It often happens that the citrus plant you bought, when you brought it home from the nursery, drops not only fruits and ovaries, but even leaves. When moving from a store or a greenhouse to an apartment, citrus fruits can shed their leaves, because the familiar climate is changing. But when the plant gets used to the house, it should start growing new leaves. If you don’t see the new leaves, you may be making one of the common mistakes.
Let's see what are the tricks of caring for citrus indoor plants.
Citrus fruits do not like permutations: it is not necessary to transfer the plant from place to place. The citrus pot does not need to be rotated 180 or 90 degrees at once. In this case, the leaves turn yellow and fall off, the plant may die. Every 10 days it is necessary to turn the pot by 10 degrees (not more).
Citrus fruits do not tolerate drafts.
The pot must be the right size! "For growth" plants are not planted, and this applies not only to citrus. If you plant a small plant at once in a big tub, its leaves will turn yellow and fall off. Moreover, a large pot increases the likelihood of the bay (which citrus do not like very much).
You can not put citrus near the microwave.
Plants may suffer from improper feeding and transplanting. Citrus fruits prefer not transfer, but transshipment!
In summer, the plants feel great on the balcony, in the garden.
Fruiting lemons, tangerines and other citrus fruits simultaneously usually also bloom profusely, which leads to a weakening of the tree. Flowers should be thinned, leaving larger ones, on which the ovary is better developed. From the ovaries, it is better to leave those that are located on short (rather than long) branches. On long fruits grow more slowly.
It takes several months to ripen the fruit. Ovaries can be very much, the plant will discard unnecessary. This is normal.
If you bought citrus in winter
If a plant with fruits was bought by you in the winter, it will certainly lose all the fruits, and then part of the leaves (or even all the leaves). When buying citrus in the winter it is better to immediately remove all the fruits, remove the flowers that appear.
If you excessively moisten the soil in the winter, it will sour, citrus leaves in this case turn yellow and fall off.
It is not recommended to buy citrus trees with fruits, it is better to choose a flowering tree. If you still bought a tree with fruits:
- tear off all the fruits
- the branches, which were fruits, shorten by half
- spray more often
- the soil should always be wet (but without the gulf)
The variegated citrus fruits are more capricious and require more careful care than green leaves. But they are a great rarity (you are very lucky if you find such a plant on sale), they are preferred by those who love exotic houseplants.
They need more light, but they can suffer from burns in direct sunlight.
Fertilizers choose for variegated leaves with low nitrogen content.
Variety is more pronounced if the plant is grown in cool conditions.
High humidity required (spraying necessary).
Sometimes on variegated plants just green shoots (and even white ones) can grow, they need to be removed so that they do not drown out the variegated ones.
How to organize care for citrus plants at home
Most citrus plants come to us from a tropical or subtropical zone; home care should start with creating comfortable conditions.
The exotic tree should be placed on a well-lit window-sill, preferably from the south-west or south-east. It is impossible to change the angle of illumination abruptly, only after 10 days it is allowed to turn the pot 10 degrees counterclockwise.
Carrying out the summer on the balcony or in the garden, you need to keep the angle of the sun's rays, put it in light penumbra, bury the pot or cover with peat.
Comfortable for most plants is considered the temperature from +18 to +28 degrees, the difference per day should be no more than 5 degrees. Potted citrus plants should receive a sufficient amount of light throughout the year for 12 hours a day. This is a prerequisite for normal growth, and even more, fruiting.
Citrus fruits should be watered regularly, but in moderation, so that the roots do not dry out, and there is no stagnation of water. Care for citrus plants at home involves maintaining humidity in the room at 60% in summer and at least 55% in winter. Trees respond well to frequent spraying of the crown, and properly watering means not allowing the earthen coma to dry out.
Moistening can occur daily or in 2–3 days during active growth, in 2–3 weeks in winter, and maybe less often, everything depends on the specific conditions, type and variety of the plant.
Water should be soft, defended, the same temperature as the air.
Growing plants at home
Compliance with the requirements for care - a guarantee of growing an exotic citron fruit in a city apartment.
The composition of the soil for planting: turf, leaf soil, humus and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1. It does not hurt the mixing of wood ash. The drainage layer of 2 cm keeps within a pot.
The plant is light-requiring, but in the south window at noon you need to pritenyat. In autumn and winter, the light day should be lengthened with the help of illumination.
The plant of southern origin prefers a temperature of +20. +25 ° C. Winter content at +10. +15 ° C guarantees flowering.
The plant needs spraying. Once every three months you can plant a shower.
Abundant watering, but do not allow stagnant water in the pot. Use rain or melt water. In winter, watering cut.
In the period of growth from March to September, the plant is fed fertilizer for citrus.
As the tree grows, transplant it into a larger pot along with an earthy clod so as not to injure the roots.
Pruning makes the tree decorative.
Fruit plant begins in the 3rd year. Blossom 2-3 times per year. At home, a citrus plant can be grown from cuttings, because the seeds in the fruit are underdeveloped. Propagated in the spring. Cut cuttings of 10–15 cm are planted in the soil, leaving 2-3 leaves on top. To create greenhouse conditions, the top is covered with a polyethylene cap, leaving a hole for ventilation.
It is difficult to create conditions for comfortable growth and fruiting of citron. Proper care is the key to getting exotic decorations in the apartment and original fruits with lemon scent.
Description and characteristics of citron
In nature, citron is a small shrub or tree up to three meters high. The branches have spines of 4-6 cm each. The leaves are oval in shape, oblong, with petioles.
It blooms with white single flowers with a reddish tinge. Its fruits are one of the largest among citrus fruits, their length reaches 15-45 cm. In diameter - up to 30 cm. Fruits are oblong, yellow, less often - orange.
What is the difference between citron and lemon?
Lemon does not grow in the wild state. It is a cultivated hybrid of citron. The lemon tree differs from the citron tree in height - it can reach eight meters. The leaves are brighter and their smell is richer than that of citron.
Citron fruits are much larger than lemon. Citron fruit has a thick peel, in lemon it is thinner and smoother. Most citron fruits have a pronounced ribbed surface.
Necessary conditions for growing citron
Before you start growing citron, you need to know that this is the most heat-loving plant of all citrus fruits. In room conditions, it grows to 1-1.5 meters. Therefore, you need to choose a bright and warm place where the citron will grow and, possibly, will give fruit.
Where is the best place to put citron in the room
It should be a spacious, well-lit and warm place. The citron in the room can be placed on the windowsill, avoiding the north side. In summer, the sun shines.
In autumn and winter, on the contrary, additional lighting will be needed so that the duration of daylight hours for citron is at least 10 hours per day.
Ordinary fluorescent lamps or phytolamps, which can be purchased at garden stores, are suitable for additional lighting.
Temperature and humidity for growing
Since citron is a heat-loving plant, the temperature during its cultivation must be maintained within 25-35 degrees in spring and summer, in autumn and winter - no more than 10-15 degrees.
Such temperature conditions are necessary for growing any citrus plant, such as lemon or citron. They provide normal flowering and fruiting.
Once a season, the crown should be washed with warm water. Before washing the ground is covered with polyethylene or other moisture-resistant material to protect it from washing out the soil.
How to plant citron at home
Citron can only be grown with the help of a cutting, there are few seeds in its fruits, and they are in an immature state, whereas lemon has no such problems. Lemon is easier to be seeded with seeds than citron, but knowing how to plant citron correctly, you will have no difficulty in breeding it.
The stalk is harvested in spring, cutting off a one-year branch with a knife. Length - 10-15 cm. Stalk is freed from leaves, leaving 2-4 shoots at the top.
Requirements for growing soil
For normal growth of citron planting cutting should be carried out in a special soil for citrus, purchased in the store. You can prepare the mixture, independently mixing two parts of sand, one part of humus and one part of black soil. Place a drain on the bottom of the pot to prevent stagnant water. Before planting, wash the cuttings with boiling water for disinfection. After the ground cools, you need to make a hole 2 cm deep and plant a cutting in it. Put the sprout in a bright place with a temperature of 20-25 degrees. To create greenhouse conditions, at the edges, attach a cone to the pot and wrap it in polyethylene, leaving a small hole at the top to moisten and air the germ.
Propagation of citron graft
Citron in room conditions can be propagated by grafting the cutting to any other citrus. The benefits of grafting are that plants grow faster and, when properly grafted, begin to bloom after 2-3 years. Citron can be grafted in two ways: by budding (grafting by the eye) and copulating (grafting by cutting).
For indoor growing, a graft cutting method is suitable. Graft 2-3-year-old cuttings grown at home, the thickness of the trunks should not exceed 10 mm. Cuttings pruned 5-8 cm in height, removing all thorns and leaves, leaving only the kidneys. On the bark of the rootstock, a neat incision is made of a length of 1-2 cm. The bark is carefully moved apart with a knife, the cutting is inserted vertically, along the section on the stock. The vaccination site is tightly wrapped with tape or cotton cloth. Open cut areas need to be treated with garden pitch.
For better development, the cutting can be covered with a glass jar or a greenhouse made of polyethylene.
Features care for citron at home
When growing citron, it is worth knowing that it needs care and proper care. You need to follow the plant all the time. Regularly and timely water, pick up top dressing of the soil and cut it in time.
In summer, citron needs to be watered regularly, twice a day. In the fall and spring water as the topsoil dries. If the upper lumps of soil do not stick to hands and crumble, then citron needs to be watered. In winter, watering should be reduced, since citron is at rest, its growth and development are slowed down during this period. Water should be distilled water at room temperature. If possible, use rainwater or water from natural reservoirs, also settled at room temperature. This water does not contain in its composition chlorine and heavy metals that are harmful to any citrus plants.
Citron, like any citrus, needs regular fertilizer.
Citrus fruits are fertilized at least once a week during the plant growth period - from the beginning of March to the end of October. During the winter period it does not need top dressing. Fertilizers must contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, they can be bought at garden stores. Well suited superphosphate or double superphosphate. At home, you can make fertilizer from horse or cow manure. To do this, dilute one part of the manure with ten parts of water.
Cut the citron is optional. Pruning room citrus, such as lemon, citron or orange, is carried out to give the tree a certain shape and size.
On each branch of the first plan leave 2-3 branches of the second plan. On the branches of the second plan - 2-6 branches of the third plan, on which the branches of the fourth plan begin to grow. This can be considered the end of the formation of the tree, on these branches and flowering and fruiting citrus begins. The main goal of pruning is to grow the plant in bulk, and not just pulled up.
Major diseases and pests of citron
The main diseases of citron associated with the problems of caring for him. Yellowed and fallen leaves - insufficient watering or the amount of fertilizer. The leaves withered and twisted - an excess of water in the soil or extra fertilizers that spoiled the root system.
Citron pests rarely attack, but can be brought in from other plants.
- Fungal infections spoil the leaves and fruits, forming warts on them. To combat them, it is necessary to spray the plant Bordeaux mixture or fungicides.
- Viruses infect the bark of the trunk, it begins to flake off. In this case, you should immediately remove the dead bark and treat the infected place with garden pitch.
- Pests for citron are scale, mite and mealybug. At the very beginning of the lesion, they form a white sticky plaque on the leaves. In the future, these leaves dry up and fall off. If plaque is detected, citron should immediately be separated from other plants. Rinse all leaves with insecticides, such as "Aktellik".
Soil and fertilizer
Citrus trees at home are best kept in ceramic pots, the drainage layer should be at least 2 cm. It is better to buy soil (neutral or slightly acidic) in the store, because it is very difficult to choose the ratio of the components by yourself.
Experienced gardeners believe that the ideal soil should contain rotted, leafy ground, preferably gathered under the oaks, turfy ground from under the clover, large river sand, lake silt, and tree ash.
You can make a suitable soil, remembering that it should pass air and water to the roots well, but it is still easier to buy specially prepared soil for citrus plants.
Before use, it is desirable to warm it up for disinfection in a water bath or in the oven. During active growth, trees are fertilized with special formulations that are preferably diluted more than indicated on the package. Citruses perfectly respond to foliar feeding.
Trimming and shaping
Caring for tropical citrus indoor plants involves their obligatory pruning.Every year before the start of active growth, and this is the middle of February, the owners are engaged in the formation of a beautiful crown.
Growing exotics from the bones at home, his main shoot is usually shortened at a level of 30 cm, and then he chooses skeletal twigs, which are also shortened to make more small new shoots grow.
Different citrus plants in the house have secrets of care and trimming. Orange trees necessarily need nipping almost all shoots, because they rush upward uncontrollably.
But no pinching will help the branch to lemon, he doesn’t like it very much, he is persuaded by patient constant shortening of the branches, but rarely it turns out to create a round crown. The mandarin constantly cut small twigs, so that the crown does not become too thick.
Calamondin and Kumquat respond best to pruning, they can easily maintain a beautiful crown.
It is important to use a clean sharp instrument when pruning, well, and the branch should be shortened over the kidney, looking out.
Reproduction and transplanting
Young citrus trees at home are transplanted annually, increasing the pot volume by a couple of centimeters, adding nutritious soil. It is enough to replant mature trees in 3–4 years.
Just bought citrus need acclimatization in a new place, you should not immediately replace them. After some time, when the novice is fully acclimatized, you need to check whether it is time to replant it.
To do this, take the stem with your fingers, tilt the pot, knock on the bottom and try to remove it from the pot.
If an earthen room, completely entwined with roots, is taken out of the dishes, then it is time to increase the dishes. Repotting is worth doing in the spring or late February. Do it very carefully by transshipment method. The earth is watered abundantly, then they knock on the pot from all sides, turn it over, take out the earthy clod entwined with roots.
Holding the citrus by the trunk, carefully release it from the adhering parts of the drainage layer, place it in a new pot on a new drainage layer, then fill the voids with a new fertile soil. Propagate all kinds of cuttings, layering, vaccinations. You can grow citrus from the stone, but for too long you will have to wait for flowering, it is better to use it as a stock.
Diseases and pests
If you properly care for citrus crops, then at home they may not get sick at all. Powdery mildew, leaf spot, cometeraceae, anthracnose, which occur in greenhouses, are handled with the help of fungicides.
Black plaque on the leaves indicates pest infestation; it is easy to clean with a soap-vodka solution.
But with a shield, lozhnotovchivkoy, spider mites, aphids, mealybugs need to fight, washing them away with a stream of water, treating the plant with a soap-soap solution, in extreme cases, resorting to special chemicals.
How to care for home-grown citrus fruits - tips from My Beautiful Garden magazine
Organize home tropics - plant indoor citrus plants. They diversify the interior and delight with tasty juicy fruits. These plants have a special charm, because for us they are a manifestation of something exotic. In central Russia, citrus fruits cannot be seen on the street or in the park; this beauty is only available in indoor conditions.
Yes, and here they show their rather capricious temper, and above all this concerns wintering. This period is the most difficult for orange oranges; not everyone can survive it.
What does citrus need in general and in winter in particular? The number one task is to provide the plants with sufficient lighting, because they are very light-requiring (they should be protected only from the midday summer sun). The most optimal is to place the exotic ones on the southeast or southwest windows, and in the summer - in the garden, under the light shadow of the trees.
In winter, it is desirable to provide “pets” with additional intensive lighting so that daylight is at least 12 hours. If there is little light, the plant, alas, will not be able to fully develop. In the summer, citrus plants are desirable to make in the garden and be sure to put on a sunny place. The second condition for good growth of bright exotic animals is a decrease in temperature in winter to 12–16 C.
In the absence of a cold wintering, citrus fruits usually do not live longer than 3–4 years, gradually depleting and dying. Rest southerners lasts from November to February. At the beginning - mid-February, when the day begins to increase, the majority of citrus crops wake up and grow.
A winter garden or a greenhouse heated to 3–12 ° C are ideal places for wintering Calamondin: And clementine: Fruits hang on branches all winter and begin to ripen only by spring. Impossible to harvest, and the life of plants in general, without the correct mode of watering.
Too large intervals between waterings should not be allowed, during which “pets” either suffer from an overabundance of moisture or from shortage. Citrus representatives of the flora should be “drunk” so that the potted substrate never dries out and is moderately moistened to the very bottom.
During the period of active growth in spring and summer, especially in dry and hot weather, this means that you should take a watering can every day! In winter, every 2-3 days it is necessary to check how wet the substrate is, and, if necessary, water the exotic. If you water the plants correctly, they are not under stress.
And this is very important, because this negative factor reduces the resistance of your pets to attacks of pests, such as spider mites and scale insects. Fight them with the help of special protective equipment for residential use. Later, you can safely use the fruit for food, since the active substances usually disintegrate within a few weeks.
But a healthy plant that is watered properly and from March to October weekly (at the rest of the time 2 times a month) is fed with citrus fertilizers, it is able to withstand the enemies. Black plaque - a consequence of the vital functions of the scutes. Pests emit a sticky secret, which settles soot fungus. To get rid of the misfortune, spray the plant with this solution: dilute 20 ml of vodka and liquid soap with 1 l of water. Wipe the leaves with a soft cloth.
And one more good news: care of all citrus plants, regardless of the type and variety in the long run not much different. Once you understand, you can literally reap even the most exotic fruits, such as citron.
Have citron, or cedrate (Citrus medica)The fruits are the largest among citrus fruits. Essential oil is obtained from the peel, which is used to flavor drinks, confectionery and culinary products.
Poncirus three-leaf (Poncirus trifoliata) is one of the most cold-resistant representatives of citrus fruits: it can withstand temperatures as low as –20 ° C. Harvest his beautiful, but unfriendly fruits can be from September.
Citrus limon ‘Variegata’ - a real delight for both eyes and stomach. The flesh of its striped fruit is very juicy and pleasantly sour to taste.
Lemons mature all year round. Therefore, you can pick organic fruits, whenever you please, and use them in food along with the peel.
Buddha hand - This is the name of citron (Citrus medica) ‘Digitata’, the fruits of which differ in their bizarre shape and very fragrant peel.
Oranges (Citrus sinensis), such as ‘Ovale Calabrese’, tastes sweet, even if they grow in our latitudes.
In oranges (Citrus sinensis)Vainiglia’Especially tender taste.
Fortunella oval, or kumquat, or golden orange (Fortunella margarita), does not leave anyone indifferent: some just adore him, others are truly disgusted.
After all, its small fruits are eaten whole, that is, they do not remove the zest. Their rind is sweet, and their flesh is sour - together they form an incomparable combination with nothing. From the 17th century, well-to-do aristocrats had been cultivating southern citrus plants for their own needs, and also wishing to surprise their guests with rare fruits. For bright thermophilic exotic plants, greenhouses were built: rooms with large windows, and later - whole buildings of glass that were heated with firewood, which was very expensive.
Especially popular with collectors enjoyed orange (Citrus aurantium), or a bitter orange (still citrus fans and gourmets especially appreciate the ‘Fasciata’ orange with bright yellow-orange striped fruits). By the way, classic English orange jam is made from the pulp and strips of orange peel.
- When to prune citrus?
For pruners can be taken from March to August, shortening too long shoots. Pruning the tops of the shoots makes the crown thicker and stimulates the formation of fruits.
- Why do citruses often shed a lot of ovaries?
Young plants are not able to “feed” all the fruits until full maturity. That is why they shed those extra ovaries. This is a completely natural process, since then the remaining fruits grow to normal sizes and become the most fragrant.
- By what signs can we determine that the fruits are ripe?
If the fruit is lightly rotated, fully matured will easily separate from the branch. It is necessary to make efforts to tear it off.
- What if the citrus plant does not want to bloom?
To form flowers, a tub with a “pet” for the summer must be brought into the garden and placed in a sunny place. By the way, citrus blooms and bears fruit from 4 years of age.
Citrus fruits belong to the rut family. Lemon, orange, mandarin, grapefruit, kinkan and other citrus fruits are grown at home.
Although it must be said at once that attempts to grow a fruiting citrus tree at home often break when the evergreen trees that grow more than a meter high do not bear fruit.
Although the annual cold wintering (+ 5-8 ° C) citrus fruits can bloom and bear fruit after 2-3 years (rooted cuttings).
If you decide to grow citrus fruits from the seeds for the sake of their fruits, then even if you achieve fruiting, the taste of the fruits will most likely disappoint you, as it will be too sour and bitter. It is easier to buy a fruiting citrus tree, in this case, you will not have to worry about the vaccine and wait for years when it will bear fruit.
In general, at home, trees produced from grafted or rooted cuttings will be more likely to bear fruit, and wilderness grown from a stone will not bloom for a very long time - decades, but in its natural habitat, trees at the age of 6 begin to bear fruit in Spain. -7 years. For some, it will be a pleasure to grow a tree from a bone, no matter whether it will bear fruit or not. However, in order for a citrus plant to develop well, it is important to know the conditions it needs and something about crown formation.
Orange, Lemon, Mandarin and Citrofortunella on this site are described on separate pages. Popular among citrus lovers as grapefruit and kinkan.
Temperature and Lighting
Citrus, like southern plants, are demanding to light and heat. Most of them grow beautifully at home with any orientation of the windows, if you skillfully organize the additional lighting.
Of course, the best option is the south side of the windows, southeast or southwest. On the other hand, if you have northern windows, citrus will not be hot and you can always place near fluorescent lamps (or LED lamps).
Some citrus shade-tolerant enough and do not need a lot of sunlight.
The temperature is more complicated, since the concept of thermophilicity does not mean that plants love warm heated houses, not at all! Thermal loving implies that citrus fruits, especially those planted in pots, do not tolerate frost. At the same time, the setting of flower buds, flowering and fruit formation best occur at average air and soil temperatures of + 15-18 ° C.
In winter, citrus fruits are preferably kept in a bright cool or even cold room, where the temperature is from 8 to 12 ° C. The absence of a cold wintering can lead to the fact that your plant does not have fruit, but becomes very bald and depleted.
Watering in the summer is abundant, immediately after the soil dries out in the upper half or third of the pot.
In winter, watering is more rare or moderate, depending on the temperature, it can be once a month (at 10 ° C), once every three weeks (at 12 ° C) or more often, in any case, do not let the soil dry out completely.
When kept in winter in warm home conditions, watering is needed the same as in summer. Do not forget that plants die from excess moisture, citrus fruits easily rot when the soil dries longer than 5 days.
In the fall, watering is reduced with the onset of cloudy and rainy days - during such periods the humidity of the air rises to 80% and the soil dries very slowly. To avoid rotting, periodically loosen the earth in pots, closer to the edge.
The optimum humidity of air is 40-60%, therefore in the dry hot days in the summer and during the heating season in the winter, spraying is necessary daily 2-3 times a day. Sprinkle with warm boiled water. Citrus fruits should be kept clean, rinse off dust, rinsing with a warm shower, if the size of the pot allows you to carry it to the bathroom.
Young lemon trees must be transplanted by way of transshipment. The transshipment must be done in a timely manner, otherwise the plant will develop worse due to a lack of nutrients.
Transfer should not be carried out if the roots of the plant have not yet braided earthen room. In this case, it is enough to change the drainage and top soil layers in the pot.
Pot for handling must be washed with boiling water or a solution of potassium permanganate.
Fruiting lemon trees are transplanted no more than once every 2-3 years. Transplanted before the start of growth. At the end of plant growth, replanting is not recommended.
It is not recommended to transplant lemon trees with flowers or fruits, as this leads to abscission of those and others. The soil for young plants needs light, and for larger ones it is more difficult. Usually a mixture of turf land, greenhouse manure and leafy land is taken with the addition of coarse sand.
Pots and tubs for transplanting citrus take not too large sizes - if the capacity is large, there is a danger of acidification of the earth. When transplants should not be much to destroy the earth bed.
It is necessary to ensure good drainage, both in pots (at least 2 cm) and in tubs (at least 7 cm). The root collar in the new container should be at the same level as it was in the old container.
Freshly transplanted plants should not be fertilized.
- For young plants: 2 parts of sod, 1 part of leafy ground, 1 part of humus from cow or horse manure and 1 part of coarse sand (fine gravel).
- For adult plants 4-5 years old and older: 3 parts of sod, 1 part of leaf, 1 part of humus from cow or horse manure, 1 part of sand.
Instead of transplanting old plants planted in tubs every spring, the upper soil layer is replaced with fresh earth. Plants planted in pots, or small buckets are transplanted entirely, but the root ball does not need to be picked open, just shake off the ground from the sides. Roots formed above the root collar, remove.
The acidity of the soil for citrus should be pH 6.5–7.
In the spring, when the threat of frost has passed (the average daily temperature does not fall below + 8 ° C, plants are carried out into the open air and kept shading under a canopy for 2–3 weeks. In the future, the pots can be moved to an open place, under light shading of the open crown of trees.
Read more about soils for citrus.
In the first half of the summer fertilizing is used. This increases the sugar content of the fruit and reduces the bitter taste that is characteristic of citrus fruits at room culture.
The plant is more in need of fertilizer, the older it is and the longer it is in the same pot. Fertilizers are applied with water for irrigation, but only healthy, not weakened plants can be fed.
With additional artificial light citrus in the winter they also need to be fertilized, but not more often than once a month.
If the citrus was transplanted in the spring to a fresh land, then feeding in 1-1.5 months can be started with fertilizers for flowering plants.
If the plants are not transplanted, then you need to start feeding with the introduction of organic matter: 2-3 times with an interval of two weeks, it can be an extract from dry horse manure, well lay down humus, ready biohumus from the store.
It is very important not to overfeed citrus organics and check the acidity of the soil. After two dressings with nitrogen fertilizers, you can feed them with complex fertilizers for indoor flowering (for example, fertilizer lux).
Growing citrus at home
In crop culture, citrus fruits remain the most popular among fertile plants. In these plants, everything is attractive: tough, the word covered with wax leaves, and fragrant spring flowering, and not less fragrant fruiting in autumn and winter.
Lemon, Mandarin, Orange, Citrofortunella, Fortunella, Lime, Pomeranets, Clementine, Citron are most common among citrus fruits in home-growing.
The latter, by the way, is known for its original fruits, which are used in the confectionery industry, but are not eaten raw.
Oranges or lemons growing in pots - it is quite possible if you know about all the intricacies of caring for these subtropical plants. Moreover, with the right content you can even get fruit regularly.
In addition to natural species today you can purchase various cultivars and hybrids. Among them, for example, the compact Le Meyer (Citrus Limon Mejer), famous for its sweetish taste of the fruits that appear throughout the year. Marumi kumquat (Fortunella japonica) is also interesting, having the appearance of a small tree, whose fruits can be eaten directly with the skin.
If desired, citrus fruits can be grown from seeds. But this method is suitable for the most patient growers, besides, there is a risk not to wait for flowering and, accordingly, fruiting.ON THE PICTURE: Citron (Citrus medica)
Peculiarities of citrus care
Citrus fruits have come to us from Southeast Asia with a subtropical and tropical climate. High humidity, abundance of heat without seasonal fluctuations in temperature, light day, equal to nights - are characteristic of the range of citrus plants. This determines the main features of care.
Determining the right place
First of all, you need to take care of the location of the plant. Putting the pot on the windowsill in the winter is not the best solution. Cold air from the window, as well as increased temperature from the radiators negatively affect the exotic.
The most suitable for citrus is a warm enough place with intense lighting and high humidity.
In spring, summer, and early autumn, it is best to place the plant on a southwest or southeast window with a softer, diffused light.
The main requirements for the soil for growing citrus - good air and moisture permeability. The soil should be slightly acidic. Special soil mixtures are commercially available, but they are well suited only for the first time. Literally a year later, their nutritional composition is already depleted, and the ground should be changed.
Compliance with watering rules
Water quality is important. Watering with hard tap water will quickly lead to salt deposits and pH of the substrate, which will necessarily affect the health of the plant, causing at least yellowing of the leaves ..
The ideal option would be to use soft water, whose temperature is 1–2 ° C higher than room temperature. You can soften the water with the help of a special preparation "Kislinka" or high peat.
More on this in the article "How to understand the watering."
It is necessary to provide the plants with regular moderate watering. In the summer, citrus fruits should be watered with a frequency of about once every 2 days, and in winter, the frequency of irrigation is reduced to 5-7 days. Topsoil should keep up to dry.
As tropical plants, citrus fruits require high humidity - at least 45–50%. Therefore, in the winter, you should use a humidifier or maintain an optimum level of humidity using a pallet with wet expanded clay.
The ideal temperature for keeping citrus fruits in summer is + 22–24 ° С. In the autumn-winter season, before the rest period - + 16–20 ° С. The best temperature for laying citrus buds is about + 16 ° С, and for growing season and fruit ripening - + 22–24 ° С.
Unlike most other fruit trees, citrus plants do not require frequent pruning. But the periodic shortening of the branches will help to form the crown and give rise to new shoots. However, it all depends on the species.
Orange trees, for example, are pulled upwards, therefore they require regular pruning. Since the Mandarin crown is very thick, thinning is necessary from time to time. Even more frequent pruning is required for Lemon with its weak branching.
And Kumquat and Kalamodin do not need pruning at all because of their slow growth.ON THE PICTURE: Lemon Panderoza
A bit about the rest period
In the fall and winter, when there is a lack of sunlight, increased dryness of the air, the growth of citrus fruits stops, a period of rest comes. At this time, you need to pay special attention to plants.
One of the ways to ensure a rest period is recommended:
- with a significant decrease in temperature to 5–10 ° С and darkening (full rest period)
- with a slight decrease in temperature and additional lighting (a period of relative rest).
Period of complete rest Lasts about 3 months. At the same time there is no need for watering, since the humidity of cold air is quite enough. You can place the plant in the basement, on the staircase, in the garage with periodic monitoring of it.
Period of relative rest It takes place under intense lighting with additional lamps and reducing watering.
The air temperature should be slightly lower, about + 12–15 ° C, so the plant is placed in a cool, moderately heated place. In the conditions of "home wintering" with insufficient air humidity, it is necessary to do spraying.
In the spring watering increase and gradually begin to add dressing.ON THE PICTURE: Lemon in the rest period
The vaccination allows you to transfer some varietal characteristics of one plant to another, speed up fruiting and improve the quality of the fruit. As grafts are used cuttings of fruit bearing plants.
You can graft all kinds of citrus. We should not forget to remove the shoots of the rootstock, which can stop the growth of grafted cutting.
For room citrus applied budding (grafting kidney, taken from the cuttings of cultivated plants) and copulation (graft cutting at the same thickness of the scion and rootstock).
At the same time, some varieties of citrus need a strictly defined stock. So, Lemon Panderoz is well suited for Kumquat grafting, Pompelmus is suitable for grapefruit.
Sweet orange is used for grafting oranges and lemons.
ON THE PICTURE: Orange Tarocco, grafted by copulating
Some last tips
- Buy citrus fruit with an already formed crown. Growing from seed will take too much time and perhaps the tree will not bear fruit.
- Carefully consider the choice of location.
The best option for citrus is a warm, well-lit place with a high level of humidity.
Citron room care instructions
The signal for the transplantation of a citron plant is the appearance of the tips of the roots from the drainage holes of the pot or on the surface of the soil in which the plant grows. Young plants of citron are transplanted annually, adult plants - in 3 - 4 years, by transfer.
For transplanting citron plants are necessary: - a pot of any material, the shape of the pot must be cylindrical (there must be drainage holes in the bottom), the volume must be 50% larger than the previous one, - fine crushed stone and river sand for drainage,
- pre-cooked soil.
For transplantation of a citron seedling, specially prepared citrus soil is needed, for example, the “Lemon” soil, it is presented on our website in the “Soils and fertilizers for houseplants” section - “Soils for houseplants”.
Either prepare the soil yourself: for transplanting, you need to take the land from under the deciduous trees, except for oak, chestnut, poplar and walnut, in the deciduous forest or in the park. It is necessary to take only the upper, most fertile soil layer, 5–10 cm thick, without fresh fallen leaves.
Add to this land river sand, ash and humus. The proportion is as follows: two portions of hardwood, one portion of sand, 0.5 portions of humus and ash.
At the bottom of the pot, place gravel as a drain, and pour river sand over it. The thickness of the drainage should not exceed 3 - 5 cm.
In the pot, on the drainage, fill the ground with a thickness of 3 - 5 cm, place the citron plant in the pot, sprinkle it with soil, while slightly tamping. When transplanting it is IMPORTANT not to deepen the citron plant, i.e.
the top layer of soil in which the plant grew should not be lower than the ground level.
Sprinkle the transplanted citron plant and water with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate).
Propagation of a citron plant occurs by cutting. To do this, select a half-woody stalk with a length of 10-15 cm, leave 3 leaves. The cut should be smooth, without chipping, it is best done with a sharp cutting device, at an angle of 30 - 45 degrees. For rooting the cutting of citron, it must be placed in wet sand for 3-4 weeks.
It is important to choose the right location for your citron plant. Do not use a window sill for this. Arrange the citron plant so that its leaves get as much sun as possible, but do not put it closer than 1.5 meters to central heating batteries or heating appliances.
The best option for a citron seedling is a room with windows facing south.
In summer, a citron seedling is recommended to be carried out to the open air - to the garden, to the veranda, to the balcony, placing it in a place protected from the wind. It should be remembered that when there is a shortage of sunlight, the fruits have a high acidity.
In winter, when the light is low and the daylight is short, the citron plant can be highlighted by increasing the length of the day to 10 - 12 hours.
The ideal conditions for the development of a citron plant is a warm and humid climate, with an air temperature in summer up to + 35 ° C and a humidity of 65-80%, in winter it is desirable to keep the citron plant at a temperature not higher than + 10-15 ° C. It should also be noted that a citron seedling can take a short-term decrease in temperature to 0 ° C.
In the spring, summer, and in the first half of autumn, the citron plant should be watered as the topsoil dries out, avoiding complete drying of the clod of earth in a pot. To determine the soil moisture, do not be too lazy to take a little of the surface layer of the soil with three fingers every day and squeeze it. If a lump crumbles, it's time to water, otherwise it's not necessary.
It is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil every day (especially in summer), so that the whole earthen cluster doesn’t dry up from the high temperature and bright sun in the pot. Therefore, the intervals between citron irrigation should be increased.
The question of where to get water for irrigation and sprinkling of a citron plant, and what it should be, is also very difficult and therefore we will focus on it in detail.
In a city apartment, drinking water is practically unsuitable for citron plants, since it contains a large amount of alkaline earth metal and chlorine compounds, which all together and each individually cause great harm to the seedling.
Many sources recommend boiling water for citron from under the tap, but this does not always immediately lead to the desired result, extra trouble is often scared away by potential fans of indoor plant growing, so it is best to take hot tap water. Such water contains less chlorine and is softer.
But even hot water must be defended for at least 24 hours in an open vessel to completely remove chlorine, which is detrimental to citron plants. In rural areas, water for citron can be taken from a well, but it is better from a lake or stream and left in the room for heating. Rainwater now contains a lot of harmful impurities, so do not collect it. In any case, wherever water is taken, it must be left for at least 24 hours in an open vessel at room temperature.
Citron seedling at least once a day, especially in summer, should be sprayed with water from a sprayer or in any other way. This will increase the humidity of the air and wash away the dust from the leaves of citron.
At least once a month, it is advisable to put a citron seedling in a bath, cover the ground in a pot with plastic wrap and treat the entire crown with cotton wool and soap suds. Then you will not have to wage a heavy pest control.
Do not forget to cover the ground with a plastic bag, and tie the trunk of a citron tree at the bottom with gauze or a bandage so that the soapy water is absorbed into the fabric and does not fall into the soil.
In winter, a citron seedling is not fed, in spring and summer the seedling is fed - once every two weeks. Any feeding should be done only the next day after watering, i.e. when the potted earth is wet, otherwise the roots can be burned.
Fertilizer is poured into the ground until the solution begins to flow out of the drainage holes. To feed a citron tree, organic fertilizer is necessary for citrus fruits, for example, of the “Lemon” type, it is presented on our website in the “Soils and fertilizers for indoor plants” section - “Fertilizers for indoor plants”.
Top-dressing with fish ear of adult plants, at least one meter high, once a month strengthen the fruiting tree. They make this fertilizer like this: boil 200 grams of fish waste or small unsalted fish in two liters of water for half an hour. Then dilute the solution with cold water in a ratio of 1: 2 and strain through gauze.
This fertilizer must be used together with the above fertilizer "Lemon".
The enemies of citron seedlings are sucking and gnawing pests, as well as fungi and viruses. The most common of these pests are: spider mites, scab (false shield). They are controlled by chemical and biological preparations that are more acceptable in the open soil conditions of subtropics and greenhouses. In apartments, it is desirable not to use pesticides.
The signs of a spider mite damage on a citron tree are as follows: white dots appear on the underside of white leaves, and the reddish mite itself is visible to the naked eye. If you touch it, it starts moving quickly.Young leaves of citron curl in the "boat" and entwined with white cobwebs. To combat the mite, apply tobacco dust, garlic, laundry soap.
Take 1 tablespoon of tobacco dust and pour a glass of boiling water, insist 6 days. In the resulting tincture add 10 grams of soap and sprinkle the plant 3 times with an interval of 6 days. Garlic is used as follows: one head of garlic knead, pour a glass of hot water and infuse for 2 days.
The solution is filtered and sprayed on the plant 3 times with an interval of 6 days. When citron seedlings are damaged with a shield, brown-gray shiny round formations with a diameter of 3-5 mm are visible on the surface of young and old leaves. They are located along the veins above and below the leaf, as well as on the branches themselves. In the initial stage, these growths are almost transparent, whitish in color and poorly noticeable.
With a strong lesion on the surface of the old leaves of the citron plant sticky gum acts, and in the late stage they are covered with black sticky bloom, which is very poorly washed off with water. From shchitovki effectively help water-oil emulsion.
One teaspoon of engine oil is stirred in one glass of warm water, add 40 grams of soap, 2 tablespoons of washing powder. Before processing, cover the soil in a pot with plastic wrap, citron stem is tied at the bottom with a bandage. This is done in order to prevent the emulsion from entering the soil.
Processing of citron is made using a cotton swab or gauze. The water-oil emulsion is applied to all surfaces of the branches, stem and leaves of a citron seedling. After 3 to 4 hours, rinse everything under the shower, ensuring that the emulsion does not get into the soil. Processing should be performed 3 times with an interval of 6 days.
Citrus indoor plants: species, cultivation and care features
Growing citrus indoor plants at home is an interesting, but far from simple task. Therefore, those who believe that it will be enough to plant a bone in the ground, and that's all - you can no longer buy lemons for tea, are greatly mistaken. Without special knowledge, the first crop of citrus indoor plants, if given, is not earlier than twenty years from now.
But if you know some of the nuances and properly grow, following all the rules, then you can enjoy the fruits much faster. But even here it is important not to make a mistake in choosing a variety.
For growing on a windowsill, only those citrus indoor plants that have been grafted on orange, lemon, grapefruit or kumquat seedlings are suitable.
The cultures that were grown from cuttings from fruit-bearing trees have also recommended themselves well.
Difficulties in growing home citrus plants
It would seem that it is simpler: you need to go to the flower shop and buy a pot in which some citrus grows or is already giving fruit - “golden orange”, Meyer’s lemon, home care for which is not very complicated, or mandarin.
The tree just needs to be brought home, put on the windowsill in the right place and start watering.
But this is not at all the case, since it is really difficult to grow lemon or mandarin at home, moreover, this process is somewhat different from caring for ordinary specimens.
Those plants that are currently sold in flower shops, most often fall on the shelves from abroad, mainly from Holland.
There, from the first day, they are kept in ideal conditions: the optimum temperature for growth is maintained, high humidity, light exposure is supplied, and fertilizers for citrus indoor plants are constantly introduced into the soil.
When buying on dwarf trees at the time of their sale there may be a dozen or more fruits.
But after getting on the window sills beautiful citrus indoor plants immediately begin to face stressful conditions. In our homes, the illumination is much lower - several times, and the air (especially in winter) compared to the greenhouse is incredibly dry, and the growth stimulants after a while cease to help.
Therefore, in the conditions of a shortage of their internal resources, citrus indoor plants begin to throw all their efforts to preserve the fruits with which they were so richly covered in the store. As a result, the vast majority of purchased "pets" die.
Species suitable for growing at home
Citrus crops have long been known to man. Their people have been actively cultivating so much time that it has become difficult to find their wild-growing ancestors in nature. Most often in the open ground citrus fruits are cultivated in countries where there is a tropical or subtropical climate. And it is from there that their fruits are delivered to the stores in all corners of the planet.
A beginner breeder who cannot give too much attention and time to a pet growing on his windowsill needs to choose such varieties of indoor citrus plants that are easier to take care of.
If we talk about subspecies for a small apartment, then for beginners it is preferable to grow lemon, mandarin and trifoliate, since their growth is easier to restrain.
In turn, oranges, grapefruits or pomelo, characterized by large sizes, after a couple of decades turn into a fairly bulky tree.
As for exotic varieties, a close relative of mandarin, citrus kumquat naga, and calamondin, is quite common today. Speaking of amazing varieties, it is imperative to mention the hand of the Buddha.
The most convenient option for those who decide to grow citrus crops on their own will, of course, be a young plant that is purchased in a specialty store.
But not always purchased tree takes root in a house for many reasons.
However, if the culture still migrated from the store to the apartment, you need to contact the seller and get a recommendation from him for the adaptation of citrus in the new conditions.
First you need to inspect the plant. If there are fruits on it, they will have to be cut off. Seven or ten days citrus should be left in the store pot, and only after that transplanted into a new one.
Citrus trees grown from a material obtained by grafting are best taken home. Of course, it will be difficult for newcomers who have a bad idea of how to grow tangerine, lemon, etc., to propagate the plant correctly, but for those who have been growing citrus at home for several years, it is easy enough.
Escape for cuttings should be cut from a well-developed and healthy citrus tree. The length of planting material should be from ten to twelve centimeters. It should have at least three buds. It is not recommended to use both young and old shoots that have dense wood.
The best time for harvesting cuttings is April. Rooting of planting material can be carried out in a glass with water or in soil consisting of soil and sand. In the latter case, the stalk should be covered, for example, with a plastic bottle. The roots will appear in about twenty days. After that, the rooted cutting can already be planted in a permanent pot.
Planting material - seeds
You can often hear that a bone planted in the ground eventually turns into a luxurious citrus tree. But, despite the fact that the cultivation of mandarin or lemon from seeds is the most accessible way for fans to reproduce this type of plant, the result is often unpredictable.
As a result, you can get a culture, the fruits of which will be much smaller than the parent form, and you can grow a new excellent pet. Judging by the reviews, the use of seeds pulled out of fruits as planting material often results in the absence of flowering in such seedlings.
The seedling begins to emerge in about a month and a half, and it should be transplanted at the stage of appearance of five leaflets.
How to grow tangerine
After the juicy fruits of this citrus bought in the store are eaten, the remaining bones can be used as planting material. For the greatest likelihood of success of the event, it is better to have more seeds, since not everyone will definitely germinate. Therefore, to obtain seedlings need to take a dozen seed.
Planting material for a few days is placed in cheesecloth and slightly wetted. This is necessary so that the bones, having swelled, “hatch”.
Mandarin at home can be grown in a special ground for citrus fruit purchased at a flower shop. Although, in principle, almost any light soil will be suitable for this culture.
For example, in mixed in equal proportions of turf and leaf land, to which compost will be added and rotted humus, the mandarin will be very comfortable. Do not make the soil on the basis of peat. We must not forget about the need for drainage.
Before the emergence of the first shoots should take quite a long time. Growths become noticeable only in two or three weeks, and sometimes in a month.
Mandarin - a tree that grows at home rather slowly, and sometimes it stops its growth. Therefore, one should not lose hope and enthusiasm, since, while ensuring all necessary conditions for this citrus, it grows into a very beautiful tree.
According to agronomists, the mandarin is very unpretentious in keeping the tree, and not only among citrus, but also many other plants, but it still requires compliance with certain rules. The most important condition for it is the abundance of sunlight. Mandarin requires intense lighting up to twelve hours a day, year-round.
Watering and transplanting
No less vibrant mandarin applies to humidity. In the summer months, it should be watered abundantly, not flooded, whereas in winter the water supply should be reduced, periodically making sure that the soil does not dry out. In addition, it is necessary to spray the leaves every day, using filtered or boiled clean water for this purpose.
To compensate for the dryness of the air, if you place a small decorative room fountain next to the mandarin. As the tree grows, from time to time it is necessary to transplant it into larger pots. It is best to move the exercise in early spring.
In this new pot should have a diameter of three to five centimeters more than the previous one.
Tangerine tree transplantation is done by the method of transshipment, while at the same time it is necessary to preserve the old earthen room as much as possible in order not to accidentally harm the plant's root system. For the first time, blooming plants need to adjust the number of ovaries. In the first year, two or three fruits are left, in the second, seven or eight, and then about ten.
How to grow an orange tree
Care at home for this type of citrus culture is not very different from the conditions of growing mandarin.
As the newly acquired tree, and the one that has been growing in the house for many years, it is necessary to repot every year. The best time for this is spring, when the plant is just preparing to expend energy on growth.
For young cultures, regular watering and spraying is a prerequisite for a normal existence.
An orange tree, home care for which does not present much difficulty, will give an ovary if the crown is correctly formed. This plant blooms and bears fruits on twigs not lower than the fifth order, therefore one should not expect the appearance of fruit earlier than in five years.
The crown is formed quite simply. When the branches reach a length of ten to fifteen centimeters, they pinch. Soon, from the lateral buds, new shoots begin to awaken, which should also be shortened.
As a result, only five years later you can get an orange tree with a lot of short shoots.
At the same time the room should be cool: 17-20 degrees. At higher temperatures, the fruit is not tied, and the plant itself is sick or affected by pests.
Of all the varieties, Pavlovsky is considered the most unpretentious. This type of lemon feels good even on the north-eastern or north-western window-sills, it is comfortable in relatively dry air and with rare top-dressings.
Panderosa is almost as unpretentious, but it needs more light. True, this type of lemon has a special “syndrome” that is found only in it: it gives out too many flowers to the detriment of the green mass. Therefore, the extra buds need to constantly break off.
Meyer's lemon is slightly less common, care at home for which involves following certain rules: if they are not followed, it grows very slowly. However, flower growers, even with a little bit of experience, can simply place the pot on a light window sill, from time to time they feed the plant, and if necessary, spray it.
Lovers of exotic
Citrus fruits in our understanding are lemon, orange, tangerine. But there are representatives of this type of plant, which many of us have not even heard. Of the tangerines, the Unshiu variety is interesting, which, compared to other representatives of the species, is relatively tolerant of poor light and unpretentious, as well as Pavlovsky lemon.
Other close relatives of citrus fruits are Kumquat and Calamondin. Fans of original indoor plants should definitely get these kinds of things.
Speaking of exotics, be sure to mention the grade Ruka Buddha. This citrus is distinguished by an unusual type of its fruit: it resembles a lemon in color, and outwardly - a fleshy brush on a hand. However, inside the edible pulp is not contained. Nevertheless, the fruit is so exotic that it should be grown at home.
Location and lighting
The place where citrus plants are grown should not be located on a window sill from the north side of the house, near a microwave oven, in drafts and near central heating batteries or other heating appliances. Citrus fruits belong to shade-tolerant crops, therefore it is more favorable to place them on the east or west window, but it is also possible at a short distance from the southern window sill.
Propagation room citrus
Lemons, tangerines, oranges and other exotic ones can be propagated by seeds, cuttings and grafts. Each gardener wants to grow an exotic citrus plant from a normal seed, which not only grows and sprouts, but eventually turns into a small tree and gives a lot of fruit.
Growing citrus from a seed, from the very beginning of his life’s journey, the plant’s immunity is strengthened and its resistance to life increases. Indeed, the tender young culture has to adapt to the conditions of existence that are unusual for it from the very first days. Usually with the germination of seeds of large problems does not arise, but the flowering and fruiting will have to wait from 7 to 15 years. The taste of the fruit also leaves much to be desired. In order for the culture to bloom much earlier, you will need to be vaccinated. Typically, experienced growers and gardeners recommend using citrus stalks, which are already bearing fruit, as a scion.
When growing exotic crops in room conditions, it is necessary to take into account the fact that plants can reach a great height. It is better to immediately purchase seeds of dwarf species and varieties for planting.
It is recommended to plant freshly harvested seeds taken directly from the fruit. Depth of landing - no more than 3 cm. Capacity for landing has to contain volume about 2 liters with obligatory drainage openings at the bottom.Drainage is poured at the bottom, and then a special citrus substrate. After planting, the pot should be covered with a glass jar or film to create greenhouse conditions in which shoots will appear much earlier. Depending on the variety and type of crop, seedlings will appear in the range from 7 days to 2 months. If several sprouts appeared from one seed, over time it is necessary to leave only one stronger and stronger plant.
Reproduction by cuttings
For rooting, you need to take the tip cuttings and plant them in wet river sand under a slight slope, covering the top with a cut plastic bottle of transparent material. Favorable temperature for the formation of roots - 20-25 degrees. The place should be well lit, but protected from direct sunlight. The first roots can appear in about a month, after which the plant is transplanted into a special soil mixture. When transplanting it is necessary to take care of the root part, as it can easily be damaged.
This method is considered the most common, because it allows you to save all the best quality characteristics of the parent plant. Flowering and fruiting occurs much earlier than with seed reproduction.
Vaccination can be done by budding or copulating. Graft and stock can be from different types of citrus. It is recommended to use lemon, orange or grapefruit for stock.
Citrus Care Guidelines
Citrus plants do not develop well in rooms where the air is dry with heating, where it is never ventilated, and there is no sun.
It is best to put a pot of citrus flower near the window, but not in a draft. In order for lemon or mandarin to feel well, air the room. In good weather, the flower can be taken out on the balcony or veranda.
If the house is dry, it is better to immediately consider how you will moisten the air. Otherwise, the flowers will fall off in the buds, you will not wait for the fruit, and the leaves will turn yellow and fly around.
Most citrus prefer the sunny side. Of course, direct rays to the plant are destructive (it can get burned on the leaves), but the diffused sunlight is exactly what citrus fruits are used to.
If you have no windows facing east or south in the apartment, do not despair too. Simply, choosing which kind of citrus to grow, stop at lemon or citron. They are the most shade-tolerant and will grow wonderfully even near a window facing north. I would even say that lemon and citron are generally better not to be placed on the south side.
All types of citrus plants love abundant watering. But this does not mean that the plant should be poured. Just the land substrate should not dry out.
The water should be as soft as possible: separated, and possibly strained (if you have water with impurities in the water supply system). You need to defend the water for at least a day. Chlorinated and hard water from plants can turn yellow and fall leaves.
Citrus also requires frequent spraying. To do this, also use separated soft warm water.
Since citrus fruits are tropical inhabitants, they quickly deplete the earth, making minerals and trace elements. When the active growing season begins (from the end of winter - the beginning of spring) it is necessary to begin feeding the plant. You can use both organic and liquid mineral fertilizers. Feed need until autumn.
Of unusual organic fertilizers, flower growers often use beer to feed citrus fruits. They are even sprayed or lightly rub the leaves. They are said to shine. It seems to me that if this “fertilizer” is adopted, then beer is better to choose non-alcoholic.
Also fed with used brewing. But the main thing here is not to overdo it so that insects do not start in the soil.
I have already mentioned above that for citrus plants it is necessary to make a mixture of garden soil and river sand. Also suitable substrate of humus (1 part), sod land (3 parts) and sand (1 part). But if you do not have these components, just use light nutrient soil, which allows air and water to pass through well. The shops sell soil for citrus. I repeat once again - be sure to use good drainage.
Citron plant photo
In Mesopotamia or in India, where he was nicknamed the Hand of the Buddha, citron grows like a shrub. And on our window sill, he barely makes it to the meter, but that's enough for us - we don't live in palaces. Citron is a thermophilic exot, but in winter there comes a period of rest, and the temperature it needs is only 4-6 ° C. Therefore, its winter relocation to a cool, but very bright room is desirable. For example, on the insulated loggia.
The leaves of citron smooth, tough, and the flowers are downright luxurious. Large, purple-white, with a delicate smell that literally permeates even a large room. The fruits are kept on the branches for several months, which also greatly decorates the plant.
In spring and summer, it is better to keep citron on the balcony, and you can bring it to the house in September.. During this period, moderate winter watering should be changed to abundant. In addition, the moisture-loving child of the tropics needs spraying three times a day. He also needs fertilizing, for which you can use the Rainbow liquid concentrated fertilizer.
Until the age of ten, citron is transplanted twice in 4 years and is no longer disturbed.. When transplanting, changing the soil, you can use ready-made soil for decorative leafy plants of the company ASB Greenworld or limit the usual high-fertile garden soil.
And for those who do not lose anything in vain, we give a recipe for candied citron.
Cut the peels into squares, cover with water and boil until they are soft. Then remove from heat, change the water and do not touch the day. Then cook for 20 minutes, dry, mix with sugar and dry completely. And when friends come, treat them to tea with candied fruits from your harvest - they certainly will not try this food anywhere else.
Citron (Heb. אתרוג, etrog) is one of the four plants necessary for the fulfillment of the command netilat lulav during the feast of Sukkot (Feast of the Huttoes).
Where to buy seeds and seedlings with delivery
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