their land - with equal positive qualities in horseradish, it doesn’t litter the garden with their root shoots. The leaves of the katran are large, light green with a blue tint.
They are used in boiled form as a side dish for meat and fish dishes.
Little about the plant
Most often, horseradish grows in the suburban areas unintentionally. Nobody sits him and does not care for him. But, when the period of seaming vegetables for the winter comes, it is this separately growing plant that comes in handy. Horseradish is a perennial frost-resistant plant, which has a well-developed measles system.
It is particularly valuable: the roots contain a large amount of potassium salts, vitamin C, essential oils, calcium, which give it such a specific smell and a sharp savory taste.
You should not plant horseradish in the garden, on the average family you will be enough for 2-5 bushes, nothing more. Everyone will be able to grow horseradish; for this plant, some special knowledge and skills are not needed. Therefore, if you decide to grow horseradish in your garden, feel free to start this business. And all the necessary nuances will be considered further in the article.
Growing horseradish in the country
There are several important points that you need to know before planting. Place for growing horseradish should be chosen carefully.
The best place for this is a plot where nothing has grown over the past few years. This may be the corner or edge of the site.
If this is not possible, then plant a plant with such crops that early release the soil from its presence.
It is better to give preference to the soil, which is the most fertile. In places where the earth is clay and rammed, the plants will come out dry and very hard. Also, before planting, it is better to fertilize the plot, dig it up and water it abundantly. Only in this case, the soil will be optimally prepared for planting horseradish.
Choose a plot for planting that will be maximally lit by the sun. Horseradish loves the sun, and if it is not enough, the plant will simply stop growing. After planting the plant does not need any care. If you try to somehow participate in the growth of the plant, it will be frail and shallow. The best option is to leave the hell alone and not touch it.
Horseradish is a perennial plant, but it can grow no more than 3 years old in one place, because after this period the plant becomes stiff and not so tasty. As you can see, the rules of planting and care are extremely simple, even those who have never engaged in planting and growing vegetables will cope with them.
How to put horseradish correctly
Planting occurs with the help of special rhizomes, which are harvested since autumn. The most successful cuttings are considered to be 12-15 cm long, and not more than 1 cm thick. In addition, rhizomes, strong and resistant, can be planted, which were obtained by cutting in the autumn.
In order to get the hell on your site gave the best possible harvest, it is important to properly prepare them for planting. If you have a limited time, and you just do not have time to do such procedures, then nothing terrible will happen. But it is recommended all the same, to make certain manipulations before landing:
- Remove excess buds from cuttings, leaving only 2 lower buds, from which the root system will be formed, and 2 upper buds, from which the greens will begin to grow.
- Dig small grooves in such a way that only a few centimeters of cutting are left above the ground, the rest is underground. Thus, the approximate depth of the fossa should be about 12-14 cm.
- Plant horseradish need at an angle of 45 degrees, so it is accepted and grows best.
- If you plan to plant more than 2 bushes, keep a distance of 40x60, which is considered optimal for normal growth and development of the plant.
Care after planting horseradish is quite simple - periodically water the plant, and loosen the soil, thus giving an influx of oxygen to the root system. It is important to remove the weeds that appear between the bushes in time. They can provoke a disease, or harm the roots.
But, even if you don’t do the writing above, you still get a great harvest of horseradish, which is enough for preservation and the preparation of fragrant and spicy sauces. Horseradish is an unpretentious plant that will grow even without care and bear fruit. But, if you follow the simple rules described above, you will achieve an excellent result.
Planting horseradish in open ground
Before planting horseradish prepare a place for its cultivation. Choose a small semi-darkened area, preferably next to the fence. Ideal if cereal or leguminous plants were growing there before planting horseradish. Soak the soil in compost.
Popular method of breeding horseradish - root cuttings. In the fall, dig the main horseradish root and cut small roots 1–1.5 cm in diameter and 15 cm long. Store them in sawdust or dry sand in a cellar or basement.
1.5-2 weeks before planting in open ground, remove cuttings from the cellar, cover with a damp cloth and hold for 2 weeks at 18 ºC. When buds sprout on the roots, remove them with coarse tissue, leaving a few buds above and below.
Pests and horseradish diseases
Before you put horseradish, be sure to learn the features of his care. With poor care, the plant can infect diseases and pests:
- Babanukha or horseradish leaf beetle - a dark green beetle with a dark belly, cuts into the soft parts of horseradish, creates cavities and lays eggs,
- rapeseed leaf beetle - beetles of reddish-red color, damage leaves,
- cabbage whitefish - caterpillars, sometimes eating leaves up to the veins,
- horseradish flea - an insect with yellow wings, hides in winter under the remains of plants and in spring strikes the shoots and young leaves of the plant,
- white rust - light yellow spots appear on the leaves,
- black rot - dark spots appear on roots and flower stalks.
The decay and bel can be destroyed at an early stage of their development, if horseradish is treated with copper-containing preparations, for example, copper sulphate, Bordeaux mixture, Tiovit Jet, Oxyhom and others. To control pests, use insecticides such as Foxim, Zolon, Actellik and Etafos. Horseradish should not be treated with chemicals later than 3 weeks before it is harvested.
Collection and storage of horseradish
Horseradish roots dug in autumn or early spring
If you are going to preserve horseradish leaves for pickling tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables, collect them at the end of summer and in September. Do not cut off all the leaves from one plant at once, otherwise the root will not develop. First remove those leaves that grow above 10-15 cm from the surface of the bed.
If you need horseradish rhizomes, start collecting at the end of October, when the leaves have already turned yellow, or in early spring, until a green mass has formed.
When harvesting roots in autumn:
- cut off all the leaves
- pry the rhizome with a shovel or garden fork,
- carefully remove it from the ground, without leaving small roots in the ground,
- Move the roots to a cool place
- clean from the side branches and the ground,
- Smear with iodine cut-off sites and dry for 24 hours in warmth.
Roots with a diameter of more than 1.5 cm are used for cooking and preservation, and shoots with a diameter of 0.5-1.5 cm will be good planting material.
How to store horseradish rhizomes:
- Cut the roots into several pieces with a length of 20-25 cm.
- Tie into bunches and place in a wooden box with a thin layer of soil.
- Put horseradish rows so that the roots do not touch each other.
- Sand each row of root vegetables.
- Keep the box in the basement. In winter, periodically put snow on the sand.
If you do not have a cellar or a basement, wrap each root in a plastic wrap, make holes in it for ventilation and place it in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator. Shelf life in this way is up to 3 weeks. To increase the period to 6 months, peel the roots, cut into cubes, blot the moisture with a paper towel, fold into a plastic bag and put into the freezer.
You can store the roots of horseradish in dried form. Cut the roots into slices, heat the oven to 60 ºC and put the horseradish on a baking sheet in 1 layer. Wait 1.5 hours, remove the roots and chop in a coffee grinder or mortar. This preparation is stored up to 2 years.
For details on how to plant horseradish, see the video:
What is useful
Usually horseradish and its leaves are used a year or two after planting. The usefulness of this plant is known. Eat both leaves and rhizomes.
The plant contains a large amount of sugars, resinous substances, fatty and mustard oils, as well as proteins and carbohydrates. Leaves and roots of horseradish are useful because they contain vitamins of group B, and there is more vitamin C in it than in other vegetables and fruits (5 times more than in lemon).
It has an antimicrobial effect, improves appetite, promotes the secretion of gastric juice. Using foods prepared with the use of horseradish, it is possible to organize the work of the digestive system.
Bactericidal and antimicrobial properties allow for a long time to preserve products using grated roots or horseradish leaves.
As his features grow
The plant belongs to the cabbage family, with a powerful thick, branched root. With growth in natural wild conditions, it can annually increase new rhizomes up to 50 cm.
Often the root system is compact, to a depth of 30 cm and a radius of about 60 cm. An adult or old plant can take roots from 1.5 to 4-5 meters deep. The leaves grow to 1.5 meters, usually a bright green color, rather large, oblong.
In the second year after planting, the plant blooms. In early summer, the flowers open, flowering can last up to a month. By the end of the period a fruit is formed - a pod, about 2 cm long. The seeds of horseradish are small, low-growing. Usually, no more than 25% of all planted germinates.
Planted in the spring and sprouting from the seeds of a plant, in the fall they catch up with shoots grown by another method. But in varietal plants, the seed-fruit does not grow at all.
The most common method of vegetative propagation. To do this, cut off a piece of rhizome and root it in the soil.
With a longer term, the root of wood becomes coarse, loses a lot of nutrients, therefore it is cultivated commercially for no more than two years in one place.
Frost-resistant plant, therefore, is grown, almost all over the territory of Russia. Able to tolerate significant changes in winter temperatures, especially in February-March, when the difference between day and night values may be more than 20 degrees.
The optimum temperature for good yield of horseradish from +17 to +20 degrees. At higher temperatures, the plant reduces the growth of the root mass, increases the likelihood of the disease, the leaves begin to coarse and dry out.
Picky about the composition of the soil, like moist nutritious soil, with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. It prefers periodic watering, but the root system may rot when overwetted.
Able to grow with a slight lack of moisture, but it reduces the taste of both the leaves and the roots of horseradish.
Care and harvest
The cuttings are planted in well-dug and fertilized soil with a peg, which is stuck into the ground at an angle.
The roots should be placed in the ground with an oblique cut down. Apical bud sprinkled with earth 3-5 cm.
The distance between plants when planting is maintained - 30 cm, between the rows - 70 cm.
Wide aisles make it possible to care for the plants and grow them without interference.
Plant care is simple. It consists in timely loosening during weeding and watering in dry conditions. It is worth noting that the depth of loosening should, over time, the growth of leaves, increase to 7-8 cm. After dressing and timely loosening the plants look more cheerful and quickly increase the root mass.
To control pests, 100 g of red ground pepper and 200 g of dry mustard powder should be diluted in a bucket of water. Regularly, once a week, you need to spray planting this drug.
When yellowing of the lower leaves, the roots of horseradish can be scooped up. Dig horseradish more convenient with forks.
All roots are sorted, postponing separately intended for future planting.
How to grow in a couple of weeks
It is known that the remaining roots can grow and eventually turn into a malicious weed.
To prevent this from happening, gardeners can use advice on growing horseradish in a barrel or prepare a special place in the garden plot, fenced from all sides with plywood, old sheets of roofing felt or slate.
Small horseradish roots are convenient to use for spring forcing greens at home. For this, a small process (not thicker than 1 cm in diameter) is placed obliquely in a flower pot. After a couple of weeks, fresh horseradish leaves can be served on the table.
Watch a video in which a specialist talks about the beneficial and harmful properties of horseradish:
Cuttings harvested in the fall during harvest. Lateral processes or “spider” are chopped off from the main root. Thin, healthy roots with a length max - 25 cm and a diameter of 0.8 - 1.2 cm are taken from the whole mass. Long cuttings are cut into several parts. The upper part of them cut across, the bottom - diagonally or obliquely. Pruning done before landing in the ground.
Then, until spring, the cuttings are placed in storage in the cellar, basement, powdered with dry or slightly moist sand, you can sawdust. If covered with raw filing, the roots begin to germinate. And the gardener's goal is to save planting material. Sometimes the billet is produced in the spring, until the leaves appear.
Planted horseradish better in early spring. To do this, for 1.5–2 weeks, the seedlings are removed from the cellar, placed in a warm place and covered with a damp cloth or peat. After germination of the kidneys, the cuttings are planted in the prepared beds. On 1 square. m. place from 4 to 6 plants. The distance between them should be 30–40 cm, between the rows - about 65–70 cm.
The purpose of planting may be different - getting a good harvest or planting material. If the gardener expects to receive the first, then before planting it is necessary to clean the entire middle cutting from the accumulated buds. Leave them only at the bottom for the formation of roots, and at the top - for the leaves. To get good seedlings in the future, cuttings are planted along with all the buds.
Further care consists in loosening the soil and removing weeds. Do not allow the soil to dry out. Some varieties of horseradish are susceptible to powdery mildew and other diseases, so timely treatment is necessary.
How to get horseradish from the garden
It should be borne in mind that sometimes horseradish can become a “pest” in the garden plot, grow much and drown out other cultivated plants. Therefore, care for him must necessarily include the timely thinning of the roots. It is better to use forks for this, they will not damage the roots of horseradish and will not cut them into small roots, which can later grow and fill more land.
You can still get horseradish, covering it in early spring with roofing felt or other opaque material. From lack of light horseradish will die, you will only have to dig in the fall to free the site.
A good harvest of horseradish will provide the gardener not only a special taste of dishes for the whole year, but also the prevention of various diseases for the whole family.
Choosing a landing site
When choosing a place for planting horseradish, one should take into account his preference for growth in well-lit places, to which there is access to sunlight during daylight hours. In addition, the plant should be planted in the garden away from other crops. It is better to plant horseradish on the soil on which potatoes, cucumbers or tomatoes grew in the previous season.
When planting horseradish in the open field should be aware that it can grow in one place up to 10 years. To get a plant with a strong, well-developed root system, it should be grown on light soils enriched with humus.
Planting horseradish in the garden in clay soils will contribute to the development of the aerial parts of the plant, which will lead to a decrease in the quality of the root and the difficulty of its harvesting.
In light and dry soil horseradish yields a crop in the form of hard rhizomes with a weak taste.
Growing horseradish in the country in the absence of soil of the desired quality is best done on bulk beds.
Preparation of material for planting in the autumn
For horseradish reproduction is typical rhizomes. For this purpose annual plants are successfully applied. In the autumn should prepare the root cuttings, dug in the garden horseradish, the roots of which should not exceed one centimeter in diameter. The length of the cuttings - 20-30 centimeters. You must remove all lateral branches, buds and processes.
Before planting the root cutting, you should save it until spring:
- tie horseradish prepared for planting bundles
- put the planting material in the basement,
- fill with sawdust or dry sand.
In order for the plant to start quickly in the spring, it should be maintained in a room where cuttings are stored, moderate humidity, so that planting material does not start new roots prematurely.
Cut down cuttings before planting. In this case, the top should be a straight cut, and the bottom - diagonally diagonally.
Spring preparation of horseradish for planting
Properly held in spring pre-planting activities are a guarantee of excellent harvest in the autumn. To do this, you need to perform a series of actions 2 weeks before landing.
- Put the cuttings in a warm place.
- Cover them with a damp cloth or lay a layer of peat on top.
- Before planting a root crop, it is necessary to wait for the sprouting of the roots and to scrub them over the entire surface, avoiding the upper and lower parts, from which the root and leaf parts of the plant will later form.
Horseradish care is simple and does not require labor and time.It consists in the timely implementation of the following activities:
- loosening the land
- watering at the slightest sign of drying out of the soil.
Careful care is required for freshly planted cuttings.
- A week after landing, the ground should be loosened to a depth of 2 centimeters.
- After the appearance of the first shoots, the depth of loosening increases to 8 centimeters.
- For adult plants whose leaves exceed 25 centimeters, care consists of deep loosening - up to 10 centimeters.
To ensure the saturation of the plant with moisture should be watered the soil in which it grows, at the rate of 4 liters per square meter of land.
Diseases and pests
The plant is exposed to powdery mildew and cruciferous flea.
For the purpose of pest control, special chemicals are usually used. However, they should not be used 2 weeks before harvest. Fleas can also scare off spraying a solution of red pepper.
If you follow all the rules of caring for horseradish plants are not afraid of diseases and pests.
It is believed that the harvest can begin after yellowing of the lower leaves of the plant. In order to fully extract the rhizome of horseradish should dig it with a pitchfork.
After digging up horseradish, all its leaves are trimmed together with the lateral processes of the roots. Purified roots can be used as planting material for the next year. Their surplus together with side branches are stored in the cellar and used for culinary or medicinal purposes.
Horseradish is a plant of the Cruciferous family, a relative of cabbage, radish and radish, turnips, swede, mustard. His homeland is unknown, but presumably it is Eastern Europe. This is a perennial plant with a long thick rhizome and a lush rosette of leaves. It consists of large oblong-oval basal, oblong-lanceolate medium and smaller upper linear leaves.
The length of the stem of horseradish can reach 0.5-1.5 m. The plant blooms in the second year in May or June, throwing out the peduncle with white small flowers characteristic of all cruciferous forms. Horseradish fruits - pods 0.5 cm long, in them there are 4 seeds each. Seeds in shape and color are similar to cabbage, but are rarely formed due to infrequent flowering.
The rhizome of the plant is powerful, the length of the roots of horseradish can reach 1.5-2 m. A strong specific aroma and burning taste are given by the essential oil, which includes allylisothiocyanate. It is formed as a result of the hydrolysis of the sulfur-containing substance Sinigrin, which is included in the chemical composition of the plant. Fresh roots contain the enzyme lysozyme - a substance with antibacterial action, vitamins C, PP and group B, carotene, starch, resinous substances and alkaloids. There are a lot of mineral salts in them of elements important for the body: P, Ca, K, Fe, Cu, Mg, S.
The value of horseradish for the gardener lies in its roots and leaves. They are used in cooking and traditional medicine. The most widely used are fresh roots, which are grated and chopped:
- as a spicy-flavoring seasoning for cold braised boiled, roasted and smoked meat, sausage and fish,
- for the preparation of hot sauce (hrenoviny), alcohol tinctures (hrenovuhi),
- as an ingredient for sauces with red beets, sour cream or apples, homemade mayonnaise, kvass.
Pieces of roots and fresh leaves are used in pickling and pickling tomatoes, cucumbers, mushrooms, sauerkraut. Getting into the stomach, horseradish stimulates the secretion of juice and digestion, increases appetite.
An aqueous solution of the juice of fresh roots is used for colds and flu, for the rehabilitation of the mouth and throat for bacterial diseases, removal of inflammation in the ears, tincture - to reduce toothache. Horseradish is also useful for diseases of the organs of the excretory system, vitamin C deficiency, physical and mental overstrain, and a tendency to bleed. Fresh root gruel is used as a local remedy for the treatment of radiculitis, rheumatism, arthritis, gout, and fungal infections of the skin. Apply the plant and for cosmetic purposes: they remove freckles, age spots and tan.
Features of growing
Several bushes are able to exist on the site by themselves, without the attention of the gardener. However, if the purpose of planting horseradish is to get tasty juicy rhizomes, it is necessary to cultivate it as a garden plant, planting rhizomes each year and removing the finished crop. Agrotechnics of cultivation of culture is not difficult, everyone can master it.
Watering and fertilizing
Feed up 1-2 times per season. Usually use mineral fertilizers. These can be complex compounds, for example, nitrophoska, ammophoska or a mixture of urea, superphosphate and potassium chloride. In the latter case, 20, 40 and 15 g of each fertilizer are used for 1 m 2 of planted area. Fertilizing close up in the soil, and then carry out watering.
Weeding and loosening the soil
These procedures are mandatory for growing horseradish. Surface loosening of the soil is carried out before the emergence of shoots. This allows free air access to the roots and accelerates the germination of cuttings. When the leaves appear, weeding begins. Further, loosening and weeding is carried out up to 3 times per season, but with the growth and development of the plant, the soil is treated to a greater depth.
When ridge planting horseradish spud several times. At the beginning of June, the ground is gently raked off the rhizomes and cleaned of small lateral shoots. Then the crest is restored, and the landing is plentifully watered.
Harvesting and storage
Horseradish leaves can be collected in the summer just at the time of canning vegetables from the vegetable garden. It is best to use fresh, some time they can be stored in the refrigerator. However, dry leaves will do.
The roots of horseradish are dug in the fall, until frost or in the spring before the leaves start to grow. They choose not only the main root, but all the fine fine roots. If they are thick enough (0.5-1.5 cm in diameter), then they are used for further reproduction, dropping back into the ground or leaving in a wet cellar until spring. The thinnest roots are thrown away. Thick and long roots are wiped off the ground, but not washed and sent for processing or storage. Keep them in the refrigerator or in the cellar in boxes with wet sand, take out as needed. Storage horseradish stands well, does not disappear.
Growing horseradish: spicy seasoning himself
Before planting, all lateral root processes and buds are removed by sacking or the back side of a knife blade, leaving only the kidneys on the upper (1–1.5 cm section) and on the lower (2–3 cm section) parts of the cutting, for the development of horseradish roots and leaves .Cabbage
To make the harvest a success, you should start the season by loosening the soil. Soils like this culture are light, with a high content of sand, but moderate loam is also suitable. The land should also be fertilized with manure in advance and it is better to do it before winter.
The cost of planting material, for example, 6 bushes per 1 square. m. about 9 rubles for 0.5 kg. On 100 square meters the price will be 900 rubles,
In the zone of the Middle Volga region and similar climatic zones. In other regions, planting dates and cultivation methods may differ from the above.
Horseradish propagates in a vegetative way, i.e. parts of the roots.
The earth is being dug up.
Planting horseradish in the ground
It is also necessary to observe the planting pattern of horseradish, approximately 60x40 cm, which will give the plants the opportunity to develop normally after growing up and form a strong above-ground part.
Growing horseradish at your own cottage Growing horseradish at the cottage will help you to significantly reduce costs during the seaming period, as well as at any time to get a fragrant and spicy seasoning on the table.As soon as the ground is thinned, horseradish cuttings can be planted on the plot. Planted cuttings obliquely into the furrows with a depth of 10−15 cm, in rows. Sometimes planted at an angle of 45 degrees, making holes in the ground with a stake. Between the rows make a distance of 70 cm, and between plants in a row - 30−40 cm. The upper part of the cutting is placed at a depth of 2−3 cm from ground level, and the bottom - at a depth of 15−17 cm. Another method of planting - horizontally, sprinkling ground 4−6 cm
. Wasabi tastes more like mustard. Since this plant is very expensive, most Japanese restaurants use imitation wasabi made of horseradish, spices and dyes.
Such a measure will allow the soil to naturally saturate the soil with useful microelements and save on mineral fertilizers. Cuttings about 1 cm thick and up to 20 cm long are suitable as planting material. For better yields, the roots are wiped with a cloth, removing the buds from the middle of the rhizome, leaving mostly the lower ones, and the roots and leaves subsequently grow from them, respectively.
Horseradish care in the country
Fertilizers to the entire calculated area per season will cost 165 rubles,
400-600 bushes can be grown per 100 m2. For this we need 600 cuttings each weighing about 80 grams. Total - 50 kg of planting material worth about 1000 rubles. The consumption of mineral fertilizers will be about 165 rubles.
I wish you a great harvest! See you soon!
In the spring, it is dug up to a shallower depth, after adding mineral fertilizers.Potassium (579),There is an opinion that horseradish does not need to be cared for and, frankly, it has the right to life. But, if you do not pay attention to the root crop, then you will get a poor harvest of poor quality, if you provide a stable care, then the fruits of your labors will be much more interesting.
Growing horseradish on our summer cottages,
Useful properties and methods of use
After planting, the ground is slightly pressed for better contact of the cutting with the soil.
In horseradish use both grated root and tops. The leaves are most often consumed in pickles and pickles, and the root - as a spice.
Note In the hot season, it may require periodic watering to improve the qualities of the commodity root. It is advisable to use your own source of groundwater.
Useful properties of horseradish
To get smooth, even horseradish roots, I usually, before planting, remove the buds in the middle part of the cutting, wiping them with hessian. I leave only the kidneys on the upper (1 - 1.5 centimeters) and lower (2 - 3 centimeters) ends of the cutting. From the bottom - grow roots, and from the top - leaves.
The first method involves the distribution of planting material along the wall of the created recess. An oblique cut must be at the bottom. It is desirable that the cuttings are located at an angle. Then the furrows are covered with earth. When landing in the second way, a sharp stake makes inclined holes at the top of the ridge. They should be placed cuttings, then sprinkle the ground. It should be noted that it is desirable to compact the soil around the plant. This will promote rapid growth.
How much can you grow horseradish on one hundred square meters of land
Before planting horseradish is required to determine not only the place of planting, but also the soil, which will be the most suitable. Such can be considered fertile soil, but not heavy clay areas, where horseradish grows bitter, woody and dry. Also, pay attention to the movement of the sun, since under horseradish it is better to choose a sunny area, with minimal shading.
Growing horseradish - care
When cleaning, you need to carefully collect all rhizomes, otherwise the horseradish will turn into a malicious weed.
Horseradish is good for people who want to lose weight, because it tends to warm and activate the digestive organs, and stimulate the metabolism, helping to burn extra calories. In addition, it is used to treat gastritis with low acidity.
Total: 4 800 rubles.
Growing horseradish. Video:
How profitable is this business?
With one square meter you can collect up to 2 kg of roots. Accordingly, if you take one hundred square meters for growing a crop, horseradish can be collected at 150-200 kg each year.
For direct rhizomes, I use another method. When the leaves grow to 15 - 18 centimeters, carefully scrape the ground from the root and, exposing it, break off all lateral cuttings and wipe it with a rough cloth. After that, the root again fall asleep soil. This operation must be done in cloudy weather or in the evening. The root will grow even and large.
In the process of growth of horseradish it is necessary to carry out several weeds and hoeing. In addition, it is desirable to provide the plant with additional fertilizing with the help of mineral fertilizers. In mid-July, it is recommended to open the roots and remove the lateral branches, which are large. However, after such a procedure, it will be impossible to get planting material. Harvesting is done in the fall. Horseradish is dug out of the ground, rhizomes are cut off from the leaves and sorted. On the Internet there is a different video on how to properly take care of horseradish.
The use of horseradish
Horseradish feels great on land that remained after harvesting potatoes, tomatoes and other vegetables. Despite the fact that horseradish is able to grow year-round, it is recommended to plant it for one season. This is how most plants are grown. As a rule, preparation begins in the fall. There are many videos on this subject on the Internet.
The following substances calculated in mg are in 100 g of the roots of a plant:
How to plant cuttings of horseradish in the ground?
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Horseradish loves fertile soil. It is good for him to apply organic in autumn - 1–2 buckets of rotted compost, or manure per square meter, as well as add mineral fertilizers: 20 grams of superphosphate and 20 grams of potassium chloride. The soil for horseradish is best neutral and slightly acidic, if it is too acidic, it must be leached.
By the way, those who tried Japanese cuisine know that Japanese horseradish is green. Although in this Japanese seasoning
As you can see, the yield from one hundred squares is quite modest, so before you start industrial raising of horseradish, it is still worth making a comparison with the yield of growing other agricultural crops.
Some owners of personal plots specially grow and harvest horseradish at home so that there are always stocks of healing and tasty seasonings. But not everyone has his own garden, but I want to eat a tasty meal. It is here that you should think about how to develop your own business in growing horseradish.
How to grow horseradish
Horseradish is a perennial plant. It is resistant to light frosts. Its roots contain mustard and allyl essential oils, which gives them a burning taste. Horseradish contains a lot of vitamin C, calcium salts, sodium, potassium and other nutrients.
Evenly on the plot where planting is planned, peat compost or manure is scattered.
Now, when the cuttings are properly prepared for planting, they can be planted in the ground. This is done quite simply, in small holes and at an angle of 45 degrees. After planting, the main part of the cutting should be in the hole, that is, about 10-12 cm, and only a part with several buds should remain on top of the soil, which should protrude only a few centimeters.
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If the cuttings are small, or you took the roots on the side, you can cut them into pieces of 3-4 cm in length, and plant. By the fall, annual increments will appear on these pieces, which can already be prepared as normal planting material.
Use the root of the same name plant - wasabi.This plant, sometimes called Japanese horseradish, is not horseradish, although, like horseradish, it belongs to the family
I recommend reading the article on the business of growing beans and asparagus.