Crop production

Tulip reproduction

Growing Tulips Tulips are a decoration for any garden or flower bed, their delicate and at the same time bright beauty is always admired and admired. These flowers are much loved for the variety of colors, sizes, shapes and structure of the flower. DachaDecor.ru will be happy to talk about growing tulips in the country, and, probably, after that, the regiment will grow tulips.

Landing features

Tulip is a perennial plant. Planting it is carried out in the fall. It is important to choose the best planting dates, which are determined by the temperature of the soil. The best time is mid September. Too late planting of flowers can lead to their lag in growth in the spring. Tulips planted too early may bloom in the fall, and with the arrival of frost die. According to experienced gardeners, tulips can be planted in the spring, but their flowering will not be lush.

Colors need a well-lit, drained and protected from strong winds plot with neutral or slightly alkaline soil rich in humus. Tulips can be preceded by any vegetables or flowers, except bulbous and solanaceous crops. In the same place it is recommended to plant flowers no earlier than five years later.

As soon as the first shoots appear, it is necessary to examine them carefully in order not to miss the signs of diseases. Damaged plants are dug up and destroyed so that healthy tulips do not get infected. To meet the plant's need for oxygen, it is necessary to loosen the ground carefully. This should be done regularly, especially after watering or rain.

Watering and feeding

Until flowering begins, tulips need moderate watering. It is important not to allow the soil to dry out. With the appearance of the first shoots, fertilizing is carried out using nitroammophos or crystalline with the addition of trace elements in the form of tablets.

In the period when the buds begin to tie, the plants need potassium and phosphorus. When blooming, the buds are again fed with full mineral fertilizer.

Vegetative reproduction of tulip

With this method, the weather conditions and the activity of insects are not very important than during seed reproduction. The method of vegetative propagation of a tulip is traditional and the most reliable.

The growing season of tulips is small. When flowering ends, the leaves of the plant dry. A daughter is formed in the mother bulb, a new flower is being formed.

Bulb preparation

The reproduction of tulips with bulbs will be successful with proper preparation and storage. Approximately in July it is necessary to separate the daughter bulb from the parent one. After that, it must be cleaned and dried in the fresh air. Then the bulb is sent to storage. At a temperature of about 20 degrees, it should last about a month, after which you need to move it to a place where the temperature is lower (about 12 degrees).

Planting bulbs

In the fall, the bulbs are planted in the ground to a depth of 10-15 cm, they quickly take root. First you need to inspect them, they must be clean and solid. If spots are noticeable on them, such bulbs are thrown away. Tulips are planted in a row, with a distance between plants of 10-15 cm, between rows - 40 cm. The beginnings of leaves, flower and flowering shoots begin to grow. With the arrival of the first frosts, the beds are covered with a layer of straw, leaves or humus. By the onset of winter sprouts reach almost the ground surface.

In springtime, when the soil begins to thaw, the sprout comes to the surface, the development of sheets begins. In the bulb intensively consumed nutrients. There is a marked increase in the replacement bulb.

During the period of bud formation, the daughter bulbs grow rapidly, the first side (grandchild) bulb is laid. When flowering begins, the plant becomes twice as tall, there is an intensive growth of leaves, a powerful development of the root system. In daughter bulbs formation of the anlage of the first leaf and grandchild bulbs occurs. This period is the most important in the development and growth of the plant.

The end of the vegetative period of a plant occurs when its aerial part dries up and the roots die. One maternal bulb is replaced by a nest of children, which differ in size.

The bulb lives for about two and a half years, and a year and a half its development takes place from the bud to the replacement bulb, for one year it is an independent maternal one.

During fertilization and the formation of the ovary, the vegetative period lasts longer. In order for the seeds to ripen, it is necessary to expend nutrients, so the size of the daughter bulbs is smaller. In the summer they continue the process of organ formation.

If vegetative reproduction of a tulip occurs using only a replacement bulb, then after four to five years, the adult plant begins to bloom. The size of the replacement bulb becomes maximum and remains so for two to three years. After that it becomes smaller, the quantity and quality of daughter bulbs decreases. Over time, aging and death of the replaced bulb occurs.

Seed propagation

Reproduction of tulips with seeds requires a lot of patience from the gardener, since the flowering of some plants can only be seen in the seventh, and sometimes even in the twelfth year after planting. And not always the result can please.

During the period of seed ripening, the plant is very sensitive to moisture, it is often affected by gray rot. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully examine the plants: if the dead tips of the leaves are visible in the tulips or signs of the disease are detected, the fruits should be immediately destroyed.

For reproduction using seeds, it is necessary to select only the strongest plants. Those who are stunted, as well as those affected by the disease destroy.

In the event that the epidemic situation is threatening for the testes, which did not have time to reach the maximum size, they need to be cut off, leaving the stem and one leaf. The plant is placed in pure water with a solution of boric acid (three teaspoons per ten liters of water). Plant boxes should not touch, but it is best to place them in different containers at all. In one vessel should not be more than five plants.

Collecting and storing seeds

When the boxes turn yellow, you can carefully select the seeds, removing the husks. Healthy seeds have transparent walls and an embryo is easily visible. Seeds that look dull or affected by gray mold cannot be used.

For the seeds to begin to germinate, they need peace. They are kept at a temperature of about 25 ° C, with the arrival of autumn, planting them in pots or special boxes filled with light soil sandy to a depth of about three centimeters.

When the plants sprout, it is important to prevent them from drying out, the lack of moisture can lead to the death of seedlings.

Before planting the seeds, they can be germinated in the refrigerator. For this, the seeds are placed on a moistened filter paper on a plate. Shoots can be expected in three months. The sprouts should be carefully transferred to the sand, which is poured on light soil (one centimeter layer) and covered with the same layer of sand on top. Thanks to this method, get the maximum number of plants. If seeds are sown directly in the ground in autumn, the plant will be larger and more stable.

In the first year of seedlings, the formation of one onion, one root and one seedbed leaf, round in cross section. The following year, the sheet is already flat and narrow, every year its surface becomes more and more. Onions grow in weight, in the second – third year vegetative reproduction of a tulip is already possible.

In the first year, the bulbs must be dug out, when half of them have dried leaves, dried and stored at a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C. When planted in the fall, bulbs must be watered for better rooting, the soil is mulched. With the advent of spring, with the appearance of leaves, need regular watering of seedlings, until the leaves begin to die off.

The planting of the bulbs from the tank into the open ground is carried out in the second or third year. After that, they need to dig up every year and replace every time deeper. Flowering can be expected in the fourth - sixth year, sometimes you have to wait fifteen years.

Reproduction of tulips with seeds is a rather laborious way. Usually it is used for breeding new varieties.

These delightful flowers have a variety of shapes, colors and sizes. Pink, lilac, yellow, red tulips are the decoration of the garden from the moment of melting snow and before the arrival of summer, causing associations with spring warmth.

How tulips multiply with the help of bulbs and what you need to know about it

Tulips are very popular among gardeners and are the decoration of many garden and suburban areas. Their bright flowers of various shades can not let pass. Now there are many varieties of these beautiful flowers.

Even their flowers can be of different types. From terry and goblet to liliapodobnyh. They can be both variegated and monophonic or with a rim around the edge.

The most common method is breeding with the help of childrento - small bulbs, which allows an adult plant. You can also propagate these flowers with the help of seeds, but so breeders mostly plant them. When propagating flowers in a vegetative way, you can not think about various factors, such as:

  • weather,
  • insect and pest activity and so on.

It is possible to plant young bulbs in the autumn period and in the spring. However, many people prefer to plant tulips in the fall. It is believed that wintering in nature, the bulbs better spring up and bloom well.

But if you plant the bulbs in the spring, then you can not wait for flowering. Not all young tulips have time to form before the summer inflorescence. Of course, you can plant flowers in the spring, but it is worth remembering that in this case they will bloom most likely only after a year.

When planting in the spring it is advised to use a special technology. To do this, first the bulbs ready for planting are placed in the fridge for a day, then washed with a weak solution of manganese and after that they are planted to a depth of about five centimeters.

What soil is needed for tulips

The plants are pretty unpretentious.however they like comfortable conditions. To make the spring development take place faster, you should take care of the soil in which the flowers grow.

It must contain a sufficient amount of nutrients and it must be fertile. In addition, it is necessary that it had quite good physical properties, such as air and moisture capacity.

It is more suitable for successful cultivation of sandy loamy type or light loamy soil. In addition, it should be cultivated. If the acidity of the soil is increased, then lime should be added to it. Groundwater should be no higher than 60-80 cm.

Sometimes tulips are prone to various diseases, and so that this does not happen, they are returned to their original place only five or six years later when planted. Also, some varieties will not be mixed with others, if several bulbs are lost when digging somewhere.

How to prepare for planting bulbs

The quality of their germination in the future also depends on how well and properly the onions are stored.

If you start planting tulips in the autumn, then around the end of July, you should start digging their bulbs and separate the mother from the children.

Then onions need to be cleaned and dried, and then sent to storage. They are stored for about a month at temperature of 20 degrees.

Then they are moved to a colder room, where the temperature will be kept around twelve degrees and there they will be before landing.

Proper planting tulips

For novice gardeners and those interested in how to propagate tulips, it is important question about the correct fit.

It is very important to choose not only the right time for landing, but also the right place. It should be noted that tulips are light-loving plants and areas with good lighting are excellent for them. But at the same time they do not like drafts, therefore wind protection should be provided.

Best for these bulb flowers sandy soil type suitable.

On their development, growth and flowering is very well affected by the preliminary introduction of wood ash and rotted compost as fertilizer.

However, it should be noted that the manure fertilizer for these flowers is not very suitable because of the high content of fungi in it, which can adversely affect it, causing fungal diseases.

Plant plants rather deeply. Large can be planted to a depth of fifteen centimeters, small to ten. After planting, they are watered with hot water, diluted in it. potassium permanganate. This is necessary for the prevention of various diseases.

Care of flowers in the open field

Tulips care it is not complicated and it can already be carried out from the moment of the appearance of the first shoots from underground. If some bulbs are not sprouted, this may mean that they are sick, so the first thing not sprouted bulbs should be removed. This will help prevent the disease from spreading to healthy and growing shoots from under the ground.

Tulip loves moisture, but the structure of its root system does not allow it to get moisture from groundwater, so you should take care of regular and timely watering. It is especially necessary to observe a regular mode of watering during the period of the ovary of the buds and flowering. Tulips should be abundantly watered for about two more weeks after the flowers have faded.

Water must penetrate the entire depth of the roots. From this it follows that on average it is necessary to pour from 10 to 40 liters of water per 1 m². Only in such a way that the water does not fall on the leaves, otherwise they can burn.

Weeding and loosening the tulip are needed regularly, so do not forget about loosening this area even when the flowers bloom. This is best done after abundant watering, when the soil is wet and soft. So weeds are easier to remove.

Weeds have a negative effect on the plant. They take nutrients from the soil, thereby depleting it and tulips start to grow worse. But loosening helps get rid of them.

So that weeds do not appear and they do not have to weed out, you can multiply the soil. In addition, you should remove those flowers that have already wilted, so that the plant does not spend strength on their growth.

What to do when tulips bloom

After the flowering of these wonderful flowers, it is necessary to remove the withered flowers. Abundant watering should continue for about two weeks. Also during this period, you can feed them, because at this time the bulbs begin to accumulate nutrients. Feeding can be done using:

  1. potassium phosphate fertilizers with the calculation of 30-40g per 1 m2, for example, aquarin, soluble, crystalline,
  2. fertilizers with chlorine and nitrogen should not be used.

When the foliage of tulips turns yellow, it can be cut. Do not do this before. If the foliage is cut before it turns yellow, the bulbs can stop their development and then multiply the tulips will be impossible.

When the leaves of tulips turn yellow at all, they can be dug up. Usually by this time the bulbs are already quite mature and ready for the subsequent propagation of tulips.In addition, the children have not yet disappeared, which means they will be easy to separate on their own.

Of course, it is difficult to name the exact time of digging out the bulbs of these flowers. Different varieties this time may vary. But the main and main reference point in this is the yellowed color of foliage. That is what should be paid special attention, preparing the bulbs for reproduction.

Thus, to multiply tulips is a snap. The main thing is to dig and plant them in time, and also to follow some simple rules of caring for them, and then they will definitely please the grower with their magnificence.

Tulip reproduction. Tulip varieties. Planting and care

Tulips - the perfect decoration for any flower bed or lawn. With proper care, these flowers will delight you year after year. There are different ways of breeding tulips.

There are many types of these flowers, each of them is beautiful in its own way. If once in the gardens grew mainly red tulips, now you can find flowers of various shades. The most famous varieties are Fringed, Double Terry, Simple Early, Triumph, Simple Late, Rembrandt, Double Terry, Foster, etc.

Tulips bloom with the arrival of spring. After the snow melts, the leaves grow, after 25-30 days flowering begins, which lasts about 14 days.

These flowers are rather unpretentious, any soil and location can approach them, but the correctness of flowering will depend on the correct choice.

Therefore, for a good result, it is necessary to take care of the selection and preparation of the soil, feeding, proper and timely planting, care, digging and storing the bulbs before planting.

Most often used tulip propagation by bulbs. Seed propagation is used for breeding new varieties, and flowering begins after 7-8 years. And the result does not always meet expectations. Such a reproduction of a tulip is suitable for wild-growing species, in which daughter bulbs are not formed.

Tulip care from the moment of planting and until the first buds appear

Tulips are quite persistent and unpretentious perennial plants, however, errors in their care throughout the growing season may well lead to problems such as bulb rot, an abundance of blind (non-blooming) buds, and the curvature of thin stalks, creating the impression as if they lie on the plot.

Tulips are pretty persistent and unpretentious perennials.

The first thing you need to take care of is to significantly increase the chances of getting healthy tulips with perfect flowers: choose a suitable sunny place with loose fertile soil for planting tulips and prepare the bulbs for planting. If you do not pay attention to the sorting of planting material, the selection of the most high-quality bulbs and their preplant treatment, in the future you are unlikely to avoid the defeat of tulips with diseases, and therefore the hassle will increase significantly.

about caring for tulips in the spring The appearance, size of the flowers and the health of the tulips themselves will depend on the bulbs you plant on the flower beds. Therefore, choose large bulbs without any signs of rot, strong and smooth.

Tender shoots of tulips appear from under the snow from about the twentieth of March to mid-April, depending on weather conditions and on the characteristics of the variety. In the event that you mulch the planting of bulbs for the winter, it is recommended to remove the mulch after the snow melt - so the earth warms up faster and tulips start blooming earlier.

From what bulbs you plant on the beds, will depend on the appearance

What is required of the gardener after the germination of tulips:

  • At the stage of germination of tulip sprouts, they should be carefully examined to immediately determine which bulbs did not sprout, which plants showed signs of disease. Identified "marriage" must be dug up and immediately destroyed, otherwise the disease can go to the rest of the tulips.
  • Around the appeared small shoots of tulips, the earth is gently loosened, increasing the access of the necessary oxygen to the roots and helping to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the ground. In general, the care of tulips in the garden implies a regular loosening of the soil throughout the growing season, and especially after watering and rain.
  • Tulips should be watered fairly moderately before flowering, but the soil should never dry out.
  • The first dressing is carried out, just a little sprouts seem out of the ground. During this period, tulips especially need nitrogen for rapid growth and leaf formation. For feeding you can use nitroammophos or crystalline with the addition of trace elements in tablets.
  • The following dressing is not mandatory, but the introduction of complex mineral fertilizer when unfolding the second or third leaf tulips will be more good than harm.

The first dressing is carried out, just a little sprouts seem from the ground

  • During budding, tulips absorb nutrients from the soil most effectively and urgently need potassium and phosphorus for the normal formation of the peduncle with buds. Top dressing at this time should contain more phosphorus with potassium and less nitrogen.
  • When the buds begin to bloom, you can feed the tulips again with full mineral fertilizer.

Top dressing should be done very carefully so as not to damage the roots or burn leaves, so it is best to combine it with watering or to spend on a rainy day. The first dressing should not be scattered over the snow, as it comes off unevenly. It is more expedient to make dressings in the form of solutions.

The main actions during the flowering of tulips

When the buds one after another begin to open, and magnificent flowers appear on the flowerbed, tulips require special care.

Watering them must be abundant, consuming 10 liters of water per square meter, so that moisture has penetrated to the roots, and the water should not be cold.

When watering and making dressings in sunny weather moisture should not fall on the leaves and especially on the flowers in order to avoid burns.

During the abundant flowering of tulips, it is necessary to apply phosphate-potassium fertilizers, the proportion of nitrogen should be minimal, or you can completely do without it. Such microelements as boron, zinc, manganese will be useful - they have a beneficial effect on the state of tulips in general and on the development of the bulbs.

During the abundant flowering of tulips, it is necessary to apply phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

Experienced flower growers during the flowering of tulips carry out sorting (transplanting impurities of other varieties to preserve the purity of a particular variety) and phyto-cleaning (removal of diseased plants from plantings). Blooming tulips need regular inspection so that plants infected with diseases can be immediately destroyed. Especially dangerous is the viral disease variegated tulips.

It is incurable and is transmitted with the sap of plants when pruning, therefore, garden tools must be disinfected with alcohol or potassium permanganate. During the budding and flowering of tulips it is easiest to identify.

Do not forget to loosen the ground between the tulips after each watering in order to prevent the formation of a crust on the soil and at the same time destroy weeds that are extremely undesirable for tulips.

Tulips bloomed - what to do next?

Unfortunately, the flowering of tulips does not last long, and after a few days the gorgeous flowers begin to fade, reducing the aesthetic appeal of the flowerbed. The fastest tulips bloom in hot, dry weather.

However, even if all the flowers have already withered, continue to water the plants for another two weeks, because at this time there is an intensive formation of bulbs under the ground - thanks to regular watering, they accumulate nutrients better.

So that the yellowing tulips do not spoil your garden with their sad views, plant the bulbs in special baskets or containers - then you can dig out the plants that flowering with the containers and remove them from the flower bed to another place for the ripening of the bulbs.

To prevent the yellow tulips from spoiling your garden with their sad views, plant bulbs in special baskets or containers.

Tulip care after flowering is based on the following rules:

  • if you plan to propagate the variety you like and grow large healthy bulbs for this, cut the flower heads on the fourth or eighth day after blooming (when the flowers are ready to crumble), then the bulbs will begin to increase their mass,
  • all fallen petals must be removed immediately, otherwise they will accumulate in the leaf axils and rot,
  • it is impossible to cut the stems of faded tulips until they turn yellow at all, otherwise the bulbs will stop their development,
  • find out if the onions have ripened, you can dig out one of them - the formed roots and brown spots on the scales indicate that the onion is ready,
  • dig out the bulbs carefully, dropping the shovel deeply so as not to accidentally injure the roots, try to do it on a sunny day to be able to dry the dug bulbs outside.

The harvest of the bulbs is sorted, processed and sent to storage. First, the future planting material is stored at a temperature of +20 degrees, and from the second half of August - at +17 degrees.

about tulip care after flowering

In the autumn, choosing the optimal time for planting, the bulbs are planted on the prepared beds and watered abundantly. Care for tulips in the fall is also to prepare the plants for the winter. To do this, in the middle of October, the planted bulbs are fed with ammonium nitrate, the beds are mulched with a small layer of peat and covered with the onset of cold weather.

Not all gardeners agree that tulip bulbs need to be replanted annually, but thanks to transplantation, the flowers remain large, beautiful, and they are less affected.

Care for tulips after flowering in the garden, at home:

How to care for tulips after flowering, so that the bulbs are stocked with nutrients for the next flowering? Maybe you need to immediately cut off all the leaves? Or is it still worth continuing to water and feed? Find the right solution, you can learn a few rules of growing bulbous.

Do I need to cut the leaves?

Daffodils and tulips are often planted next to a flowerbed to create a picturesque picture. However, their neighborhood has one caveat. It lies in the fact that the flowering buds and yellowed leaves quickly become unattractive.

But do not rush to rid your garden of unkempt stems. Care for tulips after flowering need to continue for another 2-3 weeks. And so that dry leaves do not spoil the decorative look of the garden, just plant perennials between them. For example, phlox.

The foliage of the plants is recommended to be preserved precisely because the sun’s energy and beneficial trace elements enter the bulb through it. They saturate the plant.

Cut off the green leaves of tulips - means to stop the process of formation of the bulb. On faded specimens, it is better to immediately remove the seed box.

So the bulb will be able to accumulate energy in itself and will not spend it on ripening seeds.

Council In order not to lose the location of the tulips after drying the foliage, you can mark it with markers or flags.

Why apply fertilizer for fading plants?

Tulip care after flowering requires timely fertilization. The fact is that the development process is still ongoing. And how much the gardener is not too lazy to water and feed the decaying bed with special fertilizers will determine the appearance of flowers in the next spring.

It is necessary to water a bed as required as required within two weeks after cutting the peduncles. It is necessary to fertilize the soil only once. It'll be enough. You can pick up the usual mineral fertilizers for bulbous. But the dosage should be reduced by half from the recommended in order to prevent chemical burns of the cells. Phosphorus-potassium mixture is also well suited.

Do not use fertilizers, which include nitrogen or chlorine.

Cut leaves

Care for daffodils as close relatives is required at the end of spring, the same as caring for tulips after flowering. If all the actions of the gardener at this time to build consistently, then they will be in this order:

  • flowers are cut to form bouquets or allow them to naturally wither,
  • in the second case, the seed box is cut off after the petals fall,
  • in the last days of spring, special fertilizers are applied to the soil, while not forgetting to water the garden,
  • leaves break only after drying,
  • after a bed mulch with peat or wood ash.

When do I need to replant daffodils?

These flowers can live in one place up to five years. Do not disturb them for the annual transplant, otherwise the plants may not so bloom. But if the stems begin to crowded and have already grown quite strongly, then it is time to plant them.

For transplanting you will need:

  • garden spatula
  • gloves,
  • disinfecting solution.

Narcissus bushes are planted immediately, you can not let the young roots dry up. Choose a late afternoon in early August, when the midday heat is already subsiding, and proceed.

What do we have to do?

1) To start the bushes gently dig.

2) Then they are divided into smaller ones and laid out for processing.

3) For the prevention of plants can be sprayed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a suitable fungicide.

4) In the new place prepare the wells and transplant the daffodils in them with the utmost care.

When do they dig out tulip bulbs?

Unlike daffodils, tulip care after flowering is required annually. If you want a flowerbed to bloom in large flowers in spring, plan your annual bulging.

This is best done in mid-summer, when the leaves are completely dry. Try to undermine one instance and appreciate its appearance.

If it is covered with brown scales, the roots are formed, the stems are almost withered - then it’s time to dig the whole flowerbed.

Care for tulips after flowering in the garden is quite simple. You just need:

  • carton boxes,
  • leaflets with inscriptions of varieties,
  • garden spatula
  • gloves.

What do we have to do?

  • choose a not too cloudy day at the beginning of July,
  • prepare the necessary equipment
  • carefully dig up the plants, process them with a disinfecting solution and lay them out in varieties in cardboard boxes,
  • all weak and small bulbs reject.

Thus, summer care for tulips after flowering in the garden can be considered complete. Plants will be in the rest period one and a half to two months before planting.

When to plant?

If you are planning a regular planting of flowers that will bloom in April and May, then a fine day in early September will do. Take out all the boxes of bulbs in the air, carefully review all the material. If there are spoiled copies, they should be removed immediately. If you find a diseased material, then re-treatment with a fungicide is not superfluous.

Pick a new place for planting flowers. Proper care for tulips and daffodils after flowering involves a constant change of location of the flower bed. So you can avoid depleting the soil.

Planting material in the fossa. Loosen the soil and make recesses in it about half a shovel. Evenly distribute the bulbs and pour them with warm water. After two weeks, the bed can be fertilized with saltpeter. And with the onset of the first frost its surface is covered with a layer of mulch (dry leaves, straw or peat).

Landing in the trench. The place chosen for the flower bed is being lined and dug trenches.Their depth should not exceed 20 cm, and the width - 25 cm. Before being placed on the bottom of the bulb, it is spilled with nitrate. Next, distribute the largest copies and crush the ground.

Spread over them smaller and sprinkle again. If you are planning to disembark children, then they are best distributed along the edges of the trench. Further, it is covered to the top with soil. After landing, the ridge is watered.

Such care for tulips after flowering at home will certainly give good results.

What to do if you gave a tulip in a pot?

To get a symbol of spring bitter at the end of winter is very nice. But what to do with the plant after withering? Throw away? Do not hurry. Timely care for tulips after flowering in a pot will give the plant another chance. For this:

  • water the flower all the time until it turns yellow at all,
  • let the stalks dry out
  • when the bulb goes into a dormant period, you can dig it up,
  • dry it and save it in a box until September
  • and in the fall, land on the ridges along with the rest of the onion.

Flowers love care and appreciate attention. If you did everything right and worried about them from early spring to late autumn, they will surely dismiss their delicate petals towards the sun. And they will delight you with their beauty.

Spring care for tulips

Hello, dear friends!

Tulips are among the first to make us happy, and I want these early spring flowers to be healthy and to please the eye.

Some flower growers are sure that tulips are not capricious and not demanding to care, but this is not so. In order to have something beautiful and healthy, you need to take care of it, and this concerns not only colors.

Let's talk today about the care of tulips in the spring in a midland and middle Volga region.

In recent years, with warm winters, when the soil did not freeze, many heat-loving plants wintered safely.

This winter promises to be harsh in the spring; it is quite possible that we may not see flowering, or even sprouts of some bulbous ones, for example, lilies of eastern hybrids, some small-bulbous ones, which started growing in autumn. They can freeze to death.

Yes, and tulips in some gardeners last fall also began to sprout. And this is a direct path to the freezing and death of the plant during such a harsh winter. In the meantime, we can only assume the results and plan agrotechnical measures for growing tulips.

The most important moment for plants is nutrition. If you have prepared the soil in time for planting, have made the necessary fertilizers, then you can not take care of food especially: you will get wonderful tulips.

Nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that the development of the aerial part of tulips occurs in early spring, when the soil is still cold, the activity of soil microorganisms is inhibited and therefore the mineralization of humus occurs slowly.

But tulips already have a powerful root system, are actively developing and require easily digestible forms of trace elements to power. In addition, the active growing season of tulips takes place in a very short time. In our climate zone, the growing season lasts 2 - 2.5 months.

Consequently, during this period, tulips need fertilizing.

Feed, of course, it is advisable to start in the autumn, after the first frost. Spread nitrogen fertilizer (ammonium nitrate, ammonium sulphate) in the amount of 25 - 30 g per sq. On the soil surface. m

Since during the winter the roots and sprouts grow slowly in the tulips, nitrogen is needed from the first phases of growth, namely in the winter and early spring.

With a lack of nitrogen in the soil, the multiplication factor decreases, the bulb mass decreases, the number of non-flowering bulbs increases. And with a shortage of potassium, these phenomena are aggravated.

Tulips care in spring

If you failed to feed the tulips in the fall, then in early spring, before the snow melted, you should sprinkle ammonium nitrate 30 g per 1 sq. M along the ridges. meter, superphosphate 60 g per 1 square. meter or complex fertilizer, for example, nitroammofosku 50 - 60 g per 1 sq. km. meter.

The greatest amount of nutrients is required in the budding and flowering phase. According to scientists at this time, tulips learn one and a half times more than in the initial period of growth. But we should not forget that an excess of nitrogen with a lack of potassium and phosphorus weakens the bulbs in terms of resistance to diseases, they are poorly stored in the summer.

In the second feeding, it is necessary to halve the amount of nitrogen fertilizers. You can again make a comprehensive fertilizer. The second feeding you need to hold when the buds.

During the flowering period, when the growth of new bulbs begins, we carry out the third dressing with potash and phosphate fertilizers. You can take 40 - 50 g of superphosphate and the same amount of potassium salt.

If there is a desire, then it is possible to carry out the fourth dressing and this is done after the flowering of tulips. For this feeding use potash fertilizer, namely potassium sulfate in the amount of 30 g per square meter. meter.

For more correct fertilization it is useful to know the optimal content of easily digestible forms of elements in the soil for tulips: nitrogen - 150-200 (mg. Active ingredient in 1 liter of soil), phosphorus - 250-400, potassium - 250-400, calcium 1500 - 4500, iron - 800 - 1200, manganese - 60 - 100, zinc 30 - 80, copper 6 - 10, boron 0.5 - 1.0, molybdenum 0.044 - 0.05.

Trace elements can be made in the form of liquid root dressings, and in the form of foliar dressings, which is more effective. Spraying the leaves is carried out with a 0.025% solution with the addition of green potash soap for better adhesion and to combat aphids, which is a carrier of tulip variegation virus.

For this article about the care of tulips in the spring, I thank Elena Lyapina - Associate Professor of the Department of Horticulture of the SSAU. Vavilova and L.N. Kozlov - grower lover.

Tulips at the cottage

Tulips are most often grown in group plantings, these elegant flowers are perfectly adapted for growing flower beds, rock gardens, curbs, feel good in all sorts of flowerpots, containers, and even under the trees with enough light produced.

Over several centuries, many varieties have been bred, which makes it possible to create beautiful, highly aesthetic compositions from tulips, and also to combine varieties in such a way that the bloom of some varieties gradually alternated with the blooming of tulips of another variety, and as a result, they can be enjoyed continuously from April to June.

In the composition with tulips lilies of the valley, daffodils, quinodoxes and other blossoming cultures spring organically look great. For a bouquet, tulips should be cut with 1-2 leaves so that the onion remaining in the ground continues to grow successfully. Cut tulips do not long fade in a vase of water.

Tulips at their summer cottage

Tulips usually bloom in May-June, although the trend of recent years is that tulips often bloom a few weeks earlier than the traditional dates, which is explained by the general warming in the middle lane. Tulips are characterized by a short growing season. After flowering, the leaves on the tulip dry up, the bulbs seem to go to rest, although it is at this time that a new flower is formed in the mother bulb.

Tulips reproduction

Tulips are propagated with the help of daughter bulbs, which originate in the axils of the mother bulb, as well as through seeds. After your tulips bloom, the leaves dry up (usually in July), you need to separate the daughter bulb and dry it for two days in a well-ventilated place and make sure that the moisture and the sun's rays do not fall on it. After drying, it is necessary to scrape the earth from the bulb and the roots. Sorting healthy bulbs, they need to save some time. And at the beginning of 21 days the temperature in the room where the bulbs are stored should be + 20 °, then it is desirable to reduce it to + 15 ° and then to + 9 ° ... + 12 °. Optimum moisture level approx. 80%. Such conditions are recommended to be maintained indoors until the day the bulbs are planted in open ground. If the indoor temperature rises above that, then tulip blooms come late. It is recommended to dig out the bulbs every year, it will help to improve the reproduction rate, the degree of growth of the bulbs and protect against pests and diseases.

How to multiply tulips

Tips for planting tulips

In order for the tulips to take root in your plot, it is very important to choose the right place and soil for them. A place should be chosen such that the rays of the sun illuminate it well, and the cold winds do not blow. Groundwater should not be closer than 60 cm to the surface, otherwise the bulbs will become wet and as a result will die.

It is important, what plants grew on the chosen place earlier. Flowers and vegetables are considered good predecessors, with the exception of species belonging to the family of nightshade, as well as bulbous plants that have diseases common to tulips, and viruses tend to pass through the soil.

Soil and planting

Tulips grow well on light sandy soils with humus. On acidic soils tulips quickly wither, more suitable are neutral and alkaline soils. Based on these inclinations of tulips, preparing a plot with clay soil for planting, it is recommended to add a couple of buckets of river sand to each square meter. meter, and lime at the rate of 50-55 g / m 2.

What soil is needed

Tulip bulbs are planted in the fall, beginning in the second half of September until October, to give them time to take root until the first frost.

Tulips of early flowering varieties are planted 10-15 days earlier than late flowering.

Before you put the bulb in the soil, it must be carefully examined. In a healthy bulb, the skin is clean, without stains, the bulb feels solid to the touch, it is better to discard the bulbs with specks. For prophylactic purposes, bulbs that are recognized as suitable for planting are kept for 1 hour in a 0.2% solution of foundationol, then dried and planted. Planting is conducted in rows, between individual bulbs leave 10-15 cm, spacing left width of 30-40 cm. Lay the bulbs to a depth of 10-15 cm in the soil. Larger bulbs require more space around what needs to be considered when driving.

When it is time for the first frost, planting is covered with a 20-30 cm layer of straw, leaves or humus thick. For good development, tulips need a lot of fertilizer. When the first shoots appear between the rows in the spring, mineral fertilizer should be applied, buried to a depth of 10-12 cm. After 2 weeks, it is good to add a liquid mullein, adding superphosphate and potassium chloride to it, 20 and 25 g, respectively, to a bucket of water. The third time the same mixture of fertilizers for tulips need to be made during the flowering period.

Tulip fertilizer

TULIP SPRING CARE

Remember that it is impossible to water the plants two weeks before digging, otherwise the flowers may be affected by rot during storage.

These are the main recommendations for growing tulips, it is not so difficult to carry them out, especially when such beauty grows before your eyes.

What soil is needed

Over several centuries, many varieties have been bred, which makes it possible to create beautiful, highly aesthetic compositions from tulips, and also to combine varieties in such a way that the bloom of some varieties gradually alternated with the blooming of tulips of another variety, and as a result, they can be enjoyed continuously from April to June.

It is more convenient and safer to feed in the form of aqueous solutions during watering, before the rain or immediately after it on wet ground.

In the spring, as the snow melts, they will scoop mulch from the flowerbed and gently loosen the earth. Further, it will be useful to apply nitrogenous fertilizer for better growth and development of the green part of the plants. In the future, during the entire growing season, do not forget to regularly loosen the soil and water the beds regularly. But remember that you can not overflow the tulips - any stagnant moisture threatens to rot the roots.

Place for planting tulips

Wonderful tulips in your garden - the technology of growing tulips in the open field

The greatest amount of nutrients is required in the budding and flowering phase. According to scientists at this time, tulips learn one and a half times more than in the initial period of growth. But we should not forget that an excess of nitrogen with a lack of potassium and phosphorus weakens the bulbs in terms of resistance to diseases, they are poorly stored in the summer.

Tulips planting highlights

When the flowering of tulips is over, the care of the plants should continue for some time, if you expect to collect good, large bulbs for growing the next generation of beautiful flowers. In this case, it is recommended to break open blossoming buds together with pedicels - all the forces of the plant will be spent on the formation of the bulbs, and not on the development of the boll. Just do not tear off the leaves, otherwise the harvest of the bulbs will decrease several times.

On the photo sprouted tulips

Most gardeners prefer planting tulips in the autumn, so that during the winter they naturally go through a cooling period, during which sprouts of new flowers are born inside the bulbs. It is also possible to plant the bulbs in the spring, but be prepared for later tulip flowering periods.

Immediately after the snow melted and until the end of flowering, tulips were provided with proper care.

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During the flowering period, when the growth of new bulbs begins, we carry out the third dressing with potash and phosphate fertilizers. You can take 40 - 50 g of superphosphate and the same amount of potassium salt.

The technology of growing tulips - what is important to consider?

The most important moment for plants is nutrition. If you have prepared the soil in time for planting, have made the necessary fertilizers, then you can not take care of food especially: you will get wonderful tulips.

Before landing you need to dig a bed. There is such a standard: the depth of the furrow should be three bulb heights. Ie for 4 centimeter bulbs need to dig a bed, a depth of 12 centimeters. 4 centimeters will take an onion, 8 centimeters - the top layer of soil. After planting, the soil surface can be powdered with “fluff” - this will protect the ground from fungi, after which it is necessary to water it (but not abundantly). Closer to winter beds can be powdered with humus.

When it is time for the first frost, planting is covered with a 20-30 cm layer of straw, leaves or humus thick. For good development, tulips need a lot of fertilizer. When the first shoots appear between the rows in the spring, mineral fertilizer should be applied, buried to a depth of 10-12 cm. After 2 weeks, it is good to add a liquid mullein, adding superphosphate and potassium chloride to it, 20 and 25 g, respectively, to a bucket of water. The third time the same mixture of fertilizers for tulips need to be made during the flowering period.

Tulips are propagated with the help of daughter bulbs, which originate in the axils of the mother bulb, as well as through seeds. After your tulips bloom, the leaves dry up (usually in July), you need to separate the daughter bulb and dry it for two days in a well-ventilated place and make sure that the moisture and the sun's rays do not fall on it. After drying, it is necessary to scrape the earth from the bulb and the roots. Sorting healthy bulbs, they need to save some time. And at the beginning of 21 days the temperature in the room where the bulbs are stored should be + 20 °, then it is desirable to reduce it to + 15 ° and then to + 9 ° ... + 12 °. Optimum moisture level approx. 80%. Such conditions are recommended to be maintained indoors until the day the bulbs are planted in open ground.If the indoor temperature rises above that, then tulip blooms come late. It is recommended to dig out the bulbs every year, it will help to improve the reproduction rate, the degree of growth of the bulbs and protect against pests and diseases.

  • The stalks of tulips are left in the flowerbed until they are completely yellow, until the bulbs mature. And if you don’t like what the garden looks like with withered tulip stubs, think in advance which plants will be able to close the ugly picture. Another option is to grow tulips in open ground in special baskets or containers that can be dug out from the bed immediately after flowering and transferred to a more inconspicuous place for growing the bulbs.
  • Tulips love fertilizing very much:
  • Approximately in the second half of September, when the temperature of the earth has already dropped to + 10 degrees, and the frosts have not yet begun, we should start planting tulips. To do this, you can make grooves in the garden of suitable depth, or, for each bulb, dig a separate hole with a scoop. On large areas, planting material is laid out on a flat surface and then evenly covered with earth.
  • Video about growing tulips
  • Who would have thought that tulips, cultivation of which only five centuries ago was available only to the richest segments of the population, will now be found in almost every flower garden. These bright flowers have become real symbols of spring and the awakening of nature! But why does someone have tulips grow so gorgeous that it is hard to take their eyes off, while other flowers do not look presentable?

If there is a desire, then it is possible to carry out the fourth dressing and this is done after the flowering of tulips. For this feeding use potash fertilizer, namely potassium sulfate in the amount of 30 g per square meter. Nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that the development of the aerial part of tulips occurs in early spring, when the soil is still cold, the activity of soil microorganisms is inhibited and therefore the mineralization of humus occurs slowly. But tulips already have a powerful root system, are actively developing and require easily digestible forms of trace elements to power. In addition, the active growing season of tulips takes place in a very short time. In our climate zone, the growing season lasts 2 - 2.5 months. Consequently, during this period, tulips need fertilizing.

It is better not to plant tulips at home in the old place, you need to return them back in 3-4 years.

- This is the center of attention. After all, not only people who are tired of cold, snow and endless blizzards, but also all sorts of insects, bumblebees and bees are waiting for their blossoms! They flock from everywhere to choose the most suitable, most beautiful and sweetest bud! You go out into the garden, enjoy their melodious buzz and get a dose of natural “therapy”!

Secrets of care before planting

It cannot be said that only spring care will bring good results in the form of large buds. Tulips in themselves are not capricious plants, however, they can upset with crooked stems, incompletely opened buds and other diseases. You need to start with the preparation and sorting of bulbs in the fall before planting in the ground. Here are some tips:

  1. It is necessary to prepare the soil several weeks before planting the bulbs. Digging the soil, it is desirable to make fertilizers - mineral and organic. Good rotted humus (5 kg), bone meal (200 g), ash (not more than 200 g), bird droppings (200 g), superphosphate (50-100 g), nitroammophos (40-60 g) - the approximate amount of fertilizers, which are made on 1 m2. If possible, it is best to do a soil analysis to find out what it needs most.
  2. Plants need enough light with a minimum of trees around, so before planting you should decide on a place so that in the future flowers do not grow in the shade. To preserve heat in the soil it can be powdered with peat.
  3. Pay due attention to the bulbs - spoiled, with putrid formations, with mold and soft to the touch immediately fold back. This will help to avoid contamination of the rest of the planting material.
  4. Soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate will save planting material from pests already in the ground, if you find out thrips - you will need treatment with copper sulphate.

Caring for tulips in the fall in the garden is no less important than in the spring. In order to get strong stems, bright, rich flowers and tall plants, it is important to plant them in a timely manner. The optimum temperature of the soil - 6-7 degrees. That is, tulips should be planted around mid-October, if you live in southern latitudes. For proper planting in the northern territories - be guided in accordance with the characteristics of the climate.

A suitable planting depth is 7-15 cm. With the onset of the first frost, it is advisable to warm the flowerbed - you can cover it with leaves, peat or fine straw.

How to care for tulips in spring

When spring feeding, avoid getting fertilizer on the plant and especially on the buds - they can burn. Do not water the tulips with cold water.

Consider the following points:

  • young shoots are not afraid of spring frosts, so you can open them immediately after the first appearance,
  • the soil around the bulbs should be podpushivaya, increasing the access of oxygen. This will contribute to faster and more complete plant growth,
  • Flower care in the spring garden includes monitoring of humidity - spring watering should be moderate, you should not let the ground dry out,
  • fertilizing of young shoots is obligatory (with the emission of the second / third leaves) - nitrogen is ideal, you can also use urea. If there is still snow, pour fertilizer directly on the snow - with its melting, useful trace elements will penetrate into the soil,
  • during the period of ejection of the buds, during the second feeding with phosphorus, it does not hurt to add zinc and manganese, which affects the development and formation of children. If you do not know how to care for tulips during budding, remember that potassium will allow the flowers to form correctly and completely.

Do not forget to remove the weeds in a timely manner: weeding will get rid of competitors in the flower bed, which are fed by fertilizers and slow down the growth of tulips.

Tulip care at home

The main task for growing is the timely removal of weeds and loosening the soil. Weeds are best removed by hand, and loosening should be carried out regularly so that the soil is saturated with air and moisture (Figure 1).

Note: In the process of loosening you need to act very carefully, so as not to accidentally damage the bulbs in the ground.

In varieties with large buds, the stems can bend and wilt. To prevent this, the plants spud. This will not only prevent the stems from breaking, but also will not allow rainwater to wash the planting material to the surface.

No less important is watering. These flowers love moisture, but over-wetting the soil is also not recommended.

Figure 1. Basic crop care: watering, feeding and hilling

Watering flowers is desirable so that the water is absorbed faster into the soil, but it does not fall on the leaves and buds. To do this, it is best to dig a groove between the rows, fill it with water and sprinkle with soil on top. In early spring, plants need feeding. For this purpose, complex mineral fertilizers are used, which are applied when the first shoots appear.

The video details the process of caring for these flowers in the spring.

When the tulips are planted

For high-quality rooting is important to choose the right landing time. It is best to spend it in the fall, so that the flowers have time to settle down and get stronger by the winter, and in the spring have accumulated enough strength to bloom.

In some cases, spring planting is possible, but in such conditions flowers will appear later, and the plants themselves will need more careful care.

In general, the optimum landing time is the time when the air temperature reached +10 degrees, and the ground warmed to a depth of 10-12 cm.

Landing in spring

Landing in the ground can be in the spring, if you do it in the fall did not work. But in this case only a few of the strongest plants will bloom, and abundant flowering can only be expected in a year.

To plant these flowers in the spring, put the bulbs in the refrigerator overnight, and then lower for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After drying, the bulbs are planted in pre-prepared grooves, located at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other. It is advisable to pour the soil with hot water mixed with potassium permanganate to destroy pathogens and pest larvae.

Figure 2. The order of planting flowers in open ground

After planting, the garden bed is mulched to keep moisture in the soil and prevent weeds from growing. It will be better if the flower bed is located in a well-lit and protected from the wind place.

Planting in the fall

The quality of planting in the fall depends on the intensity of flowering. To do this, carefully inspect the bulbs before planting and remove damaged planting material.

Note: Autumn planting is best done by grade. So it will be easier to care for the flowers.

Before planting, the bulbs are immersed in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate for one hour and dried. After that, they plant in prepared grooves on a cleared area of ​​weeds. Planting depth depends on the size of the bulbs: the more planting material, the deeper it should be deepened into the soil. From above the garden bed is mulched with sawdust, peat or dry leaves. (Figure 2).

Pests and disease treatment

With improper care at home, flowers can strike diseases and pests (Figure 5). Among the most common diseases emit variegatedness, which is manifested by the formation of uncharacteristic strokes and spots on the petals and leaves.

When infected plants are found, the flower, together with the bulb, is removed and burned, and the earth is treated with a strong infusion of potassium permanganate. Unfortunately, there is no cure for this disease, so the bulbs and tools must be disinfected.

Figure 5. The main diseases of tulips: 1 and 2 - variegation, 3 and 4 - the August disease

Another common disease is the fungal disease August disease. When infested, the stems become bent, and the flowers and leaves become stained. Affected plants destroy, and all the other flowers in the garden sprinkled with a solution of foundationol.

In case of excessive watering, the bulbs are affected by rot, therefore, watering should be carried out regularly, avoiding stagnation of water in the ground.

Among the pests common are moths, honey bears, several species of mites and rodents. For prophylaxis, the bulbs are treated with disinfectant solutions before planting, and during the growing season, traps are set up for scoops and bears and collected pests manually.

How to care for tulips after flowering

When the flowering period is over, the plants must be fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. The ovaries are removed so that the plants can accumulate enough nutrients before winter.

Watering is continued for two weeks, then gradually decrease and stop. When the leaves turn yellow, the bulbs are dug out and stored for storage (Figure 6).

When to dig out tulips

A common mistake is that the bulbs are left for the whole summer in the ground. This is not worth doing, because in this case the varieties degenerate and the flowers become too small.

They begin to dig after yellowing of the leaves and the stem. It is better to do this with a bayonet spade, plunging it deep into the ground, so as not to damage the bulbs. In the future, planting material is dried, laid out in boxes and stored in a cool ventilated area.

Care for tulips after flowering is shown in detail in the video.

How to care for tulips in pots

For home cultivation more suitable undersized varieties. Bulbs, even purchased in a store, are recommended to be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and dried.

Note: The main purpose of growing tulips in a pot is to create conditions as close as possible to the natural ones.

The bulbs are planted in deep pots or boxes, 2/3 filled with a light soil mixture of peat, humus and sand. The bulbs are laid in the ground bottom down and sprinkled on top of the ground. Capacities plentifully water and put in a well-lit place.

Figure 6. Stages of plant care after flowering

During cultivation, the flowers are fed several times using the same technology as during cultivation in open ground. Also plants need to be watered regularly, avoiding stagnant water. It is recommended to periodically inspect the flowers for the presence of disease and, if necessary, to carry out spraying with special chemical means.

The rate of water for tulips, how to water the flowers

You can often hear that a tulip is a very unpretentious flower, a perennial plant that does not require special care. By and large this is true, however, it is worth remembering that, like any other plant, it still needs some attention. Tulip belongs to the bulbous form, and like most of these plants likes moist soil, therefore watering is very important for it.

Of course, in most cases, the flower grows in open ground and inexperienced growers think that natural moisture is sufficient for it, but it is not. In especially dry weather, a tulip requires abundant watering, which will be one of the best steps in caring for a flower. It is especially important to water the tulip during budding, flowering and two weeks after flowering. The rate of water for irrigation is about 10-40 liters per square meter, but it all depends on the weather and the soil on your site.

Important!AThot weather nDo not allow water to fall on the leaves of a tulip, it can cause burns.

Tulip fertilizer features

Care for tulips in the spring at the cottage implies a proper and high-quality procedure for feeding the plant. Many gardening magazines in articles on the cultivation of tulips say that you need to fertilize a flower once, in early spring, using eco-fertilizers. In fact, this is a myth, because experienced gardeners have long been convinced of the need for feeding in 2-3 stages.

When and how to do the first feeding

The first dressing is carried out when the snow melts and the first shoots appear (most often it is called “dry”). All you need is to simply spread fertilizer over the snow.

It is possible that choosing a dressing in the store, you will be wondering "What is the best way to fertilize tulips in early spring?". When answering it, it should be remembered that during this period flowers require a large amount of nitrogen and phosphorus. As an additional element, you can choose potassium. The best ratio for such feeding will be 2 parts of phosphorus, 2 parts of nitrogen and 1 part of potassium. Fertilizer is applied in a small amount of 40-50 grams per square meter.

How to feed the plant a second time

Most gardening magazines offer a huge amount of advice on growing tulips, paying attention to the fact that these The plants are especially sensitive to external factors during the time of budding and flowering, and therefore during this period special attention should be paid to fertilizing and care. As you already understood the second dressing should be carried out during the budding period. At this time, the nitrogen content should be lower, and phosphorus and potassium - higher. So, fertilizers should be used in proportion: 2 parts of phosphorus and potassium and one part of nitrogen. You can take soluble vitamins (3 liters per square meter) or dry (60-70 grams per square meter).

How to care for tulips during flowering

If you want to know how to grow tulips, then you need to thoroughly examine the question "How to care for tulips in the spring at the cottage?". A very important factor in this care is the removal of weeds, because it is in them that many bacteria live that can harm flowers. Also, many gardeners recommend an additional spring dressing of tulips.

Did you know?Additional fertilizer should be carried out only by those compounds that do not contain nitrogen, since during the flowering period it can dry the plant.

It is very important to water the plant plentifully in dry weather, because during the flowering period it needs much more moisture to make the flower look brighter and richer. An important element for the health of the tulip and integrated care for him, it is important to timely loosen the soil. It is best to start this process after the removal of the “winter shelter”, and continue until the leaves close up. Loosening helps the plant to "breathe", but it is worth remembering that due to the rapid growth there is a serious likelihood of damage to the tulip.

Important!When watering a tulip during flowering, you should make a liquid so that it does not fall on the leaves and flower.

Many can not wait to cut the tulip, which is asking in the vase, but you need to properly perform this procedure. So, the leaves should be left below, and for cutting you can use only clean tools, otherwise the plant will fall ill.

Digging and storage of bulbs

In order to know everything about tulips, about the rules of planting and caring for them, first of all you need to understand which planting material is better suited for planting. The bulbs can be bought, and you can harvest yourself. If you decide to prepare planting material in an independent order, after the tulip has flowered, you need to be very careful, trying not to damage, dig up the most developed flowers and carefully inspect the bulbs. A healthy bulb has a dense texture, it is smooth and slightly shiny. Such specimens spread in a container in a single layer and air several days in the fresh air. Then, the tank is moved to a place where the temperature is kept at + 22 ° C. After two weeks, the bulbs are cleaned of the crust and earth and stored until planting (late September-October) at a temperature of + 15 ... + 17 ° C.

Did you know?If you place the bulbs in a container so that they do not touch each other, the risk of rotting will be much lower.

How to grow tulips from seed

Tulips are very common in our territory, so each gardener selects for himself an individual way of planting and caring for a flower in the open field. For beginners, growers are recommended to grow tulips from seeds. It's pretty easy to do. Seeds can be bought, but you can also collect from the bud, which has already faded. In order for the flower to be bright and large, it is necessary to wait until the seed fully ripens, becoming red.

You need to store the seeds until the cold, in a period of rest, placing in a dry place with normal room temperature. Then they are planted in the soil, in a pot, or in a seedling box to a depth of 3-4 cm. You can also germinate in the refrigerator, leaving them between two wetted napkins. Meetings appear on average a month. Sprouted seeds should be sown in boxes, fenced with a low fence, in a mixture of humus and soil, sprinkle sowing from above with sand. Such seeds do not need any shelters. They germinate very slowly and only by the autumn can we see a few new roots.

Did you know?Land for planting need to take only fresh, but in any case not last year.

Vegetative reproduction of tulips

The first weeks of October are considered to be the best period for planting bulbs. Given the fact that the plant rooting period is 35-40 days, before the first frosts begin, it should already pass. Plant the bulbs in the ground, fertilized and moistened. The depth of planting is determined by the size of the bulb: the larger it is, the deeper it needs to be planted. Bulbs are planted at a distance of 1.5-2 centimeters, and their rooting should be expected after 10-15 days.

Important!The rooting process will be faster if the soil is promulgated with humus a few days after planting.

Very important is the fact that such planting material does not like to be exposed to direct sunlight, therefore, after planting, it is better to shade it a little. When the first signs of soil drying appear, it is necessary to water the bulbs moderately.

As you can see, the tulip, although it is called the “royal flower,” but does not put special demands on it. Just a little care and your garden will delight you with a beautiful view and a pleasant, light aroma.

Watch the video: How Does a Tulip Reproduce? (April 2020).